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Publication numberUS2775952 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 1, 1957
Filing dateJun 8, 1955
Priority dateJun 8, 1955
Publication numberUS 2775952 A, US 2775952A, US-A-2775952, US2775952 A, US2775952A
InventorsSchur Milton O
Original AssigneeEcusta Paper Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Spray device
US 2775952 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

M. O. SCHUR Jan. 1, 1957 SPRAY DEVICE Filed June 8, 1955 IN VEN TOR.

aw 3 s N M A 7' TORNE y SPRAY DEVICE Milton 0. Schur, Asheville, C., assignor to Ecusta Paper Corporation, Pisgah Forest, N. C., a corporation of Delaware Application June 8, 1955, Serial No. 514,092

' 4 Claims. ((11. 118-8) This invention relates to a spray and more specifically to a device for controlling the volume of fluid delivered by a spray.

In the manufacture of fibrous strips and more particularly in the manufacture of strips of filter paper for cigarette filters, it is desirable to moisten the filter strip during the process of manufacture to facilitate working of the strip. During the particular phase of the process with which we are presently concerned the filter strip passes through a spray. The quantity of water required per unit of time to properly wet the strip varies with the speed of the strip and with the moisture content of the strip immediately before exposure to the spray. In other words, if the initial moisture content of the strip is relatively high or if the strip is moving slowly less water is required, but if the'moisture content is relatively low or the speed of the strip is higher more water is required. Since the moisture content of the strip is likely-to change from day to day and even during the same day, it is essential to eficient operation that some relatively simple but accurate method be found for controlling the quantity of water delivered by the spray, the proper quantityof water depending on the moisture content of the strip but at the same time constantly changing as the speed of the strip changes. i

It is therefore an object of this invention to provide a spray device for a processing machine wherein the volume of water delivered varies automatically with the speed of the machine and wherein the volume of water may be increased or decreased by predetermined increments to compensate for requirements extrinsic the machine itself. Another object of this invention is to provide a fluid metering device which is uniform in the volume of fluid delivered. Another object of this invention is to provide a spray device for a processing machine which will automatically adjust the volume of fluid delivered as'the requirements of the'machine vary because of changes in the speed of the machine. Still another object of this invention is to provide a spray device in which the volume of fluid delivered may be varied by predetermined increments as the demand varies. Another object of this invention is to provide a metering spray device which is simple and economical to fabricate and maintain. Other objects and advantages will become apparent from the description and the accompanying schematic drawing of the metering spray device.

The aforementioned objects are accomplished by 'a novel relationship of a constant head reservoir, a pump and a metering flow device installed between the pump and a spray nozzle. In order to insure a constant pressure on the inlet side of the pump a constant head reservoir is provided. A centrifugal pump which when provided with a constant intake head will deliver a constant pressure at any given speed is connected to a volume metering device to control by definite increments the volume of water flowing to the spray nozzle. The speed of the centrifugal pump rotor varies directly as the speed with which a strip to be moistened passes the nozzle.

The coordination between "scripti'on only three valves will be referred to.

the speed of the pump rotor and the speed of the strip may be provided for by any conventional driving means, for example, by a chain drive in which the speed of a strip feed roller is linked with the pump rotor.

The invention will be better understood from the following detail description and the schematic drawing:

In the drawing the metering spray device is indicated generally by the reference 1, the filter strip and allied feeding mechanism by the reference numeral 2, the drive assembly between the pump rotor and the feed roller by the reference numeral 3 and the reservoir by the reference numeral 4.

The metering spray device 1 comprises a centrifugal pump 5 having an inlet 6 and a discharge end 7. The centrifugal pump delivers a constant pressure at any given speed so long as the intake head remains the same. From the discharge end of the pump the fluid passes through conduit 8 to a group of three valves 9, l0 and 11 arranged in parallel. From these valves the fluid passes to the nozzle :12 from which it is discharged. The valves 9, 10 and 11 and their accompanying conduits are each of different capacity. When subject to the same pressure at the valve inlet, the valve 10 is of such size that in a given time it will pass twice the volume of water as the valve 9; and valve 11 is of such size that it will pass twice the volume of water as the valve 10 or 4 times the volume of water as the valve 9. Any number of such valves may be utilized the only limitation being that each' succeeding valve have a capacity twice that of the next largest valve. To facilitate and simplify the de- These valves may be opened and closed independently of each other so that all the valves may be closed, or any selected combination of valves may be open simultaneously. To make the relationship of the capacity of the valves easier to visualize the associated conduits are shown as varying in size, however, this is not necessary since the size of any of the conduit-s is immaterial so long as they are not too small to handle the maximum volume of fluid to which they may be subjected.

In the filter strip mechanism '2, the filter strip 13 passes over driven rollers 14 and .15 which may, if desired, be coupled together by any conventional means such as a chain drive so that the lineal speed of the surface I ofeach roller is the same. The filter strip mechanism 2 and the driven assembly 3 between the feed roller 14 and the rotor of the centrifugal pump 5 may be driven at varying speeds in any conventional manner as by a variable speed motor 14a operatively connected to the driven roller 14 in any suitable manner as by a chain drive engaging a sprocket 14b on the roller 14.

The drive assembly 3 between the feed roller 14 and the rotor of the centrifugal pump 5 may be of any conventional type. In the drawing it is shown as a chain 16 engaging sprocket '17 on the feed roller 14 and sprocket 18 on the centrifugal pump rotor shaft. The speed of the strip '13 can only increase or decrease proportionately with the speed of the feed roller 14 and similarly the speed of the pump will change proportionately with 'the speed of the feed roller. Thus by maintaining a constant intake head on the pump any variation in the speed of the strip will be reflected proportionately in the speed of the pump rotor which is reflected proportionately in the volume of water delivered by the pump. Therefore, as the speed of the strip 13 increases the volume of water delivered by the nozzle 12 increases proportionately.

So long as the intake head on the pump remain constant the pressure delivered by the pump will remain constant at any given speed so that if the moisture content of the strip 16 is very high the valve 9 may be opened,

and the valves and 11 closed to deliver a smaller volume of fluid to the strip. On the other hand, if the moisture content is very low, valves 9, '10 and 11 may all be opened simultaneously so that seven times the amount of water is delivered by the nozzle 12. Thus the volume of water delivered by the nozzle 12 may be manually adjusted in individual increments from one through seven to compensate for the inherent moisture content of the strip. After the valves have been adjusted properly for the moisture content, the volume of water will vary only sufliciently to satisfy the requirements caused by changes in the velocity of the strip itself.

In order to maintain a constant head on the intake side 6 of the pump 5, a constant head reservoir 4 is provided. The constant head reservoir 4 comprises a rescrvoir 19 and filler pipe 20 provided with a float valve 21 which maintains the level of the reservoir at any predetermined height. From the reservoir the fluid passes into filter 22 to remove any foreign matter and then to the intake 6 of the pump 5. The filter '22 may be. of any appropriate conventional type and may be eliminated entirely if desired.

It is to be understood that although this invention is intended primarily for use in conjunction with a cigarette filter manufacturing process as previously described, it is not limited to this application and may be used wherever a metered spray is required, for example in a furnace humidifier or the like. It i also to be understood that this "invention is not to be limited to the specific embodiments shown in the drawings. For example, the invention is not to be limited to three valves and if precise volume control is not required the valve group may be replaced by a single adjustable metering valve. Nor is the invention absolutely dependent upon the use of a centrifugal pump but any other type pump may be used so long as the volume of water delivered by the pump varies proportionately as the speed of the pump. In view of the foregoing, it is to be clearly understood that various changes may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of this invention, and that this invention is not to be limited to such specific details except as set forth in the appended claims.

Iclaim:

1. In a strip processing machine a variable speed strip feeding means, spray means for spraying a controlled volume of fluid on said strip, said spray means comprising; a pump, means to supply a fluid to said pump, nozzle means attached to the discharge end of said pump for spraying said fluid on said strip, fluid conveying adjustable valve means disposed between said pump and said nozzle means to adjust the volume of fluid discharged by said nozzle, and a constant speed ratio drive means between said variable speed strip feeding means and said pump to increase or decrease the speed of said pump, thereby increasing or decreasing the volume of said fluid sprayed against said strip, as the speed of said strip increases or decreases, said pump, said fluid conveying adjustable valve means and said nozzle means forming a totally enclosed fluid conveying system.

2. In a strip processing machine a variable speed strip feeding means, means for discharging a controlled volume jet of fluid onto said strip, said means comprising; a pump, means to supply a fluid to said pump, nozzle means attached to the discharge end of said pump for discharging said jet of fluid onto said strip, fluid conveying adjustable valve means disposed between said pump and said nozzle means to adjust the volume of fluid discharged by said nozzle and a constant speed ratio drive means between said variable speed strip feeding means and said pump to increase or decrease the speed of said pump, thereby increasing or decreasing the volume of said fluid discharged against said strip, as the speed of said strip increases or decreases; said pump, said fluid conveying adjustable valve means and said nozzle means forming a totally enclosed fluid conveying system.

3. In a strip processing machine a variable speed strip feeding means, means for discharging a controlled volume jet of fluid on said strip, said means comprising; a pump, means to supply a fluid to said pump, nozzle means attached to the discharge end of said pump for discharging said jet of fluid onto said strip, fluid conveying adjustable valve means disposed between said pump and said nozzle means to adjust the volume of fluid discharged by said nozzle and comprising a plurality of independently operable valves arranged in parallel and each fluid conveying means receiving the discharge from said pump, each of said valves discharging into said nozzle means and each valve after the first having twice the volume capacity of the next smaller valve, and a constant speed ratio drive means between said variable speed strip feeding means and said pump to increase or decrease the speed of said pump, thereby increasing or decreasing the volume of said fluid discharged against said strip as the speed of the strip increases or decreases; said pump, said fluid conveying adjustable valve means and said nozzle means forming a totally enclosed fluid conveying system.

4. In a strip processing machine a variable speed strip feeding means, means for discharging a controlled volume jet of fluid on said strip, said means comprising; a pump, means to supply a fluid to said pump, nozzle means attached to the dis-charge end of said pump for discharging said jet of fluid onto said strip, fluid conveying adjustable valve means disposed between said pump and said nozzle means to adjust the volume of fluid discharged by said nozzle and comprising three independently operable valves arranged in parallel, each having fluid conveying means receiving the discharge from said pump, each of said valves discharging into said nozzle means, the second of said valves having a capacity of twice that of the first valve and the third valve having a capacity four times that of the first valve, each valve being operable independently of each other valve, and a constant speed ratio drive means between said variable speed strip feeding means and said pump to increase or decrease the speed of said pump, thereby increasing or decreasing the volume of said fluid discharged against said strip as the speed of said strip increases or decreases; said pump, said fluid conveying adjustable valve means and said nozzle means forming a totally enclosed fluid conveying system.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 340,810 Miller Apr. 27, 1886 694,106 Metcalf Feb. 25, 1902 2,694,963 MacDonald Nov. 23, 1954

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US340810 *Apr 27, 1886 Paper-making
US694106 *Apr 11, 1901Feb 25, 1902George A MetcalfSpraying-machine.
US2694963 *Apr 8, 1949Nov 23, 1954Patent & Licensing CorpApparatus for the manufacture of waterproofed multiply sheets
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2980159 *Aug 22, 1956Apr 18, 1961Sherman Paper Products CorpApparatus for applying flat strips to corrugated paper
US3003459 *Mar 16, 1959Oct 10, 1961United Shoe Machinery CorpMachines for applying a uniform coating
US3329123 *May 19, 1965Jul 4, 1967American Uniform CoApplicator including variable volumetric feed valve system
US3343517 *May 3, 1965Sep 26, 1967American Uniform CoLiquid applicator for floor mats and the like
US3362323 *Aug 8, 1966Jan 9, 1968Matsushita Electric Ind Co LtdManufacturing apparatus of flat type film resistors
US3549267 *Apr 24, 1968Dec 22, 1970Joachim Franz WurzerAutomatically controlled coating device
US3703090 *Jul 20, 1970Nov 21, 1972Rosen Karl I JCombined thread-feeding and lubricating device for knitting machines
US3850137 *Aug 31, 1972Nov 26, 1974Glassman WApparatus for use in processes for producing coatings on surfaces
US3862616 *Jun 7, 1971Jan 28, 1975Brady Robert CDispensing unit for moistening material
US3908583 *May 15, 1973Sep 30, 1975Fehr & Reist AgConveying apparatus with controlled spray means for coating printed products
US3995586 *Jan 21, 1976Dec 7, 1976W. R. Grace & Co.Coating apparatus
US4025660 *Sep 20, 1976May 24, 1977W. R. Grace & Co.Method of masking, venting and coating the inside of a receptacle
US4132189 *May 19, 1972Jan 2, 1979Hauni-Werke Korber & Co. Kg.Apparatus for applying plasticizer to fibrous filter material in filter rod making machines
US4317425 *Sep 26, 1980Mar 2, 1982Hauni-Werke Korber & Co. KgApparatus for applying plasticizer to fibrous filter material in filter rod making machines
US4709858 *Mar 14, 1986Dec 1, 1987Robotic Vision System, Inc.Digital flow control system
US4924805 *Dec 28, 1988May 15, 1990Pitney Bowes Inc.Pump system for moistener nozzle
US7270749 *Aug 3, 2004Sep 18, 2007Intellicool LlcPump system
Classifications
U.S. Classification118/674, 118/300, 239/71, 118/325, 427/424
International ClassificationA24D3/02, B05B12/08, B05B13/02, A24D3/00, B05B12/12
Cooperative ClassificationB05B12/12, B05B13/0207, A24D3/022
European ClassificationB05B13/02A, A24D3/02D3L, B05B12/12