US 2776667 A
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Jan. 8, 1957 P. F'ITZ GERALD HAIR TREATING APPARATUS Filed April 8, 1955 INVENTOR. PAUL/N14 f /PZGEQALD BY 6La-46 ATTOIQNEYS 2,776,667 1 TREATING APPARATUS PaulinaFi'tz Gerald, Union, N. J. Application April 8, 1955, Serial No. 500,147
7 Claims. (Cl. 132- 32) This invention relates to a novel hair treat-ing apparatus, more particularly an apparatus designed for implementing the curling, waving or dyeing of human hair.
With the development of the cosmetics industry, a variety of preparations and procedures have been evolved to aid in the treatment of hair to produce the desired wave or curl. The advent of the do-it-yourself movement has given great impetus to the production of the aforementioned preparations for use in the home, with a resultant decrease in cost, and increase in use. Employment of any of the so=called permanent waving processes whether commercially or in the home requires that means be provided for facilitating application of the necessary solutions to the hair to be treated. General permanent waving procedures employ a washing step, a solution application step and a setting step. The solution application step is the most involved of the three in that it requires provision of some absorbent means for transferring the solution from its container to the hair over which it must be uniformly applied with a rapid removal of any excess. The same requirements exist when the hair is to be dyed or tinted.
It is with the problems, engendered in the application of the hair waving or dyeing solution, in mind, that the present construction has been evolved, a construction providing implementation for the application of hair waving solutions during the permanent waving process or dyeing process.
It is accordingly a primary object of this invention to provide means for implementing the treatment of hair.
A further object of this invention is to provide a novel apparatus to aid in the waving or curling of hair.
It is also an object of this invention to provide an apparatus to facilitate the application of waving, dyeing or tinting solutions to the hair.
Another object of this invention is to speed up and simplify the process of permanent waving.
These and other objects of the invention which will become apparent from the following disclosure and claims are achieved by provision of a cross-handle element having liquid absorbing means at one end thereof. The handle is so arranged that the liquid absorbing means may be securely engaged into contact with any desired strand of hair to be treated. The liquid. absorbing means may consist of elongated grooved elements adapted to embrace a strand wound upon a curler, or they may consist of wide elements adapted to move over the hair and to apply a dye thereto.
As is apparent, it thus becomes an extremely simple matter to apply any desired solution to the hair merely by impregnating the liquid absorbing means and bringing same into contact with the hair.
The specific constructional details and their mode of functioning will be made hereinafter most manifest, and will become more apparent from the following description taken in conjunction with the drawings, wherein:
Figure 1 represents a perspective view of the novel hair treating apparatus with the liquid absorbing means maintained in hair engaging position.
United States Patent be employed within the scope of this invention.
2,776,667 Patented Jan. 8, 19 57 Figure 2 represents a perspective view of the apparatus illustrated in Figure 1 shown in pre-hair engaging position.
Figure 3 represents a perspective view of another em bodiment of the invention.
Figure 4 is a different view of the device shown in Fig. 3.
Referring now more particularly to the drawings, like numerals in the various figures are employed to designate like parts.
The embodiment illustrated in Figures 1 and 2 comprises a handle 10 formed by tong elements 12 and 13 having finger or thumb-engaged portions 14 and 15, respectively. Though the tong form, here illustrated, is the conventional scissor tong, it is obvious from what hereinafter appears that other tong arrangements may At the endsof the tong elements pressure plates 16 and 17 are provided one for each tong element. The tong elements along with the pressure plates may be made of any material of a relatively chemically inert type so as not to react with any solution in conjunction with which used.
The pressure plates, as illustrated in Figures 1 and 2, are mounted on the ends of the tong elements 12 and 13 to extend transverse thereto and at an angle of about sixty degrees to the longitudinal direction of the tong elements so as to facilitate application to strands of hair.
Secured to the pressure plates 16 and 17 "are liquid absorbing pads 18 and 19, respectively, one for each pressure plate. The liquid absorbing pads are made of a resilient porous material such as artificial or natural sponge, cloth or the like. As seen in the drawings optimum results have been found to result from a pad arrangement wherein lips 20 are provided on the pads to extend beyond the edge of the pressure plate to which said pad is connected. A groove 21 is formed axially in said pad.
In the embodiment of the invention illustrated in Figures 3 and 4 the tong elements 12 and 13 of a handle 10 carry substantially wide pressure plates 20' and 21' provided with absorbent pads 22 and 23. The plate 29 is flat, while the plate 21 has an outwardly curving portion 24.
Operation same in the application of the waving or dyeing solutions to the hair. Thus depending on the type of permanent wave or dye desired whenever during the process a solution is to be applied to the hair, it is only necessary to dip the pad ends of novel apparatus into the solution until the pads have become saturated. Thereafter the tong ends are separated to permit the desired strands of hair to be engaged by the pad-s. ln the coustluction shown in Figures 1 and 2, the pads 18 and 19 are applied over a wound strand of hair to wet same with the solution carried by the pads. It will be observed that the construction of the pressure plates 16 and 17 is such that upon bringing same together only that portion of the pad extending beyond the encompassed portion thereof has the liquid squeezed out. in this way the amount of solution applied can be fairly easily regulated. Due to the provision of the grooves 21 the wound strand will be enclosed to a great extent by the pads 18 and 19, so that the application of the waving solution will be greatly facilitated.
The construction shown in Figures 3 and 4 is particularly suitable for the dyeing or tinting of hair. It is used by passing the pads 22 and 23 over an elongated strand of hair while slightly compressing the pads so as to squeeze the liquid upon the hair. This operation is facilitated by initially placing the pad 21 over the scalp with the bent portion 24 in close proximity to the roots of the strand of hair being treated.
The above disclosure has been given by way of illustrzv tion and elucidation and not by way of limitation and it is desired to protect all embodiments of the herein disclosed inventive concept within the scope of'the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. Hair treating apparatus, comprising: a pair of elongate tongs; pressure plates at the end thereof; opposed liquid absorbing pads on said plates; and a lip on said pads extending beyond the periphery of said plates.
2. Hair treating apparatus, comprising: a' pair of elongate tongs; pressure plates, curved in cross-section on the end of said tongs; opposed liquid absorbing pads mounted on said plates on the concave surfaces thereof; and a lip on each pad extending beyond the periphery of said plates.
3. Hair treating apparatus, comprising a pair of elongate tongs, a substantially rectangular pressure plate upon the end of one of said tongs, another pressure plate carricd by the end of the other one of said tongs and loconcave pressure plates on the ends of the arms, said plates when together forming a generally tubular shape, and opposed confronting similar elongated liquid absorbing pads mounted on the concave surfaces of the plates, each pad having a lip extending beyond the corresponding side edge of each plate.
6. Hair treating apparatus, comprising: a pair of elongate tongs having arms, opposed similar confronting oppositely concave pressure plates on the ends of the arms, said plates when together forming a generally tubular shape, and opposed confronting elongated liquid absorbing pads mounted on the concave surfaces of the plates, each pad having a generally axially extending groove in its inner surface.
7. Hair treating apparatus, comprising: a pair of elongate tongs having arms, opposed confronting oppositely concave pressure plates on the ends of the arms, said plates when together forming a generally tubular shape, and opposed confronting similar elongated liquid absorbing pads mounted on the concave surfaces of the plates, each pad having a lip extending beyond the corresponding side edge of each plate, each pad having a generally axially extending groove in its inner surface, whereby when the pads are together in confronting relationship there is a generally central passage through the confronting pads.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,987,931 Goodman Jan. 15, 1935 2,252,551 Brollier et al. Aug. 12, 1941 2,565,541 Wolff Aug. 28, 1951 FOREIGN PATENTS 810,294 Germany Aug. 9, 1951