|Publication number||US2776738 A|
|Publication date||Jan 8, 1957|
|Filing date||Dec 16, 1953|
|Priority date||Aug 3, 1953|
|Publication number||US 2776738 A, US 2776738A, US-A-2776738, US2776738 A, US2776738A|
|Original Assignee||Stenotype Grandjean Sa|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (3), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 8, 1957 J. SEGUI 2,776,738
COLLAPSIBLE-ARM AND LOCKING MECHANISM FOR SHORTHAND TYPEWRITERS AND LIKE MACHINES Filed D60. 16, 1953 3'3119815-51881. 1
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- SHORTHAND TYPEWRITERS AND LIKE MACHINES Filed Dec. 16,- 1953 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 fll l I l l l l I |II| HIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIHHIIIIIII INVNTOA2 Jen/v 8500/ J. SEGUI Jan. 8, 1957 1 2,776,738
' COLLAPSIBLE-ARM AND LOCKING MECHANISM FOR SHORTHAND TYPEWRITERS AND LIKE} MACHINES Flled Dec 16, 1953 3 Shae s-Sheet 3 "LEIr IN l/E N TO Q Jen/ 8660/ United States Patent COLLAPSIBLE -ARM LOCKING -MECHANISM EEORSHORI HAND AND LIKE MACHINES IeanSegui, Vincennes, France, assignor to SOciete .Anonyme dit stenotype Grandjean, Paris, France ApplicatiomDecember16,.1953,,SerialN0. 398,606
-Claimspriority, application France August3,-19 3 4 Claims. ((31. .197-9) This inventionrelatesto a-collapsible-arm and locking mechanism, notably-forshorthand typewriters and like rnachines, characterized in that itcomprises a movable 'assembl-y-havingtwo armsyeac'h arm being adapted to :receiveron its-free end the spool forwinding on and winding: off respectively the paper tape, when the arm-isinits 'oper-ativie "condition, said movable assembly being adapted to collapse to its inoperative. position so asto be concealed completely by the. outer casing.of. the machine, without any of its 'component elements projecting from the volume bounded by this casing.
.Moreover, this mechanism is characterizedinthat a member controlled from the aforesaid movable assembly is adapted to lock 'a-gainst motion't-he universal bar or .any othermember positively driven at each ,touch, and therefore all the type-carrying bars and levers, as long as said movable assembly is not moved to its operative position.
To this end, according to this invention, the movable assembly consists of a horizontal slide adapted to move along a slideway provided for this purpose in the base of the machine, a vertical plate fast with said slideway and comprising pins having pivotally mounted thereon two arms adapted to carry on their free ends the spools for winding and unwinding the paper tape respectively, and cam members adapted to cause said arms to be rotated about said pins for moving them from their inoperative positions to their operative positions, respectively, when said movable assembly is moved from one to the other of said positions.
This movable assembly is also provided with a stud rigid therewith which controls the travel of a slide adapted to lock against motion or release the universal bar or like member according to its position, a spring or other retaining member or device preventing said slide from moving unexpectedly.
The attached drawings forming part of this specification show by way of example one form of embodiment of the invention. In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a lateral view of the machine.
Fig. 2 is a plan view thereof.
Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional view taken upon the line IiilII of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 1 showing the movable assembly of the invention in its operative position.
Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 2 also showing the movable assembly in its operative position; and
Fig. 6 is a sectional view taken upon the line VIVI .of Fig. 5.
The machine shown by way of example is a shorthand :typewriter comprising a base 1, a keyboard 2, an outer protection casing 3 and a universal bar 4 fulcrumed about a pin 5 mounted in the plate 6, an impression roller 7 and a box-like member 8 containing an inking ribbon.
The moveable assembiy consists of a horizontal slide 9 adapted to slide longitudinally in the base 1; on this islide there is secured a vertical plate 10 carrying a pair .of pins 11 and 14; the pin 11 has fulcrumed thereon an "ice 2 arm 12 carrying at its free end the spindle 13 of the winding spool, and the other pin '14 has pivotally mounted thereon another a-rm15 carrying at its free end the spindle -160fthe=unwinding spool,
In the vertical lateral wall 17 of the outer casing of the machine there is formed a slot having a front rec'- tilinear horizontal portion 18, level with the fulcrum pin 11 of arm 12 carrying the winding spool, and arear downwardly-inclined portion 19;
A stud 20, rigid with arm 12, extends through this slot and projects laterally from the machine casing so as to constitute the handle controlling the movable assembly of the machine.
As will be seen in Fig; 3 of the drawings, when this stud 20 is pushed home to the front end of the slot, it is level with the fulcrum pin 11, as already pointed out, and therefore thearm 12 fulcrumed thereon will be positioned horizontally Without projecting from the volume houndedby the machine casing.
When this control stud 20 is pushed away from the keyboard of the machineit is fi'rstly moved horizontally and so as to cause the complete movable assembly to travel bodily therewith; as long as this pin travels along the horizontal portion 18 of the slot the arm 12 will not-rotate; however, when the stud 20 engages the incline'd portion 19 of this slot the front end of arm 12 will be tilted therewith'downwardly and the spindle 13 of the winding spool will be'raised and be finally positioned as shownin-Figs. 4, 5 and 6.
Considering now the other arm 15, of which the free end is adapted to carry the winding-off spool, its upper edge engages a leaf spring 21 the front portion of which is slightly rounded; this upper edge comprises at the front a rectilinear portion whereby the arm 15 will remain horizontal during the first portion of the slide travel, this rectilinear portion being followed by a camshaped portion 22 positioned inward of the fulcrum 14, so that when the leaf spring 21 engages this cam-shaped portion 22 it causes the arm 15 to rotate about its axis until it is positioned as shown in Figs. 4 and 6. A stud 23 engaging a shoulder or other stop 24 formed or seecured on the base 1 limits the upward movement of the arm 15, and a lateral projection 25 rigid with the arm 12 engages the universal bar 4 to limit the pivotal upward movement thereof.
The moveable assembly is locked in its two extreme positions, that is to say, in its operative position by a resilient or spring arm 26 engaging the control stud 20, and in its inoperative position, by a pair of small stops 27 positioned on either side of the front end of the slot in which the stud 20 is guided and adapted to lock this stud 20 in inoperative position at the relevant end of the horizontal portion 18 of this slot.
The horizontal slide 9 is fast with an angle member 28 adapted to engage a pair of stops 29, 30 provided on the slide 31 travelling in the base 1; this slide 31 is provided with a projection 32 positioned beneath the universal bar 4 to prevent the latter from rotating about its axis 5 when the movable assembly is in its inoperative position, as shown in Figs. 1 to 3, and the angle member 28, by engaging the stop 30 of slide 31, has caused the latter to move towards the keyboard of the machine.
When the control stud 20 is actuated for transferring the movable assembly to its operative position, the angle member 28 will first slide without moving the slide member 31 and the latter will be carried along only after it has engaged the stop 29; the position of this stop is so calculated that the slide 31 will commence its travel only when the movable assembly 9 is ready to be moved to its operative position and on the other hand the stop 32 will release the universal bar 4 only at the proper time.
It is obvious that the form of embodiment described hereinabove constitutes but one example of the manner in which the invention may be carried out in the practice, since many modifications may be brought thereto without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Moreover, the braking device for preventing the universal bar locking member from moving unexpectedly, and the correction bracket normally provided on the arm 12 have not been shown in order to simplify the drawings.
What I claim is:
1. A shorthand typewriter having a frame structure and an outer casing, comprising a movable assembly adapted to slide on said frame structure from an inoperative position to an operative position and viceversa, said movable assembly comprising a pair of pivotally mounted arms carrying at their free ends spindles adapted to receive in their operative positions a papertape winding spool and a paper-tape unwinding spool, respectively, and means fixing said arms in their operative positions, in which they project from said outer casing, when said assembly is slid to said operative position, said means being also adapted to cause said movable assembly to collapse to its inoperative position so that none of the components of said movable assembly will project from the volume bounded by said outer casing.
2. A shorthand typewriter having a base, an outer casing, a slideway in said base, a slide movable in said slideway, a plate rigid with said slide, a pair of pins projecting horizontally from said plate, a pair of arms fulcrumed on said pins respectively said slide, plate, pins and arms forming a movable assembly able to slide from an inoperative to an operative position and vice-versa, and said arms being adapted to receive on their free ends in their operative positions, the paper-tape winding spool and the paper-tape unwinding spool of the machine, respectively, and cam members adapted on the one hand to cause the raising pivotal movement of said arms as said movable assembly is slid to its operative position, and on the other hand to collapse these arms when said assembly is slid to its inoperative position, without any component of said movable assembly projecting from the volume bounded by said outer casing.
3. A machine according to claim 1 comprising a member such as a universal bar positively driven at each touch, and an element rigid with said movable assembly vfor locking said member against motion when said movable assembly is in its inoperative position.
4. A machine according to claim 1 comprising a member such as a universal bar positively driven at each touch, an element adapted to lock said member against motion and means rigid with said movable assembly for movingv said element to its locking position when said movable assembly is in its inoperative position and releasing said element only when said movable assembly is about to reach its operative position.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,383,638 Kidder July 5, 1921 FOREIGN PATENTS 529,491 Great Britain Nov. 21, 1940
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1383638 *||Nov 30, 1918||Jul 5, 1921||Harry Bates||Incased collapsible typewriter|
|GB529491A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3191742 *||Aug 11, 1961||Jun 29, 1965||Scm Corp||Typewriter ribbon covers|
|US4307970 *||May 29, 1980||Dec 29, 1981||The Hedman Company||Key extension for shorthand typewriting machine|
|US5186557 *||Sep 5, 1990||Feb 16, 1993||Tokyo Electric Co., Ltd.||Printer|
|U.S. Classification||400/680, 400/671.4, 400/91, 400/482, 400/613|