|Publication number||US2776831 A|
|Publication date||Jan 8, 1957|
|Filing date||Jan 9, 1953|
|Priority date||Jan 9, 1953|
|Publication number||US 2776831 A, US 2776831A, US-A-2776831, US2776831 A, US2776831A|
|Inventors||Albert F Shields|
|Original Assignee||S & S Corrugated Paper Mach|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (21), Classifications (20)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 8, 1957 A. F. SHIELDS SHEET INVERTING MECHANISM 2 Shets-Sheet 1 Filed Jan. 9, 1953 Wal /1 V v f IN VEN TOR. 4455a? E Sa Q04 Jan. 8, 1957 A. F. SHIELDS SHEET INVERTING MECHANISM 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Jan. 9, l953 United States Patent Corrugated Paper Machinery (30., Inc, Brooklyn, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application January 9, 1953, Serial No. 330,428
Claimse (Cl; 270-4) The present invention relates to inverting'mechanisms for sheet material and particularly to a combined conveyor and feeder for inverting and delivering the output of one machine to the input of another machine.
In the' manufacture of fiberboard and corrugated containers, a printer-slotter is employed for cutting and shaping sheet stock into blanks, each of predetermined configuration, and for further providing the respective blanks with single color or multi-color printings; Following the printing and cutting operations, the blanks are usually fed to a folder for scoring and creasingiat selected locations prior to folding up andpa'sting into the desired form.
Heretofore, delivery of the blanks from the'printerslotter to'the folder has been accomplished by manually transporting the blanks, for example with the aid of hand-trucks and other well-known expedients'. The manifest disadvantages of such arrangements are readily apparent and accordingly suggests resort to automatic mechanisms for delivering the output from the printer'- slotter to the folder. However, the adaptation'of wellknown conveyor systems to this type of' operation has been curtailed since the printed and cut blanks mu'stbe inverted prior to feeding into the folder due to the arrangement of the respective processing mechanisms at the printer-slotter and at the folder. Alliedto the prob lem of inverting are the rather rigid requirements of reliability in the transferring and inverting at the relatively'high' operating speeds prevalent in'the mass pro duction of containers and the like.
Therefore, it is broadly an object of the present in-' vention' to'provide a novel transfer and inverting mechanism for feeding the output of one processing machine to theinput of a further processing machine.
More particularly, it is withinthe contemplation of the present invention to provide anexcep'tionally reliable yet mechanically'simple conveying and feeding'mechanism for inverting and delivering the output of a printerslotter to the input of a folding machine.
The above objects and further features of'the present invention will bebest understood by reference to the following detailed description of an illustrative emb'odi ment whentaken in conjunction'with the drawings'wherem:
Figure 1 isan elevational view diagrammatically showing a combined conveyor and feeder embodying features of the present invention.
Figure 2 is a fragmentary top planvie'w' of the combined conveyor and feeder of Figure 1. I
Figure 3 is a side'elevational view of a modified form of the combined conveyor and feeder embodying further features of the presentinvention.
Figure 4 is a side elevational view ofa modifiedforrr'i of the combined conveyor: and feeder" embodying still further features of the present invention.
' Referringfnow specifically to the drawings,- and in particular to Figures 1 and 2, there is illustrated the combined conveyor and feeder which is adapted'to be ice 2: interposed between the output of a printer-slotter 10 of knownc'o'n'stmction 'andhaving blank delivering rollers ormechanisms 12, 1'4 operated in accordance with well understood principles and practices and an'equally wellknown folding machine '16 having inputrollers or mechanisms 18; 20. The printer-slotter ltland the folder 16 are arrangedin spaced and aligned end to end'relation. Contiguous to the output or delivery rollers 12, 14 of the printer-slotteris an endless'belt conveyor 22 mounted on spaced apart supporting'rollers 24', 26" and driven via belt coupling-2 81mm" a' suitable motor 30; The upper run of the endless belt conveyor 22 extends horizontally at a level slightly below the plane at which the blanks B are delivered from the output rollers 12, 14. Preferably, the endless conveyor is driven through a suitable reductibn mechanism-to obtain a belt speed some- Whatslower than'the'speed at which the printer-slotter 'deliversthe" blanks B so that the blanks are'shingled or feathered'orhthe upper run ofthe conveyor 22 as clearly illustrated'in Figure 1.
Arrangedin'end to end alignment withthe belt conveyor 22' is a table 32' supported on uprights 34 and in a plane parallelto and downwardly offset relative to the upper'runof the conveyor-22; As is apparent, the table 32 receives the featheredlblanks B from the end of the conveyor remote from the printer-slotter in stacked formation, designa-ted by-the letter 5.
Suitable transfer mechanisms are provided in opera tive' relation to the table'3'2' for displacing the stack S from the table 32 man inverter or carrier identified by the reference numeral 36. The illustrated transfer mechanism includes vertically extending pusher fingers 38 terminating'below the up'p'errun ofnthe belt conveyor 22' and 'each accommodated" in a longitudinally extending slot 40 providedin'thetable 32'. The pusher fingers 38 are carried on ac'ommonrarnshaft 4'2 operatively connected to" a reciprocating cylinder head (not shown) within'acylinder housing 44"of a c'onventional hydraulic actuating mechanism.
The inverter 36, which is longitudinally aligned with the table 32' and arranged'to receive the transferredstack S," is mounted'for rocking movement about a transverse axle 46 carried on an" upstanding bracket 43. The inverter is'lo'ngitudina'lly slottedand constructed of a plur'ality of right angle members 50' arranged in side-byside spaced andsuperpos'ed' relation, the respective members being joined together and pivoted'adjacent one end bythe transverse shaft 46and including a-transverse connecting bar 52 adjacent the other end; As clearly seen inFigure 1, the legs50'2z'of' the members 50 arranged generally below the table 32 provide'a' shelf to receive the stacked blanksaS Which'are subsequently supported within the upwardly opening cradle formed by the cooperating legs 50a,-5llb of right angle members 51?. A suitable operating mechanism 54" is connected to the inverter 36 'at a'p'oint'below' the pivot 46 and periodically rocksthe inverter-or carrier'from the loading position L illustrated bythe-fulllines of Figure 1 to the unloadingposition U illustrated in phantoinin Figure 1'. As is apparent, the cradlep'rovided by the carrier 36 opens downwardly'when displaced about the axis 46 through a'predetermined arc and intothe transfer or unloading position U, whereby the stack S is inverted from the condition initially obtained at the output end of" the printer-slotter' 10.
Arranged generally a'bove-the'axis 46 of the inverter or' carrier '36and' below the' cradle thereof when in the inverted position-U is'a'blank' receiving mechanism generally' designated'by the numeralSfi-arranged to receive the inverted stack S. The=blankreceiving mechanism 56 is illustrated as an endless belt conveyor supported on rollers 60; 62 and driven from a suitable' source (not is shown). As best seen in Figure 2, the conveyor includes plural separate belts 56a, 56b, 56c arranged in -p-=CCd side by side relation and supported on the rollers titi, f The spacing of the respective belts is selected to assure the unimpeded movement of the carrier or inverter 36 into the unloading position U wherein the shelf provided by the legs 50:: is arranged generally above the belt conveyor 56 for depositing the blanks thereon. The blank receiving mechanism 56 is supported on a pedestal 64 in position to deliver the inverted blanks to the input bed of the folding machine 16 in accordance with well understood techniques. It is to be noted that the speed of the conveyor belt 56 is suitably coordinated with respect to the desired operating speed of the folding machine to avoid excessive piling of the inverted blanks on the input bed.
In the modified embodiment of Figure 3, the entire conveyor and feeder is the same except for replacing the table 32 and the reciprocating fingers 38 by a blank retarding gate 72 pivoted on a shaft 74. Gate 72 is provided to block blanks B on conveyor 22 while the inverter 50 moves from the solid line loading position to the dotted line delivery position. When inverter 50 returns to the loading solid line position, then gate 72 is opened to permit the group of blanks stacked behind it to move out and to permit additional blanks to be delivered individually. Gate 72 is tied in with inverter 50' so that it will be moved to closed position by, for instance, a connection to operating mechanism 54' or to inverter 50' just before inverter 50 is moved upwardly.
In this embodiment it is to be observed that the blanks are delivered first as a group. When a desired stack height is reached, the gate 72 is closed preventing further delivery of blanks from conveyor 22 to inverter 50'. Then the operating mechanism 54 is actuated to efiect the inversion. The mechanism may operate cyclically in accordance with a predetermined time interval, or a switch 90 may be provided to be actuated when the desired stack height is reached or a desired count.
In Figure 4 there is shown a still further embodiment of the invention in which the conveyor 56 of Figure 3 is replaced by two endless chains 80 disposed at the outside of a fixed table 88 in position to receive the output of the inverter 50". The two chains 80 are connected by a transverse plate 89 which is arranged to sweep over the table 88 from left to right when the chains 80 are actuated. The chains 80 with transverse plate 89 are operatcd from a single drive motor 84 by the provision of belt couplings S6. Suitable control is provided to operate motor 84 intermittently so that it remains at rest while the inverter makes its upward and return strokes. Then when the inverter is in its lower position at rest, motor 34 is actuated to cause pusher 89 to make one complete cycle and deliver the stack S to the folder 16.
A typical conveying and inverting operation is as follows:
The printer-slotter delivers the blanks onto the conveyor mechanisms which may take any of the forms of Figures 1 to 4, including other variations apparent to those skilled in the art and within the scope of this disclosure, whereupon the blanks are delivered to the inverter or carrier 36 in the form of a stack S. Thereafter, through a suitable electrical or mechanical coordinating system, the carrier is rocked through a predetermined arc and into the unloading position U, whereupon the inverted stack S is delivered onto the blank delivering mechanisms 56 for proper feed to the folding machine.
in the foregoing I have described my invention solely in connection with specific illustrative embodiments thereof. Since many variations and modifications of my invention will now be obvious to those skilled in the art, I prefer to be bound not by the specific disclosures herein contained but only by the appended claims.
1. The combination in a machine for inverting blanks delivered from one processing machine and delivering the same to another processing machine, of combined conveying and feeding mechanisms interposed between said machines, for inverting said blanks in groups prior to delivery to the second machine, said mechanisms including a rockable carrier movable between loading and unloading positions, first conveyor means interposed between said first machine and said carrier for feeding a predetermined number of said blanks to said carrier when in said loading position, said conveyor being operated at a speed slower than the delivery speed of the blanks from the first processing machine so as to feather the blanks, second conveyor means interposed between said second machine ancl said carrier for receiving said blanks from said carrier when the latter is rocked into said unloading position and for feeding said blanks to said second machine, and actuating means operatively connected to said carrier for periodically rocking said carrier at intervals corre sponding to the feeding upon said carrier of said predetermined number of blanks.
2. The combination with a first machine having output mechanisms and a second machine having input mechanisms of a combined conveyor and feeder arranged between said first and second machines for inverting said blanks in groups prior to delivery to said second machine, there being a predetermined number of blanks in each group, said combined conveyor and feeder comprising a carrier mounted for rocking movement about an axis, said carrier including a blank supporting shelf rcckable through a predetermined are from a loading position spaced below said axis to an unloading position spaced above said axis, means including a belt conveyor arranged between said output mechanisms and said carrier for feeding each group to said shelf when in said loading position, said belt conveyor being operated at a speed slower than the delivery speed of the said output mechanism so as to feather the blanks, means including another belt conveyor for receiving said groups in an inverted condition from said shelf when rocked into said unloading position and for delivering said inverted blanks to said input mechanisms, and operating means for rocking said carrier through said predetermined are at intervals determined by the number of blanks in a group.
3. A combined blank conveyor and feeder adapted to be interposed between the output end of one machine and the input end of a second machine comprising a carrier having shelf-like parts cooperating in a loading position to form a cradle opening upwardly for receiving blanks in groups to be inverted, there being a predetermined number of blanks in each group means for mounting said carrier for rocking movement through a predetermined arc and into an unloading position wherein said cradle opens downwardly for discharging each group in an inverted condition, conveyor mechanisms extending between the output end of said one machine and said carrier said conveyor being operated at a speed slower than the delivery speed of the blanks from the output end of the said one machine, thereby feathering the blanks and in cluding blank delivery means arranged generally above said cradle when in said loading position, further con veyor mechanisms extending between the input end of said second machine and said carrier and including blank receiving means arranged generally below said cradle when in said unloading position and actuating means operatively connected to said carrier for rocking said car rier through said predetermined are at intervals depending on the number of blanks in a group.
4. A mechanism for inverting blanks in groups and conveying the same from the output mechanism of a printing machine to the input mechanism of a folding machine, there being a predetermined number of blanks in each group comprising a carrier having longitudinal slots and mounted for rocking movement about a transverse axis, said carrier including a group support shelf rockable through a predetermined are from a loading position spaced below said transverse axis to an unloading position spaced above said transverse axis, means including at least one conveyor arranged between said output mechanism and said carrier for feeding said blanks to said shelf when in said loading position, said conveyor being operated at a speed slower than the delivery speed of the blanks from the output mechanism of the printing machine, t'hereby feathering the blanks, means including another conveyor arranged above said transverse axis and having plural side by side spaced belts adapted to receive a group from said carrier when in said unloading position, the longitudinal slots of said carrier being of a width suflicient to accommodate said belts and permitting unimpeded rocking of the shelf of said carrier into said unloading position, and operating means connected to said carrier for rocking said carrier through said predetermined are at intervals determined by the number of blanks in a group.
5. A mechanism for inverting blanks in groups and conveying the same from a printing machine to a folding machine, there being a predetermined number of blanks in each group, said mechanisms including a rockable carrier movable between loading and unloading positions, first means interposed between said printing machine and said carrier for feeding said blanks to said carrier when in said loading position, second means interposed between said folding machine and said carrier for receiving said blanks from said carrier when rocked into said unloading position and for feeding said folding machine, and actuating means operatively connected to said carrier for periodically rocking said carrier from said loading position into said unloading position at intervals determined by the number of blanks in a group, said first means including an endless belt conveyor arranged to receive blanks from said printing machine, said belt conveyor being operated at a speed slower than the delivery speed of the blanks from the printing machine, thereby feathering the blanks, a table arranged in end to end alignment with and below said endless belt conveyor for receiving the conveyed blanks, pusher fingers interleaved with said table and displaceable longitudinally thereof for advancing the conveyed blanks in successive groups onto said rockable carrier, and further actuating means adapted to be operated in timed relation to said first-named actuating means and operatively connected to said pusher fingens for displacing said pusher fingers longitudinally of said table.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,266,737 Wood et a1. May 21, 1918 1,295,195 Parker Feb. 25, 1919 1,545,912 Maxson July 14, 1925 1,613,132 Rosener Jan. 4, 1927 1,721,255 Mitton July 16, 1929 1,778,272 Oertel Oct. 14, 1930 2,119,642 McClatchie June 7, 1938 2,501,224 Kadell Mar. 21, 1950 2,625,101 Gammeter Jan. 13, 1953
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1266737 *||Oct 11, 1917||May 21, 1918||Wood Newspaper Mach Corp||Pulsating-fan delivery.|
|US1295195 *||Sep 12, 1916||Feb 25, 1919||George D Parker||Receptacle-inverting apparatus.|
|US1545912 *||May 13, 1921||Jul 14, 1925||Maxson Charles B||Feeding and stacking method and machine|
|US1613132 *||Nov 11, 1924||Jan 4, 1927||Paraffine Co Inc||Machine for preparing box blanks|
|US1721255 *||Dec 30, 1927||Jul 16, 1929||Borden Co||Can-inverting device for can-washing machines|
|US1778272 *||Oct 21, 1927||Oct 14, 1930||Ferdinand R Oertel||Printing press|
|US2119642 *||Aug 8, 1936||Jun 7, 1938||Borden Co||Receptacle inverting mechanism|
|US2501224 *||Jun 17, 1947||Mar 21, 1950||Nat Steel Corp||Apparatus for inspecting sheets|
|US2625101 *||Jun 1, 1951||Jan 13, 1953||Addressograph Multigraph||Sheet reversing mechanism for rotary perfecting sheet printing apparatus|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2929490 *||Jun 20, 1958||Mar 22, 1960||Emerson Radio & Phonograph Cor||Mail handling apparatus|
|US3411641 *||Dec 1, 1967||Nov 19, 1968||Dean Res Corp||Apparatus for handling sheets|
|US3854713 *||Jul 7, 1972||Dec 17, 1974||Fujitsu Ltd||Document feed mechanism|
|US3861543 *||Jan 21, 1974||Jan 21, 1975||Gen Electric||Box positioning apparatus and method for use thereof|
|US3900115 *||Nov 22, 1972||Aug 19, 1975||Itogihan Company Ltd||Apparatus for supplying thin, flat articles|
|US3955686 *||Mar 25, 1975||May 11, 1976||Itogihan Company, Ltd.||Apparatus for supplying thin, flat articles|
|US3967739 *||Dec 13, 1974||Jul 6, 1976||Itogihan Company, Ltd.||Apparatus for supplying thin, flat articles|
|US4772003 *||Feb 24, 1987||Sep 20, 1988||Dainihon Insatsu Kabushiki Kaisha||Apparatus for stacking signatures or the like|
|US5354170 *||May 12, 1992||Oct 11, 1994||Bobst S.A.||Stacking and turning device for a machine producing packaging box blanks|
|US5358229 *||Oct 6, 1993||Oct 25, 1994||Robert Bosch Gmbh||Apparatus for receiving and dispensing flat articles in a packaging machine|
|US5688463 *||Oct 11, 1995||Nov 18, 1997||Combibloc, Inc.||Laser processing of discrete sheets of material|
|US5738483 *||Sep 11, 1996||Apr 14, 1998||Giddings & Lewis, Inc.||Lift and invert mechanism|
|US5849134 *||Apr 4, 1997||Dec 15, 1998||Combibloc, Inc.||Processing discrete sheets of material|
|US6234467 *||Nov 3, 1998||May 22, 2001||Kurt Runzi||Apparatus for stacking and sorting printed documents and feeding them to a finishing machine|
|US9475659 *||Mar 31, 2014||Oct 25, 2016||David Strickland, III||Apparatus for handing and moving a stack of tires|
|US20140294552 *||Mar 31, 2014||Oct 2, 2014||David Strickland, JR.||Apparatus for handing and moving a stack of tires|
|DE1150567B *||Jul 25, 1958||Jun 20, 1963||Windmoeller & Hoelscher||Einrichtung zum Herstellen von Kreuzbodenventilsaecken, bestehend aus einer Schlauchbildevorrichtung und einer Bodenlegevorrichtung, bei der die mehrlagigen Papierschlauchabschnitte von der Schlauchbildevorrichtung der Bodenlege-vorrichtung unter Bildung von Schlauchstueck-paketen am Ausgang der Schlauchbilde-vorrichtung zugefuehrt werden|
|DE1158813B *||Jul 19, 1961||Dec 5, 1963||Windmoeller & Hoelscher||Einrichtung zum Herstellen von Kreuzboden-Ventilsaecken, bestehend aus einer Schlauchbildevorrichtung und einer Bodenlegevorrichtung, bei der mehrlagige Papierschlauchabschnitte unter Bildung von Schlauchstueckpaketen am Ausgang der Schlauchbildevorrichtung von dieser der Bodenlegevorrichtung zugefuehrt werden|
|DE1179799B *||Oct 4, 1961||Oct 15, 1964||Windmoeller & Hoelseher||Einrichtung zum Herstellen von Kreuzboden-Ventilsaecken, bestehend aus einer Schlauch-bildevorrichtung und omer Bodenlege-vorrichtung, bei der mehrlagige Papier-schlauchabschnitte unter Bildung von Schlauchstueckpaketen am Ausgang der Schlauchbildevorrichtung von dieser der Bodenlegevorrichtung zugefuehrt werden|
|DE1187467B *||Feb 2, 1963||Feb 18, 1965||Windmoeller & Hoelscher||Einrichtung zum Herstellen von Kreuzboden-Ventilsaecken, bestehend aus einer Schlauchbildevorrichtung und einer Bodenlegevorrichtung, bei der mehrlagige Papierschlauchabschnitte unter Bildung von Schlauchstueckpaketen am Ausgang der Schlauchbildevorrichtung von dieser der Bodenlegevorrichtung zugefuehrt werden|
|WO1996041747A1 *||Jun 11, 1996||Dec 27, 1996||Combibloc, Inc.||Processing discrete sheets of material|
|U.S. Classification||414/788.5, 414/758, 271/3.5, 414/788.8, 493/480, 414/790.3, 414/797.6|
|International Classification||B65G47/24, B65H15/02|
|Cooperative Classification||B65H33/12, B65H29/66, B65H2301/33214, B65G47/24, B65H83/02, B65H15/02|
|European Classification||B65H33/12, B65H29/66, B65H83/02, B65G47/24, B65H15/02|