US 2779044 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan- 29, 1957 R. L. BRocKMElER ETAL RUFFLE MOP 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Feb. 21, 1952 1N VENTO@ ffcwegez; fge//zez g ATT R N EY S NW NNNI man..
Jan 29, 1957 R. BRocKMElER ETAL I 2,779,044
RUFFLE MOP Filed Feb. 21. 1952 2. Sheets-Sheet 2 .s egel; Wezel;
l N VE N T0 5mt@ mam...
mwN m l rwx? w aiya? q United States Patent() RUFFLE MOP Ruby Lee Broclrmeier and Fred C. Brockmeier, Richmond Heights, Mo.
Application February 21, 1952, Serial No. 272,834
4 Claims. (Cl. 15-228) the layers of material are stitched together, on a particular pattern which provides progressive rullles extended from the center to the edges and also a reinforced back to facilitate attaching the mop to a handle or the like.
The purpose of this invention is to provide a mop that may be used wet, dry, or saturated with oil, which provides an elllcient dust catcher, and does not leave lint, and which may readily be washed and dried.
Various types of cloth and rag mops have been provided however, because of the loose construction of the materials, the life of a mop of this type is limited and it is difficult to assemble the layers of material so that a free or llutly contacting surface is provided. With this thought in mind this invention contemplates a mop formed with a sheet of backing, a continuous strip of material secured thereto to provide a plurality of layers of the material with the layers progressing outwardly in overlapped relation to each other from a comparatively small area at the center to a larger area at the periphery and wherein with the material is cut on a true bias and the edges adapted to be fringed with successive washings, a mop having loosely assembled ruffles is provided that may readily be washed and dried and that is adapted to be used wet, dry or saturated with oil.
The object of this invention is, therefore, to provide means for forming a mop with heavy cotton drilling, cotton outing llannel, unbleached muslin or other soft fabrics wherein a plurality of lluffy rullles are provided.
Another object of the invention is to provide an improved cloth mop wherein a plurality of layers of material are assembled and stitched on a dellnite pattern so that rufes of gradually increasing sizes extend from a reinforced backing member.
A further object of the invention is to provide an improved mop formed of gradually enlarging rulllcs which is of a simple and economical construction.
With these and other objects and advantages in view the invention embodies a cloth mop constructed with a plurality of progressively enlarging rules attached to a back member whereby the ruffles are loosely connected and, being cut on a true bias, do not ravel so that lint is not distributed by the mop and so that an ellicient mop is provided.
Other features and advantages of the invention will apu pear from the following description taken in connection with the drawings wherein:
Figure 1 is a plan view of the improved rulle mop.
Figure 2 is a View looking toward the under surface of the mop.
Figure 3 is a reduced detail showing the backing member to which the ruftles of the mop are attached, illustrating the lines of stitching required to attach the said rutile layers to the back.
2,779,044 Patented Jan. 29, 1957 Figure 4 is a reduced detail showing a circular member cut from an opening in the backing member, said circular member being used as a reinforcing element for reinforcing the back as shown in Fig. 1.
Figure 5 is a detail showing a portion of one of the ruilles illustrating the thread of the material and showing that the material of which the rullles are formed is cut on the true bias.y
Figure 6 is an enlarged plan View showing the rullles attached to the backingfmember in a position substantially at right angles to the backing member.
Figure 7 is a longitudinal section taken on line 7--7 of Fig. 6 also showing the parts in extended position.
Figure 8 is a detail showing the construction of one section of the backing member and illustrating an opening from which the circular member shown in Fig.A 4 is cut, and also showing the said reinforcing member stitched to the backing member at the opposite end.
Figure 9 is an enlarged longitudinal section through the mop showing the parts assembled and illustrating the rufles extended from a lower backing member and also from the edge of the upper backing member.
Figure 10 is a detail illustrating the stitches used to secure the upper section of the backing member to the lower section thereof.
Figure ll is a cross section taken on line 11-11 of Fig. l illustrating the stitching connecting the lower backingmember lto the upper backing member.
Referring now to the drawings wherein like reference characters denote corresponding parts the improved floor or ruille mop of this invention is formed with a backing sheet having an upper section 10, a lower section 11 with a fold line 12 between the sections and, as illustrated in Fig. 9, the upper section l0 is provided with a continuous rullle 13 and a continuous ruffle i4 is stitched to and extends from the lower section.
As illustrated in Fig. 3 the stitches holding the ruflle to the lower section 11 start at the point 15, extending along the line 16, returning on a line 17, extending back- Wardly on a line 18, forwardly on a line 19, across one end on a line Ztl, backward again on a line 21, forwardly on a line 22, across the end again on -a line 23, backwardly again on a line 24, around ythe outer end on an arcuate line 25 and forwardly on a line 26, the end of which extends lacross on a line 2'7 on the upper section 10, which stitching extends along a line 28, around the end on an arcuate line 29 and back on a line 30 to the point 31.
The ruflle 14 follows the lines of stitching as shown in Fig. 6 whereby the continuous rutile is formed by the stitching on the lower section of the backing and the rutile 13 is formed on the upper section l0.
A circular opening 32 is cut in the upper section 10 and a disc 33 which is removed from the opening, is stitched to the end of the section 10 thereby providing reinforcing for the arcuate end of the said upper section,
as shown in Fig. 6. The material of the upper section lll is folded under and stitched as indicated by the hem 34 and stitching 35, as shown in Fig. 8, and the disc 33 is secured to the backing lil with stitches 36 which also extend through the rulile 13, as shown.
The `ends of the ruffle 13 are stitched together at the point 37, in Fig. l and the edges of the upper and lower sections 1d and 1l are stitched together by stitching 38 as shown in Figs. l0 and 11.
The parts are formed with the backing member extended outwardly as illustrated in Figs. 3 and 6 and after the reinforcing disc and rufiles are secured to the back member, the member is folded on the line 12 and the edges stitched together-with the stitches 38 as disclosed.
First the strip of material forming the rulles is cut on the true bias and with the edges ruffcd or fringed by successive washings a fringe is provided continuously on 3 the edges of the rutfles. The thread of the material being cut on the true bias as shown in Fig. 5, the material will not ravel and the mop may be used Wet,vor dry or used for applying oil, and the assembled parts of the mop may readily be washed and dried.
It will be understood that modifications may be made in the design and arrangement of the parts without departing from the spirit of the invention.
What is claimed is:
1. A rutile mop including a strip of material adapted to form a rue and adapted to be secured to an elongated backing member having an upper section and a lower section for use as a mop, said ruie being secured to the lower section of said backing member by stitching on a line positioned midway between the width of the backing member and extending longitudinally of said backing member with the stitching extended continuously back and forth on substantially parallel lines to form rows spaced from the center of the backing member, with the last row of stitching extended across the backing member from a point substantially midway between the ends of said backing member, around the edge of said backing member and back to the said point midway between the ends of said backing member, across the point midway between the ends of said backing member and around the edge of the upper section of the said backing member and back to the center thereof.
2. In a rue mop, the combination which comprises an elongated layer of material providing a backing member, said layer of material having arcuate ends, said layerl of material being folded at the center providing upper and lower backing members, the upper backing member having an opening therethrough, a continuous rufe formed with material cut on a true bias stitched to the upper backing member on a line spaced from the edge thereof and a continuous rule formed in layers and with the layers stitched to the lower backing member, on spaced parallel longitudinally disposed lines and on lines extended adjacent the fold at the center of the backing member and around the outer arcuate ends thereof.
3. A ruie mop as described in claim 2 wherein the edges of the upper and lower backing members are stitched together.
4. A ruie mop as described in claim 2 wherein the edges of the ruies are fringed.
References Cited in the ile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 137,858 Murray May 15, 1873 1,029,070 Le Mieux June 11, 1912 1,643,878 Crouch Sept. 27, 1927 1,684,379 Anderson Sept. 18, 1928 1,849,286 Evans Mar. 15, 1932 2,004,804 Badgley June 11, 1935" 2,067,687 Teare Jan. 12, 1937 2,231,272 Klawans Feb. 11, 1941 2,318,016 Schlegel May 4, 1943 2,345,730 Cox Apr. 4, 1944 2,655,680 Geerin Oct. 20, 1953 FOREIGN PATENTS 251,415 Great Britain May 6, 1926 498,929 Great Britain Jan. 17, 1939