|Publication number||US2781062 A|
|Publication date||Feb 12, 1957|
|Filing date||Oct 3, 1955|
|Priority date||Oct 3, 1955|
|Publication number||US 2781062 A, US 2781062A, US-A-2781062, US2781062 A, US2781062A|
|Inventors||Robert L White|
|Original Assignee||Robert L White|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (3), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Fb. 12, 1957 I I "R. L. WHIITE- L 2,781,062
WOVEN BELT CONSTRUCTIQNS Filed 001'.- 3, 1955 V v 0 2+ ROBERT ,LWHITE INVENTOR.
HIS ATTORNEY United States Etent O WOVEN BELT CONSTRUCTIONS Robert L. White, Claremont, Calif.
Application October 3, 1955, Serial No. 538,123
4 Claims. (Cl. 139-425) is to teach the construction of belts or straps of this category which may be used for a wide variety of dif-' ferent purposes, and, hence, which may be termed universal in character.
A distinguishing feature of this invention lies in the use of a particular category of wire. At the present time, electrical wires are used for a wide variety of pur-' poses, such as telephone installations, which wires are formed utilizing a core of either a solid strand of wire or plurality of strands of wire twisted together. The cores are coated with a comparatively thin adherent coating of a plastic material. material are very important for electrical purposes; these same properties particularly adapt these electrical wires for use in woven belts or straps of this invention.
The strength of the construction of belts or straps'ac cording to the present invention is primarily derived from the inherent strength of the wire cores. Suitable metals for such cores are copper, aluminum or the like. coatings placed upon the cores may be virtually any common, flexible, water-resistant, durable, heat and abrasion The properties of this plastic The resistant material, such as compositions based upon the:
use of polyvinyl chloride, polyvinyl acetate, polyethylene,
nylon, polyurethanes, or other related resins and copolymers. Obviously, such compositions can, and normally do, contain various amounts of plasticizers, fillers, pig-' ments, and the like. These coatings are normally applied to a wire core by various extrusion processes, although they may be also applied by various dipping procedures.
Regardless of the method of application employed,
such coatings serve to protect the wire core utilized from corrosion. These coatings also serve to present a pleasing appearance to the eye since they may be colored" in any desired manner. Thus, the belt or strap constructions of the invention can be distinguished from prior constructions since they can be formed to have a pleasing appearance involving a number of different colors. Their appearance is not, howevenlimited to the useof any particular combination of colored wires; any belt or strap of the invention, regardless of 'color, is consid-' ered to be ornamental from a design'viewpoint.
Hence, it may be considered that an object of the pres ent invention is to provide a new and ornamental design for a woven belt or strap or the like. Further objects of this invention, as well as many specific advantages of it will be more fully apparent from the remainder of this description, including the appended claims and the accompanying drawingsinwhich:
Fig. 1 is a top view of a woven belt formed in accordance with this invention, illustrating the design of such abelt;
Fig. 2 is a side view of the belt shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a top view illustrating how a belt retainer may be located on a belt such as is shown in Fig. 1; and
Fig. 4 is a side view of the structure shown in Fig. 3.
In all figures of the drawing like numerals are used to designate like parts wherever convenient for purposes of illustration and explanation. Although the constructions shown on the drawing represent preferred, actual embodiments of the invention, it is to be understood that other structures falling within the scope of this invention may be created without departing from the essential features herein described.
In order that the present invention may be completely understood, the concept behind the invention may be briefly summarized as being concerned with a belt or strap construction which involves first and second woof wires located in a manner such that they may be considered to be positioned one over the other, said first and said second woof wires being bent so as to each include loops formed thereon; and first and second warp wires positioned generally parallel to one another, each of said warp wires passing over and under portions of said woof wires forming said loops, in order to form a unitary woven or braided belt or strap.
Obviously, a summary of this nature is not sufiicient to completely indicate to those skilled in the art to which this invention pertains the exact nature of the invention.
For this reason, reference is made to the accompanying a drawing and in particular, to Figs. 1 and 2, where there is shown a part of the belt 1% of the present invention which is intended to be worn by an individual. This belt 10 is formed so as to include a common belt buckle 12 having a base 14 and a belt tongue 16 attached to this base so as to be pivotally mounted with respect to it. Attached to the base 14 on each side of the tongue 16 are first and second warp wires 18 and 20. On each side of these two warp wires there are attached to the base 14 first and second woof Wires 22 and 24. While a number of different means maybe used to attach these wires to the base 14, it is preferred with the instant invention to utilize a common girth hitch. The use of a knot of this category has the result that all of the individual wires composing the belt 10 are, in fact, double, inasmuch as the warp wires 18 and 20 and the woof wires 22 and 24 are each composed of two separate strands or wires located side by side in substantially a single plane. .This is quite advantageous with the instant invention inasmuch as when two separate wires are used for each of the warp and woof strands or wires of the belt'lil, the angles at which these wires .are bent in the belt are increased, or stated in another way, the radii of curvature of the variousindividual strands in these wires in the final belt is increased. The larger such radii, the easier it is to form the'belt 10, and also, the less danger of the wire cores within the wires used breaking.
*Informingthe'belt' 10," the various warp and woof wires are located withrespect to one another so as to' 1 project .from-the base 14 of the buckle 12.- Next; the
V complete' belt t wire 22 is passed underv the warp wires 18 and 20 so as to form a loop 26. The Woof. Wire 24 is then passed under the top end of this loop 26, over the warpr wire 20, underpart of theloop 26, over the warp wire 18,.and thenunder the woof wire 2 2- adjacent to1the-base 14. The woof wire 24 is then bent tolform and loop 28 and; passed over the warp wires 18 and 20 so as to form another loop'26 immediately adjacent to where. it was previously passed through the loop adjacent to the warp wire 20. Also, the woof wire 24 is passed under the por tion of the woof wire 22 between the warp wires 18 and 20. When this operation has been carried out, the entire process is repeated a number of times so as to form the Those skilled in the art to which this invention pertains will'reali'ze from a consideration of the foregoing tothe sideofone loop forms partof thenext'adjacent loop. 7
It. will; also be realized thatthe first and second. woof wiresldand 22 are respectively located generally. above andbelow the warp wires-18 and 20. with the loopsvformed 'onthe .roof, wires 22 and 24 being offset with respect to. one another by. an amount equalto appronimately half of the-width otlany one, loop, lt is considered ob ious that the variousindividual loops employed, are;v of sub,- stantially the same or equal dimension.
It. is. readily. seen in Fig- 10 he rawings th t h fir warp. wire; 18' islocated: so. as to. project over alternate loops formed on the first woof; wire 22, and so as: to project under portions of the; second woof, wire 24;1ocated generally beneath these; alternate loops on the first woofjwire. Thesecondwarp wire 20 is similarly. located soas toprojectover' the other remaining alternate loops onv the first. woof wire 22 and under the portions of. the. second: woof wire 24 located generally beneath these other alternate loops in the first woof wife 22. This type of structure. is quite advantageous inasmuch as the warp and woof wires arein essence wovenor interlaced together' in a comparatively simple manner in which the wires are securely held, and in which the wires arev capable of a certain amount of give or adjustment during use. The ends of the-wiresin the belt 10 may be conveniently secured together once a desired-length has been reached by any desired method, such asembedding, all the ends'of these wires in asolid block ofaplastic, or by soldering or otherwise attaching these endsto one another.
If desired, the belt 10 may be modified as shown in Figs. 3 and/L of the drawings so as-to include a belt retainer 30, having a base 32. This-base 32 is adapted to be-held beneath the warp wires Hand 20 generally'above the-woof wires 22 and 24. This retainer maybe easily and conveniently placed within thebelt 10 during weaving or'braiding of this belt.
While the preferred embodiment of the invention involves a belt for, use by an indivdual, it is to be; understood thatthe invention is notglimited to belts or straps for such applications, although the invention is particularly adapted for such use since belts constructed 'as herein describedcasilyconform to various bodily icontours; and do not take a permanent set.- Also, because of the essentially open nature of the belt 10, this belt provides excellent ventilation and is comparatively cool to wear. Because of the inherent nature of'the weave, a
number of'iopenings are, in essence, left between the. warp wires 18 and 20 and between the .woo'fr wires 22 and so, that the tongue 16 may be inserted in the belt 10 at any location in ordcrto secure this belt. 7 p Qne major advantage of theinstant invention. lies in the .fact thatbelts or straps asflherein described cal be easily cleaned. by" the, use ofconventional detergents and. water, without damage because of the. nature ,of the,
s T" 2,781,062. 2 i
from the essential nature of this invention, As an e};- ample of such modifications, only a single strand of wire may be used for each of the warp wires employed, although this is not preferred inasmuch as it is believed that this will detract from the essentialdcsign appearance of the product created. The appearance of belts or straps as indicated in the drawingis' considered to be quite important from an esthctic point of view. Belts or straps as'herein defined can be made continuous by various obvious expedients. I
Those skilled in the art will further realize that belts or straps as herein described are very economical to plastic: coatings utilized. These'plasticcoatingsi'are also extremelvadvantageouswhen beltsas herein described areused infindustria-l applications, such as motor belts, where a corrosiveatrnosphereis present. 'Ihe;plasticcoati'ngsin such applications prevent the wire cores used from being attacked by corrosive, elements present. Thebelts or' straps of this invention are also advantageous when used on pulleys :and the like because. of the in licrent. nden y Qfthe weave and plas ieto e ert oniderab eamoun lot ra tion. V
'."lZ s s .-.skil1cd'in he art to whi h his i v nt n per.- tains will realize thatanumber of minormodifications may be made in the structure shown without departing manufacture and that these belts or straps can be woven out of wires having different colors so as to present varying appearances. Because of these considerations, the invention is to be'accorded comparatively wide latitude, and is to be considered only as being limited by the appended claims forming a part'of this disclosure.
1. A newand improved belt of the class described which comprises: first and second woof wires located one above the othenfeach of said wires being bent so as' to include loops facing alternate directions, said loopson said wires being of approximately equal dimensions, and said'loops on said second woof wire being offset with respect to said loops on. said first wire; and first and second warp wires engaging said woof'wires so as to pass over parts of said loops formed on said first woof wires and parts of saidloops formed on said second woof wires.
. 2 A new and improved belt which comprises: first and se ond. p r l el arp Wires space rom n an e and firstand. Second woof wires interlaced on .said'warp wires whereby said first woof'wire forms a series of loops; beneathsaid'warp wires and said secondwo'ofwires form a series of loops above said warp WllfQS, said loops on one side of said warp, wires being offset with. respect to. the lbQps, on the other side of said warp wires, sai d loops formed on said first and second woof wires being held t g her, y said w rp wires so. as c-form a fla unitary belt.
3 .A new'an'd improved belt which comprises: a first woof Wire having aseries of loops formed" thereon so that the alternate loops on said f rst woof wire face opposite directions: a second Woof Wire having a series of loops formed. thereon so that the, alternate loops on said sjecondwoof wire,havesubstantiallyv the same dimension as saidjlofopsflin said Woof-wire, saidloops onsaid second woof wirebeing offset with, rlepect to said loops in said firstI woof wire approximately half the widthof said.
loopsz, a first warp, wirel located so as to project over alternateloops on saidfirst woof wire andnnder the pertions'. of said second woof wire generally beneath said alternate loops on said first woof wire;and a, second warp.
Wirelocnted, so as to project over said other alternate loops, on said first woof wire, and under the. portions. of said second woof wire generally beneath, said other alter nate loopsonsaid first woof wire V r 4. A belt. which, comprises: a buckleqstructure having d ecomt woo wire ta he one, b se y g t hi ch satt e ide f' d first an s id c n rp wi e's.
said first and secondwoofwire s projecting from said baseso asto. be-locatcd generally, one above another,
' gether by, saidqwarp-w ires passing over and under p91,-
i n of a d oof wires foi n ngsa d l an References Cited in thezfileofthjspatent 7 UNITED STATES PATENTS 841,54 Kast Jan. 1-5, 1907 1,192,302
Hammond et a1. July 25, 191s
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US841154 *||Jan 17, 1906||Jan 15, 1907||Robert A Hammond||Flat wire belt or rope.|
|US1192302 *||Sep 9, 1914||Jul 25, 1916||Robert A Hammond||Loom.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4143894 *||Jan 16, 1978||Mar 13, 1979||Press Louis H||Method of making decorative ring links and article produced thereby|
|US4769875 *||May 22, 1987||Sep 13, 1988||Hartman Dan E||Elastic reinforced tie-down strap and method of making the same|
|USD695975 *||Sep 23, 2011||Dec 17, 2013||Jennifer Beinke||Adjustable collar|
|U.S. Classification||139/425.00R, 139/383.00R, 289/16.5, 87/8, 289/18.1, 2/339|