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Publication numberUS2781760 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 19, 1957
Filing dateMay 17, 1955
Priority dateMay 17, 1955
Publication numberUS 2781760 A, US 2781760A, US-A-2781760, US2781760 A, US2781760A
InventorsBaer Austin R
Original AssigneeBaer Austin R
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Surgical instrument
US 2781760 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb.

Filed May 17, 1955 INVENTOR Austin R. Boer ATTORNEYS SURGICAL INSTRUMENT Austin R. Baer, New York, N. Y. Application May 17, 1955, Serial No. 508,931

10 Claims. c1. 128--303) This invention relates to a surgical instrument and, more particularly, to'an instrument for use in mitral valve surgery.

In surgery for the purpose of opening a stenotic mitral valve in the human heart; it is the present practice for the surgeon to insert his index finger into the interior of the heart and to explore by palpation. The anterior commissure of a stenotic mitral valve tends to form a fine, curved, grooved line extending from the anterior portion of the stenotic orifice to the myocardial wall. This fine line is the landmark which the surgeon uses to guide the splitting of the stenotic valve. In many instances the surgeon finds that the valve may be split merely by finger pressure, but in many other cases it is found that a cutting instrument is needed to. open the stenotic valve. The use of a cutting instrument for this purpose is extremely hazardous inasmuch as the cutting instrument must be guided by the surgeons finger while completely out of sight within the interior of the heart, and inasmuch as the surgeons finger is required for guiding the cutting instrument his finger is not available for simultaneous palpation.

Surgical instruments have been suggested heretofore which have consisted of a finger ring or sleeve portion and a projecting knife blade or other implement such as the curette described in United States Patent No. 622,386. However, the instruments of this type are limited to a degree of sensitivity and control commensurate with variations in pressure of the finger ring or sleeve portion on the finger surface. for many modern surgical purposes, and for this reason such instruments have not met the constant need for a finger-borne instrument which will retain the sensitivity of which the human finger is capable.

I have now devised a surgical instrument which is characterized by a remarkable degree of sensitivity, so sensitive, in fact, that it is particularly useful in mitral valve surgery where simultaneous delicate cutting and digital palpation are required. The surgical instrument of my invention comprises a substantially erescentic blade adapted to fit under the surgeons fingernail and into the recess formed by the nail andthe'quick. A supporting frame is provided with its ends engaging and supporting the crescentic blade, and a finger-ring portion is secured to the supporting frame and is adapted to engage the distal phalanx of the finger so as to hold the blade in operative position beneath and projecting beyond the fingernail. In its embodiment as a surgical knife particularly adapted for mitral valve surgery, the outer edge of the crescentic' blade is shaped to project beyond the edge of the fingernail and is sharpened to provide a cutting blade, but for other purposes the sharpened forward edge may be replaced by any other appropriate implement formed integrally with or secured to'the crescentic blade.

These and other novel features of the surgical knife of my invention will be morereadily understood by reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the knife; 5

This degree of sensitivity is inadequate nited States Patent 0 M 2,781,760 Patented Feb. 19, 1957 Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the knife mounted on a finger; and I Figs. 3, 4, 5 and 6 are perspective views of modifications of the knife construction shown in Fig. 1.

The surgical instrument shown in Fig. 1 comprises a crescentic blade 5 the ends of which are supported by a yoke-shaped supporting frame 6. The frame is in turn secured to or formed integrally with a finger-ring portion 7 shaped to engage the distal phalanx of a surgeons finger and thus hold the blade in position at the extremity of the finger.

The crescentic blade 5, in the specific embodiment of the invention shown in Fig. l, is provided with an outer edge portion 8 sharpened to form a cutting edge which advantageously slopes downwardly in a forward direction similar to the forward edge of the fingernail. The inner edge of the blade thus has a concave contour 9 which permits it to fit into the recess formed by the nail and the quick of the surgeons finger. The shape of the crescentic blade 5 and the proportions of its outer edge portion 8 and its inner concave edge portion 9 are such that when the ring portion 7 is slipped onto the distal phalanx of the surgeons finger so that the concave portion 9 fits into the recess between the quick of the finger and the fingernail 10, as shown in Fig. 2, the blade extends from the quick to a position substantially beyond the edge of the fingernail but advantageously conforming substantially to the transverse contour of the finger tip .11.

In lieu of a crescentic cutting edge roughly paralleling the fingernail, the outer edge portion 8 may be extended around the side of the finger as shown in Fig. 5 or may be provided with a knife blade 8a secured to the outer edge portion 8 in a plane perpendicular thereto. On the other hand, the outer edge portion 8 may have secured thereto, and projecting outwardly therebeyond,

any other surgical instrument device such as a needle or the like the manipulation of which is enhanced by sensitivity of control.

The surgical instrument of my invention is characterized by the remarkable degree of sensitivity of control is notoriously sensitive to any pressure tending to separate the quick from the nail. The concave contour of the inner edge of the crescentic :blade produces this separation whenever the slightest pressure is applied against the blade edge 8. Furthermore, in the embodiment of my invention as a knife, the sensitivity of cutting control is enhanced by the position of the cutting edge 8 forward of the fingernail but below it and more nearly flushwith'the extremity of the finger which is used for palpation. Thus, the cutting edge 8 is positioned in close proximity to the sensitive tip of the finger so that palpation may be used as an accurate guide for the movement and use of the cutting edge of the blade.

The maximum in sensitivity of cutting control is obtained when the crescentic blade 5 and the finger-ring portion 7 are custom-fitted to distal phalanx of the surgeons finger. The proper contour and length of the outer cutting edge'8 can be readily achieved for this purpose, although the fitting of the inner edge portion 2 for insertion under the surgeons nail enerall re uires,

individual fitting. The fitting of the ring portion 7 is also important but is relatively simple. However, the

- simplicity of this'latter fitting is made possible by the shape ofthe ring portion 7. That is, the inner diameter I of the forward edgelZ of the ring portion 7 is advantageously significantly smaller with respect to the the distal phalanx 14. Consequently, the degree of taper of the interior of the ring portion 7 is greater than the degree of taper of the distal phalanx 14. Consequently, the finger flesh is tightly compressed by the forward edge 12 of the ring portion as shown in Fig. 2, with the .result thatthe bulging flesh 15 in front of the forward edge 12 holds the ring portion securely 'in position. In the interest of complete safety, however, the finger-ring portion 7 is advantageously provided with an opening 16 through which a safety Wire or suture 17 n. ay be threaded to guard against accidental dislocation of the instrument during use.

A readily adjustable finger-ring portion can be provided in the form of the resiliently flexible structures shown particularly in Figs. 3 and 4. In both of these modifications of my novel surgical instrument, the cres centic blade 5 is the same as that shown in Figs. 1 and 2, but the yoke-shaped supporting frame 6 is advantageously formed of a piece of resilient wire 60 in lieu of the cast shape shown in Figs. 1 and 2. p In Fig. 3, the finger-ring portion comprises a single casting in the form of a plate-like top portion 7a and a double wire band portion 7b. In Fig. 4, a similar wire yoke 6a is used, but the fingerring portion is composed of a V-shaped wire top portion 70 and a double wire band portion "Id. In both of the structures shown in Figs. 3 and 4, the flexibility of the wire-like components makes it much simpler to bend and adjust these portions to fit the surgeons finger than is the case with the heavier and rigid structure shown in Figs. 1 and 2. By constructing these wire portions of a metal such as stainless steel, they will not only be flexible so as to facilitate adjustability but they will be resilient so as to insure a firm and secure fit on the surgeons finger. Moreover, each wire band portion, if it engages the finger sufiiciently tightly, will compress the flesh in the same manner as the forward edge 12 of the device shown in Fig. 2 but at two spaced positions along the finger instead ofat one position as in Fig. 2.

It will be appreciated, accordingly, that the surgical instrument of my invention makes possible the ultimate in functional sensitivity and control for surgical operations and particularly for those operations in which palpation is the sole or principal guide for the cutting action.

I claim: a

l. A surgical instrument comprising a substantially crescentic blade the inner edge of which is provided with a substantially concave contour adapted to fit into the recess formed by thenail and the quick of a finger, a supporting frame the ends of which engage and support the crescentic blade, and a finger-ring portion secured to the blade-supporting frame and adapted to engage the distal phalanx of the finger so as to hold the blade in operative position beneath and projecting beyond the fingernail, the projecting portion of the crescentic blade being provided with a surgical implement.

2. A surgical instrument comprising a substantially crescentic blade the inner edge of which is provided with a substantially concave contour adapted to fit into the recess formed by the nail and the quick of a finger, a supporting frame the ends of which engage and support the crescentic blade, and a finger-ring portion secured tothc blade-supporting frame and adapted to engage the distal phalanx of the finger so as to hold the blade in operative position beneath and projecting beyond the fingernail, the forward edge of the ring portion having an inner diameter significantly smaller with respect to the inner diameter of the rearward edge of the ring por-,

tion than that called for to conform to the natural taper of the distal phalanx.

3. A surgical knife capable of providing cutting action simultaneous with digital palpation and comprising a substantially creseentic blade the outer edge of which is sharpened to provide a cutting edge and the inner edge of which is provided with a substantially concave con tour adapted to fit into the recess formed by the nail and the quick of a finger, a supporting frame the ends of which engage and support the crescentic blade, and a finger-ring portion secured to the blade-supporting frame and adapted to engage the distal phalanx of the finger so as to hold the blade in operative position beneath and projecting beyond the fingernail.

4. A surgical knife capable of providing cutting action simultaneous with digital palpation and comprising a substantially crescentic blade the outer edge of which is sharpened to provide a cutting edge and the inner edge of which is provided with a substantially concave contour adapted to fit into the recess formed by the nail and the quick of a finger, a supporting frame the ends of which engage and support the crescentic blade, and a finger-ring portion secured to the blade-supporting frame and adapted to engage the distal phalanx of the finger so as to hold the blade in operative position, beneath and projecting beyond the fingernail, the forward edge of. the ring portion having an inner diameter significantly smaller with respect to the inner diameter of the rearward edge of the ring portion than that called for to conform to the natural taper of the distal phalanx.

5. A surgical knife capable of providing cutting action simultaneous with digital palpation and comprising a substantially crescentic blade the outer edge of which is sharpened to provide a cutting edge and the inner edge of which is provided with a substantially concave contour adapted to fit into the recess formed by the nail and the quick of a finger, a yoke-shaped frame the ends of which engage and support the crescentie blade, and a fingerring portion secured to the yoke and adapted to engage the distal phalanx of the finger so as to hold the blade in operative position beneath and projecting beyond the fingernail.

6. A surgical knife capable of providing cutting action simultaneous with digital palpation and comprising a substantially crescentic blade the outer edge of which is sharpened to provide a cutting edge and the inner edge of which is provided with a substantially concave contour adapted to fit into the recss formed by the nail and the quick of a finger, a supporting frame the ends of which engage and support the crescentic blade, and a finger-ring portion secured to the blade-supporting frame and adapted to engage the distal phalanx of the finger so as to hold the blade in operative position beneath and projecting beyond the fingernail, the depth of the crescentic blade being such as to extend from the quick to a position substantially coterminous with the tip of the finger and the contour of the cutting edge of the blade conforming to the transverse contour of the tip of the finger.

7. A surgical instrument comprising a substantially crescentic blade the inner edge of which is provided with a substantially concave contour adapted to fit into the recess formedby the nail and the quick of a finger, a supporting frame the ends of which engage and support the crescentic blade, and a finger-ring portion secured to the blade-supporting frame and adapted to engage the distal phalanx of the finger so as to hold the blade in operative position beneath and projecting beyond the fingernail, the finger-ring portion being resiliently flexible so as to insure a secure fit of the knife to the finger.

8. A'surgical knife capable of providing cutting action simultaneous with digital palpation and comprising a substantially'crescentic blade the outer, edge of which is sharpened to provide a cutting edge and the inner edge of which is provided with a substantially concave contour adapted to fit into the recess formed by the nail and the quick of a finger, a supporting frame the ends of which engage and support the cresccntic blade, and a finger-ring portion secured to the blade-supportiug frame and adapted to engage'the distal phalanx of the finger so as to hold the blade. inoperative position beneath and projecting beyond the fingernail, the fingerring portion being resiliently flexible so as to insure a secure fit of the knife to the finger.

9. A surgical knife capable of providing cutting action simultaneous with digital palpation and comprising a substantially crescentic blade the outer edge of which is sharpened to provide a cutting edge and the inner edge of which is provided with a substantially concave contour adapted to fit into the recess formed by the nail and the quick of a finger, a yoke-shaped frame the ends of which engage and support the crescentic blade, and a finger-ring portion secured to the yoke and adapted to engage the distal phalanx of the finger so as to hold the blade in operative position beneath and projecting beyond the fingernail, the depth of the crescentic'blade being such as to extend from the quick to a position substantially 'coterminous with the tip of the finger and the contour of the cutting edge of the blade conforming to the transverse contour of thertip of the finger, the finger-ring portion being resiliently flexible so as to insure a secure fit of the knife to the finger.

10. A surgical instrument comprising a substantially References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 622,386 Perry Apr. 4. 1899 OTHER REFERENCES Lautenbach: Treatment of Nasopharyngeal Adenoids, 1902, pp. 4 and 8.

The Lancet, p. 448: February 24, 1951; vol. CCLX. Knife for Mitral Valvotomy, The Lancet, p. 710; April 3, 1954: vol. 266.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US622386 *Mar 31, 1898Apr 4, 1899 Curette
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3010455 *Aug 29, 1960Nov 28, 1961American Cyanamid CoIntracutaneous injector with controlled entrance angle
US3314146 *Nov 4, 1964Apr 18, 1967Frank W CookseyMotor driven shaving means individually mounted on the user's fingers
US4985038 *Jun 5, 1990Jan 15, 1991Lyell Mark SNeedle stop surgical instrument
US5659962 *Sep 8, 1995Aug 26, 1997Tagou; MitiakiPeeling device
US7162827 *Nov 3, 2005Jan 16, 2007Yabusaki Kenichi KFisherperson's tool for using slotted weights with a fishing line
US8328843Jun 15, 2010Dec 11, 2012T.A.G. Medical Devices—Agriculture Cooperative Ltd.Finger mounting for surgical instruments particularly useful in open and endoscopic surgery
US8747306 *Jul 25, 2012Jun 10, 2014Patricia RamosEndotracheal intubation assistance device and method of use
US20070244490 *Feb 22, 2007Oct 18, 2007Moehle Ryan TGrowth cuff removal devices and methods of use
US20120180324 *Mar 15, 2012Jul 19, 2012Caldwell Brian LRing Cutter for Twine or the Like
DE1195430B *Jun 27, 1961Jun 24, 1965Harvey KravitzVorrichtung zur UEbertragung einer biologischen Substanz in das Hautgewebe
EP0910294A1 *Jun 30, 1997Apr 28, 1999SMITH & NEPHEW DYONICS INCFingertip-mounted minimally invasive surgical instruments and methods of use
WO1991018553A1 *Jun 4, 1991Dec 6, 1991Mark S LyellNeedle stop surgical instrument
WO1992009235A1 *Nov 22, 1991Jun 11, 1992Patrice PottierRing scalpel
Classifications
U.S. Classification606/167, D24/147, 30/298
International ClassificationA61B17/32, A61B17/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61B17/32, A61B2017/00438
European ClassificationA61B17/32