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Publication numberUS2783923 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 5, 1957
Filing dateApr 28, 1953
Priority dateFeb 13, 1953
Publication numberUS 2783923 A, US 2783923A, US-A-2783923, US2783923 A, US2783923A
InventorsCroce Eraldo Nicola
Original AssigneeCroce Eraldo Nicola
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Continuous-flow dropper device
US 2783923 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed April 28, 1953' FIG. 2a F/G. la

fm/a o Mao/L $51? BYhL Z z March 5, 1957 E. N. CROCE 2,783,923

CONTINUOUS-FLOW DROPPER DEVICE Filed April 28, 1953 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 IN VEN TOR.

AOL/Q20 A We w d S CONTINUOUS-FLOW DROPPER DEVICE Eraldo Nicola Croce, Milan, Italy Application April 28, 1953, Serial No. 351,573

Claims priority, application Italy February 13, 1953 3 Claims. (Cl. 222-420) This invention concerns improvements relating to continuous-fiow dropper devices. Various dropper devices are known which are either incorporated in bottles or other vessels or are intended to be fitted thereto, but these exhibit disadvantages in practical use, especially for dispensing more or less valuable medicines. In particular, some liquid may be lost and the number of drops obtained cannot readily be accurately controlled, either quantitatively or volumetrically. The continuous flow dropper device forming the subject of the present invention is intended to obviate these disadvantages.

The said device is made of a plastic material, preferably a polyethylene, such as alkathene, and comprises a hollow cylindrical body to be pressed into the neck of a vessel containing the liquid and a hollow conical spout whose base is in communication with the top of the body through a small central hole located symmetrically with respect to the said spout, and a tube extending downwardly from the top of the body where it is open to atmosphere through a larger hole, a required number of drops being obtainable by tilting the vessel so that the liquid flows through the central hole and out from the spout while air enters the vessel through the second hole in a quantity corresponding to the quantity of liquid allowed to flow out from the spout in drops. With such a device any number of drops can be poured from the spout with accuracy. The pressure of the liquid, contained in the vessel, at the small central hole is determined by the air entering the vessel through the second, larger, hole. The two holes may be formed in the same plane at the top of the body of the device. They may be on opposite sides with respect to the axis of the spout. The Whole device may be made in one piece or may comprise, as a separate part, a plug of a plastic material with a small hole at the top and I pressed into the spout where it seats against the underside of the top of the body exactly in the centre of the base of the spout.

Three forms of embodiment of the invention are illustrated by way of example in the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figures 1, 2 and 3 are an elevation, a vertical section and a plan view respectively of a first form of the device,

Figures la, 2a and 3a are similar views of a second form, and

Figures 1b, 2b, and 3b are similar views of a third form, Figure 4 showing a plug component in elevation.

In the form of embodiment illustrated in Figures 1, 2 and 3 of the drawing, the device made in one piece from a polyethylene plastic material moulded to form a hollow conical spout 1 which is initially closed at the upper end. The end is removed before the device commences to be used. In the centre of the plane top 3 of the hollow cylindrical body 4 of the device and symmetrically in the base of the spout 1, a small hole 2 is provided which the liquid enters to pass into the spout 1, from which, under pressure produced by tilting the vessel to a greater or lesser degree, the said liquid can be caused to issue in ice drops with a greater or lesser rapidity. In the same plane top 3, there is also formed a second or capillary hole 5 which is larger than the hole 2 and communicates with a downwardly extending tube 6. Due to the tilting of the vessel, a quantity of air in the form of small bubbles enters the said vessel from the hole 5 and through the tube 6, thus accurately determining the escape through the small hole 2 and the spout 1 of as many drops of liquid of corresponding volume.

The second form of embodiment illustrated in Figures la, 21: and 3a only difiers from that just described as regards the conical spout 1. This is provided on one side with a longitudinal groove 7 terminating at the base so as to communicate with the small hole 2, the spout being otherwise solid.

The form of embodiment illustrated in Figures lb, 2b and 3b difiers from the forms previously described in that a separate plug '7 of a polyethylene material is pressed into a seating, at 12, in the hollow conicalspout 1 from the underside of the plane top 3, the plug 7 having a hole 8 at the top for permitting the liquid to issue. The exchangeable plug 7 has the function of reducing and proportioning the opening at the base 2 of the spout 1 to suit the difierent densities of liquids to be measured out. The spout may be closed by screwing a cap or protective cover (not shown) over its end. Such a cap may have a plug or boss in the form of a truncated cone which, during the screwing on of the cap, automatically finds a tight seating in the plane circular mouth of the spout so as to close it hermetically. Closure under pressure of the capillary air inlet hole 5 may also be ensured by an annular packing disposed on the inside of a flange or step on the cap.

What is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:

l. A dropper device to be attached to the neck of a liquid container for causing a liquid therein to flow in drops from the container, comprising, in combination, a hollow substantially cylindrical body having one end wall and being open at the end opposite said end wall, the latter having an inner face directed toward said open end and an opposite outer face, and said end wall being formed with a first opening passing therethrough and a second opening smaller than said first opening; an elongated tubular member having a diameter equal to that of said first opening fixed to said inner face of said end wall, cornmunicating and being aligned with said first opening, and extending along the interior of said hollow body toward said open end thereof; and an elongated solid discharge member having the shape of a truncated cone, being fixed at the larger of its ends to said outer face of said end wall and being formed with a groove extending along its entire length and communicating with said second opening.

2. A dropper device to be attached to the neck of 'a liquid container for causing a liquid therein to flow in drops from the container, comprising, in combination, a hollow substantially cylindrical body having one end wall and being open at the end opposite said end wall, the latter having an inner face directed toward said open end and an opposite outer face, and said end wall being formed with a first opening passing therethrough and having a wall portion formed with a second opening smaller than said first opening; an elongated tubular member having a diameter equal to that of said first opening fixed to said inner face of said end wall, communicating and being aligned with said first opening, and extending along the interior of said hollow body toward said open end thereof; and an elongated discharge member fixed to said outer 'face of said end wall and being formed with a passage extending along the entire length of said discharge member and communicating with said second opening, said elongated discharge member being in the form of a hol- V 0W u e in the shape of a truncated cone and having opposite open ends the larger of which passes through said end wall and communicates with the interior of said hollow body; and said wall portion being in the form of a hollow p g ed. withi and fill ng the l r e 99 a end of said elongated discharge member and-having an end extending across the interior of Saidelongated member and formed with said second opening, 1

3. A dropper device to be attached to the neck of a liquid container for causing a liquid therein to flow in drops from the container, comprising, in combination, a hollow substantially cylindrical body having one end wall and being open at the end opposite said end wall, the latter having an inner face directed toward said open end and an opposite outer face, and s'aid'end wall being formed with first and second openings passing therethrough; an elongated tubular member having a diameter equal to that of said first opening fixed to said inner face Ofsaid end wall, communicating and being aligned with said first opening, and extending along the interior "of said hollow body toward said open end thereof; an elongated tubular discharge member fixed to said outer face of said end wall and being formed in the shape of a truncated cone,

said elongated tubular discharge member having opposite open ends the larger of which opens through said second opening into the interior of said hollow body; and a wall member extending across the interior of said elongated tubular discharge member, said wall member having a periphery in sealing engagement with the inner surface of said tubular discharge member, and having a central portion located intermediate said ends of said tubular discharge. member, said central portion being formed with an opening smaller than said first opening of said end wall.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS p 59,901 France Dec. 6, 1948

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US807005 *Jun 29, 1905Dec 12, 1905John B WildmanBottle-stopper.
US1147883 *Jun 10, 1914Jul 27, 1915Axel OlfortHobby-horse.
US1313987 *May 26, 1916Aug 26, 1919 Dropping-stopper for medicine-bottles
US2546194 *Feb 21, 1949Mar 27, 1951Louis LivadasPouring stopper for bottles
AU124714B * Title not available
CH223428A * Title not available
FR59901E * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2991913 *Jan 10, 1958Jul 11, 1961Imre GothCombined pouring and sealing devices for containers
US5119975 *Aug 14, 1990Jun 9, 1992Eldar Plastics Ltd.Drop volume dispensing closure
US5356053 *Dec 7, 1992Oct 18, 1994Joseph Di FattaFunnel-less squeeze cap
US5429621 *Feb 18, 1993Jul 4, 1995Stahl; Norman O.Eye drop dispenser including slide
US5665079 *Jun 30, 1995Sep 9, 1997Stahl; Norman O.Eye drop dispenser including slide
US5964382 *Nov 11, 1997Oct 12, 1999Randal; MichaelDevice for accelerating consumption of liquid from bottles
WO1981002720A1 *Mar 23, 1981Oct 1, 1981D GoodallPouring device
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/420, 222/421, 222/478
International ClassificationB65D47/18
Cooperative ClassificationB65D47/18
European ClassificationB65D47/18