|Publication number||US2784513 A|
|Publication date||Mar 12, 1957|
|Filing date||Nov 27, 1953|
|Priority date||Nov 27, 1953|
|Publication number||US 2784513 A, US 2784513A, US-A-2784513, US2784513 A, US2784513A|
|Original Assignee||Kathi Urbach|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (5), Classifications (13)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
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KATHI URBCH SPERLING NOW BY CHANGE OF NAME KATHI URBACH MULTICOLORED ARTISTIC DESIGNS 2 Sheets-Sheet l Filed Nov. 27,. 1953 INVENTOR fill i zndcj Sper L ATTORNEYS March 12, 1957 KATHI URBACH SPERLING 2,784,513
Now BY CHANGE oF NAME KATHI uRBAcl-l MULTIcoLoRED ARTISTIC DESIGNS Filed Nov. 27, 1953 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTGR ATTORNEYS United States Patent O MULTICOLORED ARTISTIC DESIGNS Kathi Urbach Sperling, now by change of name Kathi Urbach, New York, N. Y.
Application November 27, 1953, Serial No. 394,607
1 Claim. (Cl. 41-24) lVly invention relates to multi-colored artistic designs and process for producing the same and, more particularly to a process wherein adhesive impregnated individual fiber strands are utilized to give both form and color to the article produced.
The primary object of the invention is the provision of a process for producing multi-colored artistic designs, which is simple in nature so that it may be practiced by those who have no particular artistic or creative `ability but which is sufficiently versatile so as to afford skilled artists ample opportunity to create complex multi-colored designs in either two or three dimensional congurations.
Another object of the invention is the provision of a process for producing multicolored artistic designs which eliminates the step of hand painting so that the coloring of the finished design is not dependent upon the painting skill of the practitioner.
Another object of the invention is the provision or" a multi-colored artistic design which has a hard and durable finish but yet presents a very desirable inherent textured effect.
These and other objects of the invention will become more apparent during the course of the following detailed description and appended claim.
The invention may best be understood with reference to the accompanying drawings in which illustrative embodiments of the invention are shown.
In the drawings:
Figure l is an elevational view of a background to which the present invention is adapted to be applied.
Figure 2 is an elevational view of a floral design ern bodying the present invention.
Figure 3 is a sectional view taken on the line 3-3 of Figure 2.
Figure 4 is an elevational view of another embodiment of the invention illustrating a three-dimensional design, and
Figure 5 is a sectional view taken along the line :'5-5 of Figure 4.
My invention contemplates a process for producing multi-colored artistic designs and, consequently, the process has utility in connection with any article to which an artistic design may be applied but, more particularly my process is utilized to produce wall decorations, such as pictures and the like.
In general the process comprises the steps of selecting various colored individual fiber strands, impregnating the individual ber strands with an adhesive, applying the impregnated individual fiber strands to a background or support while the individual ber strands are in a pliable condition due to the viscosity of the adhesive, forming the individual fiber strands into the desired design and permitting the adhesive to solidify. A preservative may be added if desired.
In selecting suitable individual fiber strands, l have found that it is desirable that they should be of an absorbent material in order to obtain the best results. Consequently, cotton is the preferred material but other mate- 2,784,513 Patented Mar. l2, 1957 rials, such as wool, flax, rayon, linen, silk and the like may be used. The individual ber strands may be of any size depending on the particular textured effect desired. Thus, any of the conventional yarn, thread, string or cord sizes well known in the art may be employed. It is most important however, that the fiber strands he separate from each other, that is, not interwoven, since the individual liber strands are utilized not only to give form to the design but at the same time to give color thereto. It is therefore essential that the fiber strands be separate so that the desired shades and tints of color may be obtained by the expedient selection of different colored individual or groups of individual fiber strands as needed;
The essential characteristics of the adhesive employed are first, it should be substantially colorle-ss or suficiently transparent so that the color of the individual liber strands may show through clear and true, second, it should be of a viscosity which will permit ready impregnation of the fibers but yet maintain them in a relatively stiff pliable condition during the formation of the design, and third, it should solidify into a relatively hard condition so as to preserve the design when finished. I have found that cornstarch-based adhesives, two commercial examples of which are Higgins vegetable glue and American adhesive gum No. 5, give the best results. However, other adhesives, such as animal, vegetable and mineral glues, plastic adhesives or adhesives which harden by the addition of a proper catalyst, which possess the desired characteristic to` a lesser degree may be utilized.
Referring now to the drawings, there is shown two designs in the form of pictures to illustrate the present invention. The pictures are provided with a suitable background or support to which the design is applied. It is to be understood however, that in other applications of the invention, the background or support may be of any material and of any size or shape depending upon the particular purpose contemplated in practicing the invention.
Example I In Figures l, 2 and 3 there is shown a floral design 14 including petals 16 and leaves 18 which is adapted to be utilized as a Wall painting. In producing this picture a rectangular sheet of cardboard constituting a background or support `10 is utilized and, as shown in Figure l, an outline 12 of the design to be produced is imprinted on the background. In producing the petals 16 of the design, individual white cotton yarn strands are first cut to size and then impregnated with American adhesive gum No. 5. The `impregnation of the individual yarn strands is accomplished by covering the strands with the adhesive and working the adhesive into the strands by the fingers of the hand. It is very important that the strands be thoroughly impregnated with the adhesive and by this procedure a uniform impregnation is obtained without any excess of the adhesive remaining on the outside of the strands. Two such impregnated strands are grouped together and applied to the background and then molded by the fingers to the shape of the petal outline provided. After the main body of the petals has been thus formed, the petals are outlined by groups of' individual violet thread strands which are similarly impregnated, applied and formed. This procedure is repeated throughout the design for each part thereof and for each color variant. In forming the leaves 18, the body thereof is formed of individual green cotton thread strands grouped together and the leaves are outlined with an individual cotton thread strand of a darker shade of green. In this embodiment all of the fiber strands are disposed in substantially a single plane, namely, the plane of the background, so that the finished design is similar to a painting but yet has its own distinctive inherent textured effect.
3 Example Il In the embodiment illustrated in Figures 4 and 5, the same procedure is followed as in Example I, except that in this embodiment the individual fiber strands are built up so as to form an alto relief or three-dimensional design 22. A cardboard support or background 2t) including a cream colored cotton cloth 2i receives the design 22 which comprises a face 24. In forming the face of the design, groups of individual cotton string strands are uniformly impregnated by the procedure set forth in Example I and applied to the background and then several additional groups of individual cotton string strands are applied on top of the previously applied strands and the entire group of individual ber strands is molded or formed with the lingers to obtain the particular alto-relief shape of the face. The hair 26, eyes 27 and eyebrows 28 are formed by the use of individual black cotton yarn strands impregnated in the usual manner and applied to the face strands already formed. Similarly, red cotton thread is added to form the lips 3) of the design. ln this manner the entire face of the design is built up of a solid mass of suitably colored individual fiber strands and formed or molded to the desired Shape. In forming the iiowers 32 shown in the design the petals are formed of individual pink cotton yarn strands impregnated in the usual manner. The cotton yarn strands are then applied to the background and formed with the fingers and turned upwardly in some cases away from the background so as to give a high relief effect, as shown in Figure 5. It is to be noted that the strands as impregnated are sufficiently stiff so that they will remain in any position in which they are placed and that the effect of the strands is such that this high relief effect is made possible. In this embodiment the background is provided with a suitable frame 3ft which is formed by relatively heavy individual strands of black cotton yarn. The strands are grouped together, cut to size, impregnated, applied, built up and formed in the same manner as that previously described. In this manner an entire finished three-dimensional multicolored picture with frame is produced ready for hanging on the wall.
It is to be understood that the specific manner of impregnating the individual fiber strands described in the above illustrative embodiments is the preferred method of impregnation but that other procedures may be used which will accomplish the essential uniform impregnation required. Likewise, tools and other means may be used in applying and forming the impregnated strands on the support but, I have found that direct finger manipulation gives the best results.
If desired, the finished design may be coated with a suitable preservative such as shellac, clear varnish or the like.
l am aware that certain processes are well known in the ecorating art wherein cloth or paper is immersed in a glue stiifening agent and the resultant mixture is applied to walls and the like, given a three-dimensional contiguration, allowed to dry, and afterwards painted a desired color or colors. I am also aware that similar processes are well known in the display art where the utilization of papier-mache three-dimensional figures is quite common. However, in my invention the final step of applymg a coat of paint to give the design its finished effect is eliminated. This is a great advantage since the painting step is the most diicult to accomplish and, if not done with great skill, will result in a poorly finished article. With my invention, no painting ability is necessary as the desired coloring effects are obtained by the mere selection of suitably colored individual liber strands. In other words, since the color is supplied at the same time the design is being formed, the only manual skill required is in the formation of the design itself. It is again emphasized that the fiber strands must be utilized Cil individually in order to obtain the essential color variations, a result which is not possible with the use of cloth or paper.
While it is apparent that my invention is adapted to be practiced particularly by those who have relatively little artistic or creative ability, nevertheless, it can be readily understood that infinite varieties of shape and color can be obtained so that there is provided a process which will afford skilled artists new vistas in which 'to create multi-colored designs in two or three-dimensional configuration. This is possible due to the provision of the individually impregnated fiber strands. The adhesive with which the strands are impregnated is of a viscosity which transforms the strands from a limp condition into a relatively stili but pliable condition. The stif but pliable strand may be utilized either by itself or it may be grouped with other strands before being applied. The stilic but pliable condition `of the strand cooperates with the inherent longitudinal nature of the strand to present an instrumentality which is extremely versatile in its application. The impregna-ted strands are easily manipulated by the fingers of the hand and once manipulated they retain the position into which they are placed. Thus, the strands may be curved by the fin-gers to conform to virtually any surface outline, they may be built up one on top `of the other and molded by the fingers into altorelief configurations which consist `of a solid mass of the individual iiber strands and they may be displaced by the fingers to assume a high relief configuration in which a single strand or group of strands throughout a portion of its extent is self-supporting. Mention was made above to the inherent longitudinal nature of the strands. This inherent property of the strands is very important to the results achieved and warrants considerable emphasis. While in the `specific examples set forth above, the strands were described as being iirst cut to size before being impregnated, a strand may be progressively impregnated, applied and formed as it comes off its spool and then cut. Thus, the strands utilized may be of considerable length Ior longitudinal extent. The 4significance of the length or longitudinal extent `of the strands is that intricate vermiculated designs may be achieved with a single strand or groups of strands. For example, `starting with an impregnated length of strand of considerable longitudinal extent, the free end may be applied to the support, the next portion may then be bent, turned or curved from the end portion in any direction either in the plane 'of the support or away from the plane of the support and because of the presence of the adhesive the portion is maintained in the position in which it is placed, then the next adjacent portion may likewise be bent, turned or curved from its adjacent portion in any direction in any plane and it, in turn, is retained in the position in which it is placed. This procedure may be repeated throughout the entire length of the strand or group of strands with attendant variation in the specific length of portions being worked on as desired. It can therefore be seen that the longitudinal nature 'of the strand-s cooperates with the 4adhesive to permit the strands to assume highly intricate vermiculated configurations.
Specific examples of the vermiculated configurations which may be achieved are amply illustrated in the drawings, particularly in Figures 4 and 5. Attention is directed to the manner in which the several contiguous individual fiber strands forming nose 29 of the design 22 are applied to give the nose its alto-relief configuration. As was pointed out in the description of Example II, the face 24 of vthe design 22 and its component parts are built up by a solid mass of contiguous individual ber strands. Thus, after the main body of the face has been formed, an impregnated strand such as strand 29', shown in Figure 4, is applied and curved laterally by the lingers in the plane of the face to give the nose its lateral ooniigurational outline. Additional contiguous impregnated strands are then applied to build up the nose until final strands, as exemplified by strand 29", shown in `Figure 5, are applied and curved by the fingers in a plane perpendicular to the plane of the background 20 to give the nose 29 its final alto-relief coniigurational outline. Strand 2.9',l clearly illustrates 4the importance and :advantage of the considerable length or longitudinal extent of the individual fiber strands. As shown in Figure 5, strand 29 extends throughout substantially the entire height of the design and during this extent, it has been curved and displaced in different directions to form part of the altorelief outline of the neck, chin, nose and forehead of the design. It also `forms part of a built `up base to which the strands forming the lips and hair are applied. Of course, infinite variations are possible and the other oomponent part-s of the design 2v2 illustrate but a few. The formation of the eyebrows 28 clearly illustrates 'an example where an individual strand of a contrasting color may be utilized by itself, while the formation of the hair 26 illustrates the lutilization fof comparatively large groups of individual -strands of the same color together, In all cases a vermiculated configuration lis made possible by the cooperation -of the .adhesive and the longitudinal extent of the strands utilized. Other examples, such las the high relief effect achieved in the formation of the flowers 32, and the multi-color effect in forming the petals, can be readily discerned from the illustrated embodiments.
Since the present invention may be readily practiced by laymen who have no particular creative ability or artistic skill it will be understood that it is within the contemplation of the invention that the component parts necessary to produce the designs may be commercially supplied to such laymen and others in the form of a kit. Such a kit would comprise a box or container having included therein a background suitably marked, such as shown in Figure 1, with the outline of the design to be produced, the necessary number, size and color of individual fiber strands with which to form the design, a container of adhesive to impregnate the individual ber strands and a printed copy of instructions explaining how the particular design is produced.
It is to be understood that the embodiments of the invention herewith shown and described are to be taken as the preferred form of the same, and that various changes may be resorted to without departing from `the spirit of the invention or from the scope of the appended claim.
A three dimensional multi-colored picture comprising a at background, a frame secured to the marginal edges of said background and a design carried by said background within the frame, said design comprising a multiplicity of various colored individual textile liber strands cemented to said background, said strands arranged so as to give both color and configuration to said design, at least some of said individual strands being bunched and permanently cemented together and secured to said background so that the surface of the hunched-together strands remote from the background is contoured to form a part of the design, some of the other individual strands being of substantial longitudinal extent and permanently cemented into vermiculated configurations to form another part of the design.
References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,412,074 Ward Apr. 11, 1922 1,606,724 Rutman Nov. 9, 1926 1,829,262 Cade Oct. 27, 1931 2,148,632 Lovejoy Feb. 28, 1939
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1412074 *||Dec 20, 1920||Apr 11, 1922||Art oe making and mounting artificial birds|
|US1606724 *||Aug 14, 1925||Nov 9, 1926||Herman Rutman||Picture and method of making|
|US1829262 *||Dec 28, 1929||Oct 27, 1931||Cade Alice J||Method of ornamenting surfaces|
|US2148632 *||Jun 24, 1936||Feb 28, 1939||Edward Lovejoy Frank||Flexible strand drawing|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4083740 *||Jan 6, 1976||Apr 11, 1978||Hamanaka Kabushiki Kaisha||Method of making fancyworks using pressure-sensitive adhesive|
|US4495230 *||Jun 30, 1983||Jan 22, 1985||Ellwein Rebecca A||Needlework art form|
|US5268210 *||May 29, 1991||Dec 7, 1993||Mutsuo Iijima||Handicraft article|
|US20120225410 *||Sep 6, 2012||Paula Marie Constance Howard||Idea/process of combining a cross stitch / needlepoint / crewl design / pattern with hand painting the cloth / canvas as part of the pattern offered, or as an option, and also as a solution to repair an existing tapestry from stains or any type of damage|
|DE1696717B1 *||Mar 2, 1968||Apr 27, 1972||Buenger Bob Textil||Plattenfoermiger Traeger mit einer Haftflaeche fuer textile,dem mosaikartigen Aufbau eines Bildes dienende Auflageelemente|
|U.S. Classification||428/15, 40/800, 40/616, 434/83, D11/117, 428/195.1, 428/297.7, 40/615, 428/194, 427/369|