|Publication number||US278485 A|
|Publication date||May 29, 1883|
|Filing date||Aug 11, 1881|
|Publication number||US 278485 A, US 278485A, US-A-278485, US278485 A, US278485A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (10), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
L t e e h S S TU. e e h S 2 D L 0 N R A S m d o M 0 W METHOD OF AND APPARATUS FOR TRIMMING AND SEWING FABRICS.
N. PETERS. Pholo'mhngnphnr, Wzihingnn, ac.
2 Sheets-Sheet 2.-
S ARNOLD. METHOD OF AND APPARATUSDFORZTRIMMING AND SEWING FABRICS.
No; 278,485. Pa tented May 29,1883.
N. PUKRS. PhokcvLilMgraph-r, Walhlngton, D, c4
UNITED STATES PATENT ()FFICEt" SATTERLEE nson), 0F TROY,ASSIGNOR TO ANNA M. ARNOLD, on NEW l YonK, N.'Y.
METHOD OF AND APPARATUS FOR TRIMMING AND SEWING FABRICS. A
SPECIFICATION formingpart of Letters Patent No. 278,485, dated May 29, 1883.
' Application filed August 11, 1881. (No model.)
To all w'ltom tit may concern:
Be it known that I, SATTERLEE ARNOLD, a citizen of the United States of} America, residing at Troy, in the county of Rensselaer and State of New York, have invented certainnew and useful Improvements in Methods of and Apparatus for Trimmingand Sewing Fabrics;
and I do hereby declare the following to be a for accomplishing the objects herein stated. 7
Fig.2 is another perspective view, showing the trimmed fabric fed to and through the sewing-machine. v Fig. 3 is a plan view of the guide-rail. Fig; 4 is a perspective view of a portion of a pin-plate. Fig. 5 is aperspective view of the pointed wire.
A This invention, which relates to the art of trimming and sewing fabrics, consists in the artor method of overlapping the edges of the fabric, then trimming the continuous edges for a seam, then moving the trimmed edges closer together, then guiding and feeding the fabric with the trimmed edgesin juxtaposition to a sewing machine, and finally uniting them by overseamin g and anchoring or auxiliary stitchesfi My invention also consists in the art of trimming and uniting fabric, the same consisting in overlapping the edges of the fabric, then simultaneously trimming the continuous edges for a seam, then guiding and feeding the fabric with the trimmed edges in juxtaposition to asewing-machine, and finally uniting them by stitches.
My invention also consists in the combination, with-a sewing-machine, of a guide-rail having two traveling Ways and a central longitudinal groove, two holdingdevices arranged on opposite sides of the longitudinal groove,
, and a trimming device.
My invention also consists in the following organized instrumentalities, to wit: a guiderail with pin-plates for receivingaud holding States Patent Office.
the material in a condition to be trimmed, a device for pressing the fabric on the pin-plates, a means for trimming both edges of the fabric simultaneously, and a means for feeding the trimmed edges in juxtaposition to a sewlug-machine foruniting the same.
My invention further consists in a shedder or stripper attached to a sewing-machine and adapted to remove the goods, after the seam is sewed, from both the pin-plates or holding 65,
means moving in a guide-rail.
'My invention further consists in the novel construction and combination of parts, as will be hereinafter more fully set forth and specifically claimed.
In the annexed drawings, the letter A represents a sewing-machine specially adapted for uniting the edges of elastic fabrics by overseaming and anchoring or auxiliary stitches.
For a further description of the sewing-ma- 7o chine reference is made to my application filed on the 10th day of February,A. D. 1881, Serial No. 25,813, and now pending'in the United Since the application forthis sewing-machine has been filled I have added the arm B, the front end of which is under the needle and upper feed, to which I attach one end of a guide-rail which conducts the trimmed fabric to the sewing-machine, and
a shedder or stripper, 0, arranged in the rear of the needle and on top of the arm B for removing the sewed or united fabric from the pin-plates as they are fed forward under the shedder. This shedder, which is composed of a bar or plate having its forward end inclined 8 5 or tapering from end to end, is so mounted on the armB as to permit the free passage of the pin-plates under it, as shown. i The letter D represents a guide-rail having one of its ends shaped and fashioned so as to fit properly in the arm or horn B of the sewing-machine. This guide-rail on its uppersurface is formed with two traveling ways for the reception of pin-plates about to be described,
and a central longitudinal groove or furrow for 5 a shoe, hereinafter set forth. The traveling ways of the guide-rail are contracted at their upper ends for the purposeot' bringing closer together the pin-plates moving together side by side in the same horizontal plane. These ways, at the upper ends, are provided with lit tle studs or pins 1), arranged alongside of the outer rails or flanges, 0, for the purpose of positively directing the front ends of the movable pin-plates, and consequently bringing the trimmed edges attached to the pin plates nearer together to make a full and firm seam;
The office of the central longitudinal groove orfurrow is to receive the shoe ot the trimmer and guide the same during the process of trimming theedges of the fabric.
The letter E represents the holding device, which in this case consists of a set of pin-plates arranged opposite each other in the traveling ways of the guide-rail. These pin plates are provided with fastening means, in this example a notch, d, engaging with pins or studs (not shown) located at or near the upper end in the traveling ways of the guide-rail for temporarily holding them in position during the act of attaching the edges of the fabric and trimmingthe sameto seaming or sewing edges.
' The letter F represents a tool composedof the handle and two sets of journaled rollers, somewhat like a roller-skate, for pressing the fabric on and over the pin-points of the plates by rolling the tool to and fro.
The letter H represents a trimming device with a guiding-shoe adapted to work in the central groove or furrow of the guide-rail, and a rotary cutter to trim the overlapping fabric edges on the line of the central groove.
The modtzs operandi of working goods of the cylindrical form is asfollows: One of the edges of the fabric is placed upon the pin-points of one of the plates arranged in the guide-rail, so as to overlap the central groove thereof, in which condition the fabric is pressed. down upon the row of pin-points by the pressingtool straddling them. The other edge of the fabric is passed under the guide-rail and over and on the row of pin-pointson the opposite plate,so that the rough edge thereof overlaps the other edge of the fabric and the central groove of the guide-rail, in which position this edge is secured to its pin-plate by the press-' ing-tool in the manner already described. The shoe of the trimming-tool is now introduced into the central groove of the guiderail,-and the cutter thereof being operated is advanced. by the hand of the operator in the direction of the length of the fabric edges, and as the trimmer progresses both edges are trimmed simultaneously, owing to'the slight overlap, and this forward movement of the trimmeris continued until the entire length of the fabric is trimmed. The trimming-tool is now removed from the guide-rail and the pinplates released from their temporary fastening and-moved forward together, by hand or machinery, carrying with them the trimmed fabric, the edges of which are in the same horizontal plane, or slightly abut against each other, and in juxtaposition. The abutting edges are now slightly depressed by a pointed the sewing-machine needle.
wire into the central furrow of the guide-rail for the purpose of hiding from the face of the fabric the rough or ragged edges of the garment, the said central furrow being formed of such width as to properly receive the edges. As these pin-plates advance together with the trimmed edges presented in this condition to the needle of the sewing-machine the edges of the fabric are brought nearer together to make a full and firm seam, being gradually drawn together by the contraction of the traveling ways of the guide-rail at the upper end near As the seam is formed by the combined overseaming and anchoring or auxiliary stitches, the pin-plates continue to advance, and the united edges coming in contact with the shedder or stripper arranged in the rear of the needle thematerial is stripped or removed from the pins and collects upon the arm and shedder. When the seam has been entirely completed. the sewing-machine is stopped for a moment, the
frontend of the guide-railis detached or raised from the sewing-machine arm and the sewed fabric removed, after which the front end of the'guide-rail is adjusted in position, and the next set of pin-plates, with the trimmed fabric, is fed forward in the manner above described.
From the foregoing description it will be seen that both trimmed edges of the fabric are presented to the sewing-machinein juxtaposition. The advantage of thus presenting the edges to the sewing-machine needle is obvious to those skilled in the art.
it will be observed that in carrying out my method as above described of-trimming and sewing fabrics four general elements, aside from the sewing-machine and its adjuncts, are
requiredto wit, a guide-rail, holding device, pressin g-tool, and trimmer. For a further and detail description of the guide-rail, pin-plates, and trimmer reference must be had to my application filed even date herewith, Serial No. 39,708. The means for operating these elements or factors constitute no part of this application, as I reserve the right to employ known meansfor operating them.
What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-- 1. The improvement in the art of uniting fabrics herein set forth, consisting in overlapping the edges to be united, then trimming said edges and feeding the fabric, with the trimmed edges in juxtaposition, through a sewing-machine, forming the seam by sewing across the adjacent edges of the material, substantially as described.
2. The improvement in the art of trimming and uniting'fabrics, which consists in overlapping the edges of the fabric, then simultaneously trimming the continuous edges for a seam, then guiding and feeding the fabric, with the trimmed edges in juxtaposition, to a sewing-machine, and finally uniting them by stitches, substantially as described.
3. The combination, with a sewing-machine,
y as described.
of a guide-rail having two guidingways and a central furrow with two holding devices adapted to move in the guiding-ways, substantially as described.
4. The combinatiomwith a sewing-machine, ofa guide-rail having two guiding-ways, two holding devices arranged to move in the guiding-ways, and a trimming-tool, substantially 5. The combination, with a sewing-machine,
. of a guide rail with two traveling ways, and
pin-plates carrying a trimmed-edge fabric, of a shedder or stripper attached to a sewingmachine frame, arranged in the rear of the needle, for the purpose of removing the sewed fabric from the pin-plates, substantially as deboth edges of the fabric simultaneously, and a means for feeding the trimmed edges in juxta position, and a sewing-machine for uniting the same, substantially as described.
7. In a means for trimming and sewing fabrics, the following organized instrumentalities, to wit: a guide-rail with pin-plates for receiving and holding the fabric in a condition to betrimmed, a device for pressing the fabric on the pin-plates,a means for trimming both edges of the fabric simultaneously, and a means for feeding the trimmed edges in juxta-.
position, with devices for causing the pinplates to approach each other, and a sewingmachine for uniting the same, substantially as described.
In testimony whereof I atfix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
WM. J :MAODONALD, R. H. VAN ArsTYNE
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