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Publication numberUS2785407 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 19, 1957
Filing dateFeb 25, 1954
Priority dateFeb 25, 1954
Publication numberUS 2785407 A, US 2785407A, US-A-2785407, US2785407 A, US2785407A
InventorsReeder Leo E
Original AssigneeMacgregor Sport Products Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Protective pad
US 2785407 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 1957 L. E. REEDER- 2,785,407

PROTECTIVE PAD Filed Feb. 25, 1954 IN VEN TOR.

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United States Patent rno'rncrrvr. ran

Leo E. Reeder, Cincinnati, Ohio, assignnr to MacGr-egor Sport Products, Inc., Cincinnati, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Application February 25, 1954, Serial No. 412,451

1 Claim. (Cl. 2-22) This invention relates to padding for providing body protection and is illustrated herein by a thigh guard for football players. In the past, protective pads or guards have been fabricated from combinations of leather, cloth, felt, rubber, cotton batting and almost every known type of padding or cushioning material. It has also been conventional to reinforce such pads with relatively rigid elements molded from fiber or plastic. One difficulty with the padding of the past has been its fiimsiness, i. e. its tendency to deteriorate or be destroyed under the strain of continued use. Another difiiculty has been the expense of fabrication which required sewing or other intricate hand operations. Still another difficulty has been that all of the padding available in the past has tended to absorb perspiration which tended to rot or deteriorate the materials of the padding and, further, to render the padding odoriferous and unsanitary. Moreover, absorption of perspiration from the player or moisture from rain tended to add to the weight of the player and slow down his performance.

The object of the present invention is to provide a protective pad or guard suitable for use by athletes, such as football players, which is inherently less destructi'ole than ordinary padding, which assures greater protection, which is inherently light, which is resistant to perspiration and moisture and which lends itself to fabrication by quantity production methods.

The pad or guard of the present invention is constituted by a core-like stiffener surrounded by foam vinyl plastic, which in turn is coated with a vinyl resin finish which renders the protective pad as a whole resistant to moisture and perspiration. Although the pad of this invention may be contoured to fit any part of the body, it is illustrated in the accompanying drawing by a thigh guard.

In the drawing, Figure 1 is an exploded view of the pad constituting elements, Figure 2 is a sectional view of one edge of the finished pad, and Figure 3 is a. perspective view of the pad.

.In the drawing, a stiffening element 1 is utilized which may be molded of fiber or plastic to fit any contours desired. As disclosed, the stiffening element is concave on one side and convex on the other. A vinyl foam cushion 2 is fitted over the outside of the stiffening element 1 and a vinyl foam cushion 3 is fitted over its inner side. These cushions extend beyond the edges of the stiffening core and are marginally secured together by adhesive, as at 4. Preferably the adhesive is also utilized to anchor the cushions marginally about the edge of the core or stiffener, as at 5. The entire pad is then coated with a vinyl adhesive 6 to render it resistant to perspiration and moisture.

The vinyi cushions are preferably fabricated from polyvinyl chloride sponge having a closed or unicellular structure and a density of substantially 5 to 7' pounds per cubic foot. The cellular structure is very line to provide optimum impact absorption and slow recovery or rebound after deformation. The coating composition is a vinyl varnish which may be constituted by a vinyl resin such as a vinyl chloride, vinyl acetate copolymer, which may be plasticized with dioctyl phthalate dissolved in one or more solvents, such as methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl icetone and toluene. The vinyl resin coating adheres to the vinyl resin cushioning and does not tend to peel from it so that the finished pad as a whole is resistant to perspiration, moisture, insects and other deterioration hazards. In fact, the thigh guards or other protective pads of this invention will hold up until the stiffening cores are softened or broken by physical abuse.

The guards or pads hereinbefore described are particuiarly adapted for fabrication by quantity production methods. The cores or stiifeners may be shaped by conventional pressing methods. The cushions may be cut from sheet plastic foam by appropriate dies. The plastic foam cushions are then applied to the opposite faces of the core and cemented to the margin of the core, and together. A vinyl resin adhesive is suitable for this purpose. No stitching, sewing or other intricate handwork is required to complete the assembly. The pad is then given the final protective finish coating by spraying or dipping.

Thus a very light, durable sanitary pad or guard affording maximum protection at minimum weight is provided, the said pad or guard being adapted to be fabricated by simple quantity production methods.

Having described my invention, I desire to be limited only by the following claim:

A pad adapted to provide body protection, said pad comprising a stiffening core molded to fit the contours of the wearer, two cushions, one on each side of said stiffening core extending marginally beyond it, said cushions comprising foam vinyl plastic of the type adapted to provide slow rebound, said cushions cemented together and to the stiifening core marginally, and a vinyl resin finish adapted to render the pad moistureprocf, said finish coating the assembly as a whole.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,970,130 Dickenson Aug. 14, 1934 2,266,886 McCoy Dec. 23, 1941 2,361,380 Callahan et a1 Oct. 31, 1944 2,519,401 Rockwell Aug. 22, 1950 2,553,612 Taylor May 22, 1951 2,620,484 Gerry Dec. 9, 1952

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1970130 *Mar 18, 1933Aug 14, 1934Alfred Edwin DickensonProtective device
US2266886 *Aug 5, 1940Dec 23, 1941Goodrich Co B FProtective body pad
US2361380 *Jan 21, 1943Oct 31, 1944Archer Rubber CompanyOuter garment
US2519401 *Jul 10, 1947Aug 22, 1950Helm Rockwell RuthRubber shoulder pad
US2553612 *Nov 15, 1948May 22, 1951James P TaylorSelf-grip waterproof blow distributing shin guard
US2620484 *Jul 23, 1946Dec 9, 1952Gerry Everett DShoulder pad
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2953131 *Dec 9, 1957Sep 20, 1960Thomas FazioArm support for intravenous injections
US3044075 *Mar 28, 1960Jul 17, 1962City Linen IncProtective device
US3113707 *Mar 30, 1962Dec 10, 1963Wiston Sidney ADisplay form for garments
US3242510 *Nov 20, 1961Mar 29, 1966Allen IndCushion or pad assembly
US4484360 *Oct 13, 1983Nov 27, 1984Spectrum Sports, Inc.Shin guard and method of making
US4484361 *Oct 13, 1983Nov 27, 1984Spectrum Sports, Inc.Knee and elbow pad and method of making
US5297294 *Mar 15, 1993Mar 29, 1994Washick Steven RShin guard having kneeshield, accordian pleated flexure area, flexure grooves and ventilation apertures
US5361410 *Dec 4, 1991Nov 8, 1994Klaus SiglPadding device for protecting the human body against impact
US5497602 *Feb 12, 1993Mar 12, 1996Gordon George BaldwinSaddle cloth
US5774895 *Jul 8, 1996Jul 7, 1998Baldwin; Gordon GeorgeSports glove with anti-slip lining
US5784715 *Mar 13, 1997Jul 28, 1998Buchanan; George S.Ladder-mate shin protector
US5890224 *Jul 30, 1997Apr 6, 1999Clark; Larry NProtective guard for extremity of a human body
US6158051 *May 27, 1999Dec 12, 2000Belzidsky; HugoProtective sleeve
US6282724 *Feb 21, 2001Sep 4, 2001Carl Joel AbrahamApparatus for enhancing absorption and dissipation of impact forces for all helmets and protective equipment
US7013487 *Mar 20, 2003Mar 21, 2006Bauer Nike Hockey Inc.Method of making a protective pad
US7082621Sep 9, 2005Aug 1, 2006Fratesi Gary RThigh pad protectors
US7673350 *Jan 31, 2005Mar 9, 2010Mazz Enterprises, LlcUniversal safety cap
US7937768Oct 18, 2007May 10, 2011Nike, Inc.Flexible shin guard
US20040181850 *Mar 20, 2003Sep 23, 2004Jean-Francois BelandMethod of making a protective pad
US20060168712 *Jan 31, 2005Aug 3, 2006Mazzoccoli Jeff CUniversal safety cap
US20090100563 *Oct 18, 2007Apr 23, 2009Carl BehrendFlexible Shin Guard
US20120066820 *Sep 20, 2011Mar 22, 2012Bernard FrescoProtective headwear and bodywear
US20150237930 *May 11, 2015Aug 27, 2015Nike, Inc.Apparel with reduced friction zones
USD731832 *Mar 17, 2014Jun 16, 2015Gary FeinerBack rest
USD788992 *Jun 29, 2016Jun 6, 2017Tenacious Holdings, Inc.Knee pad
USD788993 *Jun 29, 2016Jun 6, 2017Tenacious Holdings, Inc.Knee pad
USD789616 *Jun 29, 2016Jun 13, 2017Tenacious Holdings, Inc.Knee pad
USD789617 *Jun 29, 2016Jun 13, 2017Tenacious Holdings, Inc.Knee pad
EP0005615A1 *May 11, 1979Nov 28, 1979Jhoon Goo RheeA protective device for parts of the body
EP0490137A2 *Nov 21, 1991Jun 17, 1992W.L. Gore & Associates GmbHProtective device for the body
EP0490137A3 *Nov 21, 1991Jan 27, 1993W.L. Gore & Associates GmbhProtective device for the body
U.S. Classification2/22, D29/121.1
International ClassificationA63B71/08
Cooperative ClassificationA63B71/08
European ClassificationA63B71/08