|Publication number||US2785407 A|
|Publication date||Mar 19, 1957|
|Filing date||Feb 25, 1954|
|Priority date||Feb 25, 1954|
|Publication number||US 2785407 A, US 2785407A, US-A-2785407, US2785407 A, US2785407A|
|Inventors||Reeder Leo E|
|Original Assignee||Macgregor Sport Products Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (31), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 1957 L. E. REEDER- 2,785,407
PROTECTIVE PAD Filed Feb. 25, 1954 IN VEN TOR.
United States Patent rno'rncrrvr. ran
Leo E. Reeder, Cincinnati, Ohio, assignnr to MacGr-egor Sport Products, Inc., Cincinnati, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Application February 25, 1954, Serial No. 412,451
1 Claim. (Cl. 2-22) This invention relates to padding for providing body protection and is illustrated herein by a thigh guard for football players. In the past, protective pads or guards have been fabricated from combinations of leather, cloth, felt, rubber, cotton batting and almost every known type of padding or cushioning material. It has also been conventional to reinforce such pads with relatively rigid elements molded from fiber or plastic. One difficulty with the padding of the past has been its fiimsiness, i. e. its tendency to deteriorate or be destroyed under the strain of continued use. Another difiiculty has been the expense of fabrication which required sewing or other intricate hand operations. Still another difficulty has been that all of the padding available in the past has tended to absorb perspiration which tended to rot or deteriorate the materials of the padding and, further, to render the padding odoriferous and unsanitary. Moreover, absorption of perspiration from the player or moisture from rain tended to add to the weight of the player and slow down his performance.
The object of the present invention is to provide a protective pad or guard suitable for use by athletes, such as football players, which is inherently less destructi'ole than ordinary padding, which assures greater protection, which is inherently light, which is resistant to perspiration and moisture and which lends itself to fabrication by quantity production methods.
The pad or guard of the present invention is constituted by a core-like stiffener surrounded by foam vinyl plastic, which in turn is coated with a vinyl resin finish which renders the protective pad as a whole resistant to moisture and perspiration. Although the pad of this invention may be contoured to fit any part of the body, it is illustrated in the accompanying drawing by a thigh guard.
In the drawing, Figure 1 is an exploded view of the pad constituting elements, Figure 2 is a sectional view of one edge of the finished pad, and Figure 3 is a. perspective view of the pad.
.In the drawing, a stiffening element 1 is utilized which may be molded of fiber or plastic to fit any contours desired. As disclosed, the stiffening element is concave on one side and convex on the other. A vinyl foam cushion 2 is fitted over the outside of the stiffening element 1 and a vinyl foam cushion 3 is fitted over its inner side. These cushions extend beyond the edges of the stiffening core and are marginally secured together by adhesive, as at 4. Preferably the adhesive is also utilized to anchor the cushions marginally about the edge of the core or stiffener, as at 5. The entire pad is then coated with a vinyl adhesive 6 to render it resistant to perspiration and moisture.
The vinyi cushions are preferably fabricated from polyvinyl chloride sponge having a closed or unicellular structure and a density of substantially 5 to 7' pounds per cubic foot. The cellular structure is very line to provide optimum impact absorption and slow recovery or rebound after deformation. The coating composition is a vinyl varnish which may be constituted by a vinyl resin such as a vinyl chloride, vinyl acetate copolymer, which may be plasticized with dioctyl phthalate dissolved in one or more solvents, such as methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl icetone and toluene. The vinyl resin coating adheres to the vinyl resin cushioning and does not tend to peel from it so that the finished pad as a whole is resistant to perspiration, moisture, insects and other deterioration hazards. In fact, the thigh guards or other protective pads of this invention will hold up until the stiffening cores are softened or broken by physical abuse.
The guards or pads hereinbefore described are particuiarly adapted for fabrication by quantity production methods. The cores or stiifeners may be shaped by conventional pressing methods. The cushions may be cut from sheet plastic foam by appropriate dies. The plastic foam cushions are then applied to the opposite faces of the core and cemented to the margin of the core, and together. A vinyl resin adhesive is suitable for this purpose. No stitching, sewing or other intricate handwork is required to complete the assembly. The pad is then given the final protective finish coating by spraying or dipping.
Thus a very light, durable sanitary pad or guard affording maximum protection at minimum weight is provided, the said pad or guard being adapted to be fabricated by simple quantity production methods.
Having described my invention, I desire to be limited only by the following claim:
A pad adapted to provide body protection, said pad comprising a stiffening core molded to fit the contours of the wearer, two cushions, one on each side of said stiffening core extending marginally beyond it, said cushions comprising foam vinyl plastic of the type adapted to provide slow rebound, said cushions cemented together and to the stiifening core marginally, and a vinyl resin finish adapted to render the pad moistureprocf, said finish coating the assembly as a whole.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,970,130 Dickenson Aug. 14, 1934 2,266,886 McCoy Dec. 23, 1941 2,361,380 Callahan et a1 Oct. 31, 1944 2,519,401 Rockwell Aug. 22, 1950 2,553,612 Taylor May 22, 1951 2,620,484 Gerry Dec. 9, 1952
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1970130 *||Mar 18, 1933||Aug 14, 1934||Alfred Edwin Dickenson||Protective device|
|US2266886 *||Aug 5, 1940||Dec 23, 1941||Goodrich Co B F||Protective body pad|
|US2361380 *||Jan 21, 1943||Oct 31, 1944||Archer Rubber Company||Outer garment|
|US2519401 *||Jul 10, 1947||Aug 22, 1950||Helm Rockwell Ruth||Rubber shoulder pad|
|US2553612 *||Nov 15, 1948||May 22, 1951||James P Taylor||Self-grip waterproof blow distributing shin guard|
|US2620484 *||Jul 23, 1946||Dec 9, 1952||Gerry Everett D||Shoulder pad|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2953131 *||Dec 9, 1957||Sep 20, 1960||Thomas Fazio||Arm support for intravenous injections|
|US3044075 *||Mar 28, 1960||Jul 17, 1962||City Linen Inc||Protective device|
|US3113707 *||Mar 30, 1962||Dec 10, 1963||Wiston Sidney A||Display form for garments|
|US3242510 *||Nov 20, 1961||Mar 29, 1966||Allen Ind||Cushion or pad assembly|
|US4484360 *||Oct 13, 1983||Nov 27, 1984||Spectrum Sports, Inc.||Shin guard and method of making|
|US4484361 *||Oct 13, 1983||Nov 27, 1984||Spectrum Sports, Inc.||Knee and elbow pad and method of making|
|US5297294 *||Mar 15, 1993||Mar 29, 1994||Washick Steven R||Shin guard having kneeshield, accordian pleated flexure area, flexure grooves and ventilation apertures|
|US5361410 *||Dec 4, 1991||Nov 8, 1994||Klaus Sigl||Padding device for protecting the human body against impact|
|US5497602 *||Feb 12, 1993||Mar 12, 1996||Gordon George Baldwin||Saddle cloth|
|US5774895 *||Jul 8, 1996||Jul 7, 1998||Baldwin; Gordon George||Sports glove with anti-slip lining|
|US5784715 *||Mar 13, 1997||Jul 28, 1998||Buchanan; George S.||Ladder-mate shin protector|
|US5890224 *||Jul 30, 1997||Apr 6, 1999||Clark; Larry N||Protective guard for extremity of a human body|
|US6158051 *||May 27, 1999||Dec 12, 2000||Belzidsky; Hugo||Protective sleeve|
|US6282724 *||Feb 21, 2001||Sep 4, 2001||Carl Joel Abraham||Apparatus for enhancing absorption and dissipation of impact forces for all helmets and protective equipment|
|US7013487 *||Mar 20, 2003||Mar 21, 2006||Bauer Nike Hockey Inc.||Method of making a protective pad|
|US7082621||Sep 9, 2005||Aug 1, 2006||Fratesi Gary R||Thigh pad protectors|
|US7673350 *||Jan 31, 2005||Mar 9, 2010||Mazz Enterprises, Llc||Universal safety cap|
|US7937768||Oct 18, 2007||May 10, 2011||Nike, Inc.||Flexible shin guard|
|US20040181850 *||Mar 20, 2003||Sep 23, 2004||Jean-Francois Beland||Method of making a protective pad|
|US20060168712 *||Jan 31, 2005||Aug 3, 2006||Mazzoccoli Jeff C||Universal safety cap|
|US20090100563 *||Oct 18, 2007||Apr 23, 2009||Carl Behrend||Flexible Shin Guard|
|US20120066820 *||Sep 20, 2011||Mar 22, 2012||Bernard Fresco||Protective headwear and bodywear|
|US20150237930 *||May 11, 2015||Aug 27, 2015||Nike, Inc.||Apparel with reduced friction zones|
|USD731832 *||Mar 17, 2014||Jun 16, 2015||Gary Feiner||Back rest|
|USD788992 *||Jun 29, 2016||Jun 6, 2017||Tenacious Holdings, Inc.||Knee pad|
|USD788993 *||Jun 29, 2016||Jun 6, 2017||Tenacious Holdings, Inc.||Knee pad|
|USD789616 *||Jun 29, 2016||Jun 13, 2017||Tenacious Holdings, Inc.||Knee pad|
|USD789617 *||Jun 29, 2016||Jun 13, 2017||Tenacious Holdings, Inc.||Knee pad|
|EP0005615A1 *||May 11, 1979||Nov 28, 1979||Jhoon Goo Rhee||A protective device for parts of the body|
|EP0490137A2 *||Nov 21, 1991||Jun 17, 1992||W.L. Gore & Associates GmbH||Protective device for the body|
|EP0490137A3 *||Nov 21, 1991||Jan 27, 1993||W.L. Gore & Associates Gmbh||Protective device for the body|
|U.S. Classification||2/22, D29/121.1|