US 2787007 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Ap 2, 1957 R. E. ERDKAMP BABY AND YOUTH BED ASSEMBLY 2 sheets-sheet 1 Filed Ilay 13, 1954 April 2, 1957 R. E. ERDKAMP BABY AND YOUTH BED ASSEMBLY 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed May 13,1954
RE. Erii fgiizp amfiw rev- U ifi d States Pam? 75 BABY AND YOUTH BED ASSEMBLY Richard E. Erdkamp, Exeter, Nebn, assignor of one-half to Larry A. Wadhams, York, Nebr.
Application May;13, 1954, Serial No. 429,635
2 Claims. c1. s--z This invention relates to furniture particularly of the type used by infants and youths and also of the universible or convertible type, and in particular a rectangular-shaped cabinet having a plurality of drawers and also compartments therein and having a tray adapted to provide a bed for a youth on the upper surface, and also having side frames and a removable cabinet with a plurality of drawers therein adapted to be positioned on the tray, whereby the device is also adapted to be used as a crib for infants.
The purpose of this invention is to provide a convertible piece of furniture that is adapted to be used in the beginning as a crib for an infant, and which, as the baby grows, is adapted to be changed into a bed of a larger size, whereby the same piece of furniture may be used until the child is ready to be moved to a conventional bed.
In numerous instances, and particularly where families have only one child, baby beds or cribs are used for a comparatively short time, and then discarded. Furthermore, when a baby outgrows a crib he is still too young to use a conventional bed and chairs and other devices are resorted to to prevent the child rolling from the bed to the floor. It is, therefore, desirable to provide a bed or crib for a child between the infant stage and the time when he is ready for a conventional bed.
With this thought in mind this invention contemplates a box-like frame having an upper platform with side and end walls supported by posts from lower side and end rails providing an intermediate area for compartments and drawers, and said upper platform providing a bed for a youth, an upper cabinet or chest of drawers adapted to be positioned on one end of the platform reducing the area thereof, and frames with spaced vertically disposed bars and having hinged sections therein adapted to be positioned between the chest of drawers and opposite end of the platform for retaining an infant on the platform.
The object of this invention is, therefore, to extend the usefulness of a babys crib so that it may be used until the baby matures into a child of such age that he may use a conventional bed.
Another object of the invention is to provide a combination baby crib and cabinet in which drawers and compartments in addition to a sleeping area are also provided.
Another important object of the invention is to provide a cabinet having a bedonthe upper surface in which the size of the bed is adapted to be reduced for use as a crib.
A further object of the invention is to provide a combination baby crib and bed for a youth in which parts of the structure are readily removable and replaceableto convert the device from one to the other.
A still further object of theinvention is to provide a combination baby crib, bed for a youth, and cabinet having compartments and a plurality of drawers therein in which the device is of a simple and economical construction.
' With these and other objects and advantages in view 7 2,787,007 Pat nt d APP. .19 7
l the invention embodies a bed having compartments and a plurality of drawers in the lower part thereof, and having a chest of drawers and side rails adapted to be positioned thereon to change the bed to a crib for an infant. i
Other features and advantages of the invention will appear from the following description taken in connection with the drawings, wherein:
Figure 1 is a perspective view illustrating the combination baby crib and youth bed with the parts assembled.
Figure 2 is a similar view showing the chest of drawers removed from the device. 1
Figure 3 is a view similar to that shown in Figure 1, with the parts forming the baby crib, drawers and doors omitted, and with parts broken away showing the construction of the interior part of the cabinet portion of the device.
Figure 4 is a view similar to that shown in Figure 2, showing the framework of the chest of drawers with the drawers omitted.
Figure 5 is a detail showing a section taken on line 55 of Figure 3, showing the structure of one of the side rails of the device.
While one embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the above referred to drawings, it is to be understood that they aremerely, for the purpose of illustration and that various changes in construction may be resorted to in the course of manufacture in order that the invention may be utilized to the best advantage according to circumstances which may arise, without in any way departing from the spirit and intention of the device, which is to be limited only in accordance with the appended claims. And while there is stated the primary field of utility of the invention, it remains obvious that it may be employed in any other capacity wherein it may be found applicable.
In the accompanying drawings, and in the following specification, the same reference characters are used to designate the same parts and elements throughout, and in which the numeral 10 refers to the invention in its entirety, numeral 12 indicating lower side rails, numeral 14, end rails, numeral 16 a floor extended between and supported by the rails, numeral 18 corner posts extended upwardly from the rails, numeral 20 a platform supported by the posts and other parts of the cabinet and similar to and spaced above the floor, numerals 22 and 24 side walls for retaining a mattress on the platform, numerals 26 and 28 end walls connected to the ends of the side walls, numeral 30 a back of a chest having end walls 32 and 34, a top 36 and drawers 38, and numerals 40 and 42 hinged sections of side frames having vertically disposed bars 44 and 46, respectively, therein, and adapted to be positioned between the chest and a head board 48 extended upwardly from the end wall 26.
The upper surfaces of the side rails 12 and lower surface of the. platform 20 are provided with tracks or grooves 50 and 52 inwhich doors 54, 56 and 58 are slidably mounted, the doors providing closures for compartments A, B, and C in the framework-below the bed formed by the platform.. The cabinet is also provided with an end section having. a plurality of drawers 60 therein and the ends of the end section are closed with panels ,62, whichextend from the corner posts to a transverse partition 64. The cabinet is .also provided with.
transverse partitions 66 and 68 and a longitudinally disposed partition 70 which provide dividing walls of the.
Below thefloor 16 and positioned under the partition- 70 is a longitudinally disposed beam 72, and laterally disposed beams 74 and 76 are positioned between the beam 72 and side rails 12 for supporting the floor and transverse partitions. As shown in the broken away portion of the side wall 24 in Figure 3, the side walls 22 and 24, and .end walls. 26and 28' extend downwardly over the edges of the plat-r form to prevent the mattress holding elements sliding.
laterally on the platform.
The end wall 26 extends' upwardly above the side walls to provide a head panel .or board, andthe side Walls are provided'with extension panels. 78"and 80, each of which is provided with a pair of hole pins 82 that are adapted to be inserted in openings "84 in the upper edges of'the side walls 22; and 24, as shown in Figure 3;
The drawers in the lower part of one end of the cabinet'are positionedto slide between the corner posts 18 with the, lower. drawer sliding on the floor 16, the intermediate drawer slidingon end rails 86 and 88 and a front rail 90; and the upper drawer sliding on end rails 92 and 94 and afront rail96. V
The drawers 38" of the chestof drawers are similarly mounted. with the drawers sliding on end rails 98 and 100 and front rails 102 and with the rails supported by the back 30 andcorner posts 104 and'106. Theend walls 32 and 34 of the .chest are .providedvwith slots 108 and 110 which form handles, and the lower ends, which are positionedto rest upon the upper edges of the side Walls 22 and 24 are provided with cleats 112 that extend down- Wardly against the inner surfaces of the side walls to retain the chestin position for use, as shown in Figure 1. The chest of drawers is detachably seated onthe end of the mattress retaining section, defined by the flat platform 20, the side walls 22 and 24 and the end wall 28, with its back wall disposed perpendicular to the platform 20 and in longitudinally spaced confronting relation to the end wall 26. The chest of drawers reduces the longi-- tudinal, extent of the bed and the back wall thereof serves as a foot board-when the bed .is used as a crib and, extends vertically to. the same height as thehead board 48 on the end wall 26; The chest is removablerto increase.
the. length of the bed when it is converted into a youth bed. It is held in place by the cleats 1127andv its attachment to the side frames 40 and42. In its attachment to the bed, the top wall of the chest serves ideally as a safe place for a baby to be laid while changingit. The top wall is fiat and disposed at a convenient height and the upstanding upper end of the rear wall and the. upper ends of the side walls serve as guards to prevent the baby from rolling off. The open front end enables the dressing of the baby to be conveniently accomplished and the person dressing the baby stands ,in front thereof so that the baby, cannot roll off the top wall. The easy accessibility of the drawers 38 enables the baby to be entirely dressed without necessitating removal thereof from .the safely enclosed top wall 36.
The lower sections 42 of the sideframes are connected by hinges 114 to the side walls 22 and 24 and theends are retained in position by keepers, such as spring actuated balls 116 and 118, which-coact with sockets in the meeting edges ofthe sections and chestat one end, and end Wall26 at the other. The upper sections 40. are connected to the lower sections with hinges 120, and the ends are provided with keepers. 122 and 124, similar to the keepers 116 and 118.
The head'board48, which is positioned on the end wall 26, is retained in position with hole pins similar to the hole pins 82, shown in Figure 3, and with the head board, side frames and chest of drawers in position a crib isrprovided on the platform.
By this means an article of furniture is provided which with the parts as shown in Figure 1, is adapted to be used as a crib for ababy or infant, with the side frames retaining the baby in the crib, and'with thecabinets providing upper and lower'sets of drawersfor towels, diapers and other clothing, and the like; and with the chest of drawers, side frames, and head board removed and the extension panels 78 and 80 positioned on the side walls, as shown in Figure 3, a bed for a youth is formed.
A baby and youth bed assembly is, therefore, provided which obviates the necessity of discarding the original baby crib and purchasingbeds of different sizes as a child grows.
From the foregoing specification, it will become apparent that theinvention disclosed will adequately, ac-
complish the functions for-v Which it hasbeen designed and in an economical manner, and that its simplicity, accuracy, andease of operation-are sueh as to provide a relatively inexpensive device, considering what it will accomplish, and that it will find an important place in the art to which it appertains when once placed on the market.
It is thought that. persons skilled in theart to which the invention relates will be able to obtain a clear understanding of theinvention after considering the description in connection with the drawings. Therefore, a more lengthy description is regarded as unnecessary.
Changes in shape, size, and rearrangement of details and parts such as'come within the purview of the inventionclaimed may be resorted to in actual practice, if'desired.
Having now described the invention that which-is claimed to be new and desired to be procured by Letters Patent, is:
1. A combination article of furniture which is convertible from a crib to a youth bed comprisinga horizontally disposed rectangular platform on'which a body of an infant may be positioned, means supporting said platform in anelevated horizontal plane, upstanding side and end walls disposed at the sides and ends of the platform and cooperatingtherewith to provide an enclosure for the platform; a chest of drawers'detachably disposed at one end-of the enclosure and formed to be seated on the upper edges of one end wall and the adjoining upper edges of the side-walls, the chest of drawers having a rear wall disposed in confronting, parallel relation to theother end wall of the enclosure, means detachably locating the chest of drawers in place whereby the length of such enclosure. is decreased for use of the bed as a crib,
said chest of .drawers having sliding drawers therein which slide outwardly from the front wall thereof and having a flat top which defines a baby changing surface, said other end wall of the enclosure having a detachable upper end extension which defines therewith an end wall of a height substantially equal to the height of the rear wall of the chest of drawers and side guards detachably connected to the other end wall and extension and the rear wall and hingedly attached to the upper edges of the side walls and constituting vertical prolongations of the side walls and extending longitudinally between the other end wall and the rear wall of the chest.
2. A bed as claimed in claim 1, wherein said chest. of drawers has side walls which upstand beyond the top wall and has its rear wall upstanding beyond the top wall to provide guards for the top wall which is open at the front of the chest of drawers.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 7 164,290 French i June 8, 1875 1,372,105 Stulck Mar. 22, 1921 1,391,462 Cornelison Sept. 20, 1921 2,412,005 Parsons Dec. 3, 1946- FOREIGN PATENTS 188,143 Great Britain Nov. 9, 1922 579,450 Great Britain Aug. 2," 1946