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Publication numberUS2787241 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 2, 1957
Filing dateNov 21, 1955
Priority dateNov 21, 1955
Publication numberUS 2787241 A, US 2787241A, US-A-2787241, US2787241 A, US2787241A
InventorsKelley John S
Original AssigneeUnited Shoe Machinery Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Adhesive applying apparatus
US 2787241 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 2, 1957 J. s. KELLEY 2,787,241

ADHESIVE AFFLYING APPARATUS Filed NOV. 2]-,` 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet l v Inventor April 2, 1957 J. s. KELLEY 2,787,241

ADHESIVE APPLYING APPARATUS Filed Nov. 21, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 fm/en for John /(elley ADHESIVE APPLYING APPARATUS John S. Kelley, Wenham, Mass., assignor to United Shoe Machinery-Corporation, Flemington, N. J., a corporation of New Jersey Application November 21, 1955, Serial No. 547,967

Claims. (Cl. 118-7) This invention relates to .adhesive applying apparatus and is herein illustrat-ed as embodied in an adhesive applying apparatus of the type disclosed in an application for United States Letters Patent Serial No. 519,844, tiled July 5, 1955, in the names of Herbert Johnson and George F. C. Burke. It will be understood, however, that in its broader aspects the invention is not limited to use in apparatus of this particular type or to the exact mechanical arrangement shown.

In adhesive applying7 apparatus of the mentioned type molten adhesive is supplied to an applying unit, including an applicator roll, by means of a melting unit in which adhesive in rod form, fed to the melting unit by means .of a feeding7 device, is rendered molten and owable. More specifically, the mol-ten adhesive from the melting unit is supplied to a recess formed in a suitably heated casing which contains the applicator roll and adjacent to the periphery of the roll so as to apply a coating of adhesive on -the periphery of the roll. During use, work pieces are fed past and in contact with lthe periphery of a portion of the `applicator roll which projects outwardly beyond the casing, and the rate of feed of the rod adhesive into the melting unit and the rate of delivery of the molten adhesive to the applying unit are just suflicient to replenish the supply in the aforementioned recess as the adhesive therein is picked up by the applicator roll and applied to successive Work pieces. However, when, as may frequently occur, the rate of application of adhesive to successive work pieces decreases as, for example, when the feeding of the work pieces is slowed down or halted, orif the thickness of the band of adhesive applied by the applicator roll is decreased, therewill be a tendency for the above-mentioned recess to fill up entirely and eventually for the adhesive to overflow from the applicator roll casing.

A principal object of `this invention is to provide a novel and impnoved adhesive applying apparatus wherein the aforementioned diiculty is wholly avoided. With this end 'in View, and in :accordance with features 'of the invention, in the herein illustrated adhesive applying apparatus the heated casing in which the applicator roll is located is provided with two communicating recesses adjacent to the periphery of the applicator roll, to one of which recesses the molten adhesive is supplied, for example, by means such as a melting unit of the type shown in the abovementioned application, together with means for interrupting the action of this supplying means. Located in the other of said recesses are means responsive to adhesive flowing into this other recess from the iirstamentioned recess, and arranged to control the action of the means for interrupting the delivery of adhesive by the supplying means. More particularrly, the means for supplying molten adhesive includes a melting chamber and mechanism for feeding `a solid rod or strip of adhesive into this chamber, while the means for interrupting the action of the adhesive supplying means comprises an electromagnetic means for` gripping the rod of adhesive Ithereby to prevent movement of the rod by the feeding means. Prefnited States arent O 2,787,241 fhPatented Apr. 2, 1957 erably, and as herein illustrated, the means for controlling the action of the adhesive supplying means includes a vane, rotatably mounted Within the said other recess and adapted to be swung in a direction to close a. switch thereby to energize the electromagnetic rod gripping means in response to adhesive flowing into that recess fnom the first-mentioned recess.

The above and other objects and features of the invention will appear in the following detailed description of the preferred embodiment thereof which is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and will be pointed out yin the appended claims.

In the drawings,

Fig. l is a view in side elevation, with certain parts broken away, of a cement applying apparatus embodying the features of this invention;

Fig. 2 is a View of a portion of the apparatus shown in Fig. l in ver-tical section substantially on line Il-ll of Fig. l and looking in the direction of the arrows; j

Fig. 3 is a View in side elevation of certain parts which are broken away in Fig. l; and

Fig. 4 is a perspective View of an enlarged scale of control mechanism associated with the apparatus shown in Fig. l.

Referring to these drawings, and especially to Fig. l thereof, the cement applying apparatus therein disclosed comprises a melting unit 10, an applying unit 12, and a feeding device 14 which are generally `of the same construction disclosed in the above-mentioned application to which reference may be made for details not herein described. The melting unit includes :a casing 2i) having a cover 16 and a recessed member 1S in which there is rotatably mounted a melting disk 22, and a pump including gears 24 and 26. The disk 22, which is carried by a shaft 28, is received within a recess 30 formed in the member 18 and having an inlet 32 and an. outlet 34, the aforementioned pump being located within the outlet as shown.

The applying unit includes a casing 40 having a cover 42 formed integrally with the recessed member 18 of the melting unit and joined thereto by means of an intermediate web 44 and a recessed member d6. Rotatably mounted Within the casing 49 is an applying roll Sil which is carried by .a shaft 52 and which projects a` short distance beyond the upper surface of the casing. The casing 46 is so shaped as to provide two recesses 60, 62 adjacent to the periphery of the roll 50 and these recesses are in communication one with the other through a passage 64 formed between an arcuate `Surface 66 and the periphery of the roll. The recess 60 is connected to the outlet 34 o-f the melting device through passageways 76, 72 and 74 (Figs. l and 2). Adhesive supplied to the recess 6i) is applied on the periphery of the roll 50 and to a thickness which is determined by a doctor roll which is rotatably mounted in a location adjacent to .one end of the recess 5t) in an adjusting bushing 82. At one end of the recess 62, where the roll 50 re-enters the casing 4i), a so-called string breaker roll 84, carried by a shaft 86, is mounted.

The feeding device ,14 includes la pair of feed rolls 9G, 92 'which are carried, respectively, by shafts 94, 96

vmounted in a supporting bracket indicated generally by the reference character 98, this bracket being supported on the cover portion 116 of the casing Ztl, as shown in Fig. l. Associated with the feeding device is a gui-de tube i which i-s carried by a supporting member lil2, Fig. 4, this tube being cut away as indicated at lilo, ldd to expose a rod of adhesive R therein to the action of the feed rolls 9i?, 92. The melting disk 22, pump gears 2li, 26, applying `roll 5l), doctor roll Sil, string breaker roll S4, and the two feed rolls 90, 92 are driven by mechanism including gearing which is not shown herein but which is similar to that disclosed in the aforementioned application. In this mannen molten adhesive is continuously supplied to the -frecess 60 and applied to the periphery of the roll 50 to a 4thickness determined by the setting of the doctor roll S0, Yall as is explained in detail in `the aforementioned applica- 'tion The applying roll 50 is used to apply a stripe of adhesive to a work piece W which may be held against the periphery of the roll by means of a pressure roller 110 mounted on an arm 1.12, associated with the unit 10, and fe-d along past the roll in any convenient manner. As 'will be understood, the units 16 and 12 are each heated by fmeans of electrical heating units, two of which appear in Fig. l of the drawings where they are shown associated with the unit and are identified by the reference character 120. The corresponding units for heating the junit 12 are in that portion of the front cover 42 which is broken away and hence do not appear in the drawings.

Under usual operating conditions, the rate. offeed of the rod R, speed of rotation of the disk 22 and the output of the gear pump 24, 26 'are such that the. amount of adhesive supplied to the recess 60 is just enough partially to fill this recess and to keep the roll 50 coated with molten adhesive as stripes of adhesive are applied to successive work pieces fed past the roll. However, if the rate of delivery of adhesive to the work pieces is reduced, for example, by adjusting the doctor roll 80 to decrease the thickness of the coating of adhesive on the periphery of the roll 50, by decreasing the rate at which work pieces are fed past the roll, or if the feeding of work pieces is halted, as adhesive is continued to be supplied to the recess 6u, this recess will soon become entirely filled and the `excess amount of molten adhesive will be forced through the passage 64 and into -the recess 62. Eventually, the recess 62 would become entirely filled and adhesive would overtiow out throng-'n the top of the unit 12. In order to avoid this difficulty, the following arrangement is provided in the herein illustrated apparatus.

Rotatably mounted in the lower portion of the cover member 42 and also in the lower pant of the recessed member 46 is a shaft 13) which at one end projects out- Wardly `beyond the cover 42, see Fig. 2, Secured to this shaft and projecting into the recess through a slot 12S, is a vane 132. `Fast on the outwardly projecting end of the shaft 130 is an arm 134 provided with an eccentrically disposed cam surface 136, Fig. 3. A coil spring 138 is arranged yieldingly to hol-d the vane 132 in the position in which it is shown in Fig. l `and against one side of the slot 128. Resting on the cam surface 136 is a roller 140 which is carried by the plunger 142 of a microswitch 143 which is adapted to control the flow of electric energy from a suitable source, not shown, to the coil of a solenoid 144 having an armature 146, Fig. 4. This solenoid is fastened to a plate MS which is secured to one side of the bracket member 93, mentioned above, by means of bolts 150, 159, Fig. l. These two bolts also secure an L- shaped arm 16@ to the plate 14S and a member 162, having an opstanding portion 164, to the bracket 9S, it being understood that the latter, which is sandwiched between the plate 143 and the member 162, is omitted from Fig. 4 of the drawings to simplify the disclosure.

Projecting from the upstanding portion 164 of the member 162 is a pin 170 on which there are pivotally mounted an I shaped lever 172 having a recessed arm 174 and a bifurcated gripper arm 176 carrying a semicylindrical movable gripping jaw 173 and an offset. recessed projection 130. interposed between the recessed arm 174 and the recessed projection 181) is a compression spring 182. Formed integrally with the member 102 is a semi-cylindrical stationary gripping jaw 184. Connected to the lever 172 by means of a pin 186 is a toggle link .190, and connected to the arm 160 by means of a pin 188 is a second toggle link 192, these two links being joined together by a pin 194 which is connected to the armature 146 of the solenoid 141-4 by means of a link 196. A spring 198 is arranged to break the toggle formed by the links 1 90, 192, in an upwardly direction, when the coil of the Ysolenoid 144 is deenergized.

When the toggle is thus broken, the movable jaw 178 will be swung away from the stationary jaw 184 thereby permitting the rod of cement R to be fed along by the feed wheels 90, 92.

Referring to Fig, l of the drawings, when the vane 132 is in the position there shown, there is a slight clearance between the outer edge of the vane and the peripheral surface of the roll 5). When the recess 60 becomes entirely filled with adhesive, in the manner explained above, molten adhesive will be forced through the passage 64 and will gradually till up that part of the recess 62 which is to the left of the vane, as Viewed in Fig. l. As soon as this occurs, the molten adhesiveattempts to ilow `out through the space between the vane and the periphery of the roll 50, but, in so doing",` it causes the vane to be moved to the right, i. e., swung in a clockwise direction as viewed in Fig. 1. As a result of such movement of this vane, the rnicroswit-ch 143 will be closed and the coil of the solenoid 144 will be energized, thereby straightening the toggle formed by the links 190, 192. As this toggle is thus straightened, the movable jaw 178 will ybe moved toward the stationary jaw 184 to grip the rod R and to prevent movement of the rod by the feed wheels 90, 92 which slip over the rod. With the feed of the rod to the melting unit thus arrested, the supply of molten adhesive to the recess 60 of the applying unit will likewise be cut off. Now, when the molten vadhesive is removed from the recess 62 by the applicator roll 50, the vane 132 will soon be re turned to its original position by spring 138, thereby causing switch 143 to open and the solenoid 144 to be deenergized. The toggle formed by links 190, 192 will then be broken by spring 198 and the r-od R will be released for feeding into the melting unit by the feed rolls 90, 92.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:

l. In an apparatus for applying adhesive, a casing, a `driven roll rotatably mounted within said casing and having a portion projecting from the casing for applying adhesive to a work piece, said casing being shaped to provide two communicating recesses adjacent to the periphery of said roll, means for supplying molten adhesive to one of said recesses to apply a coating of adhesive on the periphery of the roll, means for interrupting the ac-V tion of said adhesive supplying means, and means located in the other of said recesses and responsive to adhesive flowing into said other recess from said first-mentioned recess for controlling the action of said interrupting means.

2. In an apparatus for applying moltenl thermoplastic adhesive, a heated casing, a driven roll rotatablymounted within said casing and having a portion projecting from the casing for applying adhesive to a work piece, said casing being shaped to provide two communicating recesses adjacent to the periphery of said roll, means for supplying molten adhesive to one of said recesses to apply a coating of adhesive on the periphery of the roll, means for interrupting the action of said adhesive supplying means, and means located in the other of said recesses and responsive to adhesive owing into said other recess from said first-mentioned recess for controlling the action of said interrupting means,

3. In an apparatus for applying molten thermoplastic adhesive, a heated casing, a driven roll rotatably mounted within said casing and having a portion projecting from the casing for applying adhesive to a work piece, said casing being shaped to provi-de two communicating recesses adjacent to the periphery of said roll, means for supplying molten adhesive to one of said recesses to apply a coating of adhesive on the periphery of the roll including a melting chamber and means for feeding a solid rod of adhesive into said chamber, means for interrupting the action of said adhesive supplying means, and means located in .the other of said recesses and responsive to adhesive liowing into said other recess from said first-mentioned recess for controlling the action of said interrupting means.

4. In an apparatus for applying molten thermoplastic adhesive, a heated casing, a driven roll rotatably mounted Within said casing and having a portion projecting from the casing for applying adhesive to a work piece, said casing being shaped to provide two communicating recesses adjacent to the periphery of said roll, means for supplying molten adhesive to one of said recesses to apply a coating of adhesive on the periphery of the roll including a melting chamber and means for feeding a solid rod lof adhesive into said chamber, means for gripping the rod of adhesive thereby to interrupt the action of said feeding means, and means located in the other of said recesses and responsive to adhesive flowing into said other recess from said first-mentioned recess for controlling the action of said gripping means.

5. In an apparatus for applying molten thermoplastic adhesive, a heated casing, a driven roll rotatably mounted within said casing and having a portion projecting from the casing for applying adhesive to a work piece, said casing being shaped to provide two communicating recesses adjacent to the periphery of said roll, means for supplying molten adhesive to one of said recesses to apply a coating of adhesive on the periphery of the roll including a melting chamber and means for feeding a solid rod of adhesive into said chamber, electromagnetic means for gripping the rod of adhesive thereby to interrupt the action of said feeding means, and means located in the other of said recesses and responsive to adhesive flowing into said other recess from said tiret-mentioned recess for controlling the action of said gripping means.

6. In an apparatus for applying adhesive, a casing, a driven roll rotatably mounted within said casing and having a portion projecting from the casing for applying adhesive to a Work piece, said casing being shaped to provide two communicating recesses adjacent to the periphery of said roll, means for supplying molten adhesive to one of said recesses to apply a coating of adhesive on the periphery of the roll, means for interrupting the action of said adhesive supplying means, and means including a vane rotatably mounted in the other of said recesses and responsive to adhesive flowing into said other recess from said first-mentioned recess for controlling the action of said interrupting means.

7. In an apparatus for applying molten thermoplastic adhesive, a heat casing, a driven roll rotatably mounted within said casing and having a portion projecting from the casing for applying adhesive to a work piece, said casing being shaped to provide two communicating recesses adjacent to the periphery of said roll, means for supplying molten adhesive to one of the recesses to apply a coating of adhesive on the periphery of the roll, means for interrupting the action of said adhesive supplying means, and means including a vane rotatably mounted in the other of said recesses and responsive to adhesive flowing into said other recess from said lirst-mentioned recesses for controlling the action of said interrupting means.

8. In an apparatus for applying molten thermoplastic adhesive, a heated casing, a driven roll rotatably mounted within said casing and having a portion projecting fnom the casing for applying adhesive to a work piece, said casing being shaped to provide two communicating recesses adjacent to the periphery of said roll, means for supplying molten adhesive to one of said recesses to apply a coating of adhesive on the periphery of the roll including a melting chamber and means for feeding a solid rod of adhesive into said chamber, means for interrupting the action of said adhesive supplying means, and means including a vane rotatably mounted in the other of said recesses and responsive to adhesive owing into said other recess from` said rst-mentioned recess for controlling the action of said interrupting means.

9. In an apparatus for applying molten thermoplastic adhesive, a heated casing, a driven roll rotatably mounted within said casing and having a portion projecting from the casing for applying adhesive to a work piece, said casing being shaped to provide two communicating recesses adjacent to the periphery of said roll, means for supplying molten adhesive to one of said recesses to apply a coating of adhesive on the periphery of the roll including a melting chamber and means for feeding a solid rod of adhesive into said chamber, means for gripping the rod of adhesive thereby to interrupt the action of said feeding means, and means including a vane rotatably mounted in the other of said recesses and responsive to adhesive flowing into said other recess from said first-mentioned recess for controlling the action of said gripping means.

10. In an apparatus for applying molten thermoplastic adhesive, a heated casing, a driven roll rotatably mounted within said casing and having a portion projecting from the casing for applying adhesive to a work piece, said casing being shaped to provide two communicating recesses adjacent to the periphery of said roll, means for supplying molten adhesive to one of said recesses to apply a coating of adhesive on the periphery of the roll including a melting chamber and means for feeding a solid rod `ot adhesive into said chamber, electromagnetic means for gripping the rod :of adhesive thereby 'to interrupt the action of said feeding means, and means including a vane rotatably mounted in the other of said recesses and responsive to adhesive tlowing into said other recess from said first-mentioned recess for controlling the action of said gripping means.

References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2406470 *Apr 4, 1944Aug 27, 1946Int Paper CoCoating apparatus
US2641220 *Jan 15, 1951Jun 9, 1953H G Weber And Company IncApparatus for positively feeding paste and other adhesives to moving work
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2928370 *Jun 6, 1957Mar 15, 1960Package Machinery CoFeeding device for adhesive in solid rod or rope form for coating applicators
US2965066 *Nov 21, 1958Dec 20, 1960United Shoe Machinery CorpApparatus for applying pressure-sensitive adhesive to sheet material
US2989028 *Aug 27, 1957Jun 20, 1961Texaco IncApparatus for applying sealing material
US3030915 *Apr 30, 1957Apr 24, 1962Pacon Res & Dev CorpApparatus for making heat sealable wrapper
US3255727 *Mar 21, 1963Jun 14, 1966United Shoe Machinery CorpAdhesive applying apparatus
US3273531 *Jul 23, 1963Sep 20, 1966United Shoe Machinery CorpApparatus for applying adhesive
US3334612 *Oct 6, 1966Aug 8, 1967Procter & GambleMechanism for applying hot melt adhesives
US3359939 *Jul 9, 1965Dec 26, 1967Compo Shoe Machinery CorpHot melt applicator
US3376850 *Feb 20, 1967Apr 9, 1968Kliklok CorpApplicators for molten thermoplastic adhesive
US3398717 *Jul 1, 1966Aug 27, 1968United Shoe Machinery CorpThermoplastic dispensing mechanisms
US3410713 *Jul 31, 1964Nov 12, 1968Henkel & Compagnie G M B HProcess and apparatus for application of adhesive
US7608070Sep 30, 2004Oct 27, 2009Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Foam-based fasteners
US7640637Nov 1, 2005Jan 5, 2010Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Methods to modify the fibrous landing layer of a foam based fastener and products made from the same
US7811272Dec 29, 2003Oct 12, 2010Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Nanofabricated gecko-like fasteners with adhesive hairs for disposable absorbent articles
US8703267Nov 3, 2010Apr 22, 2014Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Synthetic gecko adhesive attachments
DE1292544B *Feb 18, 1964Apr 10, 1969United Shoe Machinery CorpVorrichtung zum Auftragen von thermoplastischem Klebstoff
WO2009024297A1 *Aug 15, 2008Feb 26, 2009Kiener Maschinenbau GmbhMethod and device for applying a flowable medium to the surface area of a web of material
Classifications
U.S. Classification118/692, 118/202, 118/259
International ClassificationB29B13/00, B05C1/08, B29B13/02, B05C1/00
Cooperative ClassificationB29B13/022, B05C1/003, B05C1/083, B05C1/0813
European ClassificationB29B13/02C, B05C1/08P1, B05C1/08E, B05C1/00A