|Publication number||US2787409 A|
|Publication date||Apr 2, 1957|
|Filing date||Jun 3, 1953|
|Priority date||Jun 3, 1953|
|Publication number||US 2787409 A, US 2787409A, US-A-2787409, US2787409 A, US2787409A|
|Inventors||Clarence W Vogt|
|Original Assignee||Clarence W Vogt|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (10), Referenced by (5), Classifications (14)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 2, 1957 c. w. vos'r MULTI-UNIT CONTAINER 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed June 3, 1953 INVENTOR. Cums/v0: l/l/. V067" BY film ATTORNEYS?" April 2, 1957 C. VOGT' MULTI-UNIT CONTAINER 3 Sheeis-Sheet 2 Filed June 3. 1953 INVENTOR. CLARE/v06 V007 W,W,%u dim ATTORNEYS.
- April 2, 1957 Y c. w. VOGT 2,787,409
MULTI-UNIT CONTAINER Filed-June 3, ,1953 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 IN V EN TOR. CLARENCE, W l/oar BY 1 A; X
1 Mn M W fi fToR vzrq.
nited States Patent Otfice 7 2,787,409 Patented Apr. 2, 1957 2,787,409 Morn-UNIT CONTAINER flarence W. Vogt, Norwalk, Conn.
Application June 3, 1953, Serial No. 359,333
9 Claims. (Cl. 229 -37) This invention relates to containers for commodities and embodies, more specifically, an impi'oved device by mean of which a plurality of commodities may be secured together in such fashion that they may be readily separated and removed from the assembled group when and as desired, While at the same time enabling all of the assembled articles to be viewed.
in my copending application Serial No. 79,591, now abandoned, there is illustrated a container for a plurality of commodities by means of which all of the commodities may be viewed from one side only of 'the package of the assembled group. In accordance with this invention, a package is provided wherein opposite sides of each of a plurality of assembled commodities may be viewed while so assembled, thus increasing substantially the advertising and sales appeal of the commodities. Also, in applicants copending applications Serial Nos. 144,088, now abandoned, 155,401, now Pat. No. 2,671,- 731, 161,590, now abandoned, 165,784, nowPat. No. 2,676,106, 213,110, now Pat. No. 2,752,037, and 235,209, there are shown forms of chainingmeans for a plurality of commodities by means of which the individual commodities may be maintained in assembled position with capacity for easy separation of individual commodities from those remaining in the chained group of commodities, and this invention provides an improved structure by means of which such case of separation is preserved while at the same time greatly enhancing the display characteristics of the package.
In accordance with the present invention, an object thereof is to provide a chaining device for a plurality of commodities by means of which a substantial reduction is permitted in the material required for the device, thus affording substantial savings over previously available devices.
Another object of the invention is to provide a device of the above character by means of which the operation of inserting commodities into the package structure is facilitated, thus enabling the packaging of commodities in multiple to be greatly simplified.
Yet another object of the invention is to provide a device of the above character wherein the removal of one or more commodities from the assembled or chained group is easily accomplished without disturbing the commodities remaining in the assembled group.
Still another object of the invention is to provide a package of the above character wherein the plurality of commodities may be viewed from opposite sides while maintained in assembled position.
Another object of the invention is to provide a device of the above character which is capable of being formed into partially assembled position and maintained in such position during the operation of inserting commodities therein.
Yet another object of this invention is to provide an improved package of the character hereinabove described and wherein supplementary sheet closure means may be incorporated.
Another object of the invention is to provide means by which a plurality of packages, each containing a plurality of components as hereinabove referred to,.may be secured together in chained relationship, by means which serves to maintain each package closed.
The foregoing and other objects will be apparent as the invention is described in giea'ter detail with reference to the accompanying drawings wherein:
Fig. 1 is a plan view of a blank formed in accordance with the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a plan view showing the container or package in partially assembled position;
Fig. 3 is a view in section taken on the plane indicated by the line 3-3 of Fig. 2 and looking in the direction of the arrows, this view showing the open position assumed by the blank when in partially assembled position and when it is ready to receive the commodities which are adapted to be enclosed or chained together by the package;
Fig. 4 i a view similar to Fig. 3 showing the articles or commodities that have been inserted into the package and illustrating the manner in which the side flaps are folded over the commodities in order to secure them within the package;
Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 3 showing a plurality of packages in partially assembled and nested position;
Fig. 6 is a perspective view illustrating the manner in which a modified form of package may be formed in accordance with this invention;
Fig. 7 is a perspective view illustrating the manner in which a plurality of packages are assembled in chained relationship in accordance with the present invention; and Fig. 8 is a View showing a further modified form of the invention utilizing a package structure such as illustrated in Figs. 1 to 3 inclusive.
Referring to the above drawings and particularly to Fig. 1, a blank is illustrated at 10, this blank being adapted to provide a package which, in the form of the invention illustrated, comprises parts A and B, each part being adapted to receive one or a plurality of commodities,
as illustrated in Fig. 4. The blank 10 includes two unsevered peripheral portions 11 and 12 and 'two pairs of severed peripheral portions 13, 14, and 15, 16, respectively. Side flanges 17 and 18 are hinged to the opposite sides of the unsevered peripheral portion 11 while corresponding side flanges 19, 2t 21, 22; 23, 24; 25, 26; 27, 28, are hinged to the corresponding sides of the respective portions 13, 14, 12, 15 and 1'6, as viewed from left to right in Fig. 1. Hinge folds 29, 30 and 31 are provided between the respective portions 11, 13, 14, 12, and 12, 15. In order that the peripheral portions may be folded to provide a complete peripheral enclosure of the package as illustrated in Fig. 2, cuts 32 and 33 are provided between the respective peripheral portions 13, 14 and 15, 1 6, these cuts lying in the planes of hinge folds 34 and 35 which serve to connect the respective side flaps 20, 22 and 26, 28 together. In this fashion, the hinge portions 34 and 35 connect the parts A and B together hingedly, as illustrated in Pig. 3, in order that these parts may be swung away from each other to permit the package to be opened up so that the filling thereof may be facilitated.
Adjacent the end of the peripheral portion l1, a slit 36 is formed, this slit being adapted to have inserted therein a V-shaped ear 3% on a tab 37. As illustrated in Fig. 2, when the tab 37 is folded along the line 39 and the ear 38 is inserted into the slit 36, the ear, engaging the slit, will lock the peripheral portions in assembled relationship (see Figs. 2 and 3).
In order t-hatthe side flanges may be secured in assembled relationship, they are fofmed with cooperating portions provided by a plurality of slits in order that they may be interlocked and thus maintained in assembled relationship, as illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3. For example, the sideflanges 17 land 18 are provided respectively with slits 40, 41 and 42, 43, the flanges 23, 24 being provided with similar slits 44, 45 and 46, 47, respectively. Slits 48 and 49 are formed in the respective side flanges 20 and 22. Side flanges 26 and 28 are formed with the respective slits 50 and 51, and the flaps 18, 20, 22, 24, 26 and 28 are maintained in assembled relationship by interengagement between the respective slits in the following manner. When the peripheral portions 11 and 13 are moved into assembled position, the
corners of the side flanges 18 and 20 are caused to interengage, as illustrated in Fig. 2, so that the side flange 20 lies outside of the adjacent portion of the side flange 18 with its corner inserted into the angular slit 43. When in the assembled position shown in Fig. 2, the natural resiliency of the material of the package will cause one edge of the slit 48 to engage a cooperating edge of the slit 43 to lock the flanges in their assembled position. In similar fashion, the corners of flanges 22 land 24, and 24 and 26 are caused to inter-engage and the car 38 is engaged with the slit 36 while the outer corner of the flange 28 is inserted into the curved slit 42 until the edge of the flange 51 reaches the position illustnated in Fig. 2. In such position, the edges of the inter-engaging slits provide an effective lock to maintain the elements in their assembled position.
In order that some play may be provided to permit the peripheral portions to diverge somewhat, as illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3, the locations of the slits hereinabove mentioned are such that a degree of movement is permitted without causing disengagement of the interlocking portions of the side flanges formed by these slits. In this fashion, when the package is filled, it is maintained in the open position illustrated in Fig. 3 and the contents are thus readily inserted without interference by any of the side flanges or peripheral walls or portions of the package.
After the contents have been inserted into the package, as illustrated in Fig. 4, the side flanges 17, 19, 21, 23, 25 and 27 are folded down into the position illustrated at the right-hand side of Fig. 4 and the corners of the flanges inter-engaged with the slits 40, 41, 44 and 45. Suitable adhesive material may be utilized, if desired, to maintain the side flanges in the (assembled position, and the parts A and B of the package are then moved into the fully closed position illustrated in Fig. 7, at which time the entire package becomes a flat one with the contents effectively secured therein. Suitable adhesive tape may be used to secure the abutting portions of the package together, this tape being applied either to the flanges 19, 21 and 25, 27 or to the outer peripheral sides of the elements 13, 14 and 15, 16.
Fig. illustrates the manner in which a plurality of partially assembled packages or containers may be positioned in nested relationship for convenient transportation and use, the flexibility provided by this partially assembled position greatly facilitating the transportation and use of the articles.
In Fig. 6, a package is shown, in accordance with the present invention, wherein the parts A and B are moved into contiguous back-to-back relationship with a sheet of suitable material 52 secured over the upper and side faces. A suitable adhesive may be utilized for this purpose and, in order that the contents may be displayed more effectively, the material of the sheet 52 may be transparent.
In Fig. 7, there is shown a plurality of packages assembled in chained relationship by means of adhesive tapes 53 which are preferably formed with longitudinal weakened portions such as cuts 54 and transverse cuts 55. The cuts 55 are located, as illustrated in Fig. 7, to coincide with the planes between the respective contacting surfaces of the plurality of packages while the cuts 54 he in the planes of the severed cuts 32 and 33. In this fashion, when it is desired to separate one package from the remaining chained packages, the proper cuts 55 are continued by pressure of the thumbnail or the like to completely sever the tapes 53 where desired. When it is desired to remove the contents from the pack- (age, the remaining portions of the tape 53 at the side of the package are severed by similar action, which is facilitated by the cuts 54. The parts A and B of the package can then be swung apart and the contents removed when and as desired. As an alternative, and instead of opening the package as above described, the flaps 17, 19, 21, 23, 25 or 27 may be lifted and the contents removed.
If it is desired to retain the flat style of package (generally termed Elgin type) as illustrated in Figs. 7 and 8, the slits 54 may be eliminated or tapes as shown in my co-pending application Serial No. 254,535 may be utilized and positioned as shown in Fig. 7. Moreover, these tapes may be applied to the sides of the packages as shown in Fig. 7, or to the ends thereof. If applied to the ends, the longitudinally extending slits are unnecessary.
In Fig. 8, the package is illustrated as having a facing sheet 56 adhered to one or both sides in order to provide an eifective and complete closure for the contents. If desired, tear tapes 57 and marginal cuts 57 may be utilized to facilitate the opening of the package, bearing in mind that the sheet 56 serves effectively to secure the package in its closed position. It will be understood that the tapes 57 and slits 57' may also be provided with the square (commonly termed Western style) type of package shown in Fig. 6.
Referring again to the mechanism to facilitate loading, it is to be observed that the cut 38 is merely to provide a lock to maintain the elements in their partially assembled position during loading. After the package is loaded and the peripheral portions moved into their fully closed position, the lock disengages, as illustrated in Figs. 4 and 8.
1. A blank adapted to be formed into a commodity package and comprising a plurality of parts, each part including a plurality of peripheral portions in end to end relation each having side flanges hinged upon opposite sides thereof, some of the portions being connected together by hinge connections between them and others of said portions being connected solely by hinged connecnectitions between adjacent portions of corresponding side flanges on one side of said other peripheral portions.
2. A blank according to claim 1 wherein the blank is formed of four peripheral portions two of which are severed intermediate their lengths into sub-portions, the hinge connections between said side flanges lying in the planes of severance between the sub-portions.
3. A blank according to claim 1 wherein the blank is formed of two parts, each part comprising one unsevered peripheral portion and at least one portion formed of a plurality of severed peripheral sub-portions, side flanges hinged to opposite sides of each peripheral portion and sub-portion, hinge connections between corresponding side flanges of adjacent peripheral sub-portions, and means to connect the end of one of the unsevered peripheral portions to the end of one of the severed peripheral sub-portions.
4. A blank according to claim 3 wherein means is provided to secure the side flanges in parallel planes extending inwardly and lying at right angles to the planes of the respective peripheral portions.
5. A commodity package comprising a plurality of parts, each part having at least one peripheral sidewall portion to which are hinged oppositely extending top and bottom flanges, means to secure the parts together in continguous relationship with the peripheral portions forming a peripheral package enclosure, and means to secure the side flanges in spaced substantially parallel planes overlapping portions of commodities within the package, two opposite sidewalls of said enclosure and the corresponding top flanges having aligned transverse slits thereacross, the corresponding bottom flange being foldable in alignment with said slits to form a hinge connecting the sidewalls having the slits therein.
6. A package according to claim 5 comprising adhesive tape spanning said slits and adhered to the sidewalls having the slits therein.
7. As an article of manufacture, a plurality of packages as defined in claim 5 assembled in contiguous relationship, and at least two adhesive tapes adhered to the outer surfaces of the peripheral portions of certain of the sides of the assembled packages, each or" the tapes having weakened portions spaced longitudinally thereof a distance equal to the width of the peripheral portions and extending transversely of the tapes.
8. An article of manufacture according to claim 7 wherein a plurality of weakened portions are formed in each of the tapes longitudinally thereof, intermediate the sides thereof and intersecting the first-mentioned weakened portions.
9. An article according to claim 7 wherein the tapes serve not only as means for chaining a plurality of packages together but additionally are adhered to portions of each of the packages to serve as closure means therefor.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 910,180 Davidson Jan. 19, 1909 1,124,875 Dishmaker Jan. 12, 1915 1,311,541 Tomlinson July 29, 1919 1,587,280 Burke June 1, 1926 2,106,748 Karnes Feb. 1, 1938 2,124,699 Harrington July 26, 1938 2,287,729 Fallert June 23, 1942 2,395,558 Lighter Feb. 26, 1946 2,456,059 Grupe Dec. 14, 1948 2,594,628 Evans Apr. 29, 1952
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US910180 *||Jul 8, 1908||Jan 19, 1909||Howe And Davidson Company||Container.|
|US1124875 *||Mar 5, 1914||Jan 12, 1915||Anton Dishmaker||Collapsible box.|
|US1311541 *||Jun 26, 1918||Jul 29, 1919||National||And henry h|
|US1587280 *||Aug 4, 1921||Jun 1, 1926||James L Burke||Package, wrapper therefor, and method of opening the same|
|US2106749 *||Mar 21, 1935||Feb 1, 1938||J A Burgess||Combination mining bit gauge and wrench|
|US2124699 *||Feb 28, 1936||Jul 26, 1938||Armour & Co||Dispensing carton|
|US2287729 *||May 13, 1940||Jun 23, 1942||Gaylord Container Corp||Container|
|US2395558 *||Apr 30, 1942||Feb 26, 1946||Stephen Lighter||Carton|
|US2456059 *||Mar 6, 1946||Dec 14, 1948||Beech Nut Packing Co||Machine for and method of banding boxes|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2990992 *||Mar 13, 1958||Jul 4, 1961||Anheuser Busch||End loading easy opening carton|
|US4487319 *||Jun 18, 1980||Dec 11, 1984||The Coca-Cola Company||Corrugated cardboard container having a paperboard top and handle|
|US4533052 *||Feb 27, 1984||Aug 6, 1985||Owens-Illinois, Inc.||Dual carton|
|US5328088 *||Mar 1, 1993||Jul 12, 1994||John Lonczak||Newspaper transport pack|
|US20040069842 *||Oct 15, 2002||Apr 15, 2004||Georgia-Pacific Corporation||Container with locking flanges|
|U.S. Classification||229/120.11, 206/518, 206/820, 229/120.1, 229/917, 229/195, 229/157|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D71/0085, Y10S229/917, Y10S206/82, B65D71/00|
|European Classification||B65D71/00, B65D71/00F|