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Publication numberUS2788932 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 16, 1957
Filing dateDec 15, 1955
Priority dateDec 15, 1955
Publication numberUS 2788932 A, US 2788932A, US-A-2788932, US2788932 A, US2788932A
InventorsGerman Jr Michael
Original AssigneeCrown Zellerbach Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Container with locking cover
US 2788932 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

wr-mul April 16, 1957 Filed Dec. l5, 1955 M. GERMAN, JR

CONTAINER WITH LOCKING COVER 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 FIG.

April 16, 1957 M. GERMAN, JR

CONTAINER WITH LOCKING COVER Filed Dec. 15, 1955 ivf-affix United States. arent CONTAINER WITH LOCKING COVER Michael German, Jr., St. Louis, Mo., assignor to Crown- Zellerbach Corporation, San Francisco, Calif., a corporation of Nevada Application December 15, 1955, SerialNo. 553,256

8 Claims". (Cl. 229-34) This invention appertains, in general, to containers constructed of solid fibreboard, corrugated ibreboard or any other suitable, bendable material.

Basket-like containers constructed of breboard and paperboard material are Well-known in the art. The breboard baskets and boxes are ordinarily utilized to carry fruits, vegetables and the like. Containers of this type customarily employ a unitary body member formed of a single breboar'd blank, and a cover member which is generally co-extensive in area and dimension with the top of the body member. Often employed are handle members secured to the body member of the container. The cover members are sometimes provided with fold lines which permit the cover to be bent to permit it to be placed on the container body beneath the handle member. There has been, however, a need for a cover member for containers of this type which would automatically lock onto the body member during shipment so as to protect the contents against damage. lt is, therefore, an' object of this invention to provide for a iibreboard-typev carrying container, a self-locking, easily releasable cover member which will engage onto the container body to prevent accidental release therefrom.

lt is a further object of this invention to provide, in a container of the type described, a locking cover member in which the cover member may be folded along a cover score line to disengage the locking elements from the container body.

A still further object of this invention is to provide,l in a libreboard carrying container, a cover locking means which will automatically engage into locking position and which locking means are disposed entirely within the interior of the wall structures of the container thereby preventing accidental release of the cover member.

Another object of this invention is to provide a selflocking cover member for a container, in which the lockin'g elements of the cover member may be retracted inwardly from the container by bending the cover member about a pre-formed fold line.l

A further object of this invention is to provide a cover locking device for a container in which the locking means are completely concealed from the interior and the eX- terior of the container body so as to prevent damage to the contents or accidental release thereof.

Other objects and advantages of this invention will be apparentto those skilled in the art upon a full and complete understanding of the construction of this device.

The invention also consists in the parts, arrangements and combinations of parts hereinafter described and claimed. The accompanying drawings form a part of this specification, and like numerals and symbols therein appearing refer to like parts wherever they occur.

Fig. l is a plan view of a blank illustrating a container vbody embodying a preferred form of the invention;

Fig. 2 is a plan View 'of apblank of a locking cover member embodying a preferred form of the invention.

Y PatentedV Apr. 16, 1957 ice Fig. 3 is a perspective View of the blank shown in Fig. l illustrated in partiallyV erected form;

Fig. 4 is a perspective view of a completely erectedv container body formed from the blank shown in Fig. l;

Fig. 5 is a vertical, fragmentary, sectional view taken along lines S-S of Fig. 4;

Fig. 6 is a fragmentary, vertical, sectional view taken along. lines 6-6 of Fig, 4;

Fig. 7 is a fragmentary, vertical, sectional View taken along lines 7-7 of Fig. 4;

Fig. 8 is a perspective view of an erected cover member formed from the blank illustrated in Fig. 2;

Fig. 9 is an end elevation of a cover member embodying the invention shown partially inserted into position;

Fig. 10 is an end elevation of a container embodying a preferred form of the invention shown with the cover member securely locked in position.

Fig. 1l is a fragmentary, sectional view taken along lines 11-11 of Fig. 10; and

Fig. 12 is a perspective view of a completely assembled container embodying a preferred form of the invention.

The body blank for a container body A, illustrated in Fig. l, is provided with a bottom panel 11 defined by side scores 12 and end scores 13. End wall panels 14 are foldably connected to the bottom panel 11 along the end scores 13 and, in turn, are provided with end Wall scores 15 which dene the hinge connections of end wall flaps V16. Side wall panels v17 are connected to the bottom panel 11 along the side scores 12 and are provided with double top scores 18 which define the hinge connection of side wall top aps 19. The side wall top flaps 19 are provided at their ends with corner scores Ze' which deine the hinge connection of the side Wall end llaps Z1.

In the particular embodiment illustrated, each side Wall top' flap 19 is provided with securing tabs 22 projecting from their outer free margins. The securing tabs are positioned to'V engage into securing voids 23 in the bottom panel 11 when the container is erected. Fastening tabs 24 are formed in the end margins of the bottom panel 11 and, 'as Will be observed later in the specification, engage the side wall end llaps when the body member is erected. Ventilating openings' 25 are formed in the side wall 'panels 17 adjacent the side scorers 12 to register with Ventilating cut outs 26 formed inthe outer margin of the side wall top ilaps 1.9 and the lower margins of the end wall flaps 16 when the container body is erected.

The container body is also provided with locking Y27 formed in the end Wall flaps 1li and spaced from the free upper edge 28 of the endwall flaps 25 by means of a web portion 29. The locking voids 27 are preferably formed so that one of their'side margins Si! is in substanial alignment with the adjacent end Wall scores 15.

A- locking cover member B, as shown in Figs. 2 and 8, is provided with a pair of longitudinal half cover panels $1 foldably connected together along a central longitudinal score 32. The `combined widths of 'the longitudinal cover panels 3i is preferably such that the free side margins 33 will extend over the side edges of fthe top edges of the side wall panel 17 of the body member A; however, this particular relationship will be more fully described later in Ythe specication. Each longitudinal cover panel31 is provided with a locking liap 34 foldably connected rthereto along end scores 35. A wedgeV shaped cut out 36 disposed in substantial aliUnm-ent with the central longitudinal cover score 32 spaces adjacent locking flap 34. A locking recess 37 is provided inthe free outer side margin 3S of each locking ap 34. As will be apparent in a later portion of the specification, each locking recess 37 is positioned to cooperate and receive-the web portion 29 of the end wall ap 16 which is inserted into thev 'side structure. A locking projection 39 is 'formed in the free outer side margin 3S of each locking ap 34. The locking projection 39 engages intoU the locking voids 27 of the completed container. When the cover half panels 31 are in co-planar relation, the distance between the locking projections 39, as shown in Fig. 2; is greater than the interior distance between the upstanding side wall top flaps 19 so as to'provide an effective locking engagement between the body member A andthe locking cover member B.

In the particular embodiment illustrated, it was found to be desirable to include clearance shoulder 40 to provide the necessary clearance required in fitting the cover member B over the folded end wall construction of the container. The clearance shoulder 40 may be modied to conform with variations in the particular body member A employed.

The body member A may be erected by folding the end wall panels 14 upwardly about the end scores 13 into substantially right angular relation with the bottom panel 11. The end wall flaps 16 are then folded right angularly inwardly with respect to their adjacent end wall panels 14. The side wall end aps 21 are then folded downwardly about their adjacent corner scores 20 into right angular relation to the side wall top aps 19. The side wall panels 17 are then folded upwardly about the side scores 12 into right angular relationship with the bottom panel 11. In this position the side wall top aps 19 are folded inwardly and downwardly into atwise contacting relation with the previously positioned end wall llaps 16. ln this position, previously folded side wall end aps 21 are disposed in flatwise, spaced relation to the inner faces of the end wall panels 14 with their free inner edges in substantially abutting relationship, as shown in Fig. 4. The space or void between the side wall end tlaps 21 and the end wall panels 14 provides an access opening to receive locking elements of the cover member. Also, in the embodiment described, the locking voids 27 are disposed adjacent the space or void between panels 14 and the aps 21. With this arrangement, it is possible to conceal, from both the interior and exterior of the body, the locking elements of the cover member. The securing tabs 22 are automatically positioned, as shown in Fig. 5, in the securing voids 23 to immovably lock and secure the side wall top flaps 19 into position. Also, the fastening tabs 24 are deformed slightly upwardly, as shown in Fig. 6, to engage onto the inner faces of the side wall end flaps 21. In the particular embodiment of the body member A illustrated, it would be noted that the end wall panels 14 are substantially shorter in height than the adjacent side wall panels 17 and the adjacent side wall end aps 21. 'I'his is to provide a clearance space to facilitate the insertion of the locking elements of the cover member.

The cover member B may be erected by folding the locking aps 34 downwardly about their adjacent end scores 35 into substantially right angular relationship with the longitudinal half cover panels 31 as shown in Fig. 8. The longitudinal half cover panels 31 are then bent downwardly about the central longitudinal cover score 32 as shown in Fig. 9, preferably until the inner end edges dening the wedge shaped cut out 36 of the locking flaps 34 are in abutting relationship. The locking flaps 34 are inserted between the side wall end aps 21 and the end wall panels 14 until the side edges 33 are in contact with the upper edges of the side wall panels 17. The longitudinal half cover panels 31 are then folded downwardly into substantially co-planar relation with each other as best shown in Fig. 10, thereby engaging the locking projections 39 into the adjacent locking voids 27. An .expanded view of the locking relationship is illustrated in LFig. 1I. The container is now in condition for use and the locking cover member B may not be removed until y the longitudinal half cover panels 31 are bent downwardly with respect to the central longitudinal cover score 32 released by forcing the side edges 33 of the cover half panels 31 horizontally inwardly toward each other there-v by forcing the center of the locking cover member B, defined by the central longitudinal cover score 32, upwardly. As the side edges 33 are drawn inwardly, the locking projections 39 are moved horizontally inwardly out of the concealed locking voids 27 thereby disengaging the locking means and permitting the cover member B to be lifted from the body member A.'

It will be noted that when the cover member B is locked in position, the web portion 29 is securely received into the locking recess 37 to provide a secure inner locking engagement between the body member A and the cover member B.

As shown in the dotted line portion of Fig. 12, a handle member 41 may be employed if desired to facilitate carrying of the container.

It is to be understood that the embodiments herein described are illustrative and not restrictive, and it is also to be understood that the invention may be susceptible of embodiment in other modied forms, and that all such modifications which are similar or equivalent hereto come equally within the scope of the claims next appearing.

What I claim is:

l. A container having a body with upstanding side and end walls and a locking cover member, the cover member comprising a pair of half 'panels foldably connected together along a central fold line and having side marginal edges, each half panel being substantially coextensive in length with the container body and having a locking ap foldably connected to each end thereof, each locking lflap having an outer side margin and 1a lateral locking projection thereon, the body side walls having cooperating voids disposed adjacent the end margins thereof and spaced to receive the lateral locking projections on said cover end locking aps when the cover member is positioned on the body member, the cover member being releasable from the body member when the side marginal edges of the -half cover panels are moved horizontally inwardly along the central fold line thereby retracting the lateral locking projections from the cooperating voids in the body side Walls.

2. A container having a body with upstanding side wall structures and end walls and a locking cover member,.the cover member comprising a pair of longitudinal half panels foldably connected together along a central longitudinal fold line and having free marginal side edges, each half panel being substantially co-extensive in length with the container body and having a separate locking ap foldably connected to each end thereof, each locking ap having inner and outer side margins and a locking recess disposed in the outer side margin of the locking ap and spaced from adjacent foldable connection with the -half panel and defining a lateral locking projection thereon, the body side Wall structurehaving cooperating voids disposed adjacent the end margins thereof and spaced to receive the lateral locking projections on said to release and disengage the locking projections 39 from Y the locking voids 27,. In actual practice, thecover is cover `end locking flaps when the cover member is in pty sition on the body member, the cover member being releasable from the body member when the marginal side edgesl of the half cover panels are moved horizontally inwardly to force the portion of the cover member defined by the central longitudinal fold line upwardly, re-

tracting the lateral locking projections from the cooperating voids in the body side walls. y 3. A container having a body and a locking cover member, the body having a bottom with foldably connected, upstanding side wall structures and end walls and body end flaps disposed in spaced, parallel relation to the inner face of the end walls, the locking cover member having a pair of half cover panels connected together along a central longitudinal fold line, each half cover panel being substantially equal in length to the length of the `container body and having a depending end locking flap foldably connected thereto, each end locking ap havingla free side edge with a locking projection extending laterally therefrom, in lthe closed, locking position of the cover member, the locking flaps being disposed intermediate the body end walls and the spaced end aps, the body side wall structure having voids therein positioned intermediate the body end walls and the end aps and spaced to receive the locking projection on the cover locking aps.

4. A container having a body and a cover locking member, the body having a bottom with foldably connected, upstanding side -wall structures and end walls and body end flaps disposed in spaced, parallel relation to the inner face of the end walls, the locking cover member having a pair of half cover panelsconnected together along a central longitudinal fold line, each half cover panel being substantially equal in length to the length of the container body and having a separate, depending end locking flap foldably connected thereto, each end locking ap having free outer and inner side edges, said outer side edge having a locking projection extending laterally therefrom, said inner side edge being relieved to provide a clearance space between adjacent locking aps, -in the closed, locked position of the cover member, the locking flaps being disposed intermediate the body end wall and the spaced end aps, the body side wall structure having cooperating voids therein positioned intermediate the body end walls and the end aps and spaced yto receive the locking projection on the cover locking flaps.

5. The invention set forth and claimed in claim 4 wherein the side marginal edges of the half cover panels of the locking cover member are adapted to be moved inwardly thereby lexing the half cover panels upwardly about the central longitudinal fold line to retract the laterally extending locking flaps inwardly from the locking voids in the body end walls to permit the cover member to be removed from the container body.

6. The invention set forth and claimed in claim 4 wherein the half cover panels are of suicient width so that, in the closed, locked position of the cover member, their free longitudinal side edges extend in overlapping relation to the top margins of the container body side walls.

7. A container having a body and a locking cover member, the body having a bottom with foldably connected upstanding side and end walls and side wall end aps disposed in spaced, parallel relation to the inner face of the end walls, the locking cover member having a pair of half cover panels connected together along a central longitudinal fold line, each half cover panel being substantially equal in length to the length of the container body and having a separate depending end locking ap foldably connected thereto, each end locking ap having a free outer side edge with a out out portion disposed adjacent the foldable connection to the half cover panel and a laterally extending locking projection disposed adjacent the cut out portion, in the closed, locked position of the cover member, the locking aps being disposed intermediate the body end walls and the spaced end aps, the body side wall structure having a web portion adjacent the upper portions of the end margins thereof and a locking void positioned beneath said web portion, in the locked position of the cover member, the lateral projection on each cover locking ap being disposed outwardly through the locking void in the container side wall structure and the cut out portion in each locking ap receiving, in cooperating relation, the web portion in the upper portion of the end margin of the body side wall structure.

8. A container having a body and a locking cover member, the body having a bottom with foldably connected, upstanding side wall structures and end walls, the side wall structure being provided with folded-over top marginal side wall flaps disposed vertically downwardly in tiatwise relation to the adjacent side walls, the side wall top aps having foldably connected extensions forming end aps positioned in spaced parallel relation to the inner face of the container end wall, the container end walls being provided with integral, foldably connected end extensions forming end wall flaps disposed intermediate and forming a part of the side wall structure, the locking cover member having a pair of half cover panels connected together along a central longitudinal fold line, each half cover panel being substantially equal in length to the length of the container body and having a separate, depending end locking ap foldably connected thereto, each end locking flap having a free outer side edge with a locking projection extending laterally therefrom in the closed, locked position of the cover member, the locking aps being disposed intermediate the body end walls and the spaced end aps, the body side wall structure having voids extending through the end wall end flap therein, said voids being disposed intermediate the body end walls and the end llaps and spaced to receive the locking projections on the cover locking aps.

Grant Nov. 6, 1951 Argodale Apr. 27, 1954

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2573706 *Jun 21, 1946Nov 6, 1951Grant Jesse RShipping case
US2676749 *May 26, 1951Apr 27, 1954Twin Cities Container CorpPaperboard container
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2900122 *Nov 4, 1957Aug 18, 1959Steiner Donald ZCarton
US2906431 *Aug 7, 1958Sep 29, 1959Union Malleable Mfg CompanyPortable containers for pipe fittings and the like
US3057510 *May 25, 1960Oct 9, 1962Blacker William HTray to serve and hold food
US3206095 *Feb 8, 1963Sep 14, 1965Baltimore Box CompanyContainer structure
US3410475 *Jul 18, 1966Nov 12, 1968West Virginia Pulp & Paper CoContainer
US4139146 *Mar 13, 1978Feb 13, 1979Olinkraft, Inc.Shipping container
US4279374 *Nov 13, 1979Jul 21, 1981Champion International CorporationAdhesive-free tray with interlocking tabs and blank therefor
US5236122 *Sep 23, 1992Aug 17, 1993Greif Bros. CorporationPilfer proof container
US8167352 *Aug 28, 2008May 1, 2012Honda Motor Co., Ltd.Floor carpet for vehicle
US20100237642 *Aug 28, 2008Sep 23, 2010Mitsuyoshi NakamuraFloor carpet for vehicle
US20130256393 *Apr 1, 2013Oct 3, 2013Saica Pack, S.L.Packaging for conserving and transporting fresh products
Classifications
U.S. Classification229/125.31, 229/125.32, 229/174, 229/178, 229/125.28
International ClassificationB65D5/64, B65D5/20, B65D5/22
Cooperative ClassificationB65D5/22, B65D5/64
European ClassificationB65D5/64, B65D5/22