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Publication numberUS2790419 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 30, 1957
Filing dateApr 24, 1956
Priority dateApr 24, 1956
Publication numberUS 2790419 A, US 2790419A, US-A-2790419, US2790419 A, US2790419A
InventorsMichael Sullivan
Original AssigneeMichael Sullivan
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Tethering post with a freely rotatable swivel hook
US 2790419 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April so, 1957 TETHERING M. SULLIVAN 2,790,419

PosT WITH A FREELY ROTATABLE: SWIVEL HOOK Filed April 24, 1956 B Y M@ o/weys'.

United States Patent AO M ce TETHERING POST WITH A FREELY ROTATABLE i SWIVEL HOOK Michael Sullivan, Youngstown, Ohio Application April 24, 195,6, Serial No. 580,334

1o claims. (ci. 1194121) This invention relates to a tethcring device or staking means, rwhich has application in the tethering of animals in order to give them a limited range in which to move, but that will prevent movement beyond said range. An especial object of the invention is to prevent the entangling or kinking of the rope or chain that connects the animal to the post during movements of the animal `about the post as a center.

' Another important object is to reduce the cost of manufacture without reducing the advantages or the durability of tethering devices of this character, to thereby increase the volume due to decreased costs and .to thus permit sales at reduced costs. v HOther objects will appear hereinafter throughout the specification.

In the drawings:

Figure l is a perspective View of the device of one form of the invention showing a tether'ing chain connected to fthe same and to an animal;

' Figure 2 is anl enlarged side elevation of the device of Figure l, with parts in vertical section;

Figure 3 is a horizontal section taken on the line 3-3 of Figure 2;

' Figure 4 is a view, similar to Figure 2, of a second form of the invention;

Figure 5 isA a horizontal section taken on the lineA 5,--5 of Figure 4; and

Figure 6 is a view taken on the lines 6,--6 of Figure 2.

The present invention is an improvement on the, construction shown and described in4 my PatentYNo. `2,47-2,- 92,6, grantedV June 14, 1949.

In addition to structural improvementsof-the said patented deviceand others of like kir 1d 1 am ablev to reduce thecost of manufacture in the making of devicesof this invention over those of the. prior art. Usingpresent practices irinlakingA the said prior art devices, such as the device of my patent referred` to above, itfis rst necessary to assemble the parts together by anelectrical weldv ing operation, after which the units are sentby truck to aplating shop. The delay usually amountsto 'from l to 4`fweeks at this shop. Following the plating operation the Yarticles are returned-by truck'to the shop of` manufacture, then packed and shipped.

The presentinvention, however, obviates thisfloss of time inasmuch aesY the post, sleeves, disk, snap andrin'g,4 hereinafter referred to, all are received atthezshop after having been plated. It is possible to ship the device of 'this invention iinl krioekdown,A condition in, lots,V of about 200 posts,"400 sleeves, 200 snaps, 200 disks, and 200 rings, and no welding, stamping, or otherforming operations lare employed. inasmuchI as the posts and other elements refered..to aboveare shippedto the manufac-fy tutor, the box containingsaidposts need not bef opened, buttheright Aninnberof snaps, sleeves, disks andringsto go,\with the posts are plaeedein the box or similar con` tainer and forwarded to thenwholesaler. Thus it is not necessary for thel manufacturer vto perform any welding operations or, forward lparts -to a. plating compan, ,and

2,790,419 Patented Apr. 30, 1957 2 no to and .from 4the plating shop is necessary, -thereby saving .a considerable number of man hours fin .the manufacture and sa'le in the device ofV this invention.

Referring -to the drawings, particularly Figures 1-3 and Y5, the numeral 10 indicates a stake or post which may be driven into the ground. The stake is provided with a pointed end 12 and a head 14. A pair of spaced sleeves 16 and 18 which encircle the stake Aare prevented from moving upwardly by the head 14 of the stake and from downward movement by the ground engaging plate or disk 20. The latter Vis slidably held from downward movement by the fricti'onal engagement of the retaining ring. 22, which is made of spring steel and is of a slightly smaller diameter lthan the post 10 which it frictionally engages. This ring is the Waldes Truarckl retaining ring made by Waldes Kohinoor, Inc. Y

`In the lform shown in Vthese figures, I provide a snap hook 24 having a reduced portion 26 and a head 28 adjacent the reduced portion, the said head bearing on sleeves 14 and 16. A loop 30 encircles the post 10 and maintains the sleeves 16 and 18 in separated position as shown, thus providing rotating surfaces both above and below the snap hook 24, which is thus spaced above thc ground by the sleeve 18 and disk 26. Loop 30, as shown in Figure 3, has an aperture 32 for reduced portion 26 of the snap hook. The snap hook thus is swivelled to the loop 30, which latter may be freely rotated about the pin 10. To the opposite end of the snap hook is attached the restraining device which as illustrated may consist of a chain 34 that is attached at its opposite end to the collar .36 of an animal.

In the form shown in Figures 4 and 5, 3S is the post having a pointed end `40 and a head 42. The separated sleeves are` shown at 44 and 46, while 48 is the ground Plate and' 50 the retaining. ring, preferably the same type of ring as shown at 22 in Figures 2 and- 5.

A stud 52 having. a head 54 is swivel'led in aperture 56. of the retaining'loop 58. that separates' the' sleeves 44 andv 46.` The opposite.y end or" the .stud 52 is welded or otherwiseA secured to the ring 60 that` forms one end of the; chain 62, whoseA 'oppositeend, not shown; may be secured toythe collar of the tethered animal, Ring 60, forming partrof the chain, 62,.is therefore' freely swivelledl to loop 60, which.` latter freely rotatesZ aboutthe post 38.

Inf both for-ins,` off` the invention theA sleeves, retainiiig loop and ground engaging plate are heldfrom" sliding otr` they Stake. byY tlie-y retaining, ring, shown inY detail? in Figurez5.l When this ring is-releas`edby a suitable tool, and' thmstakexremoved vfrom ,the ground, theparts noted; above maybe unthreadedfrom; theV post. However', it irs-notY ordinarily desired7 to` remove'thesei parts, as the retaining ring-i'susedforthe purpose'of providinga permanent, orVV semi-permanent assembly. of: them.

The twosleeves and the swivel vforma device th'atwill" means, vsuch las forinstance, by 'welding theVV sarn'e' to the staketafter the; assemblyof thep'arts.'

The above descriptionvand.drawings 'disclose several embodimentsof the invention,Y and specific Vlanguage`has Vbeen-employed in .describing the several-igures'. It'will,V ntfverthelesa be; Yunderstood ithat .no lillitati'ons lofi the scopegofthe linvention Aare :thereby contemplated, and that viousgalterations.andmodifications -rnaybe-znade such" as Awould occur to lone skilledfinxthe art -towhiehthe invention'relatesr.

I claimt;

1. A.saneringfpostforlstakingfem, asfaninarcompfiszi ing a substantially cylindrical metal stake, said stake having a head and a pointed metal end which is adapted to be driven into the ground, a pair of elongated metal sleeves encircling said stake each constructed and adapted to be freely rotatable on said stake, one of which is adapted to engage said head, means on said stake for separating said sleeves from each other, said means including a swivel the same being rotatable about said stake, and a llexible animal restraining means engaging said means rst named.

2. A tethering post for staking out an animal comprising a substantially cylindrical metal stake, said stake having a head and a pointed metal end which is adapted to be driven into the ground, a pair of'elongated metal sleeves encircling said stake each constructed and adapted to be freely rotatable on said stake, one of which is adapted to engage said head, means on said stakeY for separating said sleeves from each other, said means including a swivel the same being rotatablctabout said stake, and a exible animal restraining means engaging said means rst named, said means first named comprising a loop encircling said stake.

3. A tethering post for staking an animal comprising a substantially cylindrical metal stake having a head at one end and a pointed end at the opposite end from said head, a pair of cylindrical rotatable sleeves surrounding said stake each constructed and adapted to be freely rotatable on said stake, one of which is in abutting engagement with said stake head, a snap hook, a retaining loop encircling said stake and separating the adjacent ends of said sleeves, swivel means connecting said snap hook to said retaining loop, and a flexible animal restraining means connected to said snap hook.

4. A tethering post for staking an animal comprising a substantially cylindrical metal stake having a head at one end and a pointed end atthe opposite end from said head, a pair of cylindrical rotatable sleeves surrounding said stake each constructed and adapted to be freely rotatable on said stake, one of which is in abutting engagement with said stake head, a snap hook, a retaining loop encircling said stake and separating the adjacent ends of said sleeves, swivel means connecting said snap hook to said retaining loop, and a flexible animal restraining means connected to said snap hook, and ground engaging plate means on said stake, said plate means being adapted to engage the ground on one of its sides and to engage one of said sleeves with its opposite side.

5. A tethering post for staking an animal comprising a substantially cylindrical metal stake having a head at one end and a pointed end at the opposite end from said head, a pair of cylindrical rotatable sleeves surrounding said stake each constructed and adapted to he freely rotatable on said stake, one of which is in abutting engagement with said stake head, a snap hook, a retaining loop encircling said stake and separating the adjacent ends of said sleeves, swivel means connecting said snap hook to said retaining loop, and a flexible animal restraining means connected to said Vsnap hook, said swivel means comprising an aperture in said retaining loop, a reduced portion on said snap hook extending through said aperture, and a head on the end of said reduced portion.

6. A tethering post for staking an animal comprising a substantially cylindrical metal stake having a head at one end and a pointed end at the opposite end from said head, a pair of Y'cylindrical rotatable sleeves surrounding said stake each constructed and adapted to be freely rotatable on said stake, one of which is in abutting engagement with said stake head, a snap hook, a retaining loop encircling said stake and separating the adjacent ends of said sleeves, swivel means connecting said snap hook, to said retaining loop, and a flexible animal restraining means connected tosaid snaphook, and ground` engaging plate means on said stake, said plate meansbeing adapted to engage the ground on one of its sides and to engage one of said sleeveswithitsfopposite side, Ysaid swivel means comprising an aperture in said retaining loop, a reduced portion on said snap hook extending through said aperture, and a head on the end of said reduced portion. v

7. A tethering post for staking an animal comprising a substantially cylindrical metal stake having a stop at one of its ends and a pointed end at the opposite end, a pair of cylindrical rotatable sleeves surrounding said stake each constructed and adapted to be freely rotatable on said stake, one of said sleeves engaging said stop, a retaining loop encircling said stake and being rotatable thereon, said loop acting as a separating means between the adjacent ends of said sleeves, a flexible animal restraining means,and swivel means Yconnecting said retaining loop and said animal restraining means.

8. A tethering post for staking an animal comprising a substantially cylindrical metal stake having a stop at one of its ends-and a pointed end at the opposite end, a pair of cylindrical rotatable sleeves surrounding said stake each constructed and adapted to be freely rotatable on said stake, one of said sleeves engaging said stop, a retaining loop encircling said stake and being rotatable 1 thereon, said loop acting as a separating means between the adjacent ends of said sleeves, a exible animal restraining means, and swivel means connecting said retaining loop and said animal restraining means, and a ground engaging plate engaging said stake and preventing sliding movements of said sleeves on said stake.

9. A tethering post for staking an animal comprising a substantially cylindrical metal stake having a stop at one of its ends and a pointed end at the opposite end,

a pair of cylindrical rotatable sleeves surrounding said stake each constructed and adapted to be freely rotatable on said stake, one of said sleeves engaging said stop, a retaining loop encircling said stake and being rotatable thereon, said loop acting as a separating means between the adjacent ends of said sleeves, a exible animal restraining means, and swivelmeans connecting said retaining loop and said animal restraining means, said swivel means comprising an aperture in said retaining loop and a reduced portion terminating in a head on said anmal restraining means, said reduced portion extending through said aperture and said head being in engagement with said sleeves.

l0. A tethering post for staking an animal comprising a substantially cylindrical metal stake having a stop at one of its ends and a pointed end at the opposite end, a pair of cylindrical rotatable sleeves surroundingV said stake each constructed and adapted to be freely rotatable on said stake,'one of said sleeves engaging said stop, a retaining loop encircling said stakeV and being rotatable thereon, said loop acting as a separating means between the adjacent ends of said sleeves, a exible animal restraining means, and swivel means connecting said retaining loop and said animal restraining means, andaV ground engaging plate engaging saidstake and preventing sliding movements of said sleeves on said stake, said swivel means comprising an aperture in said retainingVl loop and a reduced portion terminating ina head on said.

animal restraining means, said reduced portion extending Ythrough said aperture and said head being in engagement j with said sleeves.

References Cited in 'theV tile of this patentl UNITED STATES PATENTS OTHER REFERENCES l Tidy P ost Company Circular, received Feb. 2, 1949.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US249904 *Sep 28, 1881Nov 22, 1881 Tethering device
US2472926 *Dec 6, 1945Jun 14, 1949Michael SullivanTethering post
US2551540 *Apr 3, 1946May 1, 1951Johnson Eric ALeash or tether post
US2607320 *Jun 13, 1950Aug 19, 1952Ashbaugh Earl HTethering device
US2759321 *Jan 24, 1955Aug 21, 1956Harold C ForceCombined mower and mulch machine
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2941504 *Dec 16, 1957Jun 21, 1960Supowitz LeroyCanine training apparatus
US3003466 *Jan 6, 1960Oct 10, 1961Matarazzo Dominick AAutomobile pet holding device
US3658037 *Sep 28, 1970Apr 25, 1972Hunter Brian CGround-stake animal tether
US4491091 *Oct 11, 1983Jan 1, 1985Satterfield Audie LAnimal tether
US4509462 *May 17, 1984Apr 9, 1985Pickett Bobby LFor a vertical support
US4620506 *Feb 11, 1985Nov 4, 1986Stubbs Harold LRotatable animal tethering device
US4951609 *Dec 20, 1988Aug 28, 1990Bernard MiglerPole-housing device for nonhuman primates, with squeeze-back means, and catching and removal means
US5031577 *Mar 5, 1990Jul 16, 1991Flugger Ray TTangle-free tether post assembly
US5033747 *May 2, 1990Jul 23, 1991Young Dennis RGolf tee assembly with reusable golf tees
US5161487 *Sep 9, 1991Nov 10, 1992Michael H. MillerPortable animal tether device
US5337702 *Feb 25, 1993Aug 16, 1994Gribble Robert JField dog training device and method
US5957092 *Jun 26, 1997Sep 28, 1999Colsch; Charles WRotatable animal tether device
US5992435 *Oct 24, 1997Nov 30, 1999Bs&B Safety Systems, Inc.Stake assembly
US6725872 *Jan 24, 2002Apr 27, 2004Gary R. KindellStake assembly having a controller
US6820573 *Jan 31, 2003Nov 23, 2004Mcmullin John PPet carousel
US6854531 *Jun 30, 2003Feb 15, 2005Leonard Arthur JubinvillePost with integral hammer and anvil
US7730852Mar 11, 2008Jun 8, 2010Kramer Robert HPortable animal restraint and feeding station
US7866282May 5, 2006Jan 11, 2011Terence Earl SimpsonAnimal restraint apparatus and related methods
US8151736Dec 8, 2010Apr 10, 2012Terence Earl SimpsonAnimal restraint apparatus and related methods
WO1992020219A1 *May 14, 1991Nov 26, 1992Ray T FluggerTangle-free tether post assembly
Classifications
U.S. Classification119/786
International ClassificationA01K1/00, A01K1/04
Cooperative ClassificationA01K1/04
European ClassificationA01K1/04