|Publication number||US2790894 A|
|Publication date||Apr 30, 1957|
|Filing date||Jul 28, 1954|
|Priority date||Jul 28, 1954|
|Publication number||US 2790894 A, US 2790894A, US-A-2790894, US2790894 A, US2790894A|
|Inventors||Anthony E Zingone|
|Original Assignee||Neo Ray Products Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (21), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 30, 1957 A. E. ZINGONE 2,790,894
LIGHTING FIXTURE WITH swxvmy MOUNTED LIGHT socKE'r Filed July 28, 1954 Q I 6/. JNVENTOR.
25 ANTHONY E Z/NGO/VE.
37 BY s0 27 I 37 y-W 22 28 as Attorneys LIGHTIN G FIXTURE WITH SWIVELLY MOUNTED LIGHT SOCKET Anthony E. Zingone, New York,N. Y., assignor to Neo- Ray Products, Inc., New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application July 28, 1954, Serial No. 446,319
1 Claim. (Cl. 240-73) This invention relates to a lighting fixture in which the light socket is adjustable for casting a spot light in various angular directions.
The invention has particular reference to a lighting fixture in which the light socket is swivelly mounted for movement through an angle of 90 degrees in all directions throughout -a complete circular plane. The arrangement is such that the light socket can be adjusted and set in various adjusted positions to cast a spot light upon an part of a forward circular plane.
While lighting fixtures have been adjustable to cast a light in different angular directions, the same have not been capable of universal swinging for spot lighting any portion of a forward plane. In order to overcome the limited adjustability in prior constructions, the present invention comprehends the pivotal mounting of the light socket for turning movement on axes located in right angular relation and for the movement of the hood or reflector with the light socket.
Another object of the invention is to provide a mounting for one or more spot lights which are independently adjustable and arranged with two or more of the mountings adapted to be disposed in end to end interfitting relation.
Still another object of the invention is to provide a lighting fixture of said character in which the spot lights are readily adjustable to any desired position by fingertip movement thereof.
'Still another object of the invention is to provide a hood or reflector which is connected with the socket to permit of circulation of air through the base of the hood or reflector.
A further object of the invention is to swivelly mount the light socket on the cover of the lighting fixture which is removably connected with the fixture.
With the foregoing and other objects in view, reference is now being made to the following specification and accompanying drawings in which the preferrred embodiment of the invention is illustrated.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a perspective View illustrating a lighting fixture having three swivelly mounted light sockets constructed in accordance with the invention.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary plan view showing one of the light sockets with the hood and light bulb removed.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical sectional view taken approximately on line 33 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken approximately on line 44 of Fig. 3 With the hood and light bulb partly broken away.
Fig. 5 is a cross sectional view of a lighting fixture constructed in accordance with the invention and illustrating a modified form of base.
7 n Referring to the form of the invention illustrated in Figs. 1 to 4 inclusive of the drawings, the lighting fixture v of the drawings.
which is mounted one or more electric light sockets 11, three being shown in the embodiment illustrated in Fig. 1
The box 10 is of rectangular formation and includes a rear wall 12, opposite side walls 13 and .14, opposite end walls 15 and 16, and a flanged cover 17 which is secured in closed relation with the box by screws 18 afiixed to the rear wall' 12 and protruding through openings in the cover and engaged by nuts 19.
The end wall 15 is recessed inwardly from the end of the box, While the end wall 16. projects outwarly of the ends of the bottom wall and opposite side walls and the central portion of the socket protruding through the. central opening 24 in said plate. The plate 22 is provided 7 with rearwardly projecting cars 25 which are located on a diametric axis and are pivoted to a ring member 26-on pins 27. The forward edge of the ring 26 and the forward face of the plate 22 are located substantially flush with s the forward face of the cover 17 when the socket 11 is in right angular relation with the cover. The pins 27 extend through spring washers 28 located between the ears 25 and the ring 26' and which prevent too free turning of the socket on the axis defined by the pins 27.
The ring 26 is pivoted on pins 30 to the inwardly directed ears 31 of angle members 32 atfixed to the inside face of the cover 17. The ears 31 are located on a diametric axis and at right angles to the ears 25. The pins 30 protrude through spring washers 33 locatedv between the ring 26 and the ears 31 to prevent too free movement of the ring on a horizontal axis extending through the pins 30. The socket 11 together with the plate 22 may be swung through an arc of approximately ninety degrees on the axis through the pins 27 and the ring 26 together with the plate 22 and the socket 11 may be swung through an angle of approximately ninety degrees on the axis extending through the pins 30 so as to dispose the light socket in any desired angular position.
A hood or reflector 34 is provided for each socket which extends outwardly beyond the forward end of an electric light bulb 35 in each socket with the outer end of the hood or reflector 34 being substantially of cylindrical formation for directing the light rays emanating from the light bulb in the form of a spot light. The hood or reflector 34 is secured to each of the plates 22 by spaced screws 36 which extend through spacer elements 37 so as to space the inner end of the hood or reflector from the plate 22 to permit of air circulating about the inner end of the hood, and for this purpose, the hood or reflector is formed with an opening 38 which issomewhat larger than the inner end of the light bulb 35 to permit of the passage of air through the hood or reflector for ventilating the same.
The end walls 15 and 16 are provided with knockout portions 40 through which protrude the light conds 41 of the socket for connecting the same with a source of current. When the lighting fixture is provided with a plurality of light sockets, the light cords 41 may be connected together within the box 10 to connect the same in series and when two or more of the lighting fixtures are disposed in end to end relation the light cords 41 may extend into the adjacent fixtures for connecting all the lights together.
In the form of the invention illustrated in Fig. 5 of the drawings, the lighting fixture includes a base 43 which is Patented Apr. .30, 1957 in the form of anelongated box of triangular formation in-cross-sectiom Theboxisrclosedtby a cover 44 on which are swivelly mounted one or more electric light sockets 45 similar to the mounting of the sockets ,11 in the previous form of the invention; In this'form the light socket is secured toa forward plate 46 havingiin- Wardly directed ears-47"which are pivoted to-aring48'on diametric pins" 49, and in right angular relation "therewith the ring 48 is pivoted to inwardly directed ears 50" flange 58 of the wall 54. The cover 44 is similarly pro:
vided with an inturned lower edge portion 59 having a flange 60 adapted to engage over the flange 61 of thewall 53; The screws extend through the cover 44 and theinturned portion 59 thereof with the inner endsof the screws anchored in the flange -61 for removably securing the cover in position on the box.
A hood or reflector 63 similar to the hood or reflector 34, is secured to the plate by spacer elements 64 to permit of ventilation of the hoodor reflector, and two or morewof the boxes 43 are-adapted to bedisposed in interfitted longitudinal alignment similar to the box 10 in the previous form of the invention The light sockets 45 areretained against too free swinging movement on the pins 49 and 51 by means of spring washers 55 locatedbetween the ring 47-and the ears 48-on the pivot pins 49 and between the ring 47 and the ears 50-on the pins 51. The sockets 45 are independently adjustable through'an angle of approximately ninety degrees on the pins 49 and through an 4- angle of approximately ninety degrees on the pins 51 so as to set the sockets together with the lamp and hood or reflector in any desired angular relation.
The rear wall 12 of the box 10 is provided with openings 66 while the walls 53 and 54 of the box 43 are provided with openings 67 for receiving fastening means for mounting the lighting fixtures on a ceiling or wall or other supporting structure.
While the preferred embodiments of the invention have been shown and described herein, it is to be understood that the same is not so limited but shall cover and include any and all modifications thereof which fall within the purview of the invention.
What is claimed is:
In a lighting fixture, a hollow base having a forward Opening, a cover for said base having an opening therein, a light socket, a member arranged at said opening in the cover and to which the light socket is secured, said memher having an opening for inserting a light bulb in said socket, a ring member surrounding said first named memher, said cover having inwardly directed oppositely dis posed ears at said opening and said first named member having inwardly directed oppositely disposed ears located in right angular relation with the ears on the cover, said ring member being pivoted to said ears on diametric axes to permit of swinging of said socket on said axes, and spring means arranged between said ring and said ears respectively for preventing too free movement of saidsocket onsaidaxes.
References Citedin the'file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,430,354 Burdick Sept. 26, 1922 2,232,543 Logan Feb. 18, 1941 2,547,126 Kaish et al. Apr. 3, 1951 2,554,258 Lundquist May 22, 1951 FOREIGN PATENTS 462,762 Canada- Jan. 31, 1950
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|US2232543 *||Mar 3, 1938||Feb 18, 1941||Holophane Co Inc||Store lighting apparatus|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3064122 *||Oct 13, 1960||Nov 13, 1962||Reeder Jr Harry E||Night fishing device|
|US3094584 *||May 31, 1960||Jun 18, 1963||Liberman Milton||Adjustable support for electric fixtures|
|US3204090 *||Jul 11, 1962||Aug 31, 1965||Jr Charles Kvarda||Christmas light holder|
|US3287552 *||Nov 15, 1963||Nov 22, 1966||Leo C Ward||Remote controlled lighting system|
|US3319060 *||Sep 9, 1964||May 9, 1967||Bell Telephone Labor Inc||Illuminating sign|
|US3772527 *||Nov 24, 1972||Nov 13, 1973||Dual Lite Co||Self-contained emergency lighting units & adjustable swivel assemblies|
|US4238819 *||Oct 12, 1978||Dec 9, 1980||Harris Edward H||Swivel socket for lights|
|US4751627 *||May 1, 1987||Jun 14, 1988||Usher Scott D||Tubular lighting system|
|US5426572 *||Dec 1, 1993||Jun 20, 1995||International Lighting Manufacturing Company||Light fixtures|
|US5769529 *||Feb 18, 1997||Jun 23, 1998||International Lighting Manufacturing Company||Light fixture|
|US7562995||Aug 25, 2006||Jul 21, 2009||Jonathan Levine||Adjustable lighting device|
|US7591572||Apr 11, 2007||Sep 22, 2009||Levine Jonathan E||Compact lighting device|
|US7699492||Nov 27, 2007||Apr 20, 2010||Levine Jonathan E||Lighting device with clip|
|US7731386||May 24, 2008||Jun 8, 2010||Levine Jonathan E||Lighting device|
|US7967468||Jun 28, 2011||Levine Jonathan E||Adjustable lighting device|
|US8356920||Dec 12, 2007||Jan 22, 2013||Levine Jonathan E||Lighting device|
|US20080137326 *||Nov 27, 2007||Jun 12, 2008||Levine Jonathan E||Lighting device with clip|
|US20090154151 *||Dec 12, 2007||Jun 18, 2009||Levine Jonathan E||Lighting device|
|US20090243495 *||Jun 5, 2009||Oct 1, 2009||Levine Jonathan E||Adjustable lighting device|
|US20090290335 *||Nov 26, 2009||Levine Jonathan E||Lighting device|
|US20100033960 *||Feb 11, 2010||Levine Jonathan E||Lighting device|
|U.S. Classification||362/429, 285/907|
|Cooperative Classification||F21V21/30, F21S8/037, Y10S285/907|
|European Classification||F21S8/03G9, F21V21/30|