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Publication numberUS2791794 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 14, 1957
Filing dateApr 12, 1954
Priority dateApr 12, 1954
Publication numberUS 2791794 A, US 2791794A, US-A-2791794, US2791794 A, US2791794A
InventorsBurns James Reed
Original AssigneeAtwood Vacuum Machine Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Automobile door hinge
US 2791794 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

J. R. BURNS 2,791,794

AUTOMOBILE DOOR HINGE May 14, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed April 12, 1954 J. R. BURNS AUTOMOBILE DOOR HINGE May 14, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed April 12, 1954 [M12611 James .ReecZ Burns Unitd Sates AUTOMOBILE DOOR HINGE This invention relates ,to automobile door hinges, and is more particularly concerned with the provision of a novel form of hold-open device designed to serve also as an assist.

Various designs of hold-open devices have been proposed, but many are too complicated and expensive in construction and also are not practical for various rea- It is, therefore, the principal object of my invention to provide a combination hold-open and assist device of simpler and less expensive construction,;and one which is thoroughly practical and serviceable and is not apt to require any attention.

In the hinge of my invention, an elongated arm or cam, that is designed to be punched from sheet metal ,at low cost, is pivotally mounted on a rivet on one of the horizontal walls of the cage of a concealed hinge, and has a tension spring connected therewith ,urginggthe cam in a direction for abutment with an anti friction roller carried on a pin projecting from the edge of the gooseneck portion of the inner member of the hinge, sothat the cam is oscillated in a predetermined relationship to the opening of the door, and, partly because of the spring pressure active thereon and partly because of the profile on the cam, will exert a predetermined assist and holdopen action. The cam is slotted to define two portions and has the profiled portion thereof on one side of the slot and in one plane in downwardly offset parallel relation to another portion on the other side of the slot, and the roller is arranged to ride onto the profiled portion only in the last 20 or so of the approximately 90 range of opening movement of the door so that the door is operable both ways with entire freedom and no restraint whatever in the usual range of door movement, 'to assist and hold-open action being obtained only when the door is swung all the way open. By special forming of the outermost portion of the profiled portion, a checking or cushioning action is also derived that-is beneficial especially when the door is thrown open more or less violently. That portion of the cam on the other side of the slot from the profiled portion is shaped to overlie the roller in all positions of the door, whereby to serve as a retainer for the roller preventing displacement thereof off the pin.

The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which- Figs. 1 and 2 are plan views of an automobile door hinge made in accordance with my invention, the hinge being shown in open position in Fig. 1 and in closed position in Fig. 2;

Figs. 3 and 4 are side views of'Figs. l and 2, respectively, which serve to better illustrate the construction, the spring being omitted in these views, and

Figs. 5 and 6 are two views of the cam on an enlarged scale.

The same reference numerals are applied to corresponding parts in these six views.

Referring to the drawings, the automobile door hinge shown is of the well known concealed type, similar, for example, to that shown in the Harmon et al. Patent 2,322,933, issued June 29, 1 943. 'lt comprises an outer Sheet metal cage .memberS adapted to be mounted by atent-Q 2,791 ,7-9'4 Patented May 14, 1957 means of -.its attaching flanges 6 onthe door pillar onthe body, .and :a gooseneck-shaped inner member 8 mounted on the door by means of its attaching end portion 9. The outer cage member 5 is formed from sheet metal to a generally U-shaped cross-section so as to provide opposed, substantially parallel, horizontally extending walls 10 and 11, connected by a substantially vertical wall 12. The horizontal walls 10 and 11 have embossed portions 13 forming supports for the pintle 14, which is received in a bearing hole 15 provided therefor in the enlarged end portion 16 of the inner hinge member 8. A plate 17 is welded onto flanges 6 of the cage 5 and serves as a brace for the cage besides providing a stop 18 for engagement by the inner hinge member 8 positively to limit opening of the door fastened to said inner hinge member.

In accordance-with my invention, an elongated arm -or cam20, :whichcan be punched from sheet metal at low cost, but is preferably hardened by heat treatment to reduce wear to a minimum, is disposed in the space between the upper wall 10 of the outer hinge member and the upper edge of the inner hinge member 8, as clearly appears in Figs. 3 and 4, and is pivoted at one end on a rivet-21enteredthroughregistering holes 22 and 23 provided in the arm Ztl-and upper wall 10, respectively, a coiled tension spring 24, which is attached at one end 25 to the cage-5 and at its other end 26 to :1 lug 27 on the free end of the arm 20, being provided to urge the arm to move always in a clockwise direction, as viewed in Figs. 1 and 2, into abutment with a roller 28 rotatablemountedona pin '29 projecting from the edge of the gooseneck portion of the inner hinge member 8, so that the cam 20 gives a hold-open action, as well as an assist action. The cam 20-is slotted lengthwise at the middle as shown at 30 to define two portions 31 and 32 on opposite sides of the slot. Portion 31 has the major portion thereof offset downwardly relative to portion 32 in a plane parallel thereto so as to lie in the plane of operationofroller 28, and the inner edge of portion 31 is profiled to provide a cam track for roller 28 consisting of a straight edge 33 terminating at its outer end portion in a depression 34 with a rise 35 at the extremity. The portion 32 is above the plane of operation of roller 28 and overlies the anti-friction roller 28 throughout the range of door movement, so as to serve as a retainer for said roller preventing displacement thereof from the pin 29. Portion 32 has on its one side a triangular shaped extension, the apex portion 36 of which overlies the roller in the fully closed position of the door, as seen in Fig. 2, and it has on its opposite side another triangular shaped extension, the apex portion 37 of which overlies the roller in the fully opened position of the door, as seen in Fig. 1.

In operation, it should be clear-from the foregoing de scription that the door carried by the inner hinge member 8 is swingable freely through an angle of about 60", as indicated by angle a in Fig. 2, because roller 28 does not encounter the cam track surface 33 until the door is swung nearly all the way open. It is actually only in the final 20 or so of door opening movement, as indicated by angle b in Fig. 1, that the roller 28 operates on the profiled portion 31 of the'cam 20, said roller riding on thestraight edge 33 firstto stretch the spring 24 a predetermined amount and then riding down the inclined inner side of the depression 34 to give the door an assist to its extreme open position and then hold the door open with the roller 28 engaged in the depression 34, as shown in Fig. 1. Inasmuch as a 60 or so opening movement of the door is more than enough to enable the driver to get into or out of the car it follows that most door operations will fall in the category of angle a, and

that the combination assist and hold-open action affordthere is also less strain upon the hinges. In all positions of the door, the portion 32 of the cam 20 overlies the roller 28 and prevents displacementthereof from pin 29.

It is believed the foregoing description conveys a good understanding of the objects and advantages of my invention. The appended claims have been drawn to cover all legitimate modifications and adaptations.

I claim:

1. In combination, a hinge comprising a generally U- shaped outer cage member, and an inner member having a a gooseneck-shaped end portion pivoted on a pintle disposed substantially at right angles to and supported on I the arms of the U-shaped member, the gooseneck portion of said inner member having substantially parallel top and bottom edges, there being a space left between one of said edges of the gooseneck portion and an adjacent arm of the outer member, said hinge members being movable relative to one another through approximately ninety degrees, an elongated arm pivoted at one end on one arm of the outer member and oscillatable in said space in a plane approximately parallel to the V aforesaid edge of the gooseneck portion and adjacent arm of the outer member, a roller mounted with freedom for axial and rotary movement on a cylindrical portion of a pin projecting from the aforesaid edge of the gooseneck portion, said arm having a slot provided therein lengthwise thereof and providing on one side of the slot a cam shaped portion in one plane parallel to the aforesaid edge of the gooseneck portion for engagement by said roller in one portion of the opening movement of the hinge to provide a hold-open action for the inner member in an open position thereof, and said arm providing on the other side of the slot another portion in another plane parallel to the cam-shaped portion and arranged to lie between the outer end of the roller and the adjacent arm of the outer member to prevent displacement of the roller from the pin, and spring means urging said arm toward engagement with said roller.

2. in combination, a hinge comprising a generally U- shaped outer cage member, and an inner member having a gooseneck-shaped end portion pivoted on a pintle disposed substantially at right angles to and supported on the arms of the U-shaped member, the gooseneck portion of said inner member having substantially parallel top and bottom edges, there being a space left between one of said edges of the gooseneek portion and an adjacent arm of the outer member, said hinge members being movable relative to one another through approximately ninety degrees, an elongated arm pivoted at one end on one arm of the outer member and oscillatable in said space in a plane approximately parallel to the aforesaid edge of the gooseneck portion and adjacent arm of the outer member, a roller mounted with freedom for axial and rotary movement on a cylindrical portion of a pin projecting from the aforesaid edge of the gooseneck portion, said arm having a portion disposed in one plane parallel to the aforesaid edge of the gooseneck portion of the inner member engaged by said roller in one portion of the opening movement of the hinge to provide a holdopen action for the inner member in an open position thereof, said arm having another portion in another plane parallel to its first mentioned portion arranged to lie between the outer end of the roller and the adjacent arm of the outer member to prevent displacement of the roller from the pin, and spring means urging said arm toward engagement with said roller.

3. In combination, a hinge comprising a generally U- shaped outer cage member, and an inner member having a gooseneck-shaped end portion pivoted on a pintle disposed substantially at right angles to and supported on the arms of the U-shaped member, the gooseneck portion of said inner member having substantially parallel top and bottom edges, there beingia space left between one of said edges of the gooseneck portion and an adjacent arm of the outer member, said hinge members being movable relative to one another through approximately ninety degrees, an elongated arm pivoted at one end on one arm of the outer member and oscillatable in said space in a plane approximately parallel to the aforesaid edge of the gooseneck portion and adjacent arm of the outer member, a roller mounted with freedom for axial and rotary movement on a cylindrical portion of a pin projecting from the aforesaid edge of the gooseneck portion, said arm having a slot provided therein lengthwise thereof and providing on one side of the slot a cam shaped portion in one plane parallel to the aforesaid edge of the gooseneck portion for engagement by said roller in one portion of the opening movement of the hinge to provide a hold-open action for the inner member in an open position thereof, and said arm providing on the other side of the slot another portion in another plane parallel to the cam-shaped portion and arranged to lie between the outer end of the roller and the adjacent arm of the outer member to prevent displacement of the roller from the pin, and spring means urging said arm toward engagement with said roller, said cam-shaped portion of said arm including a depression to receive the roller for a hold-open action and also including on one side of said depression an inclined surface engaged by said roller for an assist action in the door closing movement.

4. In combination, a hinge comprising a generally U- shaped outer cage member, and an inner member having a gooseneck-shaped end portion pivoted on a pintle disposed substantially at right angles to and supported on the arms of the U-shaped member, the gooseneck portion of said inner member having substantially parallel top and bottom edges, there being a space left between one of said edges of the gooseneck portion and an adjacent arm of the outer member, said hinge members being movable relative to one another through approximately ninety degrees, an elongated arm pivoted at one end on one arm of the outer member and oscillatable in said space in a plane approximately parallel to the aforesaid edge of the gooseneck portion and adjacent arm of the outer member, a roller mounted with freedom for axial and rotary movement on a cylindrical portion of a pin projecting from the aforesaid edge of the gooseneck portion, said arm having a portion disposed in one plane parallel to the aforesaid edge of the gooseneck portion of the inner member engaged by said roller in one portion of the opening movement of the hinge to provide a hold-open action for the inner member in an open position thereof, said arm having another portion in another plane parallel to its first mentioned portion arranged to lie between the outer end of the roller and the adjacent arm of the outer member to prevent displacement of the roller from the pin, and spring means urging said arm toward engagement with said roller, the first mentioned portion of said arm including a depression to receive the roller for a hold-open action and also including on one side of said depression an inclined surface engaged by said roller for an assist action in the door closing movement.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,357,655 Sandell Nov. 2, 1920 1,694,764 Beringer Dec. 11, 1926 2,314,416 Muldoon Mar. 23, 1943 2,354,789 Atwood Aug. 1, 1944 2,388,021 Thomas Oct. 30, 1945

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1357655 *Apr 29, 1920Nov 2, 1920Herbert S MillsCabinet-top-lifting device
US1694764 *Jan 23, 1925Dec 11, 1928Gen Motors CorpCowl ventilator
US2314416 *Apr 2, 1942Mar 23, 1943Ternstedt Mfg CoDoor-hold-open device
US2354789 *Aug 26, 1940Aug 1, 1944Atwood Vacuum Machine CoAutomobile door hinge
US2388021 *Mar 13, 1944Oct 30, 1945John J ThomasHinge construction
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3010143 *Nov 13, 1958Nov 28, 1961Gen Motors CorpDoor hinge with hold-open device
US3080602 *Oct 10, 1960Mar 12, 1963Gen Motors CorpDoor hinge assembly
US7596831 *Apr 6, 2006Oct 6, 2009Chrysler Group LlcAutomotive door hinge
WO2014062971A1 *Oct 17, 2013Apr 24, 2014Hartwell CorporationLocking hinge with spherical bearing assemblies
Classifications
U.S. Classification16/333
International ClassificationE05F1/12
Cooperative ClassificationE05F1/1269, E05Y2900/531
European ClassificationE05F1/12D4