|Publication number||US2792612 A|
|Publication date||May 21, 1957|
|Filing date||Aug 7, 1953|
|Priority date||Aug 7, 1953|
|Publication number||US 2792612 A, US 2792612A, US-A-2792612, US2792612 A, US2792612A|
|Inventors||Wickliffe Edward M|
|Original Assignee||Wickliffe Edward M|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (11), Referenced by (8), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
y 21, 1957 E. M. WICKLIFFE 2,792,612
CLAMP Filed Aug. 7, 1953 INVENTOR EDWARD M W/CKL/FF E ATTORNEY United States Patent 07 This invention relates broadly to fastening devices and more particularly to a clamp which is especially adaptable to securing articles to members of circular cross section.
According to my invention, a substantially rigid arcuate frame element of substantial length is employed to confine articles such as wide sheet material beneath the free edges thereof. It is important in carrying out my invention that the inside diameter of the substantially rigid arcuate frame element be somewhat less than the outside diameter of the circular member with which it is to be used so that only the free edges of the arcuate element contact the article to be clamped to the circular member. Resilient means, preferably in the form of leaf springs, are carried by at least one of the free edges and are adapted to extend for a substantial distance around the member to which it is desired that they be clampingly or resiliently engaged. It is to be noted that the above described structure makes it possible that a clamping action of great force be exerted by the free edges of the frame element, since the total resilient force of the resilient means is concentrated at the free edges.
My invention has particular application in connection with what are commercially known as Deca Poles. A Deca Pole is a collapsable decorating device having a number of mating sections which, when they are joined form a pole which is adjustable in length according to the number of sections used. A spring biased plunger is provided at one end of the pole, and when the pole is placed between two opposed surfaces such as a floor and a ceiling, the plunger will bear resiliently against one of the surfaces to resiliently secure the pole therebetween. It is a primary function of these poles to act as a support for decorating paper backgrounds and the like. Heretofore, there has been considerable difiiculty experienced by decorators in attaching articles such as decorating paper, wire, string, rope and the like. It will be observed, therefore, that a clamp such as described above can be very advantageously employed in this connection.
Accordingly it is an object of my invention to provide a simple clamp for quickly and securely fastening articles such as decorating paper and the like to cylindrical members such as Decca Poles. Essentially, the clamp cornprises an arcuate element having a pair of parallel edges and resilient means associated with at least one of the edges to engage the cylindrical member and to resiliently urge edges toward said cylindrical member so that articles may be securely clamped thereunder by virtue of the strong clamping action exerted at the edges of the arcuate element.
Another object of my invention is to provide a clamp capable of exerting a concentrated pressure along two longitudnial lines which are spaced around the circumference of a circular member so that this pressure acts at two different angles to the force tending to dislodge an article confined thereunder. This double clamping action greatly enhances the effectiveness of the individual clamping actions. This is accomplished by providing an arcuate substantially rigid frame of substantial length 2,792,612 a e ted- M y ..1..95.7
presenting a pair of gripping edge portions and resilient means carried by at least one of the free edgesffor resiliently engaging the circular member and for urging the edge portions toward the circular member.
While some of the objects have been stated above, other objects will become apparent to those skilled in the art of fastening when the specification is read in connection with the accompanying drawings in which: 7
Fig. 1 is a front elevation showing a Deca Pole and my improved clamp being employed therewith,
Fig. 2 is a perspective view showing the clamp about to be positioned to confine a piece of decorating paper of substantial width to a section of a Deca Pole,. and
Fig. 3 is an end view showing my improved clamp in engagement with a section of a Deca Pole.
Referring most specifically to the drawings, the numeral 10 broadly designates a Deca Pole which is being held in resilient engagement between twosurfaces such as the ceiling and the floor of a show window. The ,fDeca Pole is composed of a number of identical hollow sections 12 having an enlarged inside diameter at the top as indicated at 14 and having a smaller outside diameter at the bottom as indicated at 16. It is to be noted, therefore, that any number of sections may be employed in order to vary the length of the rod and that each section is adapted to mate with the next succeeding section. A plunger 18 is shown slidably carried in the cut out or enlarged portion 14 at the top of the Deca Pole.. A spring 29 is confined beneath the plunger 18 and normally urges the same upwardly in Fig. 1 so as to resiliently bear against the ceiling 22. A stopper like element 14, which is preferably made of rubber, is provided at the bottom of the pole for the purpose of preventing the marring of the opposed surface such as the floor 25.
Fig. 1 shows my clamp, broadly designated at 30, confining a piece of decorating paper 32 therebeneath. The clamp 30 consists of an arcuate element of substantial rigidity, indicated at 34. A pair of resilient members, preferably leaf springs, 36 are shown suitably secured as by rivets 38 adjacent one of the free edges 40 of the frame element 34. It is to be understood that any suitable means of securing the resilient member 36, such as by welding or brazing to the frame 34 would be equally satisfactory. If desired, the resilient member 36 could be integral with the arcuate member 34. further understood that additional resilient elements could be provided adjacent the other free edge 42, if desired, without impairing the efficiency of clamp. It will be noted particularly by reference to Figs. 2 and 3, that the leaf springs 36 project forwardly and slightly inwardly of the frame '34 so that the entire clamp must be forced over the section 12 in order to overcome the resiliency of the springs 36.
Fig. 3 shows, in greater detail, that the resilient member 36 should be of sufiicient length to extend for a substantial distance around the circular section 12. It will also be noted that a slightly up turned edge 44 is provided at the free end of the resilient member 36 so as to facilitate its passage around the cylindrical member 12 during the application of the clamp.
It is important to note that a space 45 remains between the frame element 34 and the cylindrical member 12. This space results due to the fact that the inside diameter is somewhat less than the outside diameter of the member on which the clamp is to be used. The entire resilient force exerted by the leaf spring member 36 is therefore concentrated at the free edges 4%) and 42 of the arcuate frame element 34 and is transferred therefrom to the cylindrical member or to the article to be confined thereunder. This provides for a substantial amount of gripping action and when an article such as decorating paper It is to be- 32 is secured under the clamp 30 both of the free edges 40 and.42 act with great force to confine the same thereunder. It is clear that such a gripping action, exerted along two spaced longitudinal lines of substantial length, make it virtually impossible to pull the paper loose.
It is seen, therefore, that I have provided-asim le and novel clamp, consisting of a single unit, which may be adapted to a variety of uses in connection with the effective securing of articles to circular members, by virtue of its extraordinary clamping action.
While my invention has been described in detail using specific terms, they are used in a descriptive sense only and are not intended as limitations, and it is to be understood that various modifications may be made which fall within the spirit and scope of the appended claim.
I claim as my invention:
A clamp for attaching web-like articles to a cylindrical member comprising an arcuate substantially rigid frame of substantial length presenting a pair of elongated edge portions, said frame being substantially semi-circular in cross section, the inside diameter of said frame being slightly smaller than the outside diameter of the cylindrical member and said edge portions being in parallel relationship with each other, and at least one leaf spring carried by at least one of the edges of the frame and projecting beyond said edge for a substantial distance around said cylindrical member so that the entire clamp extends substantially more than one-half way around the cylindrical member in such a manner that the clamp must be forced around the cylindrical member to overcome the resiliency of the leaf spring, whereby said edge portions will be urged toward said cylindrical member to confine said web-like articles between the edges of said clamp and the cylindrical member.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 265,688 Marsh Oct. 10, 1882 296,299 Swan Apr. 1, 1884 564,573 Hartshorn July 21, 1896 612,199 Gardner Oct. 11, 1898 645,543 Birch Mar. 20, 1900 673,091 Shepard Apr. 30, 1901 1,099,034 Girard June 2, 1914 1,615,827 Bristow Feb. 1, 1927 1,632,459 Van Valkenburgh June 14, 1927 2,216,886 Langelier Oct. 8, 1940 2,435,561 Spinner Feb. 3, 1948
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US265688 *||Jun 5, 1882||Oct 10, 1882||Attaching window-shades to rollers|
|US296299 *||Apr 1, 1884||Curtain-fixture|
|US564573 *||Sep 26, 1895||Jul 21, 1896||Shade-attaching device|
|US612199 *||Dec 4, 1897||Oct 11, 1898||Island|
|US645543 *||Oct 14, 1899||Mar 20, 1900||Phoenix Mfg Company||Telescopic supporter for curtains, draperies, display-cards, &c.|
|US673091 *||Feb 5, 1900||Apr 30, 1901||Wyckoff Seamans & Benedict||Ribbon-winding device.|
|US1099034 *||Jan 3, 1913||Jun 2, 1914||Arthur A Girard||Curtain-holder.|
|US1615827 *||Dec 4, 1925||Feb 1, 1927||Charles Bristow||Paper-securing clip|
|US1632459 *||Jul 3, 1925||Jun 14, 1927||Irvingpitt Mfg Company||Loose-leaf holder|
|US2216886 *||Jul 31, 1939||Oct 8, 1940||Wilfred F Langelier||Holder|
|US2435561 *||Dec 16, 1942||Feb 3, 1948||Plastic Binding Corp||Binder rings and method of making same|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3094358 *||Mar 31, 1959||Jun 18, 1963||Bunting Company Inc||Separator means for webbing|
|US4149352 *||Jul 10, 1978||Apr 17, 1979||Allen David L||Modular panel apparatus|
|US4561617 *||Jul 6, 1984||Dec 31, 1985||Hafner William E||Support device for displaying objects|
|US4863156 *||Mar 22, 1988||Sep 5, 1989||Weslo, Inc.||Trampoline suspension system|
|US5448291 *||Jun 30, 1993||Sep 5, 1995||Wickline; Dennis E.||Live video theater and method of presenting the same utilizing multiple cameras and monitors|
|US8302652 *||May 1, 2008||Nov 6, 2012||The Original Shutter Cover Company Ltd.||Decorative shutter cover kit|
|US20080271855 *||May 1, 2008||Nov 6, 2008||The Original Shutter Cover Company Ltd.||Decorative shutter cover kit|
|EP2853190A1 *||Sep 13, 2012||Apr 1, 2015||Covidien LP||Operative element support structure and method|
|U.S. Classification||24/530, 211/89.1, 211/105.5, 248/200.1, 160/402, 24/339|
|International Classification||F16B2/02, F16B2/06|