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Publication numberUS2793361 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 21, 1957
Filing dateJun 18, 1954
Priority dateJun 18, 1954
Publication numberUS 2793361 A, US 2793361A, US-A-2793361, US2793361 A, US2793361A
InventorsCarroll T White
Original AssigneeCarroll T White
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Cross-polarized lighting technique for improving operation of cathode-ray tube displays
US 2793361 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

XR 297%39333'1 May 21, 1957 c. T. WHITE 2,793,361


INVENTOR. CARROLL 7'. WH/ TE BY M ){7 .4 14.4.


Application June 18, 1954, Serial No. 437,900

4 Claims. (Cl. 340369) (Granted under Title 35, U. S. Code (1952), see. 266) The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes without the payment of any royalties thereon or therefor.

This invention relates to an improved lighting technique for cathode-tube displays and more particularly to a lighting technique involving the use of cross polarization to permit illumination in the working area around a cathoderay tube display without decreasing the visibility of the display itself. Light intensity of over 0.5 foot-candles on the face of the scope will reduce the visual detectability of information on the scope by about 5 db, which would seriously elfect early detection.

Previous approaches to this problem have involved monochromatic lighting used in conjunction with filters on the tube faces which do not pass the light used in the area. Other methods cancel out colors in the areas involved (thereby eliminating color-coding), and usually demand highly specialized lighting fixtures. The use of colored light is not very good for most practical applications.

The practice of this invention in radar installations would mean that all maintenance operations can be performed in a better lighted area, resulting in more efiicient performance, without the additional lighting interfering with the functioning of the cathode-ray tube display.

An object of the present invention is the provision of an improved lighting technique for illuminating the working area around a cathode-ray tube display.

Another object is to provide for the illumination of the surrounding area without impairing the visibility of information on the screen of a cathode-ray tube.

Another object of the present invention is to provide for the illumination of the working area around a cathode-ray tube display Without the use of highly specialized lighting fixtures.

Still another object of the present invention is to provide for the illumination of the area around a cathoderay tube display without alteration or modification of the display.

A further object of the present invention is the provision of illumination of the area surrounding a cathode-ray tube display to minimize the contrast of light intensity between the light emitted from the tube and the light in the surrounding area.

Other objects and many of the attendant advantages of this invention will be readily appreciated as the same becomes better understood by reference to the following detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein:

Fig. 1 shows the working area around a cathode-ray tube display; and

Fig. 2 shows a diagram of the polaroid lens over the tube display and a lamp lighting the area around it.

Referring now to the drawings, wherein like reference characters designate like or corresponding parts throughout the several views, there is shown in Fig. 1 the working area surrounding a cathode-ray tube display, such as may 'be found in a sonar or radar installation. The displays 11 are placed at a convenient height above the floor 12 on a bench 13 such that the display pictures 14 may be viewed easily by an operator. In observing intelligence on the display the operator usually adjusts one or more of dials 16 and either he or a second person makes reports and/ or records observations on the bench top 17 in near proximity to the displays 11.

To avoid working in total darkness or in dimly lighted areas which results in eye-strain and inefiiciency in operation, glow lamps 18 are placed along the floor 12 and a conventional reading lamp 19 is placed near the writing area 17. A Polaroid filter 21 is mounted over the display screen and a polarized light source 22 illuminates the dials 16.

Referring now to Fig. 2, the polarized light source 22 consists of a light 23 preferably mounted as illustrated or by any other suitable means positioning light 23 outside the field of view of the screen 25 of the tube 26 and directing light on the display. The light 23 is covered by a plane-polarizing filter 24 placed in such a position that the display and its immediate surroundings are illuminated. The plane Polaroid filter 21 is placed over the face or screen 25 of the cathode-ray display tube 26 at right angles to the plane of polarization of the light source 22, blocking out light from the light source 22 on the face of tube 26. Filter 21 also partially filters out the reflected indirect light from lamps 18 and 19. Thus, the operator sees the light polarized in one plane by filter 21 and emitted from the tube 26 and sees the surrounding area lighted by a source of light polarized in another plane by filter 24 and emitted from light 23. Therefore, light from source 22 does not brighten the face 25 from which the light and information is emitted from tube 26 of the display 11. As a consequence, there is no light interference between the light emitted from tube 26 and the light emitted from source 22. However, light from source 22 does illuminate the area surrounding the face of tube 26. In this manner any task requiring light (reading, writing, repair, adjustment, etc.) can be accomplished in the presence of the cathode-ray tube display with a minimum of interference with the effectiveness of that display.

In application to television viewing especially, the brightness level of the area surrounding the set can be raised to about the degree of brightness of the picture itself, thus eliminating the marked brightness differences which tend to produce eye-strain from prolonged viewing.

While the preferred embodiment of the present invention has been shown in its simplest form, modifications may be incorporated as desired to suit the needs of any particular installation. For example, either filter 21 or 24 may be made rotatable, if a non-electronic contrast control device is desired. The only limitation as to placement of the light source relative to the display tube is that specular reflections from the display filter must be avoided. In most cases the light source can be attached to the display itself, but some installations may require attachment of the light to an overhead, or some other means.

Obviously many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in the light of the above teachings. It is therefore to be understood that within the scope of the appended claims the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described.

What is claimed is:

1. In a cathode-ray display system of the character disclosed, the combination of a cathode-ray display tube, means for lighting the area surrounding the tube, means for directing said light toward said tube, means disposed outside the field of view of said tube for polarizing said ice over the face of the tube an'dbr ieii ted with theplane ob light polarization thereof at right angles to said plane of polarization of said directed light whereby the directed light is prevented from interfering with the light emitted from the face of the tube while illuminating the area thereabout.

2. A system as in claim 1 comprising a second Polaroid filter included in said polarizing means and rotatable relative to said first named filter to provide a non-electronic contrast control for said tube.

3. Apparatus for illuminating the area surrounding a cathode-ray tube display without minimizing the detection of information on the display comprising, in combination, lighting means disposed outside the field of view of said tube for directly lighting the front of said display, a first fi lter'over said lighting means for filtering the light waves emitting from said lighting means in one plane, and a second filter covering the picture tube of said display for filtering light waves emitted from said lighting means in a different plane.

4. The apparatus of claim 3 in which at least one of said first and second filters is rotatable with respect to the other.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2200300 *Aug 4, 1937May 14, 1940John M RoperReflection elimination device
US2436847 *Jul 29, 1943Mar 2, 1948Int Standard Electric CorpCathode-ray tube and visual indicating system for apparatus including cathode-ray tube
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3277240 *Nov 12, 1963Oct 4, 1966Beattie Coleman IncFilter means for camera-oscilloscope assembly
US3576356 *Jan 14, 1969Apr 27, 1971IbmAntiglare coating for cathode-ray tube used with capacitive coupled voltage pen
US3828127 *May 9, 1973Aug 6, 1974Weston Instruments IncDisplay device with ambient light graticule illuminator
US4808978 *Nov 4, 1985Feb 28, 1989SintraDisplay system comprising a transparent emissive screen
US5444570 *Sep 23, 1994Aug 22, 1995Kuraray Co., Ltd.Polarizing screen
US7234817Jul 2, 2004Jun 26, 2007Nitto Denko CorporationLiquid crystal projection system
DE1060039B *Nov 7, 1957Jun 25, 1959Schenck Gmbh CarlAus mehreren Kathodenstrahloszillographen zusammengesetzte Messeinrichtung
U.S. Classification348/834, 348/E05.136, 362/19, 348/835, 359/488.1, 359/487.1, 359/490.2
International ClassificationH04N5/72, G01R13/20, G02B27/28
Cooperative ClassificationG01R13/202, H04N5/72, G02B27/281
European ClassificationG01R13/20B, H04N5/72, G02B27/28A