|Publication number||US2794277 A|
|Publication date||Jun 4, 1957|
|Filing date||Jan 6, 1955|
|Priority date||Jan 6, 1955|
|Publication number||US 2794277 A, US 2794277A, US-A-2794277, US2794277 A, US2794277A|
|Inventors||Dryden Horace W|
|Original Assignee||Dryden Horace W|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (9), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 4, 1957 H. w. DRYDEN ALL-PLASTIC MARKER FOR ANIMAL Filed Jan. 6, 1955 INVENTOR.
HORACE W. D YDE'N ATTORIVE Y United States Patent 2,794,277 ALL-PLASTIC MARKER FOR ANIMAL Horace W. Dryden, Modesto, Calif. Application January ,6, 1955, Serial No. 480,233 1 Claim. (Cl. 40-3) This invention relates to an improved marker for fowls and presents for the first time a completely unitary onepiece, all-plastic wing marker.
The broad problem of marking fowls has been solved in recent years by my recent introduction of a badge adapted to be. positioned on or around the fowls wing. In my Patent No. 2,594,623 the wing badge comprised a hollow plastic housing, on the rear side of which a special type of metal pin was affixed. This particular badge was adapted to be secured through an incision in the fowls wing. A subsequent improvement was presented in my Patent 2,654,169 where a broad aluminum baud replaced the narrow pin, thereby spreading the area of contact and preventing damage to the fowls wing. In my Patent 2,637,922 the aluminum strip was arranged perpendicularly to the badge, and with this structure it became practical for the first time to pass the strip around the wing instead of through an incision. An improved clasp for this badge was described in my Patent 2,675,594. These badges have been widely used throughout the world and have worked a revolution in the art of marking fowls.
However, there remained certain problems which heretofore seemed to be incapable of solution, but which the present invention has solved. In the first place, the metal band necessarily had sharp edges that tended to chafe the fowls wing. In the second place, since the aluminum band and plastic badge were two separate pieces, they had to be assembled together, and this as sembly added to the cost of the marker. In the third place, the staples that held the badge together sometimes came loose, and the badge would then fall apart.
In the fourth place, the devices of my aforementioned patents could be properly attached only with the aid of long-nose or electrical pliers or other instruments. The very fact that the tools had to be picked up and set down reduced the speed with which the markers could be applied to the fowls, but heretofore tools were always necessary if the badge was to be locked tight so that it would not fall off at some subsequent time. In trapnesn'ng it is essential that none of the badges fall oflf, because then the identity of the fowl is lost, and a year or more of data may become useless. When tools were not used or were not used correctly, the badges sometimes were worked loose by the chicken and dropped olf.
In the fifth place, when the aluminum band of the prior wing badges was properly clamped in position, it could not be removed from the fowl except by severing the band or by breaking the clasp or by severing the fowls wing. Therefore, the badges could almost never be reused.
In the sixth place, the numbers appearing on the face badges were sometimes obscured by the feathers of the fowl, so that they could not be read except by picking up the bird and pushing the obscuring feathers out of the way.
All these and other problems have been solved by the novel one-piece plastic badge of the present invention, in which the entire badge, including the strap and Patented June 4, 1957 clasp, is molded at one time. The plastic strap has a novel type ofclasp which cannot accidentally be pulled loose or shaken apart by the bird, but which a man can quickly unclasp. These and other structural features described herein, enable the invention to accomplish its objects of preventing badges from becoming lost off the fowls wing, increasing the readability of the numbers on the badge, reducing the tendency of the badge to injure the fowl, reduce production expenses, and provide an unbreakable and re-usable badge.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will appear in the followingv description of a preferred form of the invention presented in accordance with 35 U. S. C.
In the drawings:
Fig. l is a view in perspective of a badge embodying the principles of the present invention looking at the front of the badge. In this view the clasp is shown in its fastened position.
Fig. 2 is a view in perspec 've of the badge looking from the rear and with the claspunfastened.
Fig. 3 is a view in rear elevation of the badge with the clasp fastened.
Fig. 4 is a view taken in section along the line 4-4 of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary view in rear elevation showing the clasp in its unfastened position.
Fig. 6 is a view in section taken along the line 6-6 in Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is a view similar to Fig. 5 with the clasp shown in its closed position.
Fig. 8 is a view in section taken along the line 8--8 in Fig. 7. v
Fig. 9 is a view in elevation showing the appearance of the badge on the wing of a chicken.
The badge 10 comprises a unitary integnal member molded from plastic in a single operation. A permanently colored, extremely durable plastic is used, preferably a very high grade of tough cellulose acetate butyrate, sold under the trade-mark Tenite by Tennessee- Eastman Co. Its flat body portion 11 bears identifying insignia or indicia 12 on its front surface 13, and its broad strap portions 14 and 15 are integral with the body 11. The straps 14, 15 extend rearwardly from the lower half of the side. edges 16 and 17 of the body 11, lying generally perpendicular to the body 11 at the points of juncture. Relatively extensive areas 18, 19 of contact With the body 11 strengthen this connection, and an additional reinforcement is provided by a ledge 20 that extends out perpendicularly to the rear face 21 of the body 11, along the bottom edge thereof and joins and is integral with the straps 14, 15 at each end. This ledge 20 also performs the important function of helping to maintain the badge 10 in an erect position on the fowls wing 22 (see Fig. 9), so that the badge 10 does not fall forward or back into a position where it becomes difficult to read.
The indicia 12 comprise numbers, letters, or other symbols applied by permanent ink to the front surface 13 of the badge body 11. These indicia are located well toward the upper edge 23 of the body 11 and extend mainly above the center line of the body 11 so that the entire indicia lie in the upper two-thirds of the body 11. The lower third is blank. This solved the problem caused where the badge became partially covered by feathers, because now feathers cannot obscure the indicia 12 because of their location.
The strap portions 14 and 15 are flexible and somewhat elastic, so that they tend to resume the curved shape in which they are molded, even after they have been bent in or out. The plastic is so strong that there is no danger of breakage from this bending or from use after whose leng hwise sides 31 badge goes around the 'the badge has been installed. The tendency to resume shape actually aids in keeping the strap 14, 15 at all times properly spaced around the chickens wing and in the proper relation to the body 11,0f the badge. 10. a
An important feature ,of ,theinvention is the self-locking releasable clasp by which the strap 14, 15 ,is locked together. The clasp is located near the two ends 25, 26 of the strap portions 14 and 15. One strap portion 14 is provided with a generally rectangular opening 30, are preferably vertical (see Figs. 6 and 8) and whose end sides 32 preferably slope inwardly from :the top to the bottom (see Figs; and 7). A locking tab or stud 33 on the other clasp portion 15 is inserted into the rectangular opening 30. The stud 33 is generally rectangular in shape with'its lengthwise-walls for trapnesting purposes. The badge 10 is applied so that the number 12 can be read when the bird is in a standing position. However, the badges can be successfully used on the right wing with good legibility.
In holding the bird during installation, the left wing 22 is preferably turned upside down so that the tab 33 is visible when it is snapped into position. One person can apply the badges 10 easily by holding the birds feet under his arm pit, leaving his hands free for the actual application. Somewhat faster time can be made if one person holds the bird and another puts on the badges.
. The bird can be rested on the knee or on a table, with 34vertica l except near the outer extremity 35 where a generally rectangular rib 36 is provided to aid in the locking. The side ends 37 of the stud 33 are flared outwardly and are widest at 38 near the outer extremity 35. When the stud 33 is inserted, the rib 36 and Wide portion 38 snap out past the opening 30 and its end 37 projects out as shown in Figs. ribs 36 and'fiared ends 38 liebeyond the opening 30. The stud end37 may be made slightly oversize with respect to the opening 30, since the elasticity of the material will enable it to be forced through and snapped into closed position.
Once the clasp 30, 33 is closed, the badge 10 will not come apart. The entire installation is done by hand, without any tools. The badge can be taken off by inserting a finger nail between the stnap portions 14, 15 near their ends and then prying the stud 33 out of the opening 30, while keeping them substantially in line, so that the strap portions 14, 15 are parallel adjacent the clasp 30, 33.
These visible wing badges 10 can be put onas'fast or faster than any leg bands and will not lose off from the fowl or damage the wing 22 when properly applied. Careful tests have shown that they can be successfully used on all breeds of chickens and on either wing. They can be used without difficulty on a wing that once carried a wing-band that had' been put on when the bird was a chick. Generally, the badges 10 are applied after the pullets approach physical maturity, at from four to six months, although they can be used at a somewhat younger age if necessary. Since my new, improved wing, rather web, no incision is necessary. The snapped on, and no tools are required.
Most poultrymen, particularly those who are right handed, will find the left wing 22 the handiest location badge is simply 7 and 8, so that the rectangular than through the forward face,.said body .of its longitudinal edges an outwardly extending portion the person holding the bird extending the wing in an upside down position. No feathers need be plucked.
To those skilled in the art to which this invention relates, many changes in construction and widely differing'embodiments and applications of the invention will suggest themselves without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. The disclosures and the description herein are purely illustrative and are not intended to be in any sense limiting.
I claim: a
-A unitary al l-plastic marker for animals comprising a generally rectangular bodymemher hearing indicia on its member having adjacent one throughout its length, a pair ofmounting straps each formed integral along one longitudinal side edge portion thereofwith a corresponding side edge portion of said body so as to project normal to the rear face of said body, said mounting straps also being integrally connected to said outwardly. extending portion, the free end portions of said straps beyond the body being curved toward each other in overlapping relationship, and a tension clasp means releasably securing said overlapping strapend portions together, the integral connection between the ends of the strap and said body member due to its securement to both the side edges and the outwardly extending portion providing a substantially rigid marker and said longitudinal portion also forming a strut member between the end portions ofrthe straps.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,411,096 'Ifirsch Mar. 28, 1922 2,625,760 Cleal Jan. 20, 1953 2,637,922 Dryden May 12, 1953 2,655,747 ,Duskin Oct. 20, 1953 2,675,594 Dryden Apr. 30, 1954
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1411096 *||May 11, 1921||Mar 28, 1922||Daniel Hirsch||Identification means for umbrellas, parasols, etc|
|US2625760 *||Jun 27, 1949||Jan 20, 1953||Cleal Lyle M||Garden marker|
|US2637922 *||Jun 4, 1949||May 12, 1953||Dryden Horace W||Fowl marker|
|US2655747 *||Jan 23, 1952||Oct 20, 1953||Duskin Morris L||Luggage tag strap|
|US2675594 *||May 5, 1951||Apr 20, 1954||Dryden Horace W||Fastener for fowl markers or the like|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2924903 *||Jun 24, 1957||Feb 16, 1960||Dryden Horace W||Wing band for chicks|
|US2940199 *||Sep 6, 1957||Jun 14, 1960||Hyman Goldberg||Ear tags for marking sheep and other animals for identification purposes|
|US3009852 *||Jan 22, 1960||Nov 21, 1961||Gruner Walter L||Plastic tag and applying tongs therefor|
|US3144694 *||Jan 5, 1962||Aug 18, 1964||Cross Jr Eason||Plastic deformable mounting|
|US5342272 *||Jan 25, 1993||Aug 30, 1994||Pittroff Mark D||Load distribution device for weight lifting|
|US5357700 *||Jul 4, 1991||Oct 25, 1994||Alfa-Laval Agriculture International Ab||Animal identification device with outer carrier molded around internal capsule|
|US8695244 *||Dec 30, 2009||Apr 15, 2014||Brian Eadie||Identification tag|
|US20120043387 *||Dec 30, 2009||Feb 23, 2012||Brian Eadie||Identification tag|
|WO1995002957A1 *||Jul 22, 1994||Feb 2, 1995||Josef Pfistershammer||Livestock identification device|
|International Classification||G09F3/04, A01K35/00|
|Cooperative Classification||G09F3/04, A01K35/00|
|European Classification||A01K35/00, G09F3/04|