|Publication number||US2794435 A|
|Publication date||Jun 4, 1957|
|Filing date||Jul 31, 1952|
|Priority date||Jul 31, 1952|
|Publication number||US 2794435 A, US 2794435A, US-A-2794435, US2794435 A, US2794435A|
|Inventors||Stevens Peter A|
|Original Assignee||Stevens Peter A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (11), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
' June 4, 1957 P. A. STEVENS NEEDLE TERMINAL ASSEMBLY Filed July 31, 1952 IN1/12mm Peer A. Sieyens BY Y NEEDLE TERMHNAL ASSEMBLY Peter A. Stevens, Waterbury, Conn.
Application July 31, 1952, Serial N 361,954
Claims. (Cl. usm-214) This invention relates to a ow tube and needle assembly, particularly to the assembly of the blood ow tube with the needles at the two ends thereof in a blood donor set, although the invention is not specifically limited to blood donor sets.
A blood donor set includes amongst other things a hypodermic needle for receiving the douors blood, which needle is connected by a flexible tube to a piercing needle that delivers the blood into a sterile container. It is one of the -objects of the present invention to provide such a connection between the tube and the needles that the end of the needle that is connected to the tube cannot injure the exible tube. This is accomplished, in the preferred embodiment of the present invention, by providing a spacer between the very end of the sharp needle and lthe blood ow tube, so that the sharp end of the needle cannot under any circumstances pierce the tube. The spacer makes a sealing lit around the needle and also makes a sealing fit within the tube. This permits theuse of a tube of a substantially larger diameter than the diameter of the needle. The large diameter blood flow tube may be depressed slightly and then 4released to draw blood for aspiration.
While 'the present invention is concerned, in its most specic aspects, with the connection to piercing needles of the type used in a blood donor set, in its broader aspects the invention is applicable to the means for establishing connections with a piercing needle, whether that is part of a blood donor set or any other type of equipment, more particularly, equipment used in the medical arts. By way of example, in some instances there is provided a exible tube which is to be connected to a needle and which ltube is required to be of a small diameter. In such case, also, the principles of the present invention are applicable for preventing piercing or injury of the liexible tube by the cannula. This may be accomplished by providing the spacer tube on the outside of the iiexible ow tube rather than on the inside thereof, so that the spacer tube is between the ilexible tube and the hub of the hypodermic of piercing needle rather than between the flexible tube and the cannula of the needle. lt is a still Vfurther object of the present invention to provide means for facilitating securing of a iiexible ow tube within the hub of a needle, even though the flexible ow tube may be comparatively thin.
The attainment of the above and further objects of the present invention will be apparent from the following specification taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing forming a part thereof.
In the drawing: j Y
Figure `l is a view, in partial section, of a needle assembly of a blood donor set; Y
Figure Z is a longitudinal sectional view illustrating a modification of the structure of Figure l; and
Figure 3 is a longitudinal sectional view illustrating still another modification.
ln the drawing like reference numerals designate like parts throughout.
2,794,435 Fatented June 4, 1957 At 1 there is'shown a portion of a blood donor set that includes la donor needle assembly 2, a rubber-piercing needle assembly 3, and a exible tube 4 of Vinylite or other suitable material, preferably transparent or semitransparent, connecting the two needles for the flow of uid, in this instance blood, from one needle and out through the other. The donor needle assembly 2 includes a cannula 8 having a penetrating point 9 at one end thereof, the opposite end 10 being squared, namely at right angles to 'the -central longitudinal axis of the lumen of the cannula. The cannula is of stainless steel tubing, in this kinstance having an outside diameter of .058 inch and having a longitudinal bore Vor lumen 11 from end to end therethrough and Vof an internal diameter of .042 inch. The above gures are merely illustrativeof one construction. The cannula extends through a hub 12 that is swaged thereon. To that effect the hubrhas a Y needle-receiving bore-14 and a connecting counterbore particular construction here illustrated the outer tube had an internal diameter of .140 inch whereas the inner tube had an outer diameter of .150 inch, so that the outer tube is tensioned by the inner'tube and in turn compresses the inner tube.
an internal diameter of .05() inch and fitted over a cannula having an external diameter of .058 inch, so that the inner tube was tensioned on and made a snug sealing tit around the cannula., The' portion of the inner tube 20' that extends outwardly of the end 21 of the outer tub'e is inserted into the bore 16 of' the hub until the end 21 of the Aouter tube abuts against the ilange 18. This limits the extent to which the cannula may be inserted into the v- The length of the portion of the cannula proinner tube. jecting beyond the ange 18 is exactly equal to the distance between the end 21 of the -outer tube and the end 26 of the inner tube, so that when the end of the outer tube abuts against the flange 18 the end 26 of the inner tube is exactly flush with the end 10 of the cannula.
The construction of the rubber piercing needle 3 is substantially the same as that of the donor needle 2. The rubber piercing needle includes a stainless steel cannula 8' having a rubber piercing end V9 on which is swaged a hub 32, said needle extending through a bore 34 in the hub which bore 34 opens'into a larger bore 36 that terminates in a peripheral flange 3S. A washer 39 is secured to the hub 32 adjacent to the flange 38 to facilitate forcing of the rubber piercing point'9 of theV cannula 8 into and through the plug of rubber or the" like which closes a sterilized blood-receiving bottle, preferably evacuated, as is well known in the art. Thetube 4; has at the rubber piercing needle end thereof an inner tube Ztl of the same size and construction as .was pre-- viously described. secured therein inthe same manner as was previously described. The-end 40 of the vcannula 8 terminates flush with the inner. end of the tube 20. The
end 26 of the tube 20 at the rubber piercing end of the blood donor set is located the required distance from' the adjacent end 21 of the outer tube 4 so that when the` end of the tube 4 abuts against the flange 38. By such The two Vinylite tubes are cemented togetherin such a manner that the cementingassures an air-'Y tight and liquidtight seal between them. A Vinylite solvent is vone suitable .'cemen'titious material. VIn the construction herein illustrated the inner Atube 2i? wasof abutment one is apprised of the fact that the end 40 of the needle is liush with the inner end 26 of the inner tube 20. In this construction, as in the donor end Yofjthe tube 4, the outside diameter of the cannula (8') is greater than the inside diameter of the tube 20; In one construction the cannula, of an outside diameter of .072inch, was inserted into a tube 20 having an inside diameter of .050 inch, thus stretching the tube 20 and thereby producing a sealing liquid-tight and air-tight t around-the needle for substantially the full length of the tube 20.
In the construction above described, any flexing of 'the tube 4 at either end thereof results in compression of part of the wall of the tube 4 at the end 26 of the inner tube but such iiexure cannot possibly bring the outer tube 4 into physical contact with the inserted end of the cannula. As a result, there is no danger that the inner end of the cannula can injure the outer tube.
In View of the fact that the plastic tube is inserted directly on the cannula there is assurance of continuous flow directly through the cannula and it is not necessary to solder the hub onto the cannula or to take other precautions to make sure that the hub in either case makes ankair-tight sealing t around the periphery of the cannula.
In the construction above described the liquid that flows through the needles is never in contact with the hubs. As a result, the finish on the hubs does not have to be-made with the care that would otherwise be required.
In the arrangement above described there is used a tube 4 of an internal diameter large in comparison with the external diameter of the cannula without. the disadvantage of requiring a liquid-tight, air-tight seal between the tube 4 and the hub. The fact that the tube 4 tube 4 is suiciently elastic so that when the tube 4 isV pinched together to stop flow therethrough the elastic limit of the material is not exceeded, so that upon release of the pinching action the material will spring back to its original shape under its natural resiliency.
It is apparent from the above description that the end 10 of the cannula 8 cannot possibly come into contact with the tube 4 regardless of the amount of flexing or bending of the tube at the end thereof. As a result, it is possible to make the tube 4 of very thin material since the danger `of piercing or fracturing of the tube by the cannula has been eliminated. The tube 4 can be maderof as large a diameter as is desired, it being recognized that a large diameter is advantageous in many respects.
The length of the cannula within the tube is sutiicient to form an air-tight seal between the tube and the outside of the cannula. This, together with the fact that there is an air-tight seal between the `inner tube 20V and the outer tube 4, assures that no air can bedrawn into the tube 4 from the atmosphere immediately surrounding the hub 12. For this reason there is no necessity for soldering the hub to the cannula as would otherwise be necessary where it is desired to secureY a leak-tight connection between the hub and the cannula. The elimination vof soldering also reduces the danger of corrosion.
In Figure 2 there is shown a modified construction of the donor'needle assembly Vor ofl the piercing needle. as-
sembly. In this case, as before, the blood flow tube is indicated at 4, being made of plastic (or rubber) as previously described. In this construction the inner Vinylite tube isindicated at 42, that tube corresponding to the tube 20 of Figure l and differing therefrom only in that it is of shorter length so that the end 43 thereof terminates flush with the end 21 of the tube 4. The cannula 8 has a hub 45 secured thereto in any desired manner, the cannula extending through the bore 14 thereof and through the counterbore 16'. This counterbore differs from the counterbore 16 essentially only in that it is of larger diameter, a diameter sufiicient to receive the end of the tube 4, whichtube makes a snug sliding tit therein. Y The cylindrical wall 47 of the hub may be pinched radially inwardly to assure locking of the tube 4 within the hub. In this construction the tube 42 may be longer than the bore 16', or of a length equal to the length of the bore 16', or shorter than the bore 16'. In this construction, as in the construction of Figure l, there is the advantage of using a tube 4 of a diameter appreciably larger than the external diameter of the cannula. In this structure the blood or other luid flowing through the tube 4 cannot possibly come in contact with the hub and the thin flexible tube 4 is safe against being torn or injured by the end of the stainless steel cannula.
In Figure 3 there is shown a modied construction that i is somewhat similar to the construction of Figure 2 but differs therefrom in that here the tube 50, that corresponds to the tube 42 of Figure 2, is on the outside of the blood flow tube 4 rather than on the inside thereof. In some types of medical apparatus it is desirable to use a small diameter flow tube 4 through which blood or other iiuid flows. When this is the case the tube 50,`which is sealed on the outside of the tube 4' to form a liquid-tight, airtight seal, provides the necessary thickness at the bore 16 so that the wall 47 of the hub may be pinched tight onto the inserted tube end and permit the use of a thin walled tube 4 where otherwise a larger thickness tube might be called for.
The assembled unit of Figures l, 2, or 3 must, of course, be sterilized. This may be accomplished in any desired manner, heat sterilization being one approved method. When a Vinylite tube which is under tension is subjected to the heat of sterilization it may stretch suciently to overcome the tension.' The tubes 26 of Figure 1 being cement sealed within the tube 4 of Figure 1 maintain an air-tight seal between them, regardless of the tension of the tube 4. Likewise, for that same reason, the two Vinylite tubes 4 and 42 of Figure 2 and 4' and 5l) of Figure 3 may be cement sealed together to Vform air-tightV statutes I have here shown and described a few preferredV embodiments of my invention. It is, however,. to be understood that the invention is not limited to the precise constructions here shown, the same being merely illustrative of the principles of the invention. Whatl consider new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. In a medical apparatus including a exible tube terminating in a needle having a cannula with a lumen therethrough, a part of the cannula being telescoped into the tube, means for inhibiting injury of the tube by the end of the cannula therein, said means comprising an auxiliary tube of flexible material within the end of the first tube and surrounding the end of the cannula that is within the first tube andterminating within the rst tube ush with the surrounded end of the cannula, and a hub secured to the cannula and having a bore intoV which one of said tubes extends and makes a snug tit.
2. In a medical apparatus including a liexible tube terminating in a needle having a cannula with a lumen therethrough, a part of the cannula being telescoped into the tube, means for inhibiting injury of the tube by the end of the cannula therein, said means comprising an auxiliary tube of iexible material within the end of the first tube and surrounding the end of the cannula that is Within the rst tube and terminating Within the rst tube flush with the surrounded end of the cannula, the auxiliary tube making an air-tight lit around the cannula and an air-tight fit within the rst tube, and a hub secured to the cannula, said hub being in telescoping relationship with at least one of the tubes and being sealed from the path of flow through the lumen by the air-tight tit hereinabove referred to.
3. In a medical apparatus including a flexible tube terminating in a needle having a cannula with a lumen therethrough, a part of the cannula being telescoped into the tube, means for inhibiting injury of the tube by the end of the cannula therein, said means comprising an auxiliary tube of flexible material within the end of the rst tube and surrounding the end of the cannula that is within the rst tube and terminating within the rst tube flush with the surrounded end of the cannula, the auxiliary tube making an air-tight fit around the cannula and an air-tight v fit within the rst tube and extending outwardly of the first tube, and a hub for the cannula, said hub having a bore into which the auxiliary tube makes a snug fit, and the end of the first tube abutting against the hub.
4. In a medical apparatus including a flexible tube terminating in a needle having a cannula with a lumen therethrough, a part of the cannula being telescoped into the tube, an auxiliary tube of flexible material within the end of the rst tube and surrounding the end of the cannula that is within the first tube, the auxiliary tube making an air-tight fit around the cannula and an air-tight fit within the first tube and extending outwardly of the first tube, and a hub for the cannula, said hub having a bore into which the auxiliary tube makes a snug t.
5. In a medical apparatus including a exible tube terminating in a needle having a cannula with a lumen therethrough, a part of the cannula being telescoped into the tube, an auxiliary tube of flexible material within the end of the first tube and surrounding the end of the cannula that is within the rst tube, the auxiliary tube making an air-tight t around the cannula and an air-tight fit within the first tube, and a hub for the cannula, said hub having a bore into which one of the tubes makes a snug fit.
6. In a medical apparatus including a flexible tube terminating in a needle having a cannula with a lumen therethrough, a part of the cannula being telescoped into the tube, an auxiliary tube of flexible material within the end of the rst tube and surrounding the end of the cannula that is within the first tube, the auxiliary tube making an air-tight fit around the cannula and an air-tight t within the rst tube and extending outwardly of the first tube, and a hub for the cannula, said hub having a bore into which the auxiliary tube makes a snug t, said rst tube being transparent and suciently resilient to permit manual pinching of the same to stop flow therethrough without exceeding the elastic limit of the material thereof.
7. In combination, a cannula, a hub secured to the cannula, a first flexible tube surrounding the cannula and terminating flush with one end thereof and extending into the hub, and a second flexible tube surrounding the rst tube and extending from an intermediate portion of the first tube to and beyond said end of the cannula.
8. In combination, a cannula, a hub secured to the cannula intermediate its ends, a first flexible tube surrounding the cannula yand terminating flush with one end of the cannula, and a second flexible tube surrounding the first tube and extending from the hub to `and beyond the end of the cannula, the first tube making a sealing t with the cannula and with the second tube.
9. ln combination, a cannula having a pointed penetrating end and squared at its opposite end, a hub secured to the cannula intermediate its ends, a first flexible tube surrounding the cannula and terminating ush with the squared end and extending into the hub, and ta second exible tube surrounding the rst tube and extending from the hub to and beyond the squared end of the cannula.
l0. In a blood donor set of the type that includes a donor needle assembly for receiving blood from a donor and a piercing needle assembly for delivering the blood to an evacuated receptacle :and a flexible tube connecting the two assemblies, at least one of the assemblies including a cannula; means for making an air-tight seal between the cannula and the tube and preventing injury of the tube by the end of the cannula upon flexing of the tube, said means comprising a second tube extending axially into the first tube and making an air-tight t therewith, said cannula extending axially into the second tube and terminating therein ush with that end thereof which is within the first tube and said second tube being tensioned around the cannula and making an air-tight sealing fit therewith, and a hub on the cannula intermediate the ends thereof, said hub having a bore into which the second tube extends, the cannula projecting outwardly of the hub an amount equal to the amount that the second tube extends into the first tube, the end of the rst tube abutting against the hub.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,839,338 Pentz Jan. 5, 1932 2,589,426 Ogle Mar. 18, 1952 2,638,897 Poitras May 19, 1953 2,689,563 Huber Sept. 21, 1954 2,689,564 Adams et al Sept. 21, 1954 2,702,037 Walter Feb. 15, 1955 2,716,982 Ryan Sept. 6, 1955
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1839338 *||Oct 4, 1927||Jan 5, 1932||Pentz Motor Brake Corp||Hose coupling|
|US2589426 *||Nov 25, 1949||Mar 18, 1952||Robert W Ogle||Injector|
|US2638897 *||Jan 18, 1951||May 19, 1953||Poitras Edward J||Flared exit phlebotomy needle|
|US2689563 *||Nov 6, 1951||Sep 21, 1954||Becton Dickinson Co||Donor set|
|US2689564 *||Nov 29, 1951||Sep 21, 1954||Becton Dickinson Co||Blood donor assembly|
|US2702037 *||Jul 20, 1950||Feb 15, 1955||Fenwal Inc||Hypodermic and coupling needle|
|US2716982 *||Dec 26, 1951||Sep 6, 1955||Abbott Lab||Venoclysis equipment|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2915062 *||Apr 25, 1955||Dec 1, 1959||Cutter Lab||Blood donor assembly|
|US2928395 *||Jun 20, 1957||Mar 15, 1960||Ethicon Inc||Sutures|
|US2933087 *||Oct 4, 1957||Apr 19, 1960||Hamilton Clark H||Syringe|
|US2949913 *||Aug 26, 1957||Aug 23, 1960||Baxter Laboratories Inc||Parenteral solution equipment|
|US2989053 *||Jan 17, 1956||Jun 20, 1961||Baxter Don Inc||Hypodermic needle|
|US3890203 *||Mar 16, 1973||Jun 17, 1975||Becton Dickinson Co||Method and apparatus for the collection, cultivation and identification of microorganisms from body fluid|
|US4013080 *||Jun 5, 1975||Mar 22, 1977||Froning Edward C||Cannula connector and direction indicator means for injection system|
|US4341212 *||Jul 18, 1980||Jul 27, 1982||Albert Medwid||Serous fluid drain kit|
|US4413992 *||Dec 2, 1981||Nov 8, 1983||Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc.||Cannula support assembly and its method of manufacture|
|US4496352 *||Oct 6, 1983||Jan 29, 1985||Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc.||Cannula support assembly and its method of manufacture|
|US4574456 *||Sep 7, 1983||Mar 11, 1986||Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc.||Method of manufacturing a support assembly|