|Publication number||US2794579 A|
|Publication date||Jun 4, 1957|
|Filing date||Mar 31, 1954|
|Priority date||Mar 31, 1954|
|Publication number||US 2794579 A, US 2794579A, US-A-2794579, US2794579 A, US2794579A|
|Inventors||Mckernan Edward J|
|Original Assignee||Seaquist Mfg Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (23), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 4, 1957 E. J. MGKERNAN 2,794,579
AEROSOL BOMB HAVING SPAOED PROPELLANT AND DISPENSABLE LIQUIDS Filed March 51. 1954 A nited Sttes atent AEROSOL BOMB HAVING SPACED PROPELLANT AND DISPENSABLE LIQUIDS Edward I. McKernan, Algonquin, lll., assignor to Seaquist Manufacturing Corp., Carey, lll., a corporation of Delaware Application March 31, 1954, Serial No. 420,106 6 Claims. (Cl. 222-399) tained propellant vapor pressure in the container as theV dispensed liquid was forced therefrom.
For this reason aerosol bombs of this type have not been satisfactory for dispensing food products due to the taste and even toxicity of the propellant. Also, such prior art bombs have required the use of excessive amounts of propellant and have been somewhat hazardous due to possible explosion as the result of accidental heating to temperature values above room temperature. The possibility of explosion has also limited the use of such bombs to relatively small containers. Another disadvantage of prior art bombs has been their tendency to lose pressure after continued use, thereby resulting in shortening of the spray.
Accordingly, a primary object of the present invention is to devise an aerosol bomb which is economical to manufacture and is unusually capable of withstanding higher than normal pressures.
` Another object of the invention is to eliminate the possibility of corrosion and the possibility of toxicity in the dispensed product.
Still another object of the invention is to devise a bomb which can be safely utilized in larger sizes than heretofore possible.
A further object of the invention is to maintain substantially constant pressure in the bomb until the dispensed liquid has been entirely used.
Yet another object of the invention is to reduce the amount of propellant liquid necessary to maintain pressure in the bomb.
A more speciiic object of the invention is to separate the dispensed and propellant liquids by a gas permeable, liquid impermeable membrane accommodating ow of the propellant in its vapor phase to the pressure chamber of the bomb.
In one illustrated embodiment of the invention the propellant liquid is disposed Within a container attached to the dispensing valve delivery tube at one side thereof, and in another illustrated embodiment of the invention the container for the propellant liquid surrounds the delivery tube and is attached thereto.
However, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the propellant container may be mounted in any desired manner within the container for the dispensed liquid and may even form a part thereof provided that the dispensed and propellant liquids are separated.
The foregoing and other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from a consideration of the following specification and accompanying drawing, wherein:
Patented June 4, 1957 Figure l is a side elevational view, partly in central vertical section, of an aerosol bomb embodying a preferred form of the invention;
Figure 2 is an enlarged view similar to Figure 1 but showing the dispensing valve, the delivery tube, and the propellant container in central vertical section; and
Figure 3 is a fragmentary View similar to Figure 2. but illustrating a modiication of the invention wherein the propellant container surrounds the delivery tube.
Describing the invention in detail and referring iirst to the embodiment of Figures 1 and 2, the novel aerosol bomb comprises a container 2 for a volume of dispensed product 4 which may be any desired liquid having a boiling point above room temperature at atmospheric pressure.
The bottom of the container is sealed, as by a wall or partition 6 crimped in any desired manner as at 8, and the top yof the container is similarly sealed by a head 10 crimped as at 12.
A valve body 14 is sealed within a complementary opening of the head 10, as for example by a gasket 16, the lower end of the body 14 being crimped as at 18 against the underside of the head 10 to compress the gasket.
The valve body 14 is provided with a delivery tube or conduit 20 extending adjacent to but spaced from the wall 6 to deliver the liquid 4 as it is dispensed from the container 2 through a nozzle 22 of the valve body 4 when a stem 24 therein is manually actuated to open position by an operators nger pressing against a resilient diaphragm 25.
The stem is normally biased to closed position by a spring 26 acting' against a llauge 28 on the stem 24, the upper or outer side of said ange 28 having a resilient gasket 30 which seats against a port 32 in the valve body 14 to. cut otf communication between the container 2 and the nozzle 22 when pressure against the diaphragm 25 by the operators inger is released.
It will be understood that the container 2 and its valve may be of any desired design, although the structure above described is particularly useful in accomplishing the novel results of the invention as hereinafter discussed.
A propellant liquid 34 (Figure 2) is disposed within a liquid-impermeable container 36, the top of which is sealed by a diaphragm or cap 38 having a sealed t in the container 36. The diaphragm is impermeable to ow of liquid 34 therethrough but is provided with a plurality of apertures or openings 42 permitting flow of gas through the diaphragm 38. These openings are too small to grmit flow of liquids 4 and 34 through the diaphragm The propellant liquid 34 may be of any desired chemical composition, preferably one having a boiling point substantially below room temperature, such as ethyl chloride, methyl bromide, ether, or freon.
The size of the openings 42 may vary dependent upon the viscosity of the dispensed and propellent liquids utilized; however, in actual practice openings of about 0.02 inch have proved to be very effective in accommodating flow of said propellant in its vapor phase from said container and in preventing ow of said propellant in the liquid phase thereof.
The container 36 may be attached in any desired manner to the inside of the container 2, as for example by a. clip or bracket 40 on the tube 20. Preferably, the diaphram or cap 38 is positioned within a gas chamber 44 at the upper end of Ithe container 2, when the latter is in normal upright position illustrated in the drawing, although the liquid impermeable nature of the diaphram 38 makes it possible to position it at any point in the container, even below the normal upper level of the liquid 4.
By attaching the container 36 to the tube 20 as above riice latter with'the dispensed liquid :4; ho wever, if desired,l
the clitainer 36 may be attached to the' container 2Vor its bottomwall'tj. q y Y f Y i f A Vmodiiicati'on of rthe'container 36' is illustrated' in Figure3,'wherein the container `and the propellent liquid 34 surround the tube 20, and the cntainer 36 is attached to the' tubeV 20, as' by a 'collar' thereon, said Vcollar having a sealed Viit on the tube 20' and having a sealed' connection as bybraziiig to the hott'm'of the container 36.l In this modificati'o'r,l the diaphrms also lsuro'ui'id's the tubeV 20 :and i'sfaifrded. a sealed ft, thereon.
Thepro'pelljent liquid34 injtlie modification is spaced at all times by the diaphi'in' 38 frii the liquid 4 which is to. be dispensed. Y The diaphragm 38 is provided with openings 'or apertures 4 2, sbh' as those described in connection with Figures l and 2, said apertures 42 being small enough t6 prevent flow of liquid 34 or 4- therethrough, but accommodating flow of the propellent liquid in its vaper phase t the' 'c'entaine 2f. A u I Preferably, the container 2 and liquid 4 are at a ternpera'tre below the boiling point of liquid 34,` when the bombV is assembled, thereby permitting assembly at atmospheric pressure.V After the container 2 is completely sealed, aisY illustrated in the drawings, the bomb is ready for use at room temperature Whereat the liquid 34 boils to develop a charge ofrvapor pressure in the chamber 44 until tliefpr'es'sure is sufficient to prevent further boiling of liquid 34 until the pressure is released by dispensing of partV of the liquid 4 fromrthe nozzle, whereupon the liquid 3 4 again lboils Vuntil the proper pressure is develped in the container 2. Y
What isV claimedis: p Y
1.'AnV aerosol bomb comprising; an outer. container containingliquid to be dispensed therefrom, a valve assembly comprising normally closed valve means for dispenwsingV said liquid, and a delivery tube connected to said valve means and; extending approximately to the bottom of said container, an inner container in the rst mentioned container, propellent liquid in said innercontainer, said propellent liquid having a boiling point substantially below room temperature at atmospheric pressure, said inner container being attached to the delivery tube and havingV openings above the level of the rst mentioned liquid, said openings connectingV the interior ofspaid inner container to the interior ,of said outer'conrainer, saidopenings accommodating ilow of gas therethrough and preventing flow of said liquids therethrough.
2. An aerosol bomb comprising inner and outer containers, apluality. of holes in the inner container, said holesrbeing smallenough to prevent liquid flow between fthe containers and being` largeY enough to accommodate gas flow therebetween, liquid in the outer container to be dispensed therefrom, propellent liquid in the inner container, valve means in the outer container for accommodating ow of the dispensed liquid therefrom, and a delivery tube supporting thel inner container and extending approximately Kto the bottom of the outer container, said holes Vbeing above the upper level of said rst mentioned liquid. l
3. An aerosol bomb comprising a container contain-V ing liquid to be dispensed therefrom, a propellent liquid in said container, another container within the lirst mentioned container comprising a gas permeable, liquid irnpermeable partition spacing said liquids from each other,
said propellent liquid having a boiling point below room temperature at atmospheric pressure, valve means carried by the container and connected to the first-mentioned liquid for releasing the latter from the container, and a delivery tube connected to the Valve `means and' extending approximately to they bottom of the rst mentioned container, said delivery tube communicating with the first mentioned liquidv to deliver the latter to said valve means upon opening thereof.
4.A An aerosol bomb comprising a container containing a liquid to be dispensed, saidV liquid having a boiling point aboveV room temperature at atmosphericV pressure, a gas chamber in said container above -said liquid when the container is in upright position, a valve body connected to thetop of said' container, a delivery tube connected to' said valve body and extending into said liquid, releaseable valve means in said body responsive to pressure in said container for preventing owof fluid from said tube, a liquid-impermeable container in said iirstmentioned container and containing a propellent liquid having a 'boiling point below room temperature at atmospheric pressure, fandV a cap on said second-mentioned container,V said cap having openings accommodating ow of gasV through said openings, said openings being too small to permit iiow of said liquids through said openings, said cap being positioned in lsaid chamber abo've said rst mentioned liquid. n
5. A bomb according `to claim 4 wherein the secondmentioned container is attached to Ithe tube.
6. A bomb according to claim 5, wherein the container surrounds the tube.
References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS n 575,932 Nageldinger Jan. 26, 1897 2,016,407 Wentzel Oct. 8, 1935 2,086,000 Roren July 6, 1937 2,165,684 Struck July l1, 1939 2,348,831 Mathis May 16, 1944 2,513,455 Cornelius JulyV 4, 1950 2,659,629 Graham Nov.'17, 1953
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|Cooperative Classification||B65D83/663, B65D83/32, B65D83/48|