|Publication number||US2795504 A|
|Publication date||Jun 11, 1957|
|Filing date||Oct 25, 1952|
|Priority date||Oct 25, 1952|
|Also published as||US2873668|
|Publication number||US 2795504 A, US 2795504A, US-A-2795504, US2795504 A, US2795504A|
|Inventors||Robert J Klimkowski, Robert T Florence|
|Original Assignee||Dick Co Ab|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (3), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States COL POSITIONS FOR USE IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ELEMENTS IN REPRODUCTION Robert J. Klimkowski, Chicago, and Robert T. Florence, Park Ridge, 111., assignors to A. B. Dick Company, Niles, 111., a corporation of Illinois No Drawing. Application October 25, 1952, Serial No. 316,948
12 Claims. (Cl. 106-145) contains ingredients for the production of a dyestuif to produce copy by reaction in the copy sheets.
A further object is to produce a composition of the type described which is substantially free of a dye color so as to enable manufacture and use without requiring extensive precautions to prevent staining, contamination and the like.
A still further object is to produce a compositionof the type described which is substantially free of a dye color'but which contains-components for the production of an insoluble azo dyestuff by reaction which takes place in the copy sheets to produce copy.
A still further object is to produce a composition for use in the preparation of imaging carbons and masters which compositions are substantially free of color but contain components ina Water and alcohol soluble stage for the production of-copy by existing spirit duplicating equipment wherein the copy is formed by reaction which takes place in the copysheet between components of the .treating'composition and components supplied by the fluid or present in the copy sheets thereby, for the first time, to make available a completely clean spiritduplicating system.
Present spirit systems make use of a water soluble aniline dye, suchas crystal violet, contained as an ingredient within a carrier for use in the manufactureof spirit carbons and the like. Because of the highly colloidal nature-of the crystal violet type dyes, it has be come practically impossible to avoid contamination of the atmosphere where the coating compositions are prepared and applied in the manufacture of the carbon sheets with the result that the entire building and surrounding atmosphere acquires a purplish tinge and the personnel engaged in the preparation and application of the coating composition must take extensive precautions, but even then staining of the person and ones clothing invariably occurs.
The objection to the present spirit duplicating system does not rest solely in the manufacture of the coating composition and transfer elements but are even more objectionable in the field where they are used to prepare imaged masters and. subsequently to prepare copies therefrom. Because of the ready transferability of the dye composition upon contact or abrasion, staining also takes place in the assembly ofthe carbons into master sets and in the use of the master sets to prepare an image-d master and also in the use of the imaged master in standard duplicating equipment to prepare copy. In general,
r 2,7955% Ice Patented June 1-1, 1957 though the spirit duplicating system has become one of the most popular methods for the production of copy .becauseof its simplicity,.it is also the dirtiest. For this Patent-No. 2,l46,97'6, the transfer elements were formed -with a:composition which, instead of the usual water r soluble crystal violet dye, was formulated to contain the corresponding dye base which initself is a dye but which isless-soluble in water than crystal violet and, as a result, has less-tendency to transfer color by reason of the solubility and moisture usually on the hands of the operator. Nevertheless, the dye base of Neidich actually constitutes a dye WhiCh'iS subject'to objections heretofore lent copy can be produced with the Neidich materials-with L'theuseof alcohol as the fluid without converting the dye base to the more water soluble dye, Neidich evidently "found itdesirable to make his system conform to the 'present'system and provides for acidification of the dye base=in-the-ima ge'd master to produce a master having all of the=characteristics of the objectionable spirit duplicating "system previously described. In the final analysis, the entire process of Neidich from beginning to end continues to remain a relatively dirty process because of the presence at all times of a dye, though less water soluble initially in some of the. elementsin which it is used.
Holik, in Patent No. 2,554,909, makes-use of someof the concepts of Neidich in the attempt to clean up the spirit carbon by'reducing the dye in thesurface portion of the dye coating on the transfer sheet into a colorless .leuco'base, but the objectionable feature of the manufacture of the spirit carbons still remains. In'the imaged master, the reduced layer becomes the underside of the coating so that the exposed'surface constitutes the objectionable water soluble crystal'violet'dye'which, as before, is in position to cause'staining-as an incidence to its use in the production of copy.
'The concepts'of Holik have also been modified by treatment of conventional spirit carbons by application ofaa; protective coating but wi'thzgreatly increased expense and with substantially the same results. i
It will be obvious that in the present spirit duplicating systems and in themodifications developed from extensive research in the attempt toclear up the process, the compositions for use in the preparation of the transfer elements still contain a dye, the spirit carbons or other transfer elements still contain a dye, .andthe imaged master contains a dye which is transferred as before by solution in Water .or alcohol. Essentially, the present processes for spirit duplication continue to embody practically all of the objectionable characteristics heretofore described.
In accordance with the practice of the present invention, a completely new spirit duplicating process which is substantially completely free of any possibility of staining or soiling is provided by the use of a composition in the'manufacture of imaging elements which is substan tially free of a color dye except for traces which might be used to permit the detection of errors in't-he preparation of an imaged master but which contains components from which a colored azo die may be produced by reaction designed to take place only on the copy sheet where it is too late to cause soiling or dirtying. The tracing dye or pigment which might be used to produce readable copy can in this instance constitute a substantially completely insoluble dye component which would be incapable of transfer to cause staining or the like. Thus, for the first time, a duplicating process is provided which is substantially completely clean from the beginning with the preparation of the composition for use in the production of the imaging elements down through the imaging operation to the production of copy.
The essential features of this invention reside in the production of a composition for manufacture of the master imaging element which is free of any dye color but which contains an azo dye component soluble in aqueous medium of a gelatin or hectograph system or in spirit solvents for transfer from the imaged master to the copy sheets for reaction with another component necessary for the formation by reaction of an azo dyestuif. The compositions embodying features of this invention are compounded with a wax or oily carrier capable of forming a coating on a ribbon or on a transfer sheet which in response to impact or pressure transfers in the compressed surface of the master to form the image thereon.
In the preferred concept, the carrier'is formulated to contain substantial amounts of a coupler and a diazo compound incapable of reaction with the coupler to form an azo dyestuff under the hydrogen ion concentrations existing in the composition but which upon adjustment of the hydrogen ion composition concentration in the copy sheets couples immediately to form the corresponding azo dyestufi.
The following are examples of compositions embodying features of this invention, which compositions may be used to prepare transfer sheets adapted for use in the production of imaged masters and which are free of any dye color but from which copy of good quality may be produced:
Example 1 5.0 percent by weight carnauba wax 20.0 percent by weight microcrystalline wax 15.0 percent by weight paraffin wax 20.0 percent by weight petrolatum' 20.0 percent 'by weight para-diazo diethylaniline zinc chloride 20.0 percent by weight S-amino, l-naphthol, 3,6-disulfonic acid (monosodium salt) Example 2 15.0 percent by weight microcrystalline wax 15.0 percent by weight parafiin wax 30.0 percent by weight petrolatum 30.0 percent by weight para-diazo diethylaniline zinc chloride 10.0 percent by weight 2,4-diamino toluene dihydrochloride Exampled 13.0 percent by weight light mineral oil 1.5 percent by weight sodium oleate 17.0 percent by weight Z-amino-5-naphthol-7-sulfonic acid (J acid) 25.0 percent by weight p-diazodiphenylamine sulfate Example 5 12.0 percent by weight carnauba wax 17.0 percent by weight oxidized microcrystalline wax (Cardis 262) r 14.5 percent by weight heavy mineral oil 13.0 percent by weight light mineral oil 1.5 percent by weight sodium oleate 25.0 percent by weight stabilized diazo oxide (Andrews 17.0 percent by weight Z-aminO-S-naphthol-7-sulfonic acid Example 6 Example 7 12.0 percent by weight carnauba wax 17.0 percent by weight oxidized microcrystalline wax (Cardis 262) i 14.5 percent by Weight heavy mineral oil 13.0 percent by weight light mineral oil 1.5 percent by weight sodium oleate 17.0 percent by weight Z-amino-S-naphthol-7-sulfonic acid 25.0 percent by weight Edwal Diazolith #l (polymer of .diazotized p-arninodiphenylamine sulfate and formaldehyde as practiced by Schmidt et a1. Stabilized with ZnClz) V Compositions of the type described may be reduced to molten condition, as at temperatures of about -85 C., for application as a hot melt to form a transfer coating on a well filled paper base sheet. For the production of an imaging element, it has been found best to apply the composition to provide weights ranging from 10-20 pounds per 3,000 square feet of surface area.
While it is preferred to apply compositions of the type described as a hot melt, it is possible to dissolve the composition in suitable solvents, such as in toluene, benzene or other hydrocarbons for application as .a solution preferably in concentrations ranging from 2040 percent to form a coating or by impregnation to form a transfer ribbon or it is possible to disperse the ingredients in an aqueous medium for application as an emulsion in concentrations which may range up to 40-60 percent by weight solvents.
As for the particular ingredients, other waxes may be used as the base for the carrier. For example, use may be made in various combinations of carnauba wax, microcrystalline wax, paraffin wax, ozokerite, petroleum waxes and other natural, petroleum, coal tar, or vegetable waxes or synthetic waxes, alone or in combination with softening agents such as mineral oils, vegetable oils, fatty acids, fatty acid esters, hydogenated resins and the like in various amounts depending on whether use is to be made thereof as a transfer coating or for impregnation of a typing ribbon or whether the coating is to be applied as a hot melt or from solvent solution or emulsion. Modification to improve the strength and the film forming characteristics of the base may include the addition of small amounts, such as up to 5 percent by weight, of such resinous materials as polyethylene, polybutene, or polymeric compounds compatible with the waxy or oily substances to form a stable composition. For use as a answer hot melt, it is expedient'tto formulate the composition for reduction tormolten conditions for.coatingatiatemperature below 85 C.'bec-ause.of .thetlimitationswhich .higher temperatures would impose .upon- .the selection of diazo compounds.
For the diazo component-, it is preferred to make use of a group of alcohol and water soluble diazo compounds The corresponding st'abilized -zinc chloride i complexes 'or sulfonates.of;groups 2.and 3 above maybe represented by the following typicalformulae:
.Couplersadapted tobe .used for combination with the diazo compounds in the practice of this invention should be capable ofremoval of. a-hydrogenion for combination with the chloride ion of the diazo for dyeiormation. Such compounds are preferably selected of the organic aromatic compounds inthe for-m of aromatic amines such as aniline or substituted aniline such as dimethylaniline, phenolic compounds such-as phenol, resorcinol, phloroglucinol, 2,3-dihydroxynaphthalene, 6.-sulfonic acid and water soluble salts thereo'fi-thio'compounds suchas thiobarbituric acid, or cyano'compounds-such as cyanoacetamide; pyrazolone 'or derivatives;
For the production of a imaximum number of copies,
it .is .desirable .to..incorporate as -high a-.concentration' of diazo and'coupler as possible into the compositioniconsistent with the ability of the composition to embody the characteristics necessary for the manufacture of suitable transfer elements. -Generally itis-desirableto .have an amount of diazo at least equivalent to one-half the amount of coupler but' it-is' preferred that the amount of diazo be in excess thereof -such-as in propo'rtions;greater than 2 or 3 to 1. While -it-would be/desirable, if possible, to incorporate the diazo and :coupler in amounts greater than percentby weight of the composition, the ability of the waxy components to function as suitable carriers depreciates When 1ess-thanu25;precent thereof is used and it has been found best to 'maintain theconcentration of diazo and coupler .in-excess of .30 percent by weight of the composition.
Where such active diazo compounds, stable in neutral or acid medium are used in combination with the coupler, it is only necessary to take precautions to avoid the premature addition of alkali capable of adjusting the pH of the coating .composition to about 7. In fact, it -is moreexpedient to protect against premature coupling by intentionally providing for an acidic medium bythe addition of such acids as boric acid, tartaric acid, citricacid or acid salts such as aluminum sulphate, zinc chloride .and the like to adjust the pH of the composition to the acid side. preferably within a rangebelow 3.5but seldom lower than 1.5.
.In use, a. transfer sheet is formed withthe compositions of Examples 1 or 2' or of other compositions corresponding thereto'in which one or the other of the stabilized diazo compounds or couplersnamed may be substituted. The transfer sheet thus 'forrnedIcontains,attransfer coating which is free of any color except for that which is characteristic of the diazo compound or the waxy substances but no .dye color corresponding .to..con-
.ventionalcarbons exists inthe coating composition.
The formed carbon may be placed with-thecoatedside in surface contact with \the master .sheet and thecoating composition may be caused .to transfer to the-'surfaceof the master sheet by the application of pressureor impact inispecifiedareastto:formthe mirror image thereon. To this point, an imaged master is formed as in conventional processes except that instead-of containing a water and alcohol soluble dyecapable of tstaining-or -dirtying the operator as an incidence to use,-.the imaged master is clean and substantially'free of any dye color.
To form copy, the surfacezof the'c-opysheetis wetted as in conventional spirit duplication systems butinstead of wetting the surface with a spirit solvent, the copy sheets are dampened with a spirit solvent containing a base such as ammonia, sodium hydroxide, or the like, but preferably an organic base 'such as diethanolamine, triethanolamine, etc. The spirit solvent causes "transfer of a portion of the image from the master to the surface of the copy sheet where the hydrogen ion is adjusted by the base to enable coupling immediately to take place between the coupler and diazo to form the image as an'azo dyestuif solely by reactioninthe copy sheets. Thus, the only time that dye is formed in use of compositions of the type described is in the copy sheet where it is beyond the point of handling and the formed dyestufiis generally less'water soluble than the basic aniline dyes now-used so that relatively permanent copy of better quality is formed as an ultimate product. It Will be apparent also that copy in a greater'variety of colors can besecured-thanis now possible by the use of conventional water soluble basic aniline dyes and black copy can now be made available by the spirit duplicating system.
The following is representative of fluids which can be used for application to the copy sheets for the production of copy from masters imaged from compositions of the type described:
Example 8 a 3.0 percent by weight Cellosolve (ethylene glycol monoethyl ether) 1 8.0 percent by weight diethanolamine 10.0 percent by weight water 79.0 percent by weight methanol Example 9 1.0 percent by weight sodium hydroxide 90.0 percent by weight methanol 9.0 percent by weight water Example 10 2.0 percent by weight ammonium hydroxide 68.0 percent by weight methanol 30.0 percent by weight ethanol A new and improved composition embodying features of this invention may also be formulated to contain only one of the azo dye forming components of the types described in the composition for producing the transfer element while the other component is contained with the base in the fluid for wetting the surface of the copy sheets. Reaction takes place as before between the component in the composition and the component in the fluid upon adjustment of the hydrogen ion concentration in the copy sheet to form the azo dyestutf upon transfer of the dye forming component from the imaged areas of the master. For example, compositions embodying features of this invention may be formulated to contain :the stabilized diazo compound in combination with the wax carrier as represented by the following examples.
In the absence of the coupler, any diazo stable under the heat and light conditions existing may be used, especially in neutral or acidic medium.
Example 11 Example 12 8.5 percent by weight carnauba wax 14.0 percent by weight oxidized microcrystalline wax 12.0 percent by weight dark petrolatum .5 percent by weight mineral oil (100 seconds viscosity) 50.0 percent by weight p-diazo-ethyl-hydroxy ethylaniline zinc chloride Example 13 12.5 percent by weight carnauba wax 10.5 percent by weight microcrystalline wax 12.0 percent by weight petrolatum 15.0 percent by weight mineral oil 50.0 percent by weight p-diazo dimethylaniline zinc chloride Example 14 19.0 percent by'weight carnauba wax 25.0 percent by weight cetyl alcohol 14.0 percent by weight mineral oil 42.0 percent by weight p-diazo diethyl toluidine zinc chloride Fluids which may be used in systems having imaging elements formed with the above compositions to form the image as an azo dyestufi by reaction in the copy sheets may be represented by the following:
Example 15 0.5 percent by weight phloroglucinol 5.0 percent by weight p-naphthol 2.0 percent by weight diethanolamine 92.5 percent by weight methanol Example 16 percent by weight. phenylmethyl pyrazolone 2.0, percent by weight diethanolaminefl 93.0 percent by weight methanol Example 17 5.0 percent by weight 2,3-dihydroxy naphthalene, 6-sulfonic acid p 8.0 percent by weight diethanolamine 10.0 percent by weight water 77.0 percent by weight methanol Example 18 3.0 percent by weight phloroglucinol 2.0 percent by weight resorcinol I p 1.0 percent by weight sodium hydroxide 94.0 percent by weight ethyl alcohol v Example 19 5.0 percent by weight 2,3-dihydroxy naphthalene 6-sul tonic acid sodium salt 0.8 percent by weight sodium hydroxide 94.2 percent by weight methyl alcohol With the composition of Example 11 the fluid of Example 15 will produce purple copy while the fluid of Example 16 will produce red copy and the fluid of Example 17 will produce blue copy.
Instead of compounding the composition to contain the diazo compound, the composition may be formulated to contain only the coupler with the diazo provided in the desired concentrations in the fluid as represented by the following compositions:
Example 20 8.5 percent by weight carnauba wax 14.0 percent by weight oxidized micro wax 12.0 percent by weight petrolatum 15.5 percent by weight mineral oil 50.0 percent by weight phloroglucinol Example 21 5.0 percent by weight carnauba wax 20.0 percent by weight micro wax 15.0 percent by weight paraflin wax 15.0 percent by weight petrolatum 35.0 percent by weight phloroglucinol 10.0 percent by weight triethanolamine The following is representative of fluids which can be used with the above compositions:
Example 22 2.0 percent by weight p-diazo diethylaniline zinc chloride 98.0 percent by weight methanol By way of modification, compositions'of the types described, instead of containing a diazo compound, may be formulated by containing passive materials which may be diazotized to form an active diazo capable of immediate coupling with a coupler embodied therewith or in the fluid system to form the azo dyestutf by reaction in the copy sheet. For example, instead of the stabilized diazo in systems of the type described, use may be made of an amine and a nitrite which upon acidification reacts to form an active diazo for immediate coupling to form the dyestuff. This may be illustrated by the following compositions:
Example 23 45.0 percent by weight 1-amino,2-naphthol, 4-sulfonic acid 15.0 percent by weight sodium nitrite 5.0 percent by weight carnauba wax 10.0 percent by weight microcrystalline wax 25.0 percent by weight mineral oil .Acfluid composition .for use; with rthe= above torform an .azo dyestuti'inthe copy =sheets may be illustrated: .by theafollowing:
Example 24 4.0 percen-t by weight-methylphenyl'pyrazolone 210 percent-by weight lactic acid '94;0-percent byweight methyl alcohol Eurther compositions for producing the-transfer medium may include thefollowiug:
Example 25 A fluid for use; in combination ;.therewith may contain the following:
'Example 26 3.0 percent hyweightlacticaci'd 90.0 percent by weight methyl'alcoho'l 720'percentbyweight water Use mayrbe madeof passive diazo compounds stable in neutralioralkaline solution andxrequiringran acid :medium in order to regenerate the diazo compound'which may include (1) metallic salts of the acid isomeric forms of the diazo:compounds5such;as:theiisodiazotates.zor nitrosamines, (2) .diazo .amino .and .diazoimino compounds represented by the'structural formula or (3) diazo sulfonates such as NzNS OaNa However, the stable diazo sulfonates from p-phenyleue diamine and its derivatives are reactive enough to couple in the previously described and preferred alkaline system if the one nitrogen is alkylated.
The following examples embody passive diazo systems in a composition embodying features of this invention for use in preparing imaging elements:
Example 27 12.0 percent by weight carnauba wax 17.0 percent by weight oxidized microcrystalline wax (Cardis 262) 14.5 percent by weight heavy mineral oil 13.0 percent by weight light mineral oil 1.5 percent by weight sodium oleate 42.0 percent by weight Du Pont Diagen Black CM Example 28 12.0 percent by weight carnauba wax 17.0 percent by weight oxidized microcrystalline wax (Cardis 262) 14.5 percent by weight heavy mineral oil 13.0 percent by weight light mineral oil 1.5 percent by weight sodium oleate 42.0 percent by weight Du Pont Diagen Blue MGD (tetrazo of dianisidine stabilized with glucosamine and containing o-phenetidine as the coupler) The fluid medium with which the copy sheets are wet to enable the coupling. reaction to 'take place to form the dyestufiinthecopy sheets may have thefollowingformulation:
Example 30 10 percent bylweight lactic acid percent by weight methanol It, will be apparentfrom this description .that anew and improved composition. for usein the manufacture of :imaging, elementsvin the production of a clean hectograph and spirit duplicating process-has been provided. In the absence of any dye component in the treating composition, preparation-and use thereof to .form the imaging element presents none of the problems characteristic .of .priorprocesses. Untilthe dye is forme'dby reaction in the copy sheets theelements formed by the use of compositions of..the type described and claimed herein remaincompletely,cleanuand free of any possibilities of causing staining orcontamination .of persons or materials which might come .in .contacttherewith as-an incidence.to.n0rmal.use.
.Itwill.be.understood that compositions of. the type described and..claimed maybe usedinthe practice of hectographicv .duplicatingsystcms ;as well. as .in- .the spirit systemsdescribed.
As used herein, the term waxy.as..us.ed to defme the carrier is. meant .to .includemineral, vegetable coal .tar, petroleum and .synthetic waxesrused alone .orin .combi= nation withaoils, fatty acids or .otherplasticizersfor ad justmenttodesired consistencies.
It will be further understood that changes may be made in the details of formulating the composition and application to form the desired imaging element without departing from the spirit of the invention, especially as defined in the following claims.
This application is a continuation-in-part of application Serial No. 287,616, filed May 13, 1952, now Patent No. 2,748,024, issued May 29, 1956.
1. A composition for use in the preparation of an imaging element in spirit and hectograph type duplicating processes comprising a wax based carrier, a water and alcohol soluble dye forming diazo which is substantially free of any dye color, and a coupler capable of reaction with the diazo to form an azo dyestuff upon adjustment of the hydrogen ion concentration.
2. A composition for use in the preparation of an imaging element in spirit and hectograph type duplicating processes comprising a wax based carrier, a water and alcohol soluble stabilized dye formng diazo substantially free of any dye color, a coupler capable of reaction with the diazo to form an azo dyestuff upon adjustment of the hydrogen ion concentration to the alkaline side, the composition having a hydrogen ion concentration which prevents coupling until transferred to the copy sheets during the duplicating process.
3. A composition for use in the preparation of an imaging element in spirit and hectograph type duplicating processes comprising a wax based carrier, a water and alcohol soluble stable dye forming diazo substantially free of any dye color, a water and alcohol soluble coupler capable of reaction with the diazo to form an azo dyestuff, and an acidic medium for adjusting the composition to the acid side so as to prevent coupling reaction between the diazo and coupler, the total amount of diazo and coupler being present within the range of 30-75 percent by weight of the composition, 7 i
4. A composition as claimed in claim 3 in which vthe diazo is an active and stabilized diazo selected from the group consisting of diazonium sulphates, diazonium chlorides, diazo zinc chloride complexes and diazo salts of sulfonic and aryl sulfonic acids.
5. A composition for use in the preparation of an imaging element in spirit type duplicating processes comprising a wax base containing a water and alcohol soluble diazo and a water and alcohol soluble coupler capable of reaction with the diazo upon adjustment of the composition to the alkaline side to form an azo dyestuft', the coupler and diazo being present in the ratio of 1 part by weight coupler to /2-3 parts by weight diazo with the total amount of diazo and coupler being present within the range of 39-7 5 percent by weight of the composition.
6. A composition for use in the preparation of an imaging element in spirit and hectograph type processes comprising a wax based carrier containing a high concentration of a water and alcohol soluble component of an azo dyestufi which in itself does not constitute a dyeand is substantially free of any dye color.
7. A composition for use in the preparation of an imaging element in spirit and hectograph type duplicating processes comprising a wax based carrier and from 30-75 percent by weight of a water and alcohol soluble component of an azo dyestufi which in itself does not constitute a dye but is capable of forming the azo dye by reaction with a coupler in copy sheets.
8. A composition for use in the preparation of an imaging element in spirit and hectograph type duplicating processes comprising a wax based carrier containing from 30-75 percent by Weight of a water and alcohol soluble dye forming diazo substantially free of any dye color but capable of forming an azo dye by reaction with a coupler in copy sheets. I
9. A composition for use in the preparation of an imaging element in spirit and hectograph type duplicating processes comprising a wax based carrier containing from 30-75 percent by weight of a water and alcohol 12 soluble coupler substantially free of any dye color and capable of reaction with a diazo to form an azo dyestuff.
10. A composition for use in the preparation of an imaging element in spirit duplicating processes comprising wax as a base containinga passive dye forming diazo stable in alkaline medium and a coupler capable of reaction with the diazo upon adjustment of the composition to the acid side to form an azo dyestuif.
11. A composition for use in the preparation of an imaging element in spirit type duplicating processes comprising a base formed of wax containing a coupler capable of reaction with a diazo compound to form an azo dyestufi and a passive dye forming diazo compound soluble in a medium selected from the group consisting of water and alcohol and mixtures thereof and incapable of reaction with the coupler on the alkaline side but capable of reaction therewith to form an azo dyestufi upon adjustment of the pH to the'acid side, the coupler and the diazo being present in the ratio of 1 part by weight conpler to /2--3 parts by weight diazo coupler.
12. A composition for use in the preparation of an imaging element in spirit type duplicating processes comprising wax as a base containing a passive dye forming diazo compound stable while on the alkaline side and capable of reaction with a coupler. to form an azo dyestul-I upon adjustment of the pH to the acid side, said diazo compound being soluble in a medium selected from the group consisting of water and alcohol and mixtures thereof. 7
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 7 1,509,872 Murray Sept. 30, 1924 2,146,976 Neidich Feb. 23, 1937 2,217,349 Neidich Oct. 8, 1940 2,424,954 Newman July 29, 1947 2,596,756 Yutzy et a1. May 13, 1952 2,597,306 Eaton et a1 May 20, 1952 2,610,921 Ehrlich Sept. 16, 1952 2,634,677 Klimkowski et al Apr. 14, 1953
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1509872 *||Jun 9, 1921||Sep 30, 1924||Todd Protectograph Company Inc||Method of printing sized paper|
|US2146976 *||Feb 23, 1937||Feb 14, 1939||Neidich George G||Method of making duplicate copies|
|US2217349 *||Feb 23, 1937||Oct 8, 1940||George G Neidich||Impression transmitting medium|
|US2424954 *||Aug 11, 1943||Jul 29, 1947||Columbia Ribbon & Carbon||Method of preparing hectographic ink|
|US2596756 *||Nov 4, 1947||May 13, 1952||Eastman Kodak Co||Photomechanical copy method|
|US2597306 *||Oct 5, 1949||May 20, 1952||Little Inc A||Printing process wherein an alkaline substance passing through stencil openings effects coupling of an azo dye in situ|
|US2610921 *||Apr 18, 1949||Sep 16, 1952||Joseph R Ehrlich||Transfer ink|
|US2634677 *||Jul 7, 1952||Apr 14, 1953||Dick Co Ab||Azo dye duplicating process|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2972547 *||Aug 5, 1957||Feb 21, 1961||Antioch College||Acyl hydrazine compositions and methods of producing color therewith|
|US3220859 *||Nov 21, 1960||Nov 30, 1965||Itek Corp||Data processing materials|
|US4964910 *||May 30, 1989||Oct 23, 1990||Repeat-O-Type Manufacturing Corporation||Transfer fluid for spirit duplicating systems|
|U.S. Classification||106/14.5, 101/DIG.290, 106/31.2, 106/272, 106/31.24|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S101/29, B41M5/0253|