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Publication numberUS2795854 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 18, 1957
Filing dateDec 10, 1954
Priority dateDec 10, 1954
Publication numberUS 2795854 A, US 2795854A, US-A-2795854, US2795854 A, US2795854A
InventorsMurray Perkal
Original AssigneeMurray Perkal
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Cutting template for linoleum, tile, and the like
US 2795854 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 18, 1957 M. PERKAL 2,795,854

CUTTING TEMPLATE FOR LINOLEUM, TILE, AND THE LIKE Filed Dec. 10, 1954 INVENTOR.

Jhrray fie z kal I CUTTING TEMPLATE FOR LINOLEUM, TILE, AND THE LIKE Murray Perkal, Long Beach, Calif.

Application December 10, 1954, Serial Not 474,419

3 Claims. (Cl. 33-174) This invention relates to a cutting template for linoleum, tile, plastic, and other floor, ceiling or counter coverings and relates particularly to a means of cutting the covering to form an inside or outside 90 corner, particularly where the covering is being layed alongthe edge of a room or wall to form a sanitary coving. Heretofore, in shaping. outside corners it has been common prac tive to shape a full tile to form a part of the corner and cut it to size with a knife. For inside corners the tile is cut to approximately the correct size and is then fitted in the corner, after which it is cut or whittled to" correct size. Each cut is guesswork. and requires the slcill of an experienced mechanic.

An object of my invention is to greatly simplify the cutting of the correct size and shape of the piece to correctly form an inside or outside corner which is coved between the floor and wall, or between the ceiling and wall.

A further object of my invention is to provide a novel template of the character stated, which will eliminate prior difficulties in cutting and fitting corners for coved edges in a room, or the like.

Still another object of my invention is to provide a novel template of the character stated, which can be used as a cutting guide to form the correct size and shape of the corner, or part of the corner, which is so fitted for a tile or other floor covering to shape that tile or strip of linoleum, thus forming a coved inside or outside corner.

A further object of my invention is to provide a novel template which is inexpensive to manufacture and effective in use. Furthermore, the use of my template does not require any great skill or ingenuity on the part of the user.

Other objects, advantages and features of invention may appear from the accompanying drawing, the subjoined detailed description and the appended claims.

In the drawing- Figure l is a plan view of my cutting template for floor, wall or counter coverings.

Figure 2 is a transverse sectional view through the coving between a wall and floor.

Figure 3 illustrates the position of the template in cutting an inside corner from a tile.

Figure 4 is a view illustrating a cutting of an outside corner from a tile.

Figure 5 is a view showing the position of the template when cutting an outside corner from a strip of linoleum or other covering.

Figure 6 shows another position of the template in cutting an outside corner from a strip of floor covering.

Figure 7 is a perspective view showing an inside coved corner cut from a single square tile.

Figure 8 is a perspective view showing an outside corner cut from a square tile or a strip of linoleum.

Figure 9 is a perspective view showing an inside coved corner cut from a strip of floor covering.

Referring more particularly to the drawing, a coved nite States PatentO Patented June 18, 1957 corner is formed between a vertical wall 1 and a hori-v zontal floor or ceiling 2, this coved corner being formed by laying a strip of floor covering, such as linoleum, plastic, or the like 3 between the wall. I and the floor 2, or where the floor or wall is covered with tile, such as asphalt or plastic tiles. A coved base 4 is nailed along, the intersection of the floor and wall for the purposeof'reinforcing or supporting the curved portion of the tile, linoleum, or the like, at the right angle intersection thereof. My template 5 may be formed of metal, plastic, cardboard, or paper, and is shaped and arranged as fol.- lows: The template is formed of a relatively thin material and the shape for cutting inside corners from a single tile 6 is as follows: A straight edge 7' is formed in the template, thisstraight edge terminating in an. arc of a circle 8;. Furthermore, the edge 7 is at right angles to an edge '9 of' the template. Another edge 10,, formed on the template, also terminates in an arc of a circle 11. The two arcs, 8 and 11, coincide at their inner ends, as shown in Figure 1. The edge '10 is also. at right angles to another edge 12 of the template. An outside and inside cutting edge is also provided onthe template 5 and consists of a straight cutting edge 13 which extends into an arc of a circle 14. A second cutting edge 15 extends from the arc 14 to the outer edge 16 of the template. The edge 15 intersects the edge 16 ata angle. The edge 13 intersects an outer edge 17 of the template with a 45 angle. The edges 7 and 10 of the template are each calibrated and the calibrations start with zero. The calibrations adjacent the edge 7 are indicated at 18, and the calibrations adjacent the edge 10 are indicated at 19. The template is also calibrated adjacent the edge 15, as shown at 20, and this calibration also starts with zero. (The edges 9, 12, 16 and 17 may also be calibrated substantially as shown. Since the template is used on both sides it is desirable that the calibrations be place on both surfaces.

The measurement indicated at X in the drawing is the distance from the top of the wood base 4 to the upper edge of the tile or linoleum coved strip. The Y" measurement is the distance from the corner of the wall to the edge of the tile which is cut to fit that corner. When cutting an inside corner from a single tile, as in Figure 3, the zero on the calibrations 18 and 19 represent the top of the coved base 4. The X distance is then read on the scales 18 and 19 which determines the position of the template 5 on the tile 6. This tile is now out and the shaded portion of the tile, as shown in Figure 3, is the discarded part of the tile. The tile is now bent and fit into the corner, as shown in Figure 7, and will accurately fit this inside corner. The curved edges 8 and 11 conform to the shape of the curved wood base 4 and the tile will accurately fit into the corner of the room without any gaping edges.

When cutting tile for an outside corner, as shown in Figure 8, and where a single tile is used, the template is positioned as shown in Figure 4. The X distance, as shown in Figure 8, is measured starting with zero on the scale 20, and is then measured outwardly the required distance. The Y distance is also measured outwardly on the scale 16. The tile is cut, as shown in Figure 4, and the shaded portion thereof is discarded. The two tiles are cut in the same manner and are fitted into the corner, as shown in Figure 8. When cutting an inside corner from strips of material, as shown in Figure 9, the edges 13, 14, 15, are again used as shown in Figure 5. The completed inside corner formed of strips of material is shown in Figure 9. The X distance is again measured on the scale 20 starting with the zero point on the scale representing the upper edge of the wood base 4. When making so-called left or right hand cuts in either a tile or strip of material the template 5 must be turned over.

For that reason both faces of the template are calibrated in the same manner.

When cutting an outside corner from strips of material similar to Figure 8, the edges 13, 14, 15 are again used as shown in Figure .6.. The X distanceshown in Fig- 'ure 8 is measured upwardly on the scale 20 starting with the point on the scale representing the upper edge of the wood base 4. The template is also positioned for the required Y distance. The strip is then' cut as shown in Figure 6 and the shaded portion thereof is discarded. Both strips are cut in the same manner and are fitted into the corner similar to that shown in Figure 8.

Having described my invention, I claim:

1. A cutting template for linoleum, tile and the like, comprising a rectangular sheet of material having four side edges, a first guide edge extending inwardly at a 45 angle from one of the side edges, a second guide edge extending inwardly at a 90 angle from another adjacent side edge to the firstnamed side edge, and a concave circular are joining the first and second guide edges, said guide edges being tangent to the concave circular arc.

2. A cutting template for linoleum, tile and the like, comprising a rectangular sheet of material having four side edges, a guide edge extending inwardly at right angles to one of the side edges, another guide edge extending at right angles to another side edge adjacent to the first named side edge, the first named guide edge terminating in a convex circular arc and tangent to said arc, the

second guide edge terminating in another convex circular arc and tangent to said arc, both of the said circular arcs being of substantially the same radius and meeting at a point within the sheet of material.

3. A cutting template for linoleum, tile and the like, comprising a rectangular sheet of material having four side edges, a guide edge extending inwardly at right angles to one of the side edges, another guide edge extending at right angles to another side edge adjacent to the first named'side edge, the first named guide edge terminating in a convex circular arc and tangent to said are, the second guide edge terminating in another convex circular arc and tangent to said arc, both of the said circular arcs being of substantially the same radius and meeting at a point within the sheet of material, and calibrations extending along each of the guide edges.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED-STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US141645 *Jan 24, 1873Aug 12, 1873 Improvement in patterns for pipe-elbows
US379206 *Dec 12, 1887Mar 13, 1888 Drawing implement
US455159 *Nov 26, 1890Jun 30, 1891 Pattern for vests and shirts
US2065734 *Jun 9, 1934Dec 29, 1936Pierson Harold LPattern
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US2637110 *Jun 23, 1950May 5, 1953Harris S GilbertsonDrafting instrument
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2998655 *Mar 24, 1958Sep 5, 1961Thomas J WhiteLeveling square
US3435531 *Jun 24, 1966Apr 1, 1969Fred C MorrisMethod of making freezer cartons and the like and template therefor
US4502232 *Sep 16, 1983Mar 5, 1985Broders Jack RCarpet layer's wave-form template
US4936020 *Apr 12, 1989Jun 26, 1990Neblett Jimmie FLayout template for picture framing mat
US6349478Feb 9, 1998Feb 26, 2002Ap Technoglass CorporationWindow measuring device
US7140120 *Jul 6, 2005Nov 28, 2006Christopher HuttemannTile measuring device
US7373729 *Jun 9, 2006May 20, 2008GerflorDevice and method for laying floor coverings in corner areas where floors and walls meet
US8468709Nov 4, 2010Jun 25, 2013The Boeing CompanyQuick composite repair template tool and method
US8701302May 20, 2013Apr 22, 2014The Boeing CompanyQuick composite repair template tool and method
US8734604Dec 5, 2008May 27, 2014The Boeing CompanyBond line control process
US8795455Sep 4, 2009Aug 5, 2014The Boeing CompanyBonded patches with bond line control
WO2012060944A1 *Sep 27, 2011May 10, 2012The Boeing CompanyQuick composite repair template tool and method
Classifications
U.S. Classification33/527
International ClassificationB25H7/00, E04F21/20, B43L13/20, E04F21/00
Cooperative ClassificationE04F21/20, B43L13/201, B25H7/00
European ClassificationE04F21/20, B25H7/00, B43L13/20B