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Publication numberUS2795959 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 18, 1957
Filing dateAug 12, 1955
Priority dateAug 12, 1955
Publication numberUS 2795959 A, US 2795959A, US-A-2795959, US2795959 A, US2795959A
InventorsRoeser John O
Original AssigneeElectro Snap Switch & Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hermetic seal for a switch
US 2795959 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 18, 1957 J. o. ROESER HERMETIC SEAL FOR A SWITCH Filed Aug. 12, 1955 INVENTOR. Jo/ziz 0306.587;

United States Patent HERMETIC SEAL FOR A SWITCH John 0. Roeser, Chicago, Ill., assignor to Electro-Snap Switch & Mfg. Co., Chicago, 111., a corporation of lllmois Application August 12, 1955, Serial No. 528,081

Claims. (Cl. 74-181) This application is a continuation-in-part of my copending application Serial No. 243,697, filed August 25, 1951.

It is a main object of the invention to provide a hermetic seal for an electric switch of the snap action type, which is encased in a hermetically sealed casing.

Another object of the invention is to provide a hermetic seal for a pivoted operating stud that projects out of a hermetically sealed casing in which a snap action switch is enclosed.

Another object of the invention is to provide a hermetic seal of the above type, which will maintain seal under widely varying conditions of temperature and pressure.

Another object of the invention is to provide a hermetic seal of the class described, which can be manufactured at low cost without sacrificing quality and is capable of maintaining seal over a long period of time without maintenance.

Further objects of the invention not specifically mentioned here will be apparent from the detailed description and claims which follow, reference being had to the accompanying drawings in which a preferred embodiment of the invention is shown by way of example and in which:

Fig. 1 is a plan view of a hermetically encased seal involving the invention;

Fig. 2 is an elevational view, partly in section, along the line 2-2 of Fig. 1, looking in the direction of the arrows;

Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view taken substantially along the line 3-3 of Fig. 1, looking in the direction of the arrows;

Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 3, showing the apparatus in operated position; and

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary cross sectional view taken substantially along the line 5-5 of Fig. 3, looking in the direction of the arrows.

In the embodiment of the invention shown by way of example, a switch is mounted in a metallic casing 11, from one end of which is a hermetically sealed connector 12 and in one wall of which is a bushing 13 to which the present invention particularly relates. The switch 10 may be of any desired type, such as for example that shown in my prior Patent 2,518,255, issued August 8, 1950; and the connector 12 may be of the type shown in my prior Patent 2,684,401, issued July 20, 1954. The casing 11 is closed by a cover 14 sealed thereon to hermetically enclose the casing.

The bushing 13 contains an inner cylindrical portion 20 that projects through the wall of casing 1 1 and is sealed therein in any convenient manner such as brazing. The cylindrical portion 20 is tubular in form and the cavity in the bushing flares outwardly at 21 forming a larger diameter cavity exteriorly of the casing 11. Mounted upon pivot rod 22 is an operating stud 23 which projects through the bushing 13 and into the casing 11, there being an operating lever 24 fixed on the inner end of the stud 23 in a convenient manner as by a nut 25.

Fixed upon the stud 23 above the pivot rod 22 is a washerlike collar 26.

Disposed within the cavity in the bushing 13 is a mass of gum 27, preferably silicone gum because of its ability to withstand widely varying conditions of temperature without deterioration. The mass of gum is bonded to the tapered wall section 21 of the bushing to the surface of the stud 23 and completely encompasses the Washer 26, which washer thus affords an added area of bonding between the gum and stud.

Overlying the gum 27 is a rubber diaphragm 30 which encircles the stud 23 and is held in the bushing by a suitable washer 31. The diaphragm 30 is preferably composed of silicone rubber because of its temperature resisting characteristics and serves as a mechanical protection for the gum.

Fixed upon the outer end of the stud 23 is an operating lever 33 held thereon in suitable manner as by a nut 34.

In operation of the device, when the operating lever 33 is moved from the position in which it is shown in Fig. 3 to the position in which it is shown in Fig. 4, the mass of gum 27 and the diaphragm 30 flex to maintain seal with .the bushing and stud during this movement. Operating lever 24 is thus moved downwardly and the spring pressed pin 35 carried thereby operates the plunger 36 of the switch 10 thereby to operate the switch. When the force moving the operating lever 33 is removed, spring 37 restores the mechanism to the position shown in Fig. 3.

In the manufacture of this seal the stud 23 is placed within the bushing and a mass of raw gum 27 placed therein around the stud. The assembly is then put in a suitable mold and heat pressure applied to cure the gum and to bond the gum to the walls of the bushing, to the stud 23, and to the washer 26. The diaphragm 30 is then placed over the stud and secured in the bushing by a washer 31 and the walls of the bushing turned over the Washer 31 in the manner shown at 38 in Fig. 4.

The casing 11 thus hermetically sealed may be evacuated or filled with an inert gas, if desired. The switch thus formed maintains seal under widely varying conditions of temperature and pressure, such as are encountered by an airplane taking 011 from the ground at high temperature and climbing rapidly to altitudes where low temperatures are encountered. While silicone is preferred as a gum and material for the diaphragm because of its temperature characteristics, the use of other suitable materials is contemplated within the teachings of the invention.

While I have chosen to illustrate my invention by showing and describing a preferred embodiment of it, I have done so by way of example only as there are many modifications and adaptations which can be made by one skilled in the art within the teachings of the invention.

Having thus complied with the statutes and shown and described a preferred embodiment of my invention, what I consider new and desire to have protected by Letters Patent is pointed out in the appended claims.

What I claim is:

1. A seal for a hermetically encased plunger operated snap switch, comprising: a metallic housing in which the switch is mounted and into which switch connecting wires are led through a hermetically sealed bush-ing; a hollow bushing sealed in said housing opposite said switch, a stud pivotally mounted in said bushing and extending therethrough; a lever fixed on the inner end of said stud and extending into juxtaposition to said switch plunger; a mass of gum in said bushing surrounding said stud and bonded to the stud and bushing to hermetically seal the housing and to maintain that seal during movement of the stud around its pivot; a rubber diaphragm fixed in said bushing externally of said gum and having an opening :through which said stud projects; and an operating lever fixed on said stud exteriorly of said diaphragm for moving the stud around its pivot thereby to operate the switch.

2. A hermetic seal as specified in claim '1, in which the gum is silicone and is cured in the bushing to bend it to the stud and bushing.

3. A hermetic seal as specified in claim 1, in which a disk surrounds the stud within the bushing and is embedded in the gum to provide additional area of bonding of the gum to the stud.

4. A hermetic seal as specified in claim 1, in which the diaphragm is composed of siliconerubber, is clamped in the bushing over the gum, and affords mechanical protection to the gum.

5. A seal for a hermetically sealed electric switch having a reciprocal plunger, comprising a housing in which the switch is mounted, ,a-wall .of said housing opposite the plunger containing an opening, a hollow V bushing sealed in said opening, a stud pivotally mounted in said bushing and projecting therefrom into said housing, means fixed on said stud for operating said plunger, a mass of silicone gum in said bushing surrounding said stud and bonded to the stud and bushing to hermetically seal the housing, a rubber diaphragm fixed in said bushing externally of said gum and having an opening through which said studprojects, and ,anroperaating lever fixed on said stud exteriorly of said diaphragm.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Riche Apr. 26, 1949

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2365649 *Jun 9, 1942Dec 19, 1944Penn Electric Switch CoSealed trunnion structure
US2430064 *May 5, 1944Nov 4, 1947Gen Motors CorpDustproof and moistureproof switch casing
US2439760 *May 31, 1945Apr 13, 1948Sterling Ind LtdSelf-sealing pipe coupling
US2468512 *Aug 30, 1945Apr 26, 1949First Ind CorpSwitch mechanism
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2817736 *Jan 7, 1957Dec 24, 1957Midwest Controls CompanyHermetically sealed rotary type electric switches
US2916592 *Jun 2, 1958Dec 8, 1959Honeywell Regulator CoSeal
US2929252 *Oct 31, 1957Mar 22, 1960United Aircraft CorpPivot and sealing means
US3060296 *Oct 9, 1958Oct 23, 1962Texas Instruments IncMotion translating mechanism
US3105885 *Feb 8, 1960Oct 1, 1963Illinois Tool WorksSnap switch mechanism
US5113046 *Dec 3, 1990May 12, 1992Deere & CompanyHousing for a micro-switch unit
DE1289568B *Aug 1, 1963Feb 20, 1969Illinois Tool WorksHermetisch abgeschlossene elektrische Schaltvorrichtung
DE1638998B1 *Oct 20, 1964May 27, 1970Dunkermotoren Praez SkleinstmoElektromotorische Antriebsvorrichtung für Jalousien u.dgl.
Classifications
U.S. Classification74/18.1, 200/302.3
International ClassificationH01H21/08, H01H21/00
Cooperative ClassificationH01H21/085
European ClassificationH01H21/08B