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Publication numberUS2796085 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 18, 1957
Filing dateMay 18, 1954
Priority dateMay 18, 1954
Also published asUS2855959
Publication numberUS 2796085 A, US 2796085A, US-A-2796085, US2796085 A, US2796085A
InventorsMohelnicky Josef, Zahradnik Stanislav, Svaty Vladimir
Original AssigneeMira Zd Y Na Pletene A Stavkov
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pump and nozzle system for nozzle operated weaving looms
US 2796085 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 18, 1957 v. svATY ETAL l 2,796,085

PUMP AND NOZZLE SYSTEM FOR NOZZLE OPERATED WEAVING LOOMS Filed May 18, 1954 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 `lune 18, 1957 v. svA'lrY ErAL PUMP AND NOZZLE SYSTEM FOR NOZZLE OPERATED WEAVING LOOMS Filed nay 18, 1954 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 PUMP AND NOZZLE SYSTEM FOR NZZLE OPERATED WEAVING LOMS Vladimir Svatj'l and Josef Moheluicky, Liberec, and Stanislav Zahradnik, Kruh, Czechoslovakia, assignors to Mira, zavody na pleten a stavkove zboz, narodni podnik, Prague, Czechoslovakia Application May 18, 1954, Serial No. 430,689

4 Claims. (Cl. 139-127) The present invention relates to a pump and nozzle system for nozzle operated weaving looms.

In nozzle operated weaving looms in which the weft thread is entrained through the shed by means of a small column of liquid discharged with a high velocity from a nozzle, it is imperative that for each picking operation the volume of liquid which must be exactly determined, receives a pressure corresponding to the required velocity of discharge of the pressure medium from the nozzle.

This problem has been solved by the piston pump according to the present invention, in combination with a suitable nozzle, the said pump being provided with a pressure spring which controls the movement of a piston in the direction of discharge of the liquid. This arrangement oers certain advantages over pumps in which both the suction stroke and the discharge stroke are controlled by a cam. The course of pressure of the liquid in the discharge channel, subject to the influence of a spring, the characteristic of which has a decreasing tendency, is advantageous in particular insofar as the column of liquid, projected from the nozzle has at its leading end a higher velocity than at its rear end. A part of the energy of the leading portion of the column is utilized for accelerating the thread, and in the course of its movement along the trajectory the velocity of the leading portion is diminished by air friction, so that the velocities of the leading and back portions of the liquid column become partially equalized. An advantage of the pump according to the invention resides further in the fact that the course of pressure of the liquid in the discharge portion remains practically unchanged upon a change of revolutions of the weaving loom.

The pump for nozzle operated weaving looms is, according to the invention, further combined with a liquid nozzle, which in the course of the picking operation allows the weft to be passed through the shed by means of a small column of liquid travelling with a high velocity, the arrangement being such, that the speed and degree of opening and closing the nozzle mouth, which determines the shape of the liquid jet, may be controlled by a change in the pressure of the liquid in the space of the nozzle body in front of its mouth.

The accompanying drawings represent by way of example one embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. l shows in a longitudinal axial section a piston pump for a nozzle operated weaving loom.

Fig. 2 is a similar section of the nozzle, and

Fig. 3 is a cross sectional view of the nozzle along the line III-III of Fig. 2.

Referring to the example of the pump represented in Fig. l, a container 2 with an inlet port 3 for the liquid and filter 4 is mounted above the pump cylinder 1. A plunger-like piston 5 is arranged for reciprocal movement States Patent Patented June 18, 1957 "ice 2 in the cylinder 1, said piston carrying at its open upper end a plate 6 and at its bottom rod-like end a shoe 7, biassed by means of a helical spring 8 by the intermediary of the plate 6 and piston 5 against a cam 9, revolving in the direction of the arrow S. The position of the shoe 7 with respect to the cam 9 is adjustable by changing the length of the link 10, projecting with its bottom end into a cavity 11 in the piston 5 and provided at its upper end with a thread and nut 12, bearing against a disc washer 13 mounted at the end of a hollow pin 13.

To prevent the liquid from escaping from the container 2 through the bore of the hollow pin 13, surrounding the link 10, a hose 16 of resilient material, e. g. rubber, is mounted in sealing engagement with the link 10 and with a tubular extension 14 of the lid 15 of the container 2. The tubular extension 14 is closed at its open lower end by a plug 16', to which is secured the lower end of the hose 16 so as to assure perfect sealing.

A tube 17 connects the pump cylinder 1 with the body of a throttling valve 18 and a check valve 19, controlled by a spring 20. The arrow V shows the direction of flow of the liquid, discharged by the pump through a connecting pipe 30 to the body 32 of a picking nozzle, and the arrow P indicates the direction of supply of liquid into the container from a mains or other suitable pipeline.

A fork 21 of a hand lever 21, mounted for rocking movement around a ixed pivot 22 engages the underside of the disc washer 13 of the nut 12.

The pump described above operates as follows:

The cam- 9, revolving in the direction of the arrow S lifts periodically the piston 5 to its extreme upper position. Vacuum is thus produced in the space 23 under the plunger-like portion of the differential piston 5, said vacuum causing the liquid to be sucked in from the container 2 through the connecting channel 24 into the space 23. During further rotation of the cam 9 the shoe 7 slips o the highest portion of the cam ramp in a position shown in Fig. 1, causing the piston 5 with the plate 6 to be displaced under the pressure of the spring 8 into its lowermost position, shown in the drawing. The liquid which has been sucked in is thus discharged from the space 23 through the tube 17 and throttling valve 18 against the pressure of the spring 20, through the pipe 30 into the body 33 of the nozzle.

The volume of liquid, measured off for each picking operation, is continuously adjustable by changing the stroke of the piston 5. The movement of the piston to its extreme upper position is constant and is determined by the height of the cam 9, whereas the stroke of the piston to its lower end position is adjustable by rotating the nut 12 so as to alter the length of the link 10.

The pump may be actuated by hand, if required (without the cam 9 being driven), by means of the hand lever 21, the fork end 21 of which is adapted to lift the hollow pin 13, link 10 and piston 5.

The picking nozzle according to Figs. 2 and 3 consists of two members inserted one into the other, namely of an inner conical member 31 and an outer cylindrical member or body 33, the two members being connected together into one unit by a cap 32. The body 33 of the nozzle has a conical recess, the wall of which is provided with longitudinal grooves 40 between the corresponding toothlike ribs. The apex of the cone 31, having a longitudinal axial channel 42, is positioned exactly in the axis of the body 33 and of a cylinder 34, inserted into the body 33 and mounted for sliding movement in a guide 35 in thebody 33. The cylindrical member 34 is carried out as a hollow piston, biassed against the inner conical member 31 by a helical spring 36 of adjustable pressure, said spring bearing against a cap nut 37, adapted to be screwed to any desired position on the screw thread on the body 33. The cylindrical member 34 rests with its seat 43 against a conical tapered inner portion of the member 31 in a way similar to a valve, i. e. is seated on an axially protruding portion of the conical member 31. Upon displacement of the cylindrical member 34 of the nozzle in the direction of the arrow, shown in the drawing, i. e. in a direction from the conical member 31, a gap is formed between the said two parts, the gap having the shape of a conical ring` or annulus 41, the dimensions of which increase with the further movement of the cylindrical body. A port 38 is provided in the cap 32 of the nozzle for the entry of liquid from the pump into the circular space 39, communicating through a series of channels 40-desoribed above, with an annular space 4i. The axial channel 42 serves to guide the weft thread.

The nozzle just described operates as follows:

Liquid from the pump is supplied through the pipe and through the port 38 into the circular space 39 and further through the channels 40 into the annular space d1. When the pressure of liquid in this space exceeds the pressure of the spring 36, the cylindrical member 34 of the nozzle is moved in the guide 35 in a way similar to a piston, in the direction of the arrow, against the pressure of the spring 36 and the pressure liquid flows through the now free annular gap 41 in the seat 43, in the shape of a jet, into the center of which the weft thread (not shown) is fed through the channel 42, said weft being then entraincd by the jet of liquid and passed through the shed.

The arrangement of the nozzle as described above is advantageous for the operation of a weaving loom in particular since it facilitates the threading of the weft into the nozzle, considering the path along which the weft is fed to the mouth of the nozzle being very short. It is further advantageous that the remaining portion of the weft, protruding from the nozzle after completion of the picking, weaving in and cutting operations, is guided by the edge of the discharge orifice in the cap nut 37 in a position near the axis of the jet, projected from the nozzle, which facilitates the engagement of the weft by the liquid.

We claim:

l. A pump for discharging liquid for propelling the weft thread of a nozzle-operated weaving loom comprising, in combination, a cylinder body formed with a cylinder bore, said cylinder bore having a first bore portion of greater diameter, a second bore portion of smaller diameter and an intermediate portion connecting said first and second portions, said cylinder body being formed with an outlet passage opening into said first bore portion adjacent said intermediate portion, and with an inlet passage opening into said first bore portion axially spaced from said outlet passage; a stepped plunger piston having a first portion of greater diameter slidably fitting inTo said iirst bore portion, a second portion of smaller dameter slidably fitting into said second bore portion and an intermediate portion between said first and second portions of said piston, said piston being slidably r'ounted in said bore for movement between an advanced discharge position in which said first portion of said piston closes said inlet passage and a retracted position in which said intermediate portion of said piston is located rearwardly of said inlet, said second and intermediate portions of said piston and said first and intermediate portions of said cylinder bore defining a suction space in said retracted position of said piston; spring means urging said piston into said advanced position; and a rotary cam means having a stepped cam track engaging said piston so that said piston is gradually moved from said advanced position to said retracted position and suddenly released for movement from said retracted position to said advanced position under the action of said spring means.

2. A pump for discharging liquid for propelling the weft thread of a nozzle-operated weaving loom comprising, in combination, a cylinder body formed with a cylinder bore, said cylinder bore having a first bore portion of greater diameter, a second bore portion of smaller diameter and an intermediate portion connecting said first and second portions, said cylinder body being formed with an outlet passage opening into said first bore portion adjacent said intermediate portion, and with an inlet passage opening into said first bore portion axially spaced from said outlet passage; a container communicating with said inlet passage and being secured to said cylinder body; a stepped plunger piston having a first portion of greater diameter slidably fitting into said first bore portion, a second portion of smaller diameter slidably fitting into said second bore portion and an intermediate portion between said first and second portions of said piston, said piston being slidably mounted in said bore for movement between an advanced discharge position in which said first portion of said piston closes said inlet passage and a retracted position in which said intermediate portion of said piston is located rearwardly of said inlet, said second and intermediate portions of said piston and said first and intermediate portions of said cylinder bore defining a suction space in said r'fracted position of said piston; spring means urging said piston into said advanced position; an adjustable link passing through said container and having an abutment at one end thereof slidably mounted on said piston and abutting against the same in said advanced position of the same, said link having at the other end thereof adjustable means engaging said container for adjusting said advanced position of said piston; and means for imparting to said piston a motion from said advanced position to said retracted position.

3. A pump for discharging liquid for propelling the weft thread of a nozzle-operated weaving loom comprising, in combination, a cylinder body formed with a cylinder bore, said cylinder bore having a first bore portion of greater diameter, a second bore portion of smaller diameter and an intermediate portion connecting said first and second portions, said cylinder body being formed with an outlet passage opening into said first bore portion adjacent said intermediate portion, and with an inlet passage opening into said rst bore portion axially spaced from said outlet passage; a container communicating with said inlet passage and secured to said cylinder body; a stepped plunger piston having a first portion of greater diameter slidably fitting into said first bore portion, said first portion being formed with a cavity, a second portion of vsmaller diameter slidably fitting into said second bore portion and projecting out of said cylinder body, and an intermediate portion between said iirst and second portions of said piston, said piston being slidably mounted in said bore for movement between an advanced discharge position in which said first portion of said piston closes said inlet passage and a retracted position in which said intermediate portion of said piston is located rearwardly of said inlet, said second and intermediate portions of said piston and said first and intermediate portions of said cylinder bore defining a suction space in said'retracted position of said piston; spring means urging said piston into said advanced position; an adjustable link passing through said container and having at one end thereof an abutment slidably mounted in said cavity of said piston and abutting against the same in said advanced position for limiting movement of said piston; adjustable means mounted at the other end of said link and engaging said container for adjusting said advanced position of said piston; and a rotaryy cam means having aY stepped cam track engaging said second portion of said piston so that said piston is gradually moved from said advancedl position to said retracted position and suddenly released for movement from said retracted position to said advanced position under the action of said spring means.

4, A pump as claimed in claim 3 and including a discharge control means formed with a discharge passage communicating with said outlet passage, said discharge control means including a throttle valve and a check valve arranged in said discharge passage.

References Cited in they le of this patent 6 Alvey Aug. 6, 1929 Peterson Aug. 30, 1932 Pool June 19, 1934 Hurst May 26, 1936 Martin Dec. 23, 1952 Dunham May 5, 1953

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1721940 *Jun 28, 1928Jul 23, 1929Lorraine Mfg CompanyPneumatic weft-introducing mechanism for looms
US1723909 *Mar 19, 1928Aug 6, 1929Alvey Fihe Company IncSirup-dispensing pump
US1874612 *May 31, 1930Aug 30, 1932Russ Mfg CompanySirup pump
US1963098 *May 31, 1933Jun 19, 1934Celanese CorpShuttleless loom
US2042004 *Oct 17, 1934May 26, 1936Bosch RobertSupply pump for engines
US2622539 *Mar 8, 1947Dec 23, 1952Martin Orlie ELiquid soap dispenser having a valve and plunger mechanism
US2637349 *Dec 24, 1948May 5, 1953George W DunhamShuttleless loom which pneumatically projects weft thread
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2982315 *Sep 3, 1957May 2, 1961Klein JohannesPneumatic weaving method
US3257981 *Apr 30, 1963Jun 28, 1966Callaway Mills CoTufting machine method and apparatus
US3976107 *Apr 1, 1975Aug 24, 1976Ruti Machinery Works Ltd.Device for fluid insertion of the filling thread on a loom
US4102361 *Nov 26, 1976Jul 25, 1978Nissan Motor Company, Ltd.Fluid supplying and discharging apparatus for shuttleless weaving loom
US4183382 *Feb 28, 1977Jan 15, 1980Walter ScheffelApparatus for weft insertion in a weaving loom
US5417250 *Mar 24, 1994May 23, 1995Picanol N.V.Weft insertion system for air-jet loom
US7510556Nov 24, 2004Mar 31, 2009Coviden AgVessel sealing instrument
EP0619391A1 *Mar 3, 1994Oct 12, 1994Picanol N.V.Insertion system for an air jet loom
Classifications
U.S. Classification139/435.4, 222/309, 112/80.7, 222/383.1
International ClassificationF04B49/12, F04B23/02, F04B7/04, F04B53/10, D03D47/00, F04B5/00, F04B9/06
Cooperative ClassificationD03D47/00, F04B7/04, F04B9/06, F04B49/121, F04B23/02, D03D2700/1495, F04B53/1037, F04B5/00
European ClassificationD03D47/00, F04B53/10F, F04B23/02, F04B49/12A, F04B5/00, F04B9/06, F04B7/04