US 2796627 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
n 7 D. HEYER PULL FOR DRAWERS, DQOR AND THE LIKE 2 V Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed March 8. 1954 DON 1122 52 IN VEN TOR.
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PULL FOR DRAWERS, DOOR AND THE- LIKE Filed March 8, 1954 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 DON HEYEQ IN VEN TOR.
14 TTOENEY- 2,796,627 Patented June 25, 1957 PULL FOR DRAWERS, noon AND rnn LIKE Don Heyer, El Monte, Calif, assignor to International Research Corp., Los Angeles, Calif, a corporation of California Application March 8, 1954, Serial No. 414,797
3 Claims. (Cl. 16-421) This invention relates relates to pulls for drawers, cabinet doors and the like, particularly pulls of the type fastened in place by means of a single screw.
It has been the practise to provide pulls of this type with small sharpened prongs or projections adapted to penetrate the surface of the member to which the pull is fastened, to hold the pull against angular movement about its axis in the operation of applying the screw thereto, as well as to prevent turning of the pull in the use thereof. However, these pulls have not been satisfactory as to preventing such turning thereof, due to the location, small size and the arrangement of the sharpened prongs, as well as the lack of sufficient prong area eccentric to the axis of the pull, to resist angular movement of the pull about its axis. Moreover these pulls, in being subject to turning about their axes, frequently cause the surface of the drawer or door to be scratched or marred.
It is an object of the present invention to provide an improved pull of the character described wherein projections adapted to penetrate the surface of the member to which the pull is fastened, are constructed and arranged to securely hold the pull against angular movement about its axis in applying the screw, as well as against such turning in the use of the pull after it is fastened in place.
It is another object hereof to provide a pull such as described, wherein the aforesaid advantages are achieved by forming each of the projections or prongs so as to have sides of substantial area extending axially of the pull and eccentrically of the axis of the pull.
It is another object hereof to provide a pull of this character, wherein each projection or prong has a substantially straight sharpened edge extending transversely of the pull in such a manner that the distance between the axis of the pull and the sharpened edge increases progressively along the sharpened edge, whereby each projection has a formation which will efiectively resist angular movement of the pull about its axis.
This invention possesses many other advantages and has other objects which may be made more easily apparent from a consideration of several embodiments of the invention. For this purpose there are shown several forms in the drawings accompanying and forming part of the present specification. These forms will now be described in detail, illustrating the general principles of the invention; but it is to be understood that this detailed description is not to be taken in a limiting sense, since the scope of the invention is best defined by the appended claims.
Fig. l is a vertical sectional view of a pull embodying the present invention, shown as fastened to a drawer, cabinet door or the like;
Fig. 2 is a sectional view taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken on the line 33 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary sectional view similar to Fig. 1
on an enlarged scale, showing how one of the projections penetrates the member to which the pull is fastened;
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the pull removed from the drawer, door or the like, showing the arrangement of the projections;
Fig. 6 is a vertical sectional View similar to Fig. 1, of a modified form of this invention shown as applied to a drawer, door or the like;
Fig. 7 is a sectional view taken on the line 7--7 of Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is a fragmentary sectional view similar to Fig. 6, showing in detail how one of the projections extends through an opening in the face plate on which the pull is mounted;
Fig. 9 is a perspective View of another modified form of this invention; and
Fig. 10 is a fragmentary perspective view of still fur-.
ther modified form of this invention.
As shown in Figs. 1-5, one form of pull embodying the present invention comprises a body providingat opposite extremities, a knob or handle portion 1 and a stem portion 2. This stem portion is adapted to be fastened to a drawer, cabinet door or the like, indicated by the numeral 3 in Figs. 1, 3 and 4.
The knob portion 1 may be of any suitable shape and the stem likewise of any suitable form provided it disposes the knob in position to be readily grasped when the pull is positioned in place.
As here shown the stem portion 2 is hollow and has a central core 2a joined to the angularly related stem walls 212 by means of webs 20. This core has a screw threaded bore 4 extending axially thereof for reception of a screw 5. This screw is applied through the member 3 to fasten the pull in place.
In accordance with one embodiment of this invention, the stem 2 is provided with a pair of projections 6 of special formation extending axially from the outer end of the walls 217 in integral formation therewith. These projections are constructed and arranged to penetrate the surface of the drawer or door to which the pull is fastened, to hold the pull against angular movement about the axis thereof when tightening the screw 5 as well as when the pull is in use. projection 6 has a greater length transversely of the axis of the pull than axially thereof and is provided with blunt end edges 6a and a sharpened, substantially straight outer edge 6b. The end edges 6a extend axially of the pull, whereas the sharpened edge 6b extends transversely between the end edges and is substantially normal thereto. The two projections 6 are opposite one another, and as here shown are of equal axial and transverse extent. With this arrangement, the distance from a point approximately centrally of the edge 6b of each projection to the axis of the bore 4, progressively increases along said edge toward the end edges 6a. Consequently, the inner and outer sides 60 of the projections have the major portions thereof eccentrically disposed relative to the axis of the bore 4. Thus, when these projections penetrate the member 3, as shown in Figs. 1 and 4, the sides 60 offer such resistance to angular movement of the pull about the axis of the bore 4 as to positively prevent such movement during the application of the screw as well as during use of the pull.
The projections 6 are inwardly offset from the outer margins of the ends of the walls 2b so as to define shoulders between the outer sides of the projections and the outer surfaces of the walls 2b. Thus the projections will penetrate the member to which the pull is attached at joints spaced inwardly of the outer surfaces of the walls 2b to avoid marring any portion of the member not covered by the shoulders on the stem.
As here shown, each In applying the pull, it is forced against the member 3 so that the projections 6 will penetrate this member, after which the screw is inserted, through the member 3 and screwed into the bore 4 in the usual manner to afiix the pull. During this operation, the pull is prevvented from turning about the axis thereof. The projections 6, after the pull is fastened in place, will also hold the pull against turning and becoming loose and unsightly. The shape of the knobs in some instances, requires that a series of pulls on adjacent drawers or doors in desks or cabinets, be maintained in corresponding position in order to obtain the desired uniform or ornamental appearance. Accordingly the projections constructed in accordance with this invention, will assure that the pulls will be maintained in the desired position.
A modified form of this invention as shown in Figs. 6 7 and 8 deals with the use of a face plate or escutcheon plate 10 for use with a pull as shown in Figs. 1-5 as well as with any other pull made in accordance with this invention, as it is apparent that the plate 10 readily may be modified for use with the forms of the invention shown in Figs. 7-10. As the pull shown in Figs. 6, 7 and 8 is the same as that shown in Figsl-S, the same reference numerals are applied thereto as in Figs. l-5. The plate 10 is provided with opposed slots 11 through which the projections 6 extend into'the drawer or door indicated at 12. Thus the pull holds the plate 10 in place, although it is obvious that separate fastenings (not shown) may be used in addition to the projections 6 to hold the plate in place.
Another modified form of this invention as shown in Fig. 9 embodies a pull having a knob portion 12 and a stem portion 13 identical with the knob and stem portions shown in Figs. 1-5. The stem portion 13 has a screw threaded bore 14 identical with the bore 4 shown in Figs. 1-5. In this modified form a pair of projections 15 is provided on the stern portion 13 so as to extend axially therefrom on opposite sides of the bore 14 and in ofiFset relation to one another. Each of these projections is identical with the projection shown in Figs. 1-5 except that it is of less length transversely. Each projection 15 therefore has blunt end edges 16 and 17 and a sharpened straight edge 18 extending transversely between the end edges 16 and 17. The end edge 16 of each projection is nearer to theaxis of the bore 14 than the remainder of the projection. Thus, the distance between the sharpened edgev 18. and axis of the bore 14 progressively increases along the edge 18 toward the end edge 17. With this arrangement," each of the projections offers a large surface stem portion 20 identical with the knob and stern portions shown in Figs. 1 and 5. However, in this modified form a pair of projections 21 is provided oneach side of the screw receiving bore 22 in the stem. The projections of each pair, are laterally spaced from one another and opposite the projections or the other pair. Each projection is of the same formation as to blunt end edges 23 and 24 and a sharpened straight transverse edge 25, as in the projections shown in Figs. l-S but is of less length transversely. Thus, each projection 21 has its sharpened edge 25 disposed so that the distance between the. axis of the bore 15 and the edge 25 progressively increases along said edge from the inner end edge 23 to the outer end edge 24. With this arrangement the projections 21 of each pair have the major portions of opposite sides thereof eccentrically disposed with relation to the axis of the bore 22 so as to positively resist turning the pull about its axis once the pull is secured in place with the projections penetrating the member to which the pull is fastened.
1. A pull for drawers, doors and the like comprising; a knob having a stern; said stem having opposed walls with inner and outer surfaces; flattened projections integral with the outer ends of said opposed walls and which extend axially thereof; an escutcheon plate having slots for reception of said projections with the projections passing through said slots; said projections having sharp outer edges inwardly ofiset from the outer surfaces of said walls; and said slots having susbtantially the same width as said projections received therein whereby the pull is held against angular movement about its axis when fastened in place through said plate.
2. A pull as claimed in claim 1 wherein said opposed walls have shoulders at the juncture of said projections with said walls, said shoulders extending tranversely of the stem along outer faces of said projections.
3. A pull as claimed in claim 2 wherein the distance between said sharpened outer edges of said projections. and the axis of the pull increases progressively along said sharpened outer edges to further resist angular movement of the pull about its axis.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 59,250 Myers Oct. 30, 1866 119,429 Thompson Sept. 26, 1871 399,476 Berbecker Mar. 12, 1889 729,351 Kade May 26, 1903 745,404 Tower Dec. 1, 1903 1,576,870 Stevens Mar. 16, 1926 1,639,159 Anderson Aug. 16, 1927 2,026,701 Pearl Jan. 7, 1936