|Publication number||US2797424 A|
|Publication date||Jul 2, 1957|
|Filing date||Oct 20, 1954|
|Priority date||Oct 20, 1954|
|Publication number||US 2797424 A, US 2797424A, US-A-2797424, US2797424 A, US2797424A|
|Original Assignee||Olson Alfred|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (43), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 2, 1957 OLSON 2,797,424
TOOTHBRUSH Filed Oct. 20, 1954 United States Patent TOOTHBRUSH 7 Alfred Olson, Minneapolis, Minn.
Application OctoberZt), 1954, Serial No. 463,424
2 Claims. (Cl. 15-167) My invention relates to tooth brushes and has for an object thereof to provide a tooth brush which will effectively clean the teeth and at the same time massage the gums adequately without injury thereto.
Another object of the invention is to provide a tooth brush which in use results in reduced abrasion or erosion and decay of the teeth especially at the gum line.
A further object of the invention resides in providing atooth brush utilizing both stiff and soft bristles disposed in tufts and in which the stiff bristles are arranged to reach into the interproximal spaces of the teeth and the soft bristles are arranged to project between the tufts of the stiff bristles and to engage and fan out over the gingival portions of the teeth and the gingiva at the gum attachment.
' Another object of the invention resides in providing a tooth brush as aforesaid in which the tufts of bristles are arranged in three juxtaposed rows, the stiff bristles in the outer rows of tufts and the soft bristles in the intermediate row of tufts. I
A feature of my improved tooth brush resides in the construction of its tufts of bristles wherein the tufts in the intermediate row' are formed with blunt or cup-shaped ends and the tufts in the outer rows are formed with pointed ends extending beyond the ends of saidtuf-ts in the intermediate row.
Other objects of the invention reside in the novel combination and arrangement of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter illustrated and/or described.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a side elevational view of a tooth brush illustrating an embodiment of my invention, the same being substantially one-third oversize in scale.
Fig. 2 is a plan view of the tooth brush shown in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is an end elevational view of the said brush.
Fig. 4 is a transverse sectional view of the head of said brush, said view being taken as on the line 44 of Fig. 2.
In order to care for the teeth properly and procure healthy gums and underlying supporting structures, accumulations on the teeth and food deposits in the interproxirnal spaces and in the gum cuffs must be removed. At the same time the marginal gingiva should be massaged gently while a vigorous stimulating massage should be given to the septal gum. A brush having only stiff bristles is obviously incapable of massaging the gums in varying degrees at different localities, as desired, and is very apt to cause injury to the gums and root surfaces of the teeth in any effort to use the same in cleaning the teeth at the gum line. Obviously, a brush having only soft bristles is incapable of performing the desired cleansing of the teeth and massaging of the gums at the interproximal spaces, and I am unaware of anyp'rior brush construction employing both stiff and soft bristleswhich "is capable of accomplishing the desiderata, aforesaid, in the practice of dental hygiene.
My improved brush construction includes an elongated head supported by any suitable handle. This head carries three relatively spaced parallel rows of tufts, the tufts in each row being spaced from each other. The tufts in the outer rows lie directly opposite one another laterally of the head, while the tufts in the intermediate row are disposed directly opposite the spaces between the tufts in the outer rows, and beyond the end tufts in the outer rows. Said tufts in the outer rows are relatively long and pointed at their ends and are constructed of relatively stiff bristles. The tufts in the intermediate row are considerably shorter than those of the outer rows and have blunt or cup-shaped ends. These short tufts are constructed of soft bristles adapted in the useof the brush to project through the spaces between the outer tufts and fan out at the bulges of the teeth and adjoining gingiva between the interproximal portions of the teeth and septal gum areas which at the same time are engaged by the stiff bristles of the outer tufts in one row or the other thereof.
More specifically, the invention comprises a brush head 10 and from which issues a handle 11. These parts may be constructed of any suitable material, preferably of a plastic, and are made integral.
Imbedded in the head 10 are two outer rows 12, 13, and an intermediate row 14 of tufts of bristles, said tuftrows being juxtaposed and in close proximity and extending in parallel relation along the head 10 longitudinally thereof. The tufts in the outer rows 12 and 13 are indicated by the reference numerals 15 and 16 while the tufts in the intermediate row are indicated by the reference numeral 17. The tufts 15 and 16 are circular in cross section where they issue from the head 10 and they slightly flare outwardly. These tufts 15 and 16 have pointed ends 18. They are of equal length and spaced apart longitudinally of the head 10 forming spaces 19 therebetween. These spaces 19 at the plane of issuance of the tufts 15 and 16 from the head 10, are substantially equal to the minimum diameters of said tufts. Said tufts 15 and 16 are disposed directly opposite one another laterally of the head 10 and are formed of relative stiff or hard bristles 20. The tufts 17 in the intermediate tuft-row 14 are staggered relative to the tufts 15 and 16 in the outer tuft-rows 12 and 13 and lie directly opposite the spaces 19 between said tufts 15 and 16. These tufts 17 correspond in size and shape with the tufts 15 and 16 except that they are shorter and blunt at their ends or cupped as shown at 21. Said tufts 17 inthe intermediate tuftrow are formed of bristles 22 which are relatively soft as compared to the bristles 20 of the tufts 15. and 16 in the outer tuft-rows 12 and 13 and they .fan out readily under pressure applied thereto in the use of the tooth brush. These relatively soft bristles 22 of the tufts 17 in the intermediate tuft-row 14 are substantially the same length as and perferably slightly shorter than the shortest bristles 20 of the tufts 15 and 16 in the outer tuft-rows 12 and 13. There is one more tuftin the intermediate row 14 than there are tufts in either of the rows 12 or 13, whereby two end tufts 17 are provided in the row 14 each of which stands outwardly beyond the end tufts 15 and 16 at its respective ends of the outer tuft rows 12 and 13.
In using the tooth brush, a suitable dentifrice may be placed on the brush as usual and the brush will then be applied to surfaces of the teeth, for example, the buccal surfaces of the teeth of the mandible on one side thereof, with the bristles extending angularly relative to the surfaces of the teeth and with the ends of the tufts directed toward the occlusal plane. The brush is then pressed laterally against the. teeth and a restricted vibratory rotary-like motion is imparted theretowhich produces a short and anterior posterior movement of the bristles as well as a limited movement thereof in a direction toward and from the occlusal plane. In thus applying the brush to the teeth, the stiff bristles 20 of the tufts 15 or 16 of the outer row 12 or 13, placed next to the teeth, are bowed against the teeth and caused to enter the interproximal spaces where the end portions of said bristles 20 serve to dislodge accumulations from the teeth. While the end portions of said bristles 20 cleanse the interproximal portions of the teeth to which the brush is applied, the portions of said bristles 20 near the head serve to massage the septal or interdental gum portions without causing injury thereto. Upon the bending of thestitf bristles 20 of a row of outer tufts against the teeth, the end portions of the soft bristles 22 of the tufts 17 of the intermediate row 14 enter and project through the spaces 19 between the outer tufts fanning out over the gingival bulges of the teeth in a cleansing action and, at the same time, gently massaging the gum crest and subjacent portions of the gingiva. Some of said soft fanned-out bristles creep into the gum cuff gently cleaning therein both gum and teeth clear to the gum attachment without injury either to the gum tissue or the teeth. Others .of the soft fanned-out bristles 22 of the intermediate row of tufts 17 further act in a protective buffer-like capacity between the stiff bristles 20 of tufts 15 or 16 and-the interdental gum. While this buffer-like action of said soft bristles 22 does not interfere with the vitally necessary vigorous massage given by said stiff bristles to the interdental area of the gums, it effectively minimizes harshness in the massaging action of the stiff bristles 20 which otherwise would obtain in the employment of stiff bristles of such stiffness as to meet the optimum desiderata in the cleansing of the interproximal tooth portions and in the massaging of the septal gum areas. Cupping of the ends of the tufts 17 in the intermediate row 14 promotes the spreading of the soft bristles 22 of said tufts and enhances the action of such bristles in the diverse functioning thereof.
It will now be readily comprehended that the provision of tufts of bristles in a tooth brush, as herein disclosed,
is importantly advantageous especially in the following respects: The etfectiveinterproximal tooth-cleansing action performed by the relatively stiff bristles 20 of the relatively long and pointed tufts 15, 16; the accompanying simultaneous and effective action performed by said stiff bristles 20 in vigorously massaging and stimulating the interdental gum areas; the action of the soft bristles 22 which, upon the projection of their tufts 17 between the tufts of the stiff bristles 20, serve effectively to clean the gingival bulges of the teeth and also the gum cuff, both as to gum and teeth, clear to the gum attachment, while at the same time serving, in part, to gently massage the marginal gingiva and, in further part, to provide buffer means for the interdental gum-massaging portions of said stiff bristles 20. Thus, it is seen that the present invention in tooth brushes attains all of the advantages of brushes having stiff bristles and brushes having soft bristles without the shortcomings of either.
Changes in the specific form of the invention, as herein described, may be made within the scope of what is claimed without departing from the spirit of the invention.
Having described the invention, what is claimed as new and desired to be protected by Letters Patent is:
1. In a tooth brush, an elongated head, two outer rows of tufts of bristles on the head, said rows extending longitudinally of the head, one row at either side thereof, said tufts issuing outwardly from said head and being arranged in each row with spaces therebetween, the spaces in one outer row being directly opposite the spaces in the other outer row laterally of said head, and an intermediate row of tufts of bristles disposed between the outer rows, the tufts of the intermediate row being spaced apart and disposed laterally opposite the spaces in said outer rows in close proximity to the tufts of the outer rows, the bristles of the tufts. of the outer rows being relatively long and stiff, the bristles of the tufts of the intermediate row being relatively short and soft, the relatively stiff bristles of an outer row of tufts pointed generally codirectionally with and laterally pressed leaningly against a row of teeth in usage of the brush acting to contact the interdental tooth portions and to cleanse the same and the interproximal spaces therebetween, and further, to overlie and vigorously massage the interdental gum portions, the relatively soft bristles of the intermediate row of tufts being adapted to project between the tufts of the pressure-applied outer row of tufts, the thus projected soft bristles acting and being of a degree of softness enabling them to act in fanning out over the bulges of the teeth and the adjacent marginal gingiva and the interdental gum portions beneath the stiff bristles overlying said interdental gum portions, said soft bristles in such fannedout disposition thereof serving to cleanse the bulges of the teeth to the gum attachment and to cleanse and gently massage the marginal gingiva exteriorly thereof and within the gum cuff to the gum attachment, said soft bristles constituting an intermediary between the stiff bristles and the interdental gum portions, and in such capacity serving, in buffer-like fashion, to protect the interdental gum portions against injury by the stiff bristles in their vigorous massaging of said interdental gum portions.
2. In a tooth brush, an elongated head, two outer rows of tufts of bristles on the head, said rows extending longitudinally of the head, one row at either side thereof, said tufts issuing outwardly from said head and being arranged in each row with spaces therebetween, the spaces in one outer row being directly opposite the spaces in the other outer row laterally of said head, and an intermediate row of tufts of bristles disposed between the outer rows, the tufts of the intermediate row being spaced apart and disposed laterally opposite the spaces in said outer rows in close proximity to the tufts of the outer rows, the bristles of the tufts of the outer rows being relatively long and stiff, said tufts of said outer rows having pointed ends, the bristles of the tufts of the intermediate row being relatively short and soft, said tufts of said intermediate row having blunt ends, the relatively stiff bristles of an outer row of tufts pointed generally codirectionally with and laterally pressed leaningly against a row of teeth in usage of the brush acting to contact the interdental tooth portions and to cleanse the same and the interproxirnal spaces therebetween, and further, to overlie and vigorously massage the interdental gum portions, the relatively soft bristles of the intermediate row of tufts being adapted to project between the tufts of the pressureapplied outer row of tufts, the thus projected soft bristles acting and being of a degree of softness enabling them to act in fanning out over the bulges of the teeth and the adjacent marginal gingiva and the interdental gum portions beneath the stiff bristles overlying said interdental gum portions, said soft bristles in such fanned-out disposition thereof serving to cleanse the bulges of the teeth to the gum attachment and to cleanse and gently massage the marginal gingiva exteriorly thereof and within the gum cuff to the gum attachment, said soft bristles constituting an intermediary between the stifi bristles and the interdental gum portions, and in such capacity serving, in buffer-like fashion, to protect the interdental gum portions against injury by the stiff bristles in their vigorous massaging of said interdental gum portions.
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|U.S. Classification||15/167.1, 15/DIG.600|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S15/06, A46B9/04|