|Publication number||US2798639 A|
|Publication date||Jul 9, 1957|
|Filing date||Jul 11, 1955|
|Priority date||Jul 11, 1955|
|Publication number||US 2798639 A, US 2798639A, US-A-2798639, US2798639 A, US2798639A|
|Original Assignee||Universal Oil Prod Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (27), Classifications (13)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
y 1957 P. URBAN CONTAINER Filed July 11. 1955 J /v VEN TOR: P'e'fer Urban A TTOR/VEY:
ILN l H IH H M H H H H H H H H H H v AGENT- 2,798,639 Patented July 9, 1957 CONTAINER Peter Urban, Chicago, Ill., assignor to Universal Oil Products Company, Des Plaines, 111., a corporation of Delaware Application July 11, 1955, Serial No. 521,087
2 Claims. (Cl. 220-85) This invention relates to a storage vessel and particu larly to a storage vessel lined with a specially formed flexible material.
It is well known to store air-sensitive material in containers having air-tight, flexible linings so that the lining may deform as the stored material is discharged to maintain it out of contact with the air. These applications have, however, been more or less limited to small containers since the difficulties of lining a large container with a flexible material is too great. When lining a large vessel, such as a stationary storage tank for oil or gas, the flexible liner must be of sufliciently heavy material to support its own weight as well as that of many gallons of fluid. This frequently causes tearing of the liner and more frequently ruptures or leaks at weak spots caused by random creasing as the flexible liner collapses upon emptying the vessel or rubbing against the rigid outer wall. Frequently, the liner may be relieved of the burden of supporting the contained material by disposing a heavier fluid between the liner and the rigid vessel wall, however, as the flexible liner is emptied the heavier material causes a lateral collapse of the liner which introduces new strains upon it and limits the container to a top drawoff since the heavier liquid flowing in under the lighter material contained in the liner causes a bubble of light fluid to be formed which is sealed from a bottom drawoff by the heavier fluid. It is an object of this invention to provide a large diameter vessel with a flexible liner for the storage of air-sensitive material.
In one embodiment, this invention relates to a storage vessel comprising in combination a rigid shell and a flexible liner having inflated horizontal circumferential seg ments therein.
In another embodiment, this invention relates to a storage vessel comprising in combination a rigid shell and a flexible liner having inflated horizontal circumferential segments therein with liquid disposed between said shell and said liner.
This invention can be best described with reference to the accompanying drawing which is intended to be illustrative rather than limiting on the broad scope of this invention. Figure l of the drawing illustrates one embodiment of this invention, wherein the flexible liner is filled wtih air-sensitive material and Figure 2 illustrates the same vessel and liner as it appears when substantially emptied of the air-sensitive material.
Referring to Figure 1, a rigid cylindrical open topped shell 1 which contains a lower outlet conduit 5 has connected thereto a flexible liner 2. The flexible liner may be connected to the shell in any suitable manner either at the periphery of the liner or by a suitable means disposed in outlet conduit 5. The connection between liner 2 and shell 1 must, however, be fluid tight so that the fluid surrounding the liner which is disposed between it and the outer shell, cannot enter the interior of flexible liner 2. The air-sensitive material maintained within liner 2 may be fluid such as gasoline, oil, oxidizable chemicals, etc. which may be either liquid or vapor, however, it is intended that this invention should cover all flowable materials which it is desired to store in the absence of air.
Flexible liner 2 has disposed therein circular, circumferential, horizontal inflated segments 3 which are filled with a fluid such as compressed air so that they are rigid and preferably buoyant. Surrounding liner 2, between it and shell 1 is a liquid 4 which supports liner 2 laterally to prevent it from rubbing against the hard shell thereby causing leaks in the flexible liner. It is preferred that liquid 4 be more dense than the fluid within liner 2 so that the folds in liner 2 will collapse towards the center of the vessel rather than towards the wall. A typical suitable fluid 4 and the preferred one of this invention is water.
Figure 2 illustrates the utility of the liner of this invention. In Figure 2 the air-sensitive material contained within flexible liner 2 has been substantially withdrawn and it may be seen that flexible liner 2 has collapsed vertically so that it occupies a much lesser volume than when it is filled thereby eliminating the need for venting as the vessel is emptied. It may also be seen that the circumferential inflated segments of liner 2 cause it to have lateral strength, so that it does not collapse forming a light fluid bubble at the top of vessel 1 with drawolf pipe 5 pinched off by the pressure of the heavy fluid laterally collapsing liner 2. The lateral structural strength of inflated segments 3 not only causes this flexible liner 2 to collapse only in a vertical direction but they cause the flat segments of the liner between the inflated segments to neatly fold in an inwardly direction without creasing, so that the liner collapses in a regular manner without the tearing or weakening effect due to random creasing as hereinbefore described.
The flexible liner of this invention may be of any suitable flexible material. It should have sufiicient structural strength to withstand tearing when filled and it, of course, must be fluid tight and inert to both the contained fluid and the surrounding liquid. Suitable materials for use are flexible plastics, rubber, fabric or treated fabric, etc. The inflated segments are preferably made of the same material as the liner but may be made of different material and may be mechanically attached to the liner or constructed as an integral part thereof. The inflated segments may be inflated with any suitable fluid such as air, nitrogen, methane, hydrogen, carbon dioxide, helium, etc. The inflated segments may also be inflated with a liquid when it is desired to adjust the buoyancy of these segments to minimize the strain on the flexible liner. Therefore, when storing oil the inflated segments may contain gasoline or naphtha as the inflating fluid which will reduce the buoyancy of the liner to minimize the tensile strain upon it and at the same time maintain it rigid in a. horizontal direction. The inflated segments may contain light solid volume-occupying material such as Fiberglas, foam rubber when such is desired so that rigidity may be imparted to the liner without using compressed fluid in these segments.
I claim as my invention:
1. A storage vessel for air-sensitive fluids comprising a rigid shell having a horizontal bottom wall and a vertical side wall portion, a closed, fluid-tight container within the shell having a bottom wall secured to the bottom wall of the shell, a top closure wall and a flexible side wall portion connecting between its top and bottom walls to permit the container to collapse in the lower portion of said shell, said side wall portion of the container being spaced from the vertical side wall portion of the shell and being provided with vertically spaced, inflated horisaid closed container through the bottom walls of the container and said shell. 7
2. The storage vessel of claim 1 further characterized in that said shell contains a liquid in the space between the side Wall portions of said container and shell and above the top closure Wall of the container.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Doelle Feb. 10, 1891 McDonald July 7, 1891 Babb June 15, 1937 Field Feb. 15, 1949 Spiegelhalter Dec. 22, 1953
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US446164 *||Nov 10, 1890||Feb 10, 1891||Marie doelle|
|US455429 *||Jul 7, 1891||Gkohuk niswton mcdonald|
|US2084236 *||Jan 6, 1937||Jun 15, 1937||Donald Babb John||Portable reservoir|
|US2461537 *||Oct 10, 1944||Feb 15, 1949||Shell Dev||Floating roof storage tank|
|US2663448 *||Dec 23, 1950||Dec 22, 1953||Gen Electric||Insulating structure and method of assembling|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2924350 *||Apr 23, 1957||Feb 9, 1960||Greer David M||Storage tanks for liquids|
|US2947147 *||Dec 20, 1955||Aug 2, 1960||Exxon Research Engineering Co||Underground storage reservoir for light hydrocarbons in semipermeable rock|
|US2977018 *||Mar 4, 1960||Mar 28, 1961||Frye Filmore O||Underwater fuel storage|
|US3060484 *||Sep 11, 1958||Oct 30, 1962||Hoover Co||Floor scrubber|
|US3112845 *||Nov 25, 1960||Dec 3, 1963||Frederick Bryant||Bulk fluid transport|
|US3189231 *||Jan 16, 1963||Jun 15, 1965||Fmc Corp||Aerosol dispenser with sponge follower and method of making same|
|US3299645 *||Jan 2, 1964||Jan 24, 1967||Ocean Systems||Underwater capsule|
|US3517616 *||Dec 19, 1967||Jun 30, 1970||Atlas Chem Ind||Axially expandable and contractable container|
|US3570705 *||May 14, 1968||Mar 16, 1971||Yazdani Mohamed R||Cargo containers|
|US3658205 *||Nov 12, 1970||Apr 25, 1972||Kassravi M R Y||Cargo containers|
|US3707937 *||Apr 23, 1971||Jan 2, 1973||Liles H||Anti-pollution ballast container|
|US3847309 *||Oct 10, 1966||Nov 12, 1974||Thiokol Chemical Corp||Rolling diaphragm construction|
|US4213545 *||Sep 20, 1978||Jul 22, 1980||Textron, Inc.||Expanding bellows for expulsion tank|
|US4641760 *||Nov 18, 1985||Feb 10, 1987||Don Fell Limited||Inflatable bags|
|US4881666 *||Jan 19, 1988||Nov 21, 1989||Robert Tullman||Variable volume container|
|US4902430 *||Jan 30, 1989||Feb 20, 1990||The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of Commerce||Method for cleaning certain estuaries, harbors, and lakes|
|US5076471 *||May 7, 1990||Dec 31, 1991||Fabricated Metals, Inc.||Bulk material container having a flexible liner with a follower|
|US5339989 *||Sep 23, 1991||Aug 23, 1994||Fabricated Metals, Inc.||Bulk material containing having a flexible liner with a follower|
|US5913451 *||Nov 18, 1997||Jun 22, 1999||Madison; Kevin||Fuel tank assembly for volatile fuel|
|US6527002 *||Mar 16, 1999||Mar 4, 2003||Istvan Szakaly||Apparatus and method for use with a container for storing a substance|
|US20090242566 *||Jul 23, 2007||Oct 1, 2009||Witheridge Anthony J||Multi-Product Tank|
|US20090314790 *||Jan 10, 2007||Dec 24, 2009||Erik Jeroen Eenkhoorn||Inflatable element for internal use in the container of a transport or storage device; method for inflating the element|
|US20110259845 *||Jul 30, 2009||Oct 27, 2011||Boehringer Ingelheim International Gmbh||Package in the form of a bottle comprising a cushioning means disposed therein|
|DE102013219072A1||Sep 23, 2013||Mar 26, 2015||Wacker Chemie Ag||Verwendung von flexiblen Behältern zur Lagerung von Flüssigkeiten|
|WO1989006626A1 *||Jan 18, 1989||Jul 27, 1989||Robert Tullman||Variable volume container|
|WO2000050319A1 *||Feb 26, 1999||Aug 31, 2000||Kevin Madison||Fuel tank assembly for volatile fuel|
|WO2008014203A1 *||Jul 23, 2007||Jan 31, 2008||Bp Corporation North America Inc.||Multi-product tank|
|U.S. Classification||220/567.2, 114/74.00A, 383/3, 222/386.5, 220/578, 48/178, 405/55, 62/50.2, 220/721|
|International Classification||B65D88/62, B65D88/00|