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Publication numberUS2799236 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 16, 1957
Filing dateMay 10, 1955
Priority dateFeb 4, 1955
Also published asDE1139364B
Publication numberUS 2799236 A, US 2799236A, US-A-2799236, US2799236 A, US2799236A
InventorsGiovanni Biffi, Luigi Burlone, Nerino Marforio
Original AssigneeRimoldi C Spa Virginio
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Needle operating device
US 2799236 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 16, 1957 .Filed May 10 1955 N. MARFORIO ETAL 2,799,236

NEEDLE OPERATING DEVICE 3 Sheets-Sheet l b c MK? July 16, 1957 N. MARFORIO ETAL NEEDLE OPERATING DEVICE 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed May 10, 1 955 July 16, 1957 N. MARFORIO ETAL NEEDLE OPERATING DEVICE Filed May 10, 1955 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 United States Patent 6 2,799,236 NEEDLE OPERATING DEVICE Giovanni Billi, and Luigi Burlone,

Nerino Marforio, p. A. Virginie Rrmoldi Milan, Italy, assignors to S. & CL, Milan, Italy This invention relates to a needle operating device for sewing machines.

An object of this invention is to provide a device of this kind in which the needle is reciprocated on a rectilinear path exclusively through rotating means, thereby advantageously reducing the weight of the moving parts by suppression of the needle bar, improving lubrication of moving parts and facilitating machining.

A further object of this invention is to provide a needle operating device as outlined above, which is simple in construction and reliable in operation.

' The needle operating device for sewing machines ac-. cording to this invention comprises a needle actuating arm, guided at one end for substantially rectilinear motion, and pivoted at its other end to the needle, thelatter being capable of rectilinear movement in a guide, and oscillating driven member pivoted at a point intermediate between the ends of the said arm.

The middle line on either side of which the needle actuating arm oscillates is substantially normal tothe needle path. The axis of angular oscillation of the oscillating driven member is situated on the said middle line.

The axis of angular oscillation of the oscillating driven member is spaced from the path of the articulation between the actuating arm and needle by half the length of the needle bar actuating arm, between the end performing a rectilinear movement and the articulation.

The centre of oscillation of the oscillating driven. mem-.

ber is spaced from the axis of the pivot connecting thesaid member to needle by about one-sixth the length of the needle actuating arm, between its end performing a rectilinear movement and the axis of articulation of the arm to the needle.

In order to insure a rectilinear needle movement, the maximum angle of oscillation of the driven oscillating member is about 60.

According to an embodiment of this invention the guided end of the needle actuating arm is pivoted to a further arm capable of oscillation, the. axis whereofis in its middle position substantially normal to the axis of the actuating arm, the arm length being such that the movement of its end connected to the needle actuating arm is practically rectilinear.

In order to oscillate the driven member its shaft is keyed to an arm pivoted to one end of a connecting rod pivoted at its other end to a crank of the main crankshaft driving the machine.

The invention shall be described with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Figures 1 and 2 show diagrammatically in elevational and plan view the operating principle of the needle actuating device according to this invention;

Figures 3 and 4 show in side elevational and part sectional plan view a needle operating device according to this invention.

Figures 5 and 6 show in sectional view, the Figure 5 along the line V--V of the Figure 6 and the Figure 6 2 along the line VI-VI of Figure 5, a sewingmachine embodying the improvement according to this invention.

Referring to the drawings, in the diagrams shown in Figures 1 and 2, the dash-and-dot line 1 indicates the path of the pivot 2 connecting the needle to the actuating arm 3 which is pivoted at 4a to a crank 4 of which the oscillation shaft is denoted by 5.

In order to obtain a rectlinear movement of the pivot 2 one of the requirements to be met is for the end 6 of the actuating arm 3 to perform a rectilinear movement in a direction substantially normal to the line 1. For this purpose the end 6 might be guided in a rectilinear guide. However, it is more expeditious to hinge the arm endto an arm 7 capable of oscillating, the axis whereof is; denoted by 8 on the drawing, of a length such that the arc of oscillation of the end 6 may be considered under every practical aspect a straight line'portion.

The spacing a between the path of the pivot of the needle holder and the line parallel with said path ex tending through the centre of oscillation of the arm 7' is twice the spacing between the line 1 and the line parallel therewith extending through the centre of oscillation 5 of the driven crank 4.

Moreover, the spacing between the centres of oscillation 411 and 5 equals about 4; of the spacing a.

The angle of angular oscillation of the crank 4 should be limited in order to maintain the path of the pivot 2' rectilinear. Conveniently, the maximum angle of oscil; lation should be 60 at the specified proportions in size of the various parts.

Referring now to Figures 3 and 4, 2 5 denotes the frame of the sewing machine carrying a member 9-having a directional guide 10 for a slide 11 having secured thereto a needle 12 by a set-screw 13.

The slide 11 has attached thereto by means of the pivot 2 the forked end of the arm 3. The end 6 of the arm 3 is hinged to the arm 7 oscillating about a pivot 8 carried by the stationary machine frame.

At an intermediate point of the arm 3, spaced from the said ends by an extent defined by the above specified proportions in size, an eccentric 14 is pivoted, which is provided on the disc 15 keyed to a shaft 16 journalledin the bearing 17 carried by the machine frame 25.

An oil packing 18 is interposed between the bearing 17 and disc 15.

As shown in Figures 5 and 6, the shaft 16 has bolted thereto at 20 an arm 19 which is pivoted at 19ato a connecting rod 24, the big end of which is journalled on a crank 21 on the main machine shaft 22 driven by a pulley 23 by an electric motor not shown on the drawings.

What we claim is:

1. In a sewing machine, a needle control device comprisingin combination a needle actuating arm, first'pi vots ally connected guide means forguiding-one end ofsa id arm along a first substantially rectilinear path, a needleholder pivoted to the other end of said arm, second guide means for guiding said needle-holder along a second substantially rectilinear path, a member pivoted intermediate the ends of said arm and having an axis of oscillation, means for imparting rotative oscillatory movement to said member thereby to oscillate said needle actuating arm, said member being pivotally connected to said arm at a point on said arm spaced from said axis of oscillation a selected distance for oscillating said arm on either side of a selected median plane substantially corresponding to the rectilinear path of the first mentioned end of the arm, said needle path being disposed substantially normal to the median plane on either side of which the needle actuating arm oscillates.

2. In a sewing machine, a needle control device comprising, in combination a needle actuating arm, first pivotally mounted guide means for guiding one end of said Patented July 16, 1957 arm along a first substantially rectilinear path, a needleholder pivoted to the other end of said arm, second guide means for guiding said needle-holder along a second substantially rectilinear path, a member pivoted intermediate the ends of said arm and having an axis of oscillation, means for imparting rotative oscillatory movement to said member thereby to oscillate said needle actuating arm, said member being pivotally connected to said arm at a point on said arm spaced from said axis of oscillation a selected distance for oscillating said arm on either side of a selected median plane substantially corresponding to the rectilinear path of the first mentioned end of the arm, said needle path being disposed substantially normal to the median plane on either side of which the needle actuating arm oscillates, and the axis of oscillation of the member pivoted intermediate the ends of the needle actuating arm lying in a plane extending through the median plane on either side of which the needle actuating arm oscillates.

3. In a sewing machine, a needle control device comprising, in combination a needle actuating arm, first pivotally mounted guide means for guiding one end of said arm along a first substantially rectilinear path, a needle holder pivoted to the other end of said arm, second guide means for guiding said needle-holder along a second substan tially rectilinear path, a member pivoted intermediate the ends of said arm and having an axis of oscillation, means for imparting rotative oscillatory movement to said member thereby to oscillate said needle actuating arm, said member being pivotally connected to said arm at a point on said arm spaced from said axis of oscillation a selected distance for oscillating said arm on either side of a selected median plane substantially corresponding to the rectilinear path of the first mentioned end of the arm, said needle path being disposed substantially normal to the median plane on either side of which the needle actuating arm oscillates, the axis of oscillation of said member pivoted intermediate the ends of the needle actuating arm lying in a plane extending through the median plane on either side of which the needle actuating arm oscillates, said needle-holder being pivotally connected to said arm at a first pivot disposed in a plane corresponding to said second path, and the first guide means being pi.vot ally mounted at a second pivot spaced from said first pivot, the distance along said arm between said first pivot and said axis of oscillation substantially corresponding to substantially one-half of the horizontal distance between said first and second pivots measured along said arm.

4. In a sewing machine, a needle control device comprising, in combination a needle actuating arm, first pivotally mounted guide means for guiding one end of said arm along a first substantially rectilinear path, a needleholder pivoted to the other end of said arm, second guide means for guiding said needle-holder along a second substantially rectilinear path, a member pivoted intermediate the ends of said arm and having an axis of oscillation, means for imparting rotative oscillatory movement to said member thereby to oscillate said needle actuating arm, said member being pivotally connected to said arm at a point on said arm spaced from said axis of oscillation a selected distance for oscillating said arm on either side of a selected median plane substantially corresponding to the rectilinear path of the first mentioned end of the arm, said first guide means and said needle-holder being pivotally connected to said arm a selected distance, and the distance between said axis of oscillation and the point of connection between said member and said arm corresponding to substantially one-sixteenth the distance along said arm between said pivot connections of said first guide means'and said needle-holder to said arm.

5. In a sewing machine, a needle control device comprising, in combination a needle actuating arm, first pivotally mounted guide means for guiding one end of said arm along a first substantially rectilinear path, a needle-holder pivoted to the other end of said arm, second guide means for guiding said needle-holder along a second substan tially rectilinear path, a member pivoted intermediate the ends of said arm and having an axis of oscillation, means for imparting rotative oscillatory movement to said member through a selected angle of oscillation thereby to oscillate said needle actuatin arm, said member being pivotally connected to said arm at a point on said arm spaced from said axis of oscillation a selected distance for oscillating said arm on either side of a selected median plane substantially corresponding to the rectilinear path of the first mentioned end of the arm, said angle of oscillation of the member pivoted between the ends of said arm comprising substantially 6. In a sewing machine, a needle control device comprising, in combination a needle actuating arm, first pivotally mounted guide means for guiding one end of said arm along a first substantially rectilinear path, a needleholder pivoted to the other end of said arm, second guide means for guiding said needle-holder along a second substantially rectilinear path, a member pivoted intermediate the ends of said arm and having an axis of oscillation, means for imparting rotative oscillatory movement to said member, thereby to oscillate said needle actuating arm, said member being pivotally connected to said arm at a point on said arm spaced from said axis of oscillation a selected distance for oscillating said arm on either side of a selected median plane substantially corresponding to the rectilinear path of the first mentioned end of the arm, said angle of oscillation of the member pivoted between the cnds of said arm comprising substantially 60.

FOREIGN PATENTS Germany Oct. 4, 1954

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1840571 *Nov 9, 1928Jan 12, 1932Singer Mfg CoStitch-forming mechanism for sewing machines
US2184436 *Apr 4, 1938Dec 26, 1939Walter E SaxeWalking-beam and counterbalance construction
DE908438C *Dec 18, 1949Oct 4, 1954Hellige & Co Gmbh FNaehmaschine mit hin und her gehenden schlingenbildenden Werkzeugen
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3195656 *Jun 2, 1961Jul 20, 1965Hydra Might CompanyStraight line earth drilling apparatus
US3645221 *Sep 11, 1970Feb 29, 1972Tokyo Juki Industrial Co LtdNeedle operation device in high-speed sewing machines
US3731643 *Dec 6, 1971May 8, 1973Singer CoNeedle reciprocating mechanism for sewing machines
US3745951 *Dec 30, 1971Jul 17, 1973Rimoldi C Spa VirginioNeedle driving device for sewing machines
US4167913 *Dec 30, 1977Sep 18, 1979Juki Co., Ltd.Transmission mechanism in a driving means for needle of sewing machines
US4259916 *Feb 26, 1980Apr 7, 1981Rockwell-Rimoldi S.P.A.Needle control device for sewing machines
US4790253 *Jan 29, 1988Dec 13, 1988Pegasus Sewing Machine Mfg. Co., Ltd.Needle driving apparatus for sewing machine
DE3005758A1 *Feb 15, 1980Sep 18, 1980Rockwell Rimoldi SpaVorrichtung zum betaetigen einer nadel in einer naehmaschine
DE3027310A1 *Jul 18, 1980Feb 5, 1981Rockwell Rimoldi SpaNadelantriebsvorrichtung fuer naehmaschinen
DE29819535U1 *Nov 2, 1998Mar 16, 2000Ksl Keilmann SondermaschinenbaNähmaschinenkopf mit Einstichtiefen-Verstellung
Classifications
U.S. Classification112/221, 74/103
International ClassificationD05B55/14, D05B55/00
Cooperative ClassificationD05B55/14
European ClassificationD05B55/14