|Publication number||US2799791 A|
|Publication date||Jul 16, 1957|
|Filing date||Mar 3, 1953|
|Priority date||Mar 4, 1952|
|Also published as||DE942341C|
|Publication number||US 2799791 A, US 2799791A, US-A-2799791, US2799791 A, US2799791A|
|Inventors||Jacob Poelma, Wilhelm Honing|
|Original Assignee||Philips Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (9), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 16, 1957 w, HONING HAL 2,799,791
ELECTRIC INCANDFSCENT LAMP COMPRISING A REFLECTOR Filed March 5, 1953 2 Sheets-Sheet l i2%\ ,75 /5/H J\ 5 v i i 5 1 INVENTORS I i Q @1 WILHELM HONING 1/ JA 0s POE MA BY 7 GENT y 1957 w. HONING ETAL 2,799,791
ELECTRIC INCANDESCENT LAMP COMPRISING A REFLECTOR Filed March 3, 1953 INVENTORS WILHELMI HONING JACOB; POELMA PM 47VZENT 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 United States Patent 6 ELECTRIC INCANDESCENT LAMP COWRISING A REFLECTUR Wilhelm Honing and Jacob Poelma, Eindhoven, Netherlands, assignors, by mesne assignments, to North American Philips Company, Inc, New York, N. Y., a corporation of Delaware Application March 3, 1953, Serial No. 3403332 Claims priority, application Netherlands March 4, 1952 3 Claims. (Cl. 313-114) This invention relates to an electric incandescent lamp comprising a filament and a reflector, and more particularly, to electric incandescent lamps intended to be used as signal lamps on vehicles.
The main object of the invention is to provide an incandescent lamp in which the beam is non-directional in a horizontal plane and directional in a vertical plane so that the beam is clearly visible in a wide circle around the vehicle.
According to the invention, an electric incandescent lamp including a filament comprises a reflector forming a portion of a surface of revolution defined by rotation of a portion of an ellipse about a line extending at right angles to the axis connecting the focal points of the ellipse and passing through one focal point, the portion of the ellipse employed to produce the reflector being located solely on that side of the line adjacent the other focal point. According to a further feature of the invention, the filament of the lamp is located along the line passing through the one focal point.
The term ellipse is to be understood in this case to include an ellipse in which one focal point lies at infinity, and which, consequently, is a parabola. The reflector may be constituted by parts of the bulb of the lamp or a member distinct from the bulb.
The invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic view of one form of incandescent lamp with cap in accordance with the invention in which reflector and lamp constitute a single assembly;
Fig. 2 is a plan view of the lamp shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a diagrammatic view of another form of incandescent lamp in accordance with the invention, comprising a base plate;
Fig. 4 shows a modification of the lamp shown in Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 shows an incandescent lamp in accordance with the invention having a separate reflector.
Fig. 1 shows an incandescent lamp in accordance with the invention constituted by a bulb 1 and a base 2. The bulb contains a filament 3 which is supported in the usual manner. The upper and lower parts of the bulb have the shape of portions of a surface of revolution obtained by rotation of an ellipse 4 (shown in dotted line) about an axis YY indicated by a dot-and-dash line. This line Y-Y passes through one focal point P1 of the ellipse and is at right angles to an axis XX connecting the two focal points of the ellipse. The filament 3 is also located at this focal point F1. The second focal point or focus of the ellipse falls outside the drawing and may be located at infinity, the ellipse then changing to a parabola. However, the shape of the bulb is determined by the figure of revolution of such parts of the ellipse as are located between the two focal points, that is to say, by revolution of the line portions AB and CD. These portions of the bulb are provided, either internally or externally, with a conventional type of reflecting layer, whereas the porice tions of the bulb between the circles passing through points A and D are transparent, and may be either clear or colored.
The filament 3 preferably coincides as far as possible with the axis of revolution Y-Y thereby increasing the symmetry of the light beam being produced. Two rays 5 and 6 of this light beam are shown.
In the plan view (Fig. 2), circles passing through points A and D are shown in dotted lines. This figure furthermore shows the angle a representing the wide-angle radiation of the beam in the horizontal plane, which, as shown here, is ahnost 360, since the beam is interrupted only at the lamp base 2. However, for most practical purposes, a smaller angle c: will be sufiicient.
Fig. 3 shows a modification of the invention, in which the beam exhibits a horizontal radiation pattern of 360", comprising a base plate 11, e. g. of glass. A plurality of pins 12 are pressed into base plate ll. Two such pins have welded on them wires 13 for supporting the lower end of a filament 14. For reasons of stability, two supporting wires are employed which are interconnected at their upper ends. If desired, one supporting wire only would suflice.
Four other pins 12 have Welded to them supporting wires 15 which carry two reflector members 16 and 17, having the shape of cups and provided with apertures through which rods 15 are passed and subsequently welded in position. These reflectors form portions of a surface of revolution defined by a rotating ellipse in accordance with the invention. It is evident that many variations in the manner of supporting the reflectors 1d, 17 are possible. A bridge 18 carrying the upper ends of filament 14 is welded between the upper ends of two rods 15 located diametrically opposite each other. The upper end of the filament extends through an aperture of the upper reflector 17. The filament could alternatively be connected directly to this portion of the reflector. However, the construction shown offers the advantage that the mounting and centering of the filament is simplified. After the assembly has been mounted on the base plate 11, it is surrounded by a bulb 19 which is sealed along its edge at 29 to the base plate 11. The lamp furthermore comprises an exhaust tube, which is not shown for simplicity. If desired, one of the pins 12 may be used as such a tube.
The lamp shown in Pig. 4 is a modification of that shown in Fig. 3 and comprises a reflector, of which one portion 31 is constituted by the bulb 32 and the other portion is constituted by a metal cup 33. This lamp otherwise substantially corresponds to that shown in Fig. 3.
The lamp according to the invention shown in Fig. 5 externally comprises two reflector portions 41 and 42, which are connected along their flanged edges to a transparent cylindrical member 43. An incandescent lamp 44 proper is secured with its cap 45 in the cylindrical member 46.
In the foregoing discussion of the shape of the light beam, no allowance has been made for the dimensions of the filament. The beam produced thereby exhibits certain stray eflects as a result of said dimensions and this is even desirable for clear visibility of the lamp. In view thereof, it is not necessary for the portions of the reflector to form an exact ellipsoid of revolution or paraboloid. Small deviations from this shape are possibie within the scope of the invention.
Whiie we have described our invention in connection with specific embodiments and applications, other modifications thereof will be readily apparent to those skilled in this art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.
about a line extending at right angles to an axis connecting the focal points of the ellipse and passing through one of said focal points, said portion of said ellipse being located solely on the side of said line adjacent the other of said focal points, the filament being located substantially along said line.
2. An electric incandescent lamp as claimed in claim 1 in which the other of said focal points is located at 15 p 3. An electric incandescent lamp as claimed in claim 1, in which the lamp comprises a bulb, a portion of said reflector being integral with a portion of said bulb.
References Cited in the'file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS v Sved July 10, 1928 1,981,329 Rivier Nov. 20, 1934 1,998,187 Conti Apr. 5, 1935 2,110,590 Cook; Mar. 8, 1938 2,272,186 Creehan Feb. 10, 1942 2,488,751 Verbeek et a1 Nov. 22, 1949
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1676300 *||Feb 21, 1927||Jul 10, 1928||Alexander Sved||Incandescent electric lamp|
|US1981329 *||Nov 3, 1932||Nov 20, 1934||Louis Rivier||Lamp|
|US1998187 *||Dec 11, 1934||Apr 16, 1935||Eclairage Rationnel Sper Soc P||Improved optical combination|
|US2110590 *||Sep 11, 1936||Mar 8, 1938||Birdseye Electric Corp||Reflecting incandescent lamp|
|US2272186 *||Jul 19, 1939||Feb 10, 1942||Creehan Edward P||Radiant energy projector|
|US2488751 *||Feb 23, 1949||Nov 22, 1949||Gen Electric||Reflecting electric lamp|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2904714 *||Jun 16, 1958||Sep 15, 1959||Gen Electric||Electric lamp|
|US3018403 *||Mar 5, 1958||Jan 23, 1962||Westinghouse Electric Corp||Reflector lamp|
|US3162785 *||Apr 22, 1960||Dec 22, 1964||Sylvania Electric Prod||Projection lamp|
|US3256456 *||Apr 17, 1961||Jun 14, 1966||Sylvania Electric Prod||Reflector incandescent projection lamp|
|US3257574 *||Feb 7, 1961||Jun 21, 1966||Thorn Electrical Ind Ltd||Projection lamp having ellipsoidal-spherical reflector with vents therebetween|
|US4280076 *||Oct 18, 1978||Jul 21, 1981||Duro-Test Corporation||Incandescent lamp with structure for collecting evaporated filament material|
|US4446397 *||Sep 28, 1981||May 1, 1984||General Electric Company||High intensity discharge lamp with infrared reflecting means for improving efficacy|
|US4992695 *||Oct 10, 1989||Feb 12, 1991||Daniel Naum||Reflector for high-intensity lamps|
|US5418420 *||Jun 22, 1993||May 23, 1995||Ilc Technology, Inc.||Arc lamp with a triplet reflector including a concave parabolic surface, a concave elliptical surface and a convex parabolic surface|
|U.S. Classification||313/114, 313/113, 362/310|
|International Classification||H01K1/28, H01K1/32, F21V7/06, F21V7/00|
|Cooperative Classification||H01K1/325, F21V7/06|
|European Classification||H01K1/32B, F21V7/06|