Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2800952 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 30, 1957
Filing dateNov 16, 1954
Priority dateNov 16, 1954
Publication numberUS 2800952 A, US 2800952A, US-A-2800952, US2800952 A, US2800952A
InventorsMcphilomy Richard C
Original AssigneeMcphilomy Richard C
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Knock-kown furniture construction
US 2800952 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 30, 1957 R. c. M PHILOMY 2,300,952

KNOCK-DOWN FURNITURE CONSTRUCTION Filed Nov. 16, 1954 2 Sheets-Sheet l /77 ventor Richard C. McP/zi/omy, ALL/W His Atorn ey.

July 30, 1957 R. c. MOPHILOMY 2,800,952

KNOCK-DOWN FURNITURE CONSTRUCTION Filed Nov. 16, 1954 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Y /n venbor:

Richard C. isp/71707725 Wflrfi Afforney.

United States Patent KNOCK-DOWN FURNITURE CONSTRUCTION Richard C. McPhilomy, Rexford, N. Y.

Application November 16, 1954, Serial No. 469,117

13 Claims. (Cl. 155-124) This invention provides an improved knock-down furniture construction for the formation of knock-down furniture which may be easily assembled, disassembled and stacked for storage purposes. While this invention has a wide variety of applications it is particularly suited for application in the construction of a knock-down picnic table and bench combination adapted for easy storage and will be described in that connection.

It is generally desirable to be able to move outdoor lawn furniture, such as picnic tables and chairs, indoors during the winter months and other periods of inclement weather to prevent undue damage due to the effects of the elements; however, an inherent feature of such outdoor lawn furniture is that it is of such a shape and weight as to make it extremely ditficult to store in assembled form.

Picnic tables have been made in forms such that they can be folded for storage purposes; however, such folding tables tend to be unstable when unfolded and in use and when folded are often unduly heavy and diflicult to carry. Picnic tables have also been designed of completely bolted construction such that the table can be disassembled into a number of pieces by the removal of a large amount of hardware in the form of a number of bolts and nuts. This requires a considerable amount of time and effort and often results in the loss or misplacing of the hardware.

It is therefore an important object of this invention to provide an improved knock-down furniture construction which may be rapidly assembled and disassembled and which in the disassembled form consists of a limited number of easily stored relatively light weight units and no loose hardware.

It is also an object of this invention to provide an improved knock-down furniture construction.

. It is the further object of this invention to provide a furniture construction incorporating an improved method and apparatus for removably coupling related portions of furniture to each other.

Another object of this invention is to provide an improved knock-down picnic table and seat combination.

According to an aspect of this invention a collapsible or knock-down piece of furniture is formed which consists of a number of frames which are fitted with slots or recesses to receive and retain releasable. attaching means. The working surfaces, such as the table top and seats, are joined together with securing means which are engaged by the releasable attaching means. The releasable attaching means, which in an embodiment of this invention consist of eye bolts, are tightened up thereby removably coupling the top and seats to the frames and forming a strong rigid furniture construction.

Other objects and features of this invention will become more apparent from the succeeding specification and claims when considered in connection with the figures of the drawing in which Figure l is an end view of a knock-down picnic table constructed in accordance with,

2,800,952 Patented July 30, 1957 'ice this invention; Figure 2 is a front elevation view of the picnic table illustrated in Figure 1; Figure 3 is an exploded perspective view of the table illustrated in Figure 1; Figure 4 illustrates the section along line 4-4 of Figure 1; Figure 5 illustrates a section along line 55 of Figure 4; Figure 6 illustrates a sectional view along section 6-6 of Figure 1; Figure 7 illustrates a modification of this invention shown in connection with a fragmentary view of a table construction; Figure 8 illustrates a section along line 8-8 of Figure 7; Figures 9 and 10 illustrate modifications of the releasable attaching means illustrated in Figures 4 and 6 respectively; and Figure 11 illustrates a section along line 11-11 of Figure 9 Figures 1 through 3 illustrate a knock-down picnic table constructed in accordance with this invention. The table consists of identical end frames 20 and 21. The end frames include an upper horizontal frame member 22 and lower horizontal frame member 23, diagonal legs 24 and vertical legs 25. The legs and frame members are bolted together in the illustrated fashion to provide upper and lower horizontal frame members which are adapted to receive elongated members which provide the working surfaces of thecompleted table. The end frames are provided with horizontal slots 26 and 27 in the upper and lower horizontal frame members respectively. Longitudinal brace members 28 and 29 are provided with slots in which eye bolts 30 are retained by pins 31. The bolts 30 are received by slots 26 and 27 respectively so that the longitudinal brace members, which extend from lower horizontal support member 23 of one end frame to upper horizontal support member 22 of the other end frame, can be drawn up snugly against the inner surface of the horizontal frame members.

The working surfaces, i. e. the table top and seats, are formed of a plurality of elongated members 32, for example wooden planks, which are formed into units by suitable securing means such as, for example, a plurality of pins or rivets 33. Releasable attaching means, for example, eye bolts 34, engage pins or rivets 33 and are received by vertical slots 35 and 36 in the upper and lower frame members respectively. The eye bolts 34 are tightened by means of wing nuts 37 so as to securely hold the units forming the table top and the seats to the upper and lower frame members and thereby provide a complete table structure.

It is readily apparent that one or more strap members may be utilized as securing means to form elongated members or planks 32 into table top and seat units and that these units can consist of two or more planks. Furthermore, the pins or rivets 33 may be considerably shortened so as to consist of only a short pin which receives the eye of the eye bolt or alternatively the strap members may engage threaded L bolts to thereby secure the table top and seats to the end frames.

In view of the foregoing, it will be readily apparent that a method of construction is provided in which the means for holding together the planks forming the work ing surface of the furniture, in this instance the table top and the seats, also serves the dual function of acting as a purchase for engaging the releasable attaching means.

The table is rapidly assembled by first erecting the end frames 20 and 21, placing bolts 30 into slots 26 and 27 of one of the end frames and tightening up the wing nuts 30 so that the braces 28 and 29 are securely attached to the end frame. The other end frame is then easily attached to the longitudinal brace members 28 and 29 by placing bolts 30 in slots 26 and 27 and tightening up the wing nuts 30'. The top planks are then placed on upper horizontal frame members 22 and eye bolts 34 are swung into slots 35 and tightened by means of wing nuts 37 so as to securely fasten the planksforming the top" of the table to the upper horizontal frame members.

In a similar manner, the planks forming the seats are attached to the lower horizontal frame members by swinging eye bolts .34 into slots 36 and tightening wingnuts' $7; In'this manner, the table is'rapidly'and' easilyassembled and by reversingthe procedure it is knocked down into a number oflight'. easily" stored units; lt'lvill' be noted that when ,the table. "is completely: disassembled there. is no stray hardware, since the nuts ;do.1 not have to be removed from thefeye bolts, and that all uuits can be stored'easily and in a flat manner. For example, a' table 6 feetlong, 3 incheshigh and 58 inches w efianb ip cka d or s ppin a con en nt size unit6j feet by lQ'inches by lli'inch'es." I

Reference is made toFiguresA; 5. and 6m describing *additional'features of this invention Figures 4 and 6 illustrate longitudinal braces 28 and;29 abutting upper horizontal frame member '22. and lower horizontal frame member 23 respectively. Longitudinal'braces 28 and 29 are provided with recesses 39 to permit some latitude in themovement of eye bolts 30 and are further provided with faces which are cut at such an angle that when bolts 30'are drawn up snugly, braces 28 and 29 have end faces which are substantially in the same'place as and in contact with the inner face of t-he respective' horizontal frame members thereby resulting in an extremely strong and rigid construction. These figures 'further' clarify the method of assembly and construction wherein the eye bolts are secured to the longitudinal brace members and tothe elongated members forming the table top and seat members so that the eye bolts can be. swung into recesses .or slots in the end frames'thereby' resulting in a rapidly assembled structure'which' is inherently rigidand strong. Figures 7v through .11 inclusive illustrate a modified construction which results in a highidegree of rigidity and which is particularly suited to knock-down furniture of the type incorporating this invention. This modified construction differs from that previously described in that the releasable attaching means, for example open ended eye bolts, are all retained in the end frames when the table is disassembled thereby resulting in only two members .having loose'or swinging eye bolts and thereby simplifying the matter of storage. In this construction, in- Stead of having the eye bolts movably secured tothe securing means such as pin 33, the eyebolts are of an open eye type such as bolt 40 in Figure 7, which is retained in a hole 41 rather than the vertical slot of Figure 3, and a second opposing open eye bolt retained in elongated slot 42.' Slot 42 permits sufficient I movement of one open eye bolt 40' so that after eye bolt 40 is secured on pin 33 the second eye bolt 40 r can be moved in slot 42 a sufficient amount to engage pin 33. The. longitudinal braces 28 and 29 are in a like manner secured to' the horizontal frame members 22 and 23 ever, the opposed orientation of open end eye .bolts 40 results in -a particularly rigid table when all parts are assembled. .It will be apparent that variations inthe shape andform of the releasable attaching means may take. a variety of shapes andforms other than those herein illustrated and, described and still come within the scope of this invention.

When the'construction illustrated in Figures 7 through 11 inclusive is' utilized, the table is assembled in the same general manner'as has been described'in connection with thedescription of Figuresl through 3.

7 in view of. the foregoing, it will be readily apparent thatthere is disclosed an improved construction for utilizatiomin the manufacture and formation of knock down or collapsible furniture. This construction is particularly suited for outdoor furniture of the type which may be readily assembled and disassembled and which is a most ideally suited if it can be easily collapsed into relatively light parts so as to be carried in an automobile 'and/ or easily stored in the cellar or garage. It is apparent that this construction is readily adaptable tothe Although this invention has been described by way of example in connection with a limited number of embodiments, it is readily apparent that it may be adapted to a wide variety of uses and applications and thereforeit is intended in the appended claims to cover all modifications and variations comingwithin the true spirit and scope of this invention. v What I intend to claim and protect by Letters Patent of the United States is:

l. A piece of knock-downfnrniture adapted for easy storage comprising a plurality of frames, each including upper and lower frame members, a plurality of elongated members'removably coupled to said upper frame members to. form a table, a plurality of elongated members removably coupled to said lower-frame members, to provide at least one seat and rigid longitudinal brace members having end surfaces substantially parallel to. the plane of the frame when coupled thereto and extending between and removably coupled to said frames to thereby provide a strong rigid combination'table and seat 2. The piece of knock-down furniture. defined by claim 1-, wherein the longitudinal brace members extend from an upper frame member of one frame to a lower frame member of another frame andare attached to a mid-re'gionof the respective frame members.

3; A knock-down table adapted forveasy. storage comprising a plurality of frames each including upper and lower frame members, a plurality of elongated members, each member of the plurality of elongated members being attached to at least one other elongated member by securing means, a plurality of releasable attaching means eooperating with said securing means to removably couplesaid elongated members to the upper frame members to form a table, a plurality of other elongated members, each member of the plurality of other elongated members being attached to at least one other member by securing means, a plurality of releasable attaching means cooperating with the securing means to removably couple said other elongated members to the lower frame members to provide at least one seat, and rigid longitudinal brace members extending between and removably attached to said frames to provide a strong rigid combination table and'seat.

4. The. knock down table defined by claim 3 wherein V the releasable attaching means are attached to the elongated members and the longitudinal brace members respectively and the elongated members and brace members are rigidly coupled to the frame members by en gaging said releasable attaching means in recesses pro.- vided in the respective frame members.

5. The knock-down table defined by claim 3 wherein the releasable attaching means comprise eye bolts engaged by said securing means, said eye bolts being secured to the frame members by being received in slots provided in the frame members and the longitudinal brace members are provided with eye bolts which are received in slots provided in the respective frame members.

6. The knock-down table defined by claim 3 wherein the releasable attaching means are secured to the upper and lower frame members and releasably'engage the securing means and longitudinal braces to couple the elongated members and longitudinal braces to the frame members.

7. The knock-down table defined by claim 3 wherein the releasable attaching means comprise open ended eye bolts which releasably engage said securing means and said longitudinal braces to rigidly couple said elongated members and longitudinal braces to the frame members.

8. The knock-down table defined by claim 3 wherein the releasable attaching means comprise open ended eye bolts secured in the frame members and oriented to oppose each other and to engage said securing means to thereby removably couple the elongated members to said upper and lower frame members and the means for removably attaching the longitudinal braces comprise open ended eye bolts secured to said frame members to releasably engage pins in the longitudinal braces and attach the braces to the frame members.

9. A knock-down table adapted for easy storage comprising a plurality of end frames each including upper and lower frame members, a plurality of elongated members arranged in side-by-side relationship and secured by at least one transverse strap means, releasable attaching means engaging pins oriented between said elongated members and said upper frame member to removably couple said elongated members to the upper frame member and form a table, a plurality of elongated members oriented in side-by-side relationship and secured together by at least one transverse strap, releasable attaching means engaging pins oriented between said elongated members and said lower frame member to removably couple said elongated members to the lower frame member and provide at least one seat and rigid longitudinal brace members extending between and removably coupled to said frame members to thereby provide a strong rigid combination table and seat.

10. In a knock-down furniture construction a releasable attaching structure comprising a plurality of members to be secured to a first member, said plurality of members being coupled together by securing means, means attached to said securing means and engaging said first member to thereby removably couple said plurality of members to said first member.

11. A structure comprising a plurality of members secured together by a securing means, a first member provided with a recess, releasable attaching means including an eye bolt engaging said securing means and resting in the recess in the first member whereby the plurality of members are securely and removably coupled to said first member.

12. A knock-down table adapted for easy storage comprising a plurality of end frames each including upper and lower frame members, a plurality of elongated members, each member of fl1e plurality of elongated members being secured to at least one other member by a securing means, a plurality of eye bolts engaged by said securing means and engaging said upper frame member to removably couple said elongated members to said upper frame member and provide a table, a second plurality of elongated members, each member of the second plurality of elongated members coupled to at least one other member by securing means, a plurality of eye bolts engaging said securing means and the lower frame members to provide at least one seat and thereby provide a strong rigid combination table and seat.

13. A knock-down table adapted for easy storage comprising a plurality of end frames each including upper and lower frame members, a plurality of elongated members, each member of the plurality of elongated members being secured to at least one other member by a securing means, open end eye bolts coupled to the upper frame members and engaging the securing means to releasably attach the elongated members to the upper frame members to form a table, a plurality of elongated members each member of the plurality of elongated members being secured to at least one other member by securing means, open ended eye bolts incorporated in the lower frame members and releasably engaging said securing means to removably couple the lower frame members to the elongated members and provide at least one seat and thereby provide a strong rigid combination table and seat.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS D. 122,174 Tabb Aug. 27, 1940 231,252 Atkinson Aug. 17, 1880 769,354 Nielsen Sept. 6, 1904 1,266,905 Bartlett May 21, 1918 1,351,013 Stine Aug. 24, 1920 1,372,072 Holtzman Mar. 22, 1921 1,674,220 Percival June 19, 1928 2,512,473 Alch June 20, 1950 2,537,127 Giberson Jan. 9, 1951 2,662,583 Coe Dec. 15, 1953 2,717,028 Villemure Sept. 6, 1955 2,748,837 Beller June 5, 1956

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US231252 *Aug 17, 1880 Fbancis f
US769354 *Sep 28, 1903Sep 6, 1904Charles H NielsenTable.
US1266905 *Jul 13, 1916May 21, 1918Charles H BartlettTable or stand for telephones, &c.
US1351013 *Oct 13, 1919Aug 24, 1920George R StineFolding furniture
US1372072 *Nov 25, 1918Mar 22, 1921Holtzman Frank PKnockdown furniture
US1674220 *Jan 19, 1923Jun 19, 1928Royalton Mfg Company IncArticle of furniture
US2512473 *Apr 18, 1946Jun 20, 1950Lessing AlchPicnic table
US2537127 *Jun 27, 1946Jan 9, 1951Frank GibersonCombined table and seats
US2662583 *Mar 11, 1952Dec 15, 1953William D CoeRecreation table
US2717028 *Oct 12, 1954Sep 6, 1955Joseph VillemureFolding picnic table
US2748837 *May 23, 1955Jun 5, 1956Belson Mfg CompanyFolding table and seat structure for picnic tables and the like
USD122174 *Apr 1, 1940Aug 27, 1940FrostbrandCombined bench and table
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3080193 *Jan 13, 1959Mar 5, 1963Nimmo Ray FFoldable table/bench
US3101061 *Jan 4, 1961Aug 20, 1963Amend Donald FPicnic table and workbench conversion
US3120405 *Feb 19, 1963Feb 4, 1964Henry SoszynskiPicnic table
US3189379 *Dec 23, 1963Jun 15, 1965Potter Harvey WCombination bench and table set
US3244451 *May 25, 1964Apr 5, 1966Omer RoyCollapsible table
US4919480 *Sep 22, 1989Apr 24, 1990Drew Iii James HSectional bench
US5785379 *Jul 31, 1996Jul 28, 1998Pelletier; Mead TimothyModular individual seat picnic table
US6042179 *Jan 8, 1999Mar 28, 2000Millworks, LlcFolding table and bench assembly
US6443076Dec 8, 2000Sep 3, 2002Robert Lee Roy Case, Jr.Collapsible table assembly
Classifications
U.S. Classification297/158.5, 297/440.22, 108/101, 182/132, 182/222
International ClassificationA47B3/00, A47B3/14
Cooperative ClassificationA47B3/14
European ClassificationA47B3/14