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Publication numberUS2801630 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 6, 1957
Filing dateDec 23, 1955
Priority dateDec 23, 1955
Publication numberUS 2801630 A, US 2801630A, US-A-2801630, US2801630 A, US2801630A
InventorsArthur R Moore
Original AssigneeArthur R Moore
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Cervical collar
US 2801630 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A. R. MOORE CERVICAL COLLAR Aug. 6, 1957 2,801,630

Filed Dec. 23, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR H ARTHLQR R. moons I ZY Aug. 6, 1957 A. R. MOORE CERVICAL COLLAR 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Deb. 25, 1955 INVENTOR MOORE BY :2 gm) ATTORNEY United States Patent CERVICAL COLLAR Arthur R. Moore, Daytona Beach, Fla. Application December 23, 1955, Serial No. 555,013

7 Claims. (Cl. 128-75) This invention relates to improvements in cervical collars used primarily for pathological conditions such as arthritis, wry neck" or torticollis, traumatic conditions such as whip lash injuries, subluxations and dislocations, muscular strains, and for post-fracture treatment.

The collar is designed for hyperextension and restriction of head motion but not for total fixed immobilization. In general the use is to take the load off the neck muscles.

The primary object of the invention is to provide a simple, light but sufficiently rigid collar structure that is adjustable for hyperextension but is also capable of lateral flexing so that it may be applied or removed by the patient when desired.

A further object of the invention is to provide a cervical collar of this character that is formed of two overlapping sheets of semi-rigid material adjustably interengaged to obtain the desired degree of hyperextension or tilt of the collar in use.

A still further object of the invention is to provide the collar with an upper head engaging and neck encircling section and a lower chest engaging section so interconnected to accommodate for the change of relationship of the sections when the collar encircles a patients neck and also permitting a conformation of lower section to the contour of the engaged chest of the patient.

These and other objects of the present invention will appear as the following description thereof proceeds, and in orderto more clearly understand the invention, reference may be made to the accompanying drawings in which:

Figure 1 is a side elevation of the cervical collar in applied position;

Figure 2 is a similar front view of Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a plan view of the cervical collar laid out flat;

Figure 4 is a vertical section on the line 4--4 of Figure 3;

Figure 5 is, a vertical section on the line 55 of Figure3;

Figure 6 is a partial section on the line 6--6 of Figure 3; and

Figure 7 is a fragmentary plan view of a portion of oneof the adjusting clamps.

The primary purpose of this cervical collar is to take the load off the neck muscles for the purposes noted. The collar may be adjusted for the desired degree of hyperextension and in use will restrict the head motion but it isnot intended for fixed immobilization such as results froI-ntheuse of a cast or some forms of removable braces. It is inherent in the structure employed that sufficient rigidity is maintained to obtain the desired result but the portable nature and intended use of the collar permits it to be flexed laterally to encircle the patients neck and strapped in that position.

The collar itself comprises an upper larger head engaging and neck encircling section 1 and a smaller lower overlapped chest engaging section 2. These sections 1 2,801,630 Patented Aug. 6, 1957 and 2 are formed of plastic sheet material that is semirigid but may be flexed laterally. At present a plastic identified as Kodapak #2 (a cellulose acetate-butyrate marketed by Eastman Company) is being used but a worker skilled in the art could readily select an appropriate common variety of cellulose acetate or nylon sheeting for such a use.

The upper section 1 adjacent one extremity carries a strap 3 of any suitable material secured thereto by a rivet 4. A conventional buckle 5 is adjustably mounted on the strap and said buckle may be secured by a stud fastener 6 to the other terminal end of the section 1. This provides a means for snugly and comfortably positioning the collar around a patients neck and permits easy removal when desired.

The upper edge of the upper section 1 is curved to substantially conform to the head engagement with the collar which is under the chin and around the back of above the neck. The entire edge that does not overlap the lower section 2 has stitched thereto a strip of suitable covering material 7 and the head engaging portion has a cushioning element 8, usually formed of rubber interposed between the edge of the section and covering material to avoid undue discomfort when the collar is in position.

The lower smaller section 2 of the collar is not as long as the section 1 and the extremities of the latter form substantially neck encircling portions. The central portion thereof overlaps the upper edge of the lower section as clearly shown in the drawings. The lower edge of the lower section 2 is curved downwardly as clearly shown in the drawings to conform to the chest portion of the patients body. The entire edge has stitched thereto a strip of suitable covering material 15 and substantially the entire lower edge has a cushioning element 16 similar to the cushioning element 8, usually formed of rubber interposed between the lower edge of the section and covering material 15 to avoid undue discomfort when the plastic collar is in position.

The sections 1 and 2 are primarily interengaged where the extremities of the lower smaller section 2 are overlapped by the upper larger section 1 by rivets 9 and '10 passing through substantially horizontal slots 11 in the upper section 1 and crossing substantially vertical slots 11 in the lower section 2. The slots 11 accommodate for the change of relationship of the two sections when the collar is flexed to circular form for positioning on the patients neck and the slots 11 permit substantially vertical change at this point when necessary and furthermore permits the lower edge of the lower section to conform to the contour of the chest by slight rotation on the rivets 9 and 10. At the central front of the overlapped edges of the sections 1 and 2 there is an additional engaging and guiding means in the nature of a stud 12. The stud 12 is slidable in a vertical slot 14 in the section 1 as clearly shown in Figure 4.

For the purpose of adjusting the collar vertically, there is provided a pair of adjusting clamps 17 adjacent each side of front center of the collar and angled vertically with respect thereto as clearly shown in the drawings. As these clamps 17 are of identical construction only one will be described in detail. The clamps comprise an upper member 18 comprising a fiat metal strip 19 riveted at 20 at its upper end to the upper section 1 adjacent itsupper edge and having an elongated slot 21 running from adjacent the rivet 20 to a point adjacent the lower end of the strip 19. A lower member 22 of the clamp 17 similar in general shape to the upper member 13 is riveted at 23 at its lower end to the lower section 2 adjacent the lower edge thereof. The lower member 22 also has an elongated slot 24 similar to the slot 21 in the upper member 18. As the clamps are mounted outside the collar the members thereof are of such a length they will overlap a portion of their length. The upper end of the lower member 22 is provided with a terminal angled tongue 25 which has a sliding fit in the elongated slot 21 in the upper member 18 for the purpose of slidably interlocking the members 18 and 22 when positioned as shown. The tongue 25 is held in the slot by lateral tongues 25' as shown inFigure 7.

For the purpose of adjusting the clamps 17 to vary the etfective height of the collar there is provided a metal screw 26 positioned through the slot 24 of the lower member 22 and engageable in a threaded opening 27 at the lower end of the member 18 below the slot 21. By releasing the screw 26 the members 18 and 22 may be adjusted vertically to move the sections 1 and 2 of the collar toward or from each other and thus adjust the collar to'the desired height. When this point is ascertained the screw 26 is tightened to clamping position. The riveted connections and slot by which the sections 1 and 2 are secured together previously described permit the vertical adjustment of the plastic collar just described without bending the set configuration or the same.

In use the collar is snugly arranged around the patients neck. The properly adjusted buckle on the strap 3 is engaged with the fastener 6 to secure the collar in position. When so arranged the curved lower edge of the section 2 of the collar rests upon the patients chest and curved upper edge engages the patients head beneath the chin and around the back of the neck. Thus the weight of the patients head is supported by the collar on the chest and shoulders to take the load oif the neck muscle and the movement of the head is restricted. The collar may be vertically adjusted or tilted by the means described to secure the desired hyperextension. The collar being formed of sheet plastic material is'provided with ventilating openings 28 through the upper and lower sections 1 and 2.

This invention provides a very simple, economical and extremely light form of easily positioned and adjusted orthopedic appliance. The weight of the patients head is carried entirely by this substantially unitary structure resting on the chest and shoulders of the patient and the neck muscles are relieved of any strain in maintaining the desired hyperextension. The rigidity of the sheet plastic material from which the collar is formed is sufiicient to accomplish the desired purpose supplemented by the clamps 17.

Although the improved cervical collar has been illustrated and described herein to a detailed extent, it will be understood, of course, that the invention is not to be regarded as limited correspondingly in scope, but includes all variations coming within the terms of the appended claims.

I claim:

l. A cervical collar formed of two partly overlapped sheets of semi-rigid material, interconnecting means between the overlapped sheets permitting conforming movement therebetween in applying and adjusting said collar, and adjustable clamps between the sheets to vertically adjust one sheet with respect to the other.

2. A cervical collar formed of an upper section comprising a sheet of semi-rigid material adapted to encircle the neck of a patient with its upper edge engaging the patients head, a smaller lower section comprising a sheet of semi-rigid material having its upper edge portion overlapped by the central bottom edge portion of the upper section and the lower edge of said lower section adapted to engage the patients chest, means to vertically adjust the sections with respect to each other, and means on the upper section to removably secure the collar around the patients neck.

3. A cervical collarformed of an upper section comprising a sheet of semi-rigid material adapted to encircle the neck of a patient with its upper edge engaging the patients head, a smaller lower section comprising a sheet of semi-rigid material having its upper edge portion overlapped by the central bottom edge portion of the upper section and the lower edge of said lower section adapted to engage the patients chest, interconnecting means between the overlapped portions of the sections permitting conforming movement therebetween in applying and adjusting the sections around a patients neck, means carried by the sections to vertically adjust the sections with respect to each other, and means on the upper section to removably secure the collar around the patients neck.

4. A cervical collar comprising, a neck section of sernirigid material of a length to encompass the neck of a wearer and having a top edge contoured to engage beneath and support the wearers chin, a chest section of semirigid material dimensioned to overlie the chest of a wearer and having a bottom edge contoured to engage and seat upon thewearers chest, the bottom marginal portion of the neck section overlapping the top marginal portion of the chest section in slidable face contact, fasteners carried by the overlapped marginal portions of the sections and connecting them together, and manually movable means fixed on one section and in slidable connection engagement with the other section for movement to various positions of adjustment vertically between said contoured edges of the sections to increase or decrease the area of overlap and thereby raise or lower the necksection relative to the chest section. Y

5. In the collar of claim 4, certain ones of the fasteners being adjacent the intersections of the bottom edge of the neck section and the contoured edge of the chest section and having a floating mounting in each section permitting both horizontal and vertical shifting of the fas teners relative to the sections. I

6. In the collar of claim 4, said fasteners including one adjacent each intersection of the bottom edge of the neck section and the contoured edge of the chest section, and a third fastener midway therebetween, said third fastener including a shank passed transversely through both sec.- tions in fixed relation teens and movable in avertical guide slot in the other. 1.

7. In the collar of claim 5, said floating mounting coin prising a guide slot in each section, the slots intersecting substantially perpendicular to one another, and each of said certain ones of the fasteners including a shank passed transversely through both sections and movable freely in the slot of each. :1

References Cited in the file of this patent Orthopaedic Appliance Atlas, published by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons in 1952, p. 223. (Copies in Scientific Library.)

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US928573 *Mar 12, 1909Jul 20, 1909Horace A AldredCollar-stay.
US2102069 *Jun 17, 1936Dec 14, 1937Hanicke Paul WilliamCervical splint
DE353631C *Dec 22, 1920May 20, 1922Ida Frenzel Geb FriedewaldSteifhalter fuer Kragen an Damenblusen und Stehumlegekragen mit zwei parallel gefuehrten, federnd auseinandergehaltenen Reifen
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2828736 *Jan 24, 1957Apr 1, 1958Louis P MonfardiniCervical collars
US2911970 *Dec 1, 1958Nov 10, 1959Prosthetic & Orthopedic SupplyCervical collar
US2955594 *Jul 9, 1959Oct 11, 1960Richards Mfg CompanyHip splint
US3024784 *Jun 14, 1960Mar 13, 1962Florida Brace CorpSingle piece adjustable cervical collar
US3027894 *May 28, 1958Apr 3, 1962Florida Mfg CorpAll purpose cervical collar
US3042027 *Mar 24, 1959Jul 3, 1962Florida Brace CorpCervical collars
US3055358 *Aug 5, 1959Sep 25, 1962Palma Leon J DiCervical collar
US3060930 *Dec 14, 1959Oct 30, 1962Grassl SimonNeck supporting device
US3075521 *Jun 29, 1960Jan 29, 1963Grassl SimonCervical collars
US3306284 *Mar 12, 1962Feb 28, 1967Mckinley Paul ECervical brace
US3313297 *Jun 18, 1962Apr 11, 1967Surgical Appliance IndCervical splint
US3916885 *Nov 14, 1974Nov 4, 1975Medical Specialties IncAdjustable cervical collar
US4827915 *Sep 21, 1988May 9, 1989Gorsen Robert MSpring loaded cervical collar
US4969453 *Jul 19, 1988Nov 13, 1990Dieter HeimannCervical collar
US5520619 *Feb 22, 1994May 28, 1996Ambu International A/SAdjustable cervical collar
US5588957 *Aug 15, 1995Dec 31, 1996Ambu International A/SCervical collar
US5728054 *May 24, 1996Mar 17, 1998Ambu International A/SAdjustable cervical collar
US5797863 *Nov 29, 1996Aug 25, 1998Ambu International A/SCollapsible cervical collar
US5993403 *Mar 13, 1998Nov 30, 1999Ambu International A/SAdjustable cervical collar
US6036664 *Jun 7, 1995Mar 14, 2000Ambu International A/SAutomatic adjustable cervical collar
US6090058 *Dec 30, 1997Jul 18, 2000Laerdal Medical CorporationMultiple-size cervical collar
US6245033Nov 29, 1999Jun 12, 2001Ambu International A/SAdjustable cervical collar
US6726643Mar 13, 2000Apr 27, 2004Ambu International A/SAutomatic adjustable cervical collar
US6770046 *Oct 29, 2002Aug 3, 2004Kyle J. HansenMinimally invasive extrication cervical collar
US6913584May 22, 2002Jul 5, 2005Ambu Inc.Cervical immobilizing device
US7297127Mar 19, 2002Nov 20, 2007Ambu Inc.Cervical immobilization device
US8262597Oct 27, 2010Sep 11, 2012Life Core Technologies, LlcCervical immobilization collar with arterial cooling elements and method of using the same
US8267877Oct 27, 2010Sep 18, 2012Life Core Technologies, LlcCervical immobilization collar with arterial cooling elements
US8267878Oct 27, 2010Sep 18, 2012Life Core Technologies, LlcArterial cooling elements for use with a cervical immobilization collar
US8657768Sep 13, 2011Feb 25, 2014Salvatore CalabreseCervical collar having flexible chin support
US8858481Apr 26, 2012Oct 14, 2014Ossur HfCervical collar with reduced vascular obstruction
US8870800Feb 19, 2013Oct 28, 2014össur hfCervical collar
US8932243Dec 20, 2011Jan 13, 2015Salvatore CalabreseCervical collar with independent height and circumference adjustability
US9084670Sep 7, 2012Jul 21, 2015Cryothermic Systems, Inc.Cervical immobilization collar with arterial cooling elements and method of using the same
US9089411Sep 14, 2012Jul 28, 2015Cryothermic Systems, Inc.Cervical immobilization collar with arterial cooling elements and method of using the same
US9226847Sep 14, 2012Jan 5, 2016Cryothermic Systems, Inc.Arterial cooling elements for use with a cervical immobilization collar
US9517160Nov 25, 2015Dec 13, 2016Cryothermic Systems, Inc.Cooling elements with bands
US9668906Oct 28, 2014Jun 6, 2017Ossur HfCervical collar
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US20110040223 *Oct 27, 2010Feb 17, 2011Life Core Technologies LlcCervical immobilization collar with arterial cooling elements
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US20110046527 *Oct 27, 2010Feb 24, 2011Life Core Technologies, LlcArterial cooling elements for use with a cervical immobilization collar
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Classifications
U.S. Classification602/18, 128/DIG.230, D24/191
International ClassificationA61F5/055
Cooperative ClassificationA61F5/055, Y10S128/23
European ClassificationA61F5/055