Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2802254 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 13, 1957
Filing dateDec 10, 1953
Priority dateDec 10, 1953
Publication numberUS 2802254 A, US 2802254A, US-A-2802254, US2802254 A, US2802254A
InventorsEleanor R Valva
Original AssigneeEleanor R Valva
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Rug loom
US 2802254 A
Images(3)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 3, 1957 E. R. VALVA 2,802,254

RUG LOOM Filed Dec. 10, 1953 s Sheets-Shegt 1 INVENTOR.

1 EANOR 1?. VAL VA ATTQRNE) 1957 E. R. VALVA 2,802,254

RUG LOOM Filed Dec. 10. 1953 3 Sheets-Sheet 2' INVENTOR. 5454mm? 1?: VAL VA ATToRA/Er United States Patent RUG LOOM Eleanor R. Valva, Worcester, Mass. Application December 10, 1953, Serial No. 397,388 7 Claims. (CI. 28-15) This invention relates to improvements in rug looms or frames used in making needle-point rugs and has for its primary object to provide a loom which in use will eliminate squaring and blocking of the rug.

A further object of this invention is to provide a novel construction for holding the foundation web in a taut position as the work progresses.

A further object of this invention is to provide means for holding the supply roller against rotation to hold the web taut as the work progresses and to provide means for adjusting the tension on the web.

A further object of this invention is to provide means for keeping the rug straight between the supply roller and the center roll.

A still further object of this invention is to provide a locking means on the frame at each end of the loom which cooperates with means on the ends of the loom to hold the loom in any desired position.

A still further object of this invention is to provide a compact, sturdy and inexpensive loom.

These and ancillary objects and structural features of merit are attained by this invention; the preferred embodiment of which is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Figure 1 is a front elevational view of the loom;

Figure 2 is an end elevational view thereof;

Figure 3 is an elevational view of the other end;

Figure 4 is a top plan view;

Figure 5 is a near elevational view;

Figure 6 is a transverse sectional view;

Figure 7 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view with certain parts removed and taken substantially along line 7--7 of Figure 6 to illustrate the locking means for the loom;

Figure 8 is a sectional view taken on line 8-8 of Figure 7;

Figure 9 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on line 99 of Figure 6; and

Figure 10 is a detailed view of the tensioning means of the inner end of the foundation web.

Referring now more particularly to the accompanying drawings, the loom 8 includes end stands 12 and 14 having bases 16 and rigidified by connecting braces 18.

The end stand 14 is formed with a closed upper end 18 having an opening 20 and the upper closed end 22 of the end stand 12 has a vertical slot 24 formed in its upper portion. The loom frame 10 includes end plates 26 and 28, each of which is a unitary cruciform member having arms 30 and 32 connected at their ends by bars 34. The end plates are connected by a rod 36. The ends of the rod 36 project beyond the end plates 26 and 28, which are fixed on the rod at the center of the arms 30 and 32.

One end of the rod 36 is journalled in the opening 20 and the other end of the rod 36 is seated in the slot 24. A center roller or take-up roller 38 is provided and includes flat elongated bars 40 and 40', which are rectangular in cross-section and are fixed at their ends in the end 2 plates and surround the rod 36. The center roller constitutes a take-up roller on which a foundation web 42 is wound.

To hold the inner end or base of the web 42 taut or under tension a starting roller 44 is provided and is attached to a bar 40' by endless. resilient bands 46. Pins 48 radiatefrom the roller 44 and terminate in hooks 50 which are engaged in openings 52 in the edge 54 of the inner end of the web 42.

A supply roller 56 is formed at its ends with flat projections 58 that are designed to fit into axial slots 60 formed in the ends of arms 30 and 32. I

To lock the loom frame 10 in adjusted positions, a locking plate 66 is fixed to the outside 'of the end plate 28. The plate 6'6 is a ring and has circumferentially spaced peripheral slots 70. A locking pin or lug 72 is hingedly mounted as at 73 on the end of the upper portion 18 of the end stand 14 for inward vertical swinging movement with the end of the upper portionfofming a stop to arrest the lug in a horizontal plane. The free end of the lug is adapted to extend into the slots 70 and arrest the rotation of the loom frame. A knob 74 is formed on the lug so that it can be conveniently moved about its pivot.

In use, the end 54 of the web 42 is attached to the hooks 48 and is stretched taut from the supply roller 56, which is placed into the slots 60 depending upon the desired tension. To permit rotation of the loom frame, the lug 72 is raised by grasping and liftingthe knob.

It will be noted that the relationship between the roller 44 and the supply roller 56 is such that the web can be placed under any desired tension by placing the roller 56 in the desired slots.

As seen in Figure 4, springs 76 and 78 are connected between the arms of the end plates 26 and 28 and the side edges of the web 42 to maintain the web straight between the roller 44 and supply roller 56. Thus a longitudinal and transverse tension is imposed on the web 42. With the foundation web thus kept under tension, the same may then be worked upon in conventional manner to complete the same into a hooked rug.

While the preferred embodiment of this invention has been disclosed herein, it is understood that this is the best known form so that other embodiments may be made, as come within the appended claims.

Having described the invention what is claimed is:

1. A loom comprising spaced end stands, a loom frame rotatably journalled in said stands, means locking the frame against rotation, a supply roller, means on said frame for retaining the roller in adjusted positions, a center take-up roller on said frame, means carried by said roller for supporting the inner end of a foundation web and tension means associated with said last means.

2. A loom comprising spaced end stands, a loom frame rotatably journalled in said stands, means locking the frame against rotation, a supply roller, means on said frame for retaining the roller in adjusted positions, a center take-up roller on said frame, means carried by said roller for supporting the inner end of a foundation Web and means for tensioning the Web longitudinally and transversely.

3. A rug loom comprising spaced end stands, a loom frame rotatably journalled in said stands, means for locking the loom frame in adjusted positions, a center take-up roller on said frame, a starting roller resiliently connected to and parallel with the roller, means for connecting a foundation web to said starting roller, a supply roller for the web and means adjustably securing said supply roller to the loom frame.

4. A rug loom comprising spaced end stands, a loom frame rotatably journalled in said stands, means for locking the loom frame in adjusted positions, a center takeup roller on said frame, a starting roller resiliently connected to and parallel with the roller, means for connecting a foundation web to said starting roller, a supply roller for the web and means adjustably securing said supply roller to the loom frame, said loom frame including end plates having slots, said supply roller having projections on their ends adapted to be seated in said slots.

5. A rug loom comprising spaced end stands, a loom frame rotatably journalled in said stands, means for locking the loom frame in adjusted positions, a center takeup roller on said frame, a starting roller resiliently connected to and parallel with the roller, means for connecting a foundation web to said starting roller, a supply roller, for the web and means adjustably securing said supply roller to the loom frame, said locking means including a slotted locking plate carried by the loom frame, and apivoted locking lug on one of said end stands engageable in the slots in the locking plate.

6. A loom comprising spaced end stands, a loom frame rotatably journalled in said stands, means locking the frame against rotation, a supply roller, means on said frame for retaining the roller in adjusted positions, a center take-up roller on said frame, means carried by said roller for supporting the inner end of a foundation web and tension means associated with said last means, said last means including a starting roller and resilient means attaching said starting roller to the take-up roller.

7. A loom comprising spaced end stands, a loom frame rotatably journalled in said stands, means locking the frame against rotation, a supply roller, means on said frame for retaining the roller in adjusted positions, a center take-up roller on said frame, means carried by said roller for supporting the inner end of a foundation web and means for tensioning the Web longitudinally and transversely, said last means including springs extending from the end stands and adapted to be attached to the web and a spring urged starting roller carried by the take-up Great Britain Sept. 16, 1948

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1975331 *May 15, 1933Oct 2, 1934Peirce James AFrame for making hooked rugs or the like
US2569337 *Aug 12, 1949Sep 25, 1951Rice Thomas MQuilting frame
GB608550A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3797621 *Nov 17, 1972Mar 19, 1974Scott & Fetzer CoSlip clutch
US4189856 *Feb 22, 1978Feb 26, 1980Cookson Leonard TRug hooking rack
US4202569 *Mar 23, 1978May 13, 1980Thuringer Frieda PCraft board
US4315645 *Dec 10, 1979Feb 16, 1982Knox Billy BRug hooking stand
Classifications
U.S. Classification28/149, 289/18.1
International ClassificationD04G3/00
Cooperative ClassificationD04G3/00
European ClassificationD04G3/00