US 280237 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
I (No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1. R. PORTER.-
' v HALTER No. 280,237. Patented June 26, 1883.
V (N0 L) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
. HALTER. No. 280,287. Patented June 2-6, 1883.,
UNITED STATES PATENT Grace,
ROBERT PORTER, OF OTTUMVA. IOWA.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 280,237, dated June 26, 1883. Application filed March 1, 1883. (No model.)
larly to the throat-tug or part connecting the throat-latch with the chin-strap in horse-halters. a
Ordinarily the throat-tug consists of a leather strap with a loop at each end, the throat-latch passing through the loop at one end and the chin-strap through that at the other. Metal has, however, been substituted for leather, and metal rings and buckles have also been used to make the connection between the throat-tug of leather and the throat-latch and chin-strap, respectively i The present invention consists, first, in a throat-tug having at one end a metal piece or casting with side loops oblique to the length of the throat-tug for receiving the throat-latch, and an additional piece for securing the opposite end to the chinstrap. The loops are or may be separated from each other by an illtcrmediate bar, so that the tug may be secured as well to a continuous throat-latch as. to one divided in the middle. It is, however, specially designed for use with the two-part throatlatch, the lower end of each part being secured to the appropriate loop. The metal piece, or casting maybe attached to the additional piece in any ordinary or suitable way, as by casting, riveting, or otherwise.
The invention consists, secondly, in providinga metal throat-tug having connections at the upper end for receiving the throat-latch and at the lower end for the chin-strap, with an intermediate j oint or hinge, whereby the tug, although of metal, has a certain degree of flexibility. The connections at the two endsare preferably of the improved form herein described.
The invention thirdly consists in a throattug provided with means for attachment at the upper end to the throat-latch, and having at its lower part a metal piece or casting with two bars arranged side by side and separated by a vertical slot, and adapted to be connected with the chin strap. For what are called in. any suitable way.
I draw-halters the bight or bend of the chinstrap is passed through the slot oropening between the bars. For other halters the chinstrap is or may be secured to the metal piece The chin-strap may be in two parts, and in such case, or where the two ends of the nose-strap are brought together under the chin of the animalfone end is fastened to each bar. The use of a chinstrap in two parts is believed to be new, and the combination of it with the throattug and metallic connection-pieceforms a part of the invention.
The invention further comprises certain pan ticular parts, as hereinafter set forth.
In the accompanying drawings, Figures 1 and 2 are perspective views of different forms of halters constructed in accordance with the invention or portions thereof; and Figs. 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 are views of different forms of the im proved throat-tug.
Referring to Fig. 1, A B is the throat-tug; C, the throat-latch; D, the chin-strap; E, the nose-strap; F, cheek-pieces; G, the crownpiece, and H the hitchingstrap ring.
The part A of the throat-tug is a metallic piece or casting, having at each side a loop, a, for receiving the throat-latch, and provided, also, with an intermediate loop, I). The loops a are made oblique to the length of the throattug, so as to conform to the direction of the throat-latch when the halter is placed on the horses head. A depression is made at '0, so that the said piece or casting conforms more or less exactly to the shape of the animals throat.
The part B of the throat-tug is also a metallic piece or casting. It consists of two bars, (I, connected at their outer ends and separated by a slot. loop b'of the part A by means of a' hinge joint formed by eyes 6, surrounding the crossbar of the loop b. The eyes e may be formed in any known or suitable way. hen the parts can be bent they may be formed by bending the ends of the bars. As shown, there are in ternal flanges, f, to hold apart the ends of the bars. The hitching-strap ring H is held in an eye formed partly by the bend connecting the bars (I and partly by the lugs g on the inside of said bars. The ring is or' may be placed At one end it is attached to the constructions and combinations ofin position and the bars d then'be brought together, so that the lugs y will close the opening in the eye.
The throat-latch O is in two parts or straps. Each part is passed through one of the side loops, a, of the connecting-piece A, and has its ends connected by a buckle, so as to adjust the length thereof. At the upper end of each is a snap-hook, by which it is secured to the ring to which the cheek and crown pieces are fastened.
The chin-strap Dis also in two parts. Each part is passed around one of the bars (1, and also around a bar of one of the rectangular frames to which the cheek-pieces and nosestrap are secured, and is provided witha buckle for adjusting the length.
In other figures wherein they occur the same letters indicate like parts to those which they indicate in Fig. 1.
In Fig. 2 the parts, connection-pieces, or cast ings A B are joined by being made in one piece. The loops a, the bars (Z, and the general shape of the tug are the same as before. The flexible connection. between the pieces A B is lost and the lugs g are dispensed with. The throat-latch C is made in two parts, as before; but the buckle for adjusting the length, andthe snap-hooks, are dispensed with. The chin-strap D is in one piece, and the bight of it in which the ring H rests is insertedthrough the slot between the bars, thus forming what is known as a draw-halter. It is obvious that a chin-strap in two parts could be fastened to the bars 4, as in Fig. 1; also, that the lugs 9 could be placed inside the bars (I; also, that a chin-strap, as shown in Fig. 2, could be applied to the jointed tug shown in Fig. 1, with or without altering the shape of the lower part of the tug.
In Fig. 3 the parts or metallic connectionpieces A B are connected by a leather strip, which is passed through loop I), and also through a loop at the upper end of part B, and has the ends secured by a rivet. It forms a flexible connection between the'two parts of the tug. The part B, instead of being of the improved construction shown in Figs. 1 and 2, is of ordinary construction, and the chin-strap D is passed through the loop at the lower on d thereof, in the usual way. The throat-latch is in one piece, and is simply pressed through the loops a. It could be applied to'the loops (1, in Figs. 1 and 2 in the same manner.
In Fig. 4 the throat-tug is like that repre sented in Fig. 2, except that a loop, H, in one piece with the tug, is provided for the ring H or for the hitching-strap itself, and that the means for connecting together the bars (I is slightly altered.
In Fig. 5 the general shape of each part remains the same; but the p articular construction is altered. The throat-latch is secured to the loops at, as in Fig. 1. The part B has the bars d, as in Figs. 1, 2, and 4, and the chin-strap is secured thereto, as in Fig. 1.
The ring H is hinged to lugs h on the outside of the bars d.
The parts or connection-pieces A B are flexibly joined together by the metal link.
In Fig. 6 the loops to b are not closed, but open into each other. The part B is made broader andnot'so long as in Figs. 1, 2, 4, and 5, a cruciform opening, instead of a slot, being left between the bars (I. The general shape of the tug remains that of a T, although the resemblance is not close, as in the other figures. The pieces A B are flexibly connected by a leather strip, as'in the tug shown in Fig. 3. A loop, 7c, is made to receive the hitching strap. This loop could be changed into an eye to receive a ring.
In Fig. 7 the piece B is solid and the bars d are in the form of side loops. These could be omitted, if desired, the chin-strap being riveted or otherwise fastened to the part B. The interior of the piece A is solid, and it is joined to the other part of thetug by riveting. The hitching-strap or ring is held in an eye. It can be inserted through an opening in one side, and then this opening can be closed.
In allthe figures the tug is wholly or mainly of metal, and has a general resemblance to a T. In all the part A has side loops, (1, for receiving the throat-latch, and in all but Figs. 2, 4L, and 7 it has an intermediate loop, I), whereby the attachment to the other part of the hame-tug is made. In all except Figs. 2, 4, and 7 there is a flexible connection or hingejoint between the two connection-pieces. All the tugs but those shown in Figs. 3 and 7 are adapted for use as well in draw-halters as in other halters, and all but thatshown in Fig. 3 7 7 are adapted for use with a halter having the thin strap in two parts. WVhen a strip of leather, thin metal, or other flexible material is used to connect the two parts, pieces, or castings of the throat-tug, it may be riveted or otherwise secured to them.
It is obvious that modifications or alterations in detail other than those described could be made, and the invention still be in whole or in part employed. Any of the connectionpieces could be used in any form of tug as well as in that represented.
It may be observed that this invention includes the new features common to the several. forms of throat-tug shown and described, and in addition the special new improvements shown only in Fig. 1, the special new features shown in said other figures and not contained in Fig. 1 being reserved for separate applica tion or applications.
Having now fullydescribed my said invention and the manner of carrying the same into effect, what I claim is 1.. A throat-tug for connecting the throat latch and chin-strap in halters, the same having at one end a metal piece or casting with side loops oblique to the length of the tug for receiving the throat-latch and an additional piece for securing the opposite end to the chinstrap, substantially as described.
2. In a metal throat-tug provided with connections at the upper end for the throat-latch and at the lower end-for the chin-strap, an intermediate joint or hinge, substantially as described.
- 3. A throat-tug provided with means, as
explained, for attachment to the throat-latch,
upper end to the throat-latch, and having at its lower part a metal piece or casting with two bars side by side, and separated by a vertical slot for connecting with the chin-strap, and at the lower end an eye or loop for the hitching strap or,. hitching-strap ring, substantially as described.
5. The combination, with the throat-tug provided with means, as explained, for securing it to the throat-latch, and having at the lower part a metal piece or casting for receiving the chin-strap, of the chin-strap divided in the middle, and with the two ends separately connected with said metal piece or casting, substantially as described.
6. The combination, with the two part throat-latch and the two-part chin-strap, both divided in themiddle, of the throat-tug, having at the top a metal piece or casting connected with the two parts of the throat-latch separately, and at the bottom a metal piece or casting attached to the former, and connected with the two parts of the chin-strap sepa rately, substantially as described.
7. The throat-tug having side loops at one end for attachment to the throat-latch, and bars separated by a slot or opening at the other for attachment to the chinrstraps, substantially as described.
8. A throat-tug for halters, comprising a metallic piece or casting, having two side loops, for making the connection with the throatlatch, a'met'allic piece or casting for making the connection with the chin-strap, and a flexible connection or hinge-j oint between the said metallic pieces, substantially as described.
In testimony whereof I .havesigned this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
. ROBERT PORTER.
J. T. HAOKWORTH, A. G. HARROW-