|Publication number||US2802607 A|
|Publication date||Aug 13, 1957|
|Filing date||May 11, 1953|
|Priority date||May 11, 1953|
|Publication number||US 2802607 A, US 2802607A, US-A-2802607, US2802607 A, US2802607A|
|Inventors||Kalmbach Jr Phillip, Nieman Thomas F|
|Original Assignee||Kalmbach Jr Phillip, Nieman Thomas F|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (12), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Aug. 13, 1957 P. KALMBACH, JR, ETAL 2,802,607
DISPENSING CAP FOR COLLAPSIBLE TUBES Filed May 11, 1955 INVENTORS: PHILLIP KALMBACH JR THOMAS E NIEMAN ATTORNEY United States Patent Office 2,802,607 v DISPENSING CAP FOR COLLAPSIBLE TUBES Philli Kalmbach, In, Wheat Ridge, and Thomas F. Nieman, Denver, Colo.
Application May 11, 1953, Serial No. 353,948
1 Claim. (Cl. 222-490) I the tube contents in reaction to pressure. applied to the tube and to close for preservation and protection'of the tube contents when such pressure is relieved.
A further object of the invention is to provide a novel and improved dispensing cap adapted for sociation with various sized and particularly-worked tube delivery necks in substitutionfor the conventional closures furnished-with the tubes. t A furtherbbject of the invention is to'providela novel andimpfoved dispensing cap for collapsible tubes thatis susceptible-ofproduction in a variation of detailwhereby to adapt the cap for effective use in the dispensing of various particular materials.
A further object of the invention is to provide a novel and improved dispensing cap for collapsible tubes that is simple and inexpensive of production, convenient of use, efficient in attainment of the ends for which designed,
and eliminative of the disadvantages characterizing conventional tube closures.
With the foregoing and other objects in view, our invention consists in the construction, arrangement, and operative combination of elements as hereinafter set forth, pointed out in our claims, and illustrated by the accompanying drawing, in which- Figure 1 is a side elevation of a typical embodiment of the invention as associated with a conventional collapsible tube in position for practical use, portions of the conventional tube not essential to an understanding of the invention being broken away to conserve space.
Figure 2 is a top plan view of the arrangement accord ing to Figure 1, broken lines indicating the form and position assumed by the cap dispensing outlet in reaction to pressures developed interiorly of the cap.
Figure 3 is a cross section of the cap unit alone taken substantially on the indicated line 3-3 of Figure 2.
Figure 4 is an elevation, partly in section, of an alternative or modified form of the improved cap.
Figure 5 is a detail elevation, partly in section, of a yet further modified form and construction of the cap tip, or outlet.
Collapsible tubes are extensively in use for the packaging of a wide range of particular materials in a form convenient of use. Such tubes are particularly'characterized by a flexible, cylindrical body closed at one end and furnished with a relatively-stiff, annular closure flange at the other end from which centrally outstands a tubular, exteriorly-threaded discharge neck cooperating with a removable and replaceable closure cap. The convenience and utility of conventional collapsible tubes is operative as- 2,802,607 Patented Aug. 13, 1957 somewhat impaired bythe necessity for removing and replacing the thread-mounted closure, and the instant invention is hence directed to the provision of a cap employable. in substitution for the conventional type closure for selective dispensing of the tube contents without occasion for cap removaland replacement after it has been once installed, and with full protection against wastage or spoilage of the tube contents.
Essentially, the improved cap is a conical nipple homogeneously moldedof impervious, resilient material, suchas rubber, with an open base end for mounting coaction with the discharge neck of a collapsible tube from which the conventional closure has been removed and with a dispensing aperture at its tip so constituted as to open in reaction to pressures applied interiorly of the nipple and to close when such pressures are relieved.
In the drawing, the numeral 10 represents an end portion of a conventional collapsible tube having the usual annular end closure flange 11 and exteriorly-threaded discharge neck 12 outstanding centrally from said flange.
' The typical embodiment of the improved dispensing cap represented by Figures 13, inclusive, is constituted as a generally-conical, hollow body 13 formed from rubber to provide relatively stiff side walls of uniform thickness andarounded tip 14 at the mergence of said walls. At and' 'about the major open end of the body 13 the walls of said bpdyf merfge with an integral, thickened base ring 15 defining'a'n internally-threaded extension of the body interior adapted to receive and coact with the tube dischargeneck'12;-the exterior of said ring 15 being worked, as by' rrieans of angularly-related, flatfaces 1 6, to facilitate manual'grip and manipulation of the cap unit. Completing the cap for its intended use, the tip 14 is diametrically cut, as at 17, to provide a slit through said tip opening to the interior of the body 13 and intersecting the body side walls through only that minimum distance required to dispose the slit in traversing relation across the interior of said tip 14. v
Homogeneously molded of rubber in an appropriate resilient stiifness with the tip 14 initially closed and its ring member 15 threaded, the cap unit is conditioned for association with tube discharge necks 12 of varying sizes and differing thread pitch and arrangement. The base ring 15 of the cap is susceptible of some radial expansion permitting the cap to be mounted on discharge necks 12 of varying diameters, and since the molded threads within said ring are resilient and yieldable, it is manifest that the-ring may be readily engaged with and mounted in secure gripping relation about the various forms and types of exterior connecting elements, such as threads, conventionally characterizing the discharge necks 12; it being wholly immaterial whether or not the internal threads of the ring 15 are directly complementary to the means carried by a given discharge neck 12 for coaction with the usual tube closure. After the molding of the cap unit has been completed, the finished closed tips of the caps are incised to provide the cuts 17 above de scribed, whereby to insure that the separated edges of said cuts normally and naturally close together without any gap or spacing therebetween; it being obvious that said cuts are accomplished by revolving'knives, or the like, as distinguished from saws, to the end that no material shall be removed from between the opposing lips of the resulting cuts.
The modification according to Figure 4 is essentially the same as the construction shown in the preceding views and hereinabove described, the only dilferences presented by the modification being a flattening of the cap tip, as represented at 14, whereby to somewhat enlarge the tip diameter with a consequent increase in the 7 length of the cut 17', as at 17', and a milling or knurling of the ring 15 cylindrical periphery, as at 18, in sub- I stitution for the angularly-related faces 16. In themodified construction according to Figure 5, the only variation from the organization shown in Figures 1+3, inclusive, is, a'thickening of the cap tip 14, as at1,4"', whereby to increase the stiifness of theunitadjaceritfthe cut 17, which1cut,'as indicated at 17",is deepened axially of the cap to intersect the inner surface of the thickened cap tip. I
In any of its particular'embodiments the cap'nnit is adapted for engagement with and secure mounting upon the discharge neck 12 of a collapsibletube in substitution for the customary cap closure thereof, as above explained, In such association witha collapsible tube, the cap unit is available for delivery of tube contents through the cut-17 in reaction to pressure 'applied-to the tube and without occasion for removal of the cap. When pressure is applied to the tube,-a' portion ofthe tube contents is ejected through the neck 12in a usual manner until the interior of the cap unit is filled, whereafter the pressure on the tube acts on and through the cap charge to spread the lips of the cut 17, 17 or 17", sufiiciently for escape of a strip or ribbon of the-contents'in a con tinuous length determined by the degree and persistence 1 of the applied pressure. When the pressure on the tube is relieved, the-inherent resilience of the capmaterial acts to close the lips of the cut 17 together and to cut oil the extruded length of the tube contents; such closing of the cut 17 reestablishing a closed container assembly effective to retain and preserve the tube andcap contents. Through proper proportioning of the cap stiltness adjacent the cut 17 .and through appropriateadjustinent in the length of said cut, the cap unit may be readily conditioned foruse with tubes of varying capacity and for the dispensing of materials of difiering consistencies. 1
passage through said tip adapted to Since changes, variations, and modifications in the form, construction, and arrangement of the elements shown and described may be had without departing from the spirit of our invention, we wish to be understood as being limited solely by the scope of the appended claims, rather than by any details of the illustrative showing and foregoing description.
We claim as our invention:
In a cap of the character described having a hollow, generally-conical body of impermeable, resilient material, an integral tip closing the lesser end of said body, and means at the greater end of said body coactable with the discharge neck of a collapsible tube, a self-closing outlet open in reaction to pressures expansively efiective Within said body, said outlet passage comprising a normally-closed slit cut diametrically of and fully across said tip through the thickness thereof in such limited intersection with the body wall portions merging into the tip as serves to establish the slit cut fully across the inner face of the tip, whereby to constitute the so-separated tip portions as complementary lips resiliently and oppositely yieldable about a common axis diametrically of the body and substantially in the plane of junction between the inner face of the tip and the conical body walls, wherein said tip is thick ened axially of the body, whereby to stiffen the lips 'de-' fined by said cut.
References Cited in the file of this patent v UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,622,526
Lewis Marw29, 1,650,966 Smith Nov. 29, 1927 2,135,237 Lewis et a1. Nov. 1, 1938 2,206,993 Duey July 9; v1940 2,272,653 Andrews Feb. 10,1942 2,550,132 195.1
Woods Apr. 24,
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4728006 *||Oct 1, 1984||Mar 1, 1988||The Procter & Gamble Company||Flexible container including self-sealing dispensing valve to provide automatic shut-off and leak resistant inverted storage|
|US4991745 *||Jan 9, 1990||Feb 12, 1991||Liquid Molding Systems, Inc.||Dispensing valve with trampoline-like construction|
|US5005737 *||Jun 29, 1989||Apr 9, 1991||Seaquist Closures||Flexible dispensing closure having a slitted resilient outlet valve and a flanged vent valve|
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|US5115950 *||Jan 14, 1991||May 26, 1992||Seaquist Closures A Divison Of Pittway Corporation||Dispensing closure with unitary structure for retaining a pressure-actuated flexible valve|
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|US5950878 *||Aug 4, 1997||Sep 14, 1999||Steris Corporation||Dispensing tube valve assembly|
|US6752965||Jan 28, 2002||Jun 22, 2004||Abner Levy||Self resealing elastomeric closure|
|US7128245||Jul 29, 2003||Oct 31, 2006||Chong Woo Co., Ltd||Dispensing closure with automatic sealing valve of single body|
|US20040000550 *||Jun 28, 2002||Jan 1, 2004||Raymond Taccolini||Container and holder|
|US20040262338 *||Jul 29, 2003||Dec 30, 2004||Lee Chung Kee||Dispensing closure with automatic sealing valve of single body|
|WO1984000684A1 *||Aug 16, 1983||Mar 1, 1984||Weber Werner Holding||Device for buccal and dental care|
|International Classification||B65D47/04, B65D47/20|