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Publication numberUS2804334 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 27, 1957
Filing dateAug 19, 1954
Priority dateAug 19, 1954
Publication numberUS 2804334 A, US 2804334A, US-A-2804334, US2804334 A, US2804334A
InventorsMarotto Robert A, Schlage Ernest L
Original AssigneeSchlage Lock Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Interlocking mechanism for tubular door locks
US 2804334 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 27, 1957 E. L. SCHLAGE ETAL 2,804,334

INTERLOCKING MECHANISM FOR TUBULAR nooa LOCKS Filed Aug. 19 1954 3 Sheets-Sheet l Il a,

INVENTORS. ERNEST L SCHLAGE ROBERT A. mno'rr'o BY a ian, h UWL 40004 Aug. 27, 1957 E. L. SCHLAGE ETAL 2,804,334

INTERLOCKING MECHANISM FOR TUBULAR DOOR LOCKS Filed Aug. 19, 1954 I5 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTORS. ERNEST L, SCHLAGE ROBERT A. MAROTT'O Aug. 27, 1957 E. L. SCHLAGE ET AL 2,804,334

INTERLOCKING MECHANISM FOR TUBULAR DOOR LOCKS Filed Aug. 19, 1954 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTORS. ERNEST 1.. SCHLAGE ROBERT A. MAROTTO .iNTERLOCKDIG'MEC TUBULAR DOOR LOCKS Emest:L. 'Schlage, Burlingame, and Robert A. Maifotto,

Tubular ty-pe door locks of the character disclosed in this invention-consists of two units, to-wit a latch bolt unit and a latch bolt actuating unit, and the present in- I lvention relates to means for properly positioning and aligning the units when installed in a door and 'for positively interlocking and rigidly securing the units with relation to eachother and the door in which they are -'installed.

bolt nnit housing, and showing a modified structure, and

Fig. "7 is a perspective view oi -that portion "of "the door which is drilled to receive the lock.

Refen'ing to the d'rawings in detail and especially to Fig. 7, wheres portion of a wooden door is shown, it

A door in which a tubular lock of the character described, is to be installed must be provided with two holes or openings which are formed by me'ans ofadrill or bit, one hole being drilled into the edge of the door 'and the-other at right angles thereto or through the faces of the-door, and in a position where it intersects the first 'named hole. The latch bolt unit is inserted in the first named hole, and the latch bolt actuating unit is inserted in -the hole drilled'throu-gh the faces. For a certain size lock the first named hole may'require a seven-eighths inch 'dn'll, while the other hole may require a one and a half inch drill. Carpenters usually do the drilling and installing of the "locks. The seven-eighths inc'h drill the carpenter uses may be dull, broken or lost, and he may therefore use-a fifteonsixteenths inch drill-or bit'thereby -01 'bin'd which interferes with sm'oothbperatio'n, and it is certain'to .ha've end-wise spindle play and 'in general .feel and .seem poorly fitted when inuse; again 'a vlock of this character may be. purchased and used to replace another lock of :a similar type and the holes previously drilled in the door may be too larg'a andwhen thelock in ins'talledplay and poor fit will be the result,

The .object of this invention is to provide a .lock'which may be properly fitted, :aligned and installed under thendverse bonditionsljust mentioned, and in particular it is an object-of this 'inventionto provide :a lockin whi'chtlie latch bolt unit and the latch bolt actuating unit may-be properlypositioned and aligned andipositively interlocked and rigidly secured with relation toeach other andzthe door'in'which'theyareinstalled.

The invention is shown by way of illustration rinithe accompanying-drawingsin which:

Fig. l is an exploded perspective View .of the unassembled parts of the interlocking mechanism of this invention.

Fig. 2 is a perspective view showing the clampingpost's, screws and jaws permanently attached to the 'outerycla'mp= ing plate.

Fig. 3 is a vertical central section through the hole :3 of the door showing th'e two units inserted and in posi- .tion to'be'interlocked.

Fig. =14 is hxview similar to, Fig. '3 showing the inner c'lampingwpla'te applied :and the etwoz-units in interlocked position. a

Fig. 5 is a perspective view of "the latch bolt unit.

i Fig. 6 a perspective view of a portion of the :latch will be noted that' 'two holes have been drilled in the door, one into the edge as indicated at -2, land the other at right angles thereto or transversely through the door as indicated at 3. The door lock'to be fitted or mounted 'inthe door consistspftwounits, one known as'the latch bolt unit'is shown in perspective in Fig. 5. This unit .is inserted in the opening-2 and is secured in place by screws extending through a face plate 4 secured at the outer end o'f the unit. The hole 1.. extends beyond the hole 3 as indicated at 5, hence, if the hole 2 has been drilled to proper size, there will be little if any play at the inner end of the latch bolt unit, as it is supported :substan'tiallythroughoutits entire length, but if the hole has been drilled oversize or if the lock replaces another .lock where the hole :2 is oversize, there will be a considerable amount of both vertical and lateral play.

The :second unit :is known as a latch bolt actuating unit. This unit in "the main consists of two clamping plates indicated at 6 and at 7 in Fig. l; the platefi will abe known as the inner clamping plate and the plate '7 as the outer. :Both :plates are provided with a hub 8 and these serve as bearingsio'r aispindle hereinafter-to be described. The outer clamping plate 7 carries a pair of post members :generallyiindicated at '9 and 10, see Fig.

2. vThese-posts-aresubstantiallyU-shaped and'are formed byapunch andidieoperations'from sheet metal, and'they may be riveted, spot-welded or otherwise rigidly and permanently secured to the plate7. The outer ends of the vposts are punched and threaded to receive a pair oficlamping screws 11. Alsocarried by the outer clamping plate 7 is a pair of clamping jaws 12,.see Figs. land 2. These jawsaresmade ofspring steel and have a base portion 14 which fits between the inner ends of the U shap'edrposts zandbecome'se'curedto the plate 7 when the .posts BICJI'i-VfltBdQOT otherwise secured thereto. The free ends of the clamping jawsare serrated as indicated at .15, and between these serrated portions is formed a CamJikemeinber '16. V

'In actual practice after the latch bolt unit has been inserted the next operation is toinsert the outer clamping plate or in other words the unit shown in Fig. 2. is inserted in the hole 3 and when inserted the posts 9 and 10 willstraddle the inner end of the latch bolt unit and as such form a support therefor, and whentudinal centralaxis of the latch bolt unit will coincide with the longitudinal central axis of the hole, as the inner end of the latch bolt unit will be supported solely'by the posts-9 and :10 and "does not depend on the wall of the hole for support. The posts 9, 10 not only support the inner end of the'latc h bolt unit, but they also interlock therewith "to secure the latch bolt unit against endwise removal from the hole 2. Thisis accomplished :as follows. r

.By referring to Fig. 5 it will 'be noted that'ribs '18 project from the upper and lower faces of the latch bolt housing, also that there is a lug 19 'at each end. of the rib and that the lugs are spaced from the ribs to receive the legs {of 'the'U-shaped posts 9 and 10 between'them, thus, as the legs offthe posts engage the ribs .18 and the lugs 19 and ham the spaces between them, a positive 4 clamping plates there will be considerable end play in the spindles and knobs, furthermore, if the inner end of the latch bolt housing is not properly aligned or positioned when the clamping plates are pulled together by the clamping screws, a bind or twist may develop which will definitely interfere with smooth and proper action, giving anyone operating the lock a feeling that it has been centered with relation, to the" hole 3 to insure horizontal positioning of the latch bolt unit, itis necessary for'the carpenter or other mechanic installing the unit to grasp the inner end of the latch bolt unit and adjust it laterally so that the inner end of the unitwill assume a position central to the hole 5 or in other words,

a. position midway between the opposite faces: ,of'tlie' door; this beingpossible as the spring a'ctionof' the clamping jaws holds the serrated jaws spread apart and out of engagement with the V-shaped ribs 18 as shown in Fig. 3.,

After lateral adjustment has been made the inner clamping plate 6 is slipped over the heads of the screws 11 as the plate has enlarged openings 22 formed therein whichare extended in the form of arcuate slots 23, thus by aligning the enlarged portions 22 of the holes of the plate with the heads of the screws the plate may he slipped over them, and then by slightly rotating the plate the screws will enter the slotted sections 23, so that when the screws finally assume clamping position there will be metal on opposite sides .of the heads for the screws to engage. When the inner clamping plate has been slipped over the screws'and brought into contact. with the inner face of the door, the first thing that happens when the screws are being screwed into place is, that the inner ends of the screws will engage the cam members 16 formed on the clamping jaws thus forcing the jaws toward each other and into clamping engagement with the ribs 18, finally assuming the position shown in Fig. 4, thus, when the screws are finally screwed up tight,

the clamping plates will firmly clamp the opposite faces of the door, and the inner end of the latch bolt housing.

whether the hole 2 is oversize or not, as once the unit shown in Fig. 2 is inserted and the posts carried thereby straddle the inner end of the latch bolt housing the posts become the sole support and not only that, but it also permits vertical and lateral adjustment of'the innerend of the latch bolt housing before it is finally secured in place by the application of the inner clamping plate and the screws 11. Whether the hole 3 is oversize or not, makes little if any difference, however, it must obviously be large enough in diameter to permit the posts 9 and 10 to enter when the unit shown in Fig. 2 is to be inserted. The screws 11 have a tendency in most installations to work loose, inthis structure when the screws are finally tightened they are heldin place by friction or in other words, by the outward pressure of the-clamping jaws against the screws, and as this pressure may be considerable due to the fact that the spring arms may be preloaded, any chance of the screws working loose is rather remote. I i

It should be understood that the latch bolt unit contains a latch bolt such as indicated at 25, and any suitable form of connected retracting mechanism, similarly that either one or two spindles may be employed which will be supported by the hubs 8 of the respective clampthe lock is improperly applied or that the lock is defective or poorly constructed. By constructing a tubular lock as here illustrated and installing it as described, all the above objections and defects are overcome, and a smoothly operating and dependable lock results.

The lock structure shown is not only applicable to doors made of wood, but it is also applicable to hollow metal doors, the only change necessary being that the posts are made sufliciently long to function as spacers between the metal panels forming the door, so that they will not spring inwardly sufiiciently to be noticeable when the clamping screws are tightened. Tubular spacers may be interposed between the posts and the inner clamping .plate as indicated at 29, see Fig. 4, to serve the same purpose We claim: 1. In a lock of the character described, a latch bolt unit and a latch boltactuating unit, said latter unit including an inner and an outer clamping plate engageable with the inner and outer faces of a door in which the units are mounted, a pair of posts secured to the outer clamping plate, a pair of clampingscrews extending through the inner clamping plate and having threaded engagement with the posts to pull the clamping plates into clamping engagement with the respective faces of the door, a pair of clamping jaws on opposite sides of said latch bolt unit secured to the outer clamping plate, and means on said jaws actuated by the screws for forcing the clamping jaws toward each other into gripping engagement with said opposite sides of the latch bolt unit, and to rigidly secure said unit between the posts. 2. In a lock of the character described, a latch bolt unit and a latch bolt actuating unit, said latter unit including an inner and an outer clamping plate engageable with the inner and outer faces of a door in which the units are mounted, a pair of spaced apart posts secured to the outer clamping plate, each post comprising two legs connected at their outer ends, said posts engaging opposite sides ofthe latch bolt unit and forming a support for the inner end thereof, a pair of clamping screws extending, through the inner clamping plate and having threaded engagement with the outer ends of the posts and adapted to be screwed inwardly between the legs of the posts when the clamping plates are to be clamped against the opposite faces of the door, and clamping jaws disposed between the legs of the posts and actuated by the clamping screws for urging said jaws toward each other for clamping the latch bolt unit between the legs of the posts.

3. In a lock of the character described, a latch bolt unit and a latch boltactuating unit, said latter unit including an inner and an outer clamping plate engageable units are mounted, a pair of spaced apart posts secured to the outer clamping plate, each post comprising two legs ing plates, and that the spindles will be provided with a roll back mechanism which will actuate the retractor connected at their outer ends, said posts engaging opposite sides of the latch bolt unit and forming a support for the inner end thereof, a pair of clamping screws extending through the inner clamping plate and having threaded engagement with the outer ends of the posts and adapted to be screwed inwardly between the legs of the posts when the clamping plates are tobe clamped against the opposite faces of the door, a pair of resilient arms secured to the outer clamping plate, said arms being disposed between thelegs of the posts and the outer ends of the arms being free, clamping jaws on the free end of each resilient arm, and a cam member on the free end the clamping screws when screwed inwardly between the legs of the posts and forcing the clamping jaws into engagement with the latch bolt unit to secure it between the posts.

4. In a door lock of the character described, a clamping plate, a pair of spaced apart posts secured to the plate, each post comprising a pair of legs connected at their outer ends, a clamping screw for each post and having threaded engagement therewith, a pair of resilient arms secured to the clamping plate, said arms being disposed between the legs of the posts and the outer ends of.the arms being free, and a cam-like member on the free end of each arm, said cam-like member being engaged by the clamping screws when they are being screwed into place, and said cam-like members forcing the arms toward each other.

5. In a door lock of the character described, a clamping plate, a pair of spaced apart posts secured to the plate, each post comprising a pair of legs connected at their outer ends, a clamping screw for each post and having threaded engagement therewith, a pair of resilient arms secured to the clamping plate, said arms being disposed between the legs of the posts and the outer ends of the arms being free, and a cam-like member on the free end of each arm, said cam-like members being engaged by the clamping screws when they are being screwed into place, and said cam-like members forcing the arms toward each other, and gripping jaws formed on the adjacent faces of the resilient arms.

6. In a lock of the character described, a latch bolt unit and a latch bolt actuating unit, said latter unit including an inner and a outer clamping plate engageable with the inner and outer faces of a door in which the units are mounted, a pair of posts secured to the outer clamping plate, said posts engaging opposite sides of the latch bolt unit and forming a support therefor, means on the latch bolt unit forming a guide and an interlock between the posts and the latch bolt unit, and preventing endwise removal of the latch bolt unit from between the posts, a pair of clamping screws extending through the inner clamping plate and having threaded engagement with the posts, and clamping jaw carried by the outer clamping plate and urged toward each other by the clamping screws for securing the latch bolt unit against lateral movement between the posts.

7. In a lock of the character described, a latch bolt unit and a latch bolt actuating unit, said latter unit including an inner and an outer clamping plate engageable with the inner and outer faces of a door in which the units are mounted, a pair of posts secured to the outer clamping plate, said posts engaging opposite sides of the latch bolt unit and forming a support therefor, a projecting rib on each side of the latch bolt unit, a lug at each end of each rib and spaced from said ribs, said ribs and lugs forming guides for the posts and interlocking with the posts to prevent endwise removal of the latch bolt unit from between the posts, a pair of clamping screws extending through the inner clamping plate and having threaded engagement with the posts, a pair of resilient clamping jaws secured to the outer clamping plate, and means on said jaws cooperating with the clamping screws to force the clamping jaws into clamping engagement With the ribs on the latch bolt unit.

8. In a door lock which includes a latch bolt unit and a latch bolt actuating unit, clamping members carried by said actuating unit and engageable with the top and bottom sides of said latch bolt unit for clamping said latch bolt unit therebetween, means urging said clamping members toward each other into clamping engagement with said latch bolt unit upon installing said units, and projections on said top and bottom sides of said latch bolt unit engageable with said clamping members for limiting axial and transverse shifting of said latch bolt unit when engaged by said members.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 8,158 Yale Apr. 2, 1878 812,904 Voight Feb. 20, 1906 2,646,301 Cerf July 21, 1953

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US8158 *Jun 17, 1851 Mahlon gregg
US812904 *Mar 18, 1905Feb 20, 1906Russell & Erwin Mfg CoLock and latch mechanism.
US2646301 *Feb 8, 1951Jul 21, 1953Hollymade Hardware Mfg CompanyMounting means for door latches
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2929649 *Feb 12, 1958Mar 22, 1960Magna Enterprize IncDoor handle and locking assembly
US3000659 *Jul 27, 1959Sep 19, 1961Schlage Lock CoInterlocking mechanism for tubular door locks
US5171049 *May 17, 1991Dec 15, 1992Grandy Sr Kenneth NKey-in knob door assembly with notched turn bar self-aligning button and installation catches
US5322333 *Oct 16, 1992Jun 21, 1994Emhart Inc.Cylindrical lockset
Classifications
U.S. Classification292/337, 70/451, 70/DIG.300
International ClassificationE05C1/16, E05C1/00
Cooperative ClassificationE05C1/163
European ClassificationE05C1/16C