US 2804719 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
M. l. GLASS Sept. 3, 1957 TOY BANK 2 Sheets-Sheet l Filed Aug. 5. 1955 M. l. G LASS sept. 3, 1957 TOY BANK 2 Sheets--Sheel'I 2 Filed Aug. 5, 1955 TOY BANK Marvin I. Glass, Chicago, lll.
Application August 5, 1955, Serial No. 526,683
2 Claims. (Cl. 46-3) This invention relates to a toy bank.
One of the objects of this invention is to provide a toy bank in which the deposited coin will actuate a plurality of ligures as the coin moves through the toy bank.
Another object of this invention is to provide a toy bank which has an upright chamber through which the deposited coin travels and actuates movable ligures and wherein the travel of the coin and actuation of the movable ligures is visible.
Due to .the difference in weight of coins of various denominations, their engagement with pivotally mounted toy figures will cause the ligures to be actuated in different degrees, in some instances the ligure will pivot too rapidly so that the desired visual elfect is lost. With this invention there is provided means for reducing the speed of the pivotal action of certain of the ligures so that they will pivot slower and will produce the desired visual elect irregardless of the weight of the coin.
Another object of this invention is to provide a toy bank of the foregoing characteristics which is Very simple and inexpensive to manufacture, which provides a great deal of entertainment and play value for the child and which encourages the child to deposit coins in the toy bank.
Other objects will become apparent as this description progresses.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a front view of the toy bank.
Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. l but with the movable ligures or characters moved as when a coin is deposited.
Fig. 3 is a cross sectional view taken on lines 3 3 of Fig. 1, and
Fig. 4 is a cross sectional View taken on lines 4 4 of Fig. 1.
The toy is made preferably of plastic material and comprises a hollow base generally indicated at 1l), in which the coins are contained after lirst passing through the upright chamber. The base is opaque and has a bottom wall 12 which has an enlarged opening 14 which supports a removal cap 16 for closing said opening. The coins are removed through said opening. The top of the base has a longitudinal slot 18 for entrance of the coins into the base.
The upright chamber through which the coin first travels is generally indicated at 20 and comprises rectangular shaped front and rear walls 22 and 24 respectively which are spaced from each other and secured together to provide sufficient width therebetween to accommodate certain of the movable figures and the coins adapted to pass through. The front wall has rearwardly extending side anges 26 which are secured to the rear wall 24 and provide the necessary spacing between the front and rear walls and form the closed sides for the upright structure. The rear wall Z4 is opaque while the front wall is transparent. The lower ends of the front and rear walls 22 and 24 are secured and supported within the slot i8 in the base. The top of the upright member is closed by top Wall 28 which has short depending walls 29 overlapping the sides and 2,804,719 Patented Sept. 3, 1957 ice ends of the upper portion o f the upright. A coin slot 30 is provided in the top wall in which the coins are lirst deposited.
Pivotally supported inside the upright structure 20 between the front and rear Walls are three figures generally designated lby the numerals 32, 34 and 36. Figures 32 and 34 depict monkeys and are generally vertically aligned while gure 36 depicting a clown is pivotally mounted between said lirst two figures but is offset laterally with respect to same.
The upper ligure 32 has a pin 38 extending rearwardly thereof which is secured in an opening in the rear wall to pivotally support said ligure, said ligure is made of plastic and so proportioned and balanced that in normal position it is pivoted as shown in Fig. 1. Figure 32 has an outwardly extending arm 40 which is positioned in relation to the slot 30 of the upright so as to Areceive the coin. The lower ligure 34 which is made of plastic has a pin 39 which is secured in an'opening in the rear wall 24 to pivotally support said ligure. Figure 34 is likewise proportioned and balanced so that in normal position it is positioned as shown in Fig. l. Said lower ligure 34 has an outwardly extending tail 42 adapted to receive the coin as will be subsequently described.
The rear wall 24 has a vertical slot 44 within which is slideably received a link 46 which is pivotally connected by a pin 47 to the upper ligure 32 and pivotally connected by a pin 48 to `the lower ligure 34. Thus if either ligure is actuated by a coin the link 46 will pivot the opposite figure. A strip 50 is secured to the rear of the rear wall 24 over said slot tocover same.
The intermediate positioned ligure 36 which is made of plastic is lixedly mounted on -a disc 52 which is pivotally supported by a pin 54 pivotally secured to an opening inthe rear wall 24. The front of ligure 36 is positioned forwardly of the two ligures and extends through a circular opening 56 in the front wall 22. The rear of disc.52 is in vertical alignment with the rear of the front wall 22 as best shown in Fig. 4. The rear of disc 52 is provided with an inclined ledge 58 on one side of the axis of the disc and a pairof spaced apart inclined ledges 59 and 60 on the opposite side of the axis of the disc. The spacing of ledges 59 and 60 is to permit rotationof the disc 52 and ligure thereon without interference with one of the pins to be engaged by the coin. Secured to the lower end of the rear of disc 52 is an arcuate shaped p counterweight 62. The front wall 22 may be moldedto provide a circular offset portion 64 with the circular opening 56 which serves as a cover or enclosure for figure 36.
The front wall 22 is provided with an arcuate shaped cutout 66 and a bell 67 is secured to the rear wall 24 which bell extends into said arcuate shaped cutout and is adapted to be struck by a coin.
The upright chamber 20 is provided with an upper inclined shelf 68 directly below the entrance slot 30 and a lower inclined shelf 69 4adjacent the bell 67.
Within the interior of the upright between the front and rear walls there is provided a plurality of spaced pins designated by the numerals 70, 71, 72, 73 and 74 which in cooperation with the three gures direct the passage o'f the coin through the upright chamber.
A pin 76 is provided which acts as a stop member to limit the downward pivoting of upper ligure 32 when the arm 40 of said ligure engages said pin. Pin 78 acts as a stop to limit the upward pivoting of lower ligure 34 when the arm of said figure engages the pin. Since both ligures 32 and 34 operate simultaneously through the link 46 the upward and downward pivoting of the ligures is thus controlled. Pin 73 is spaced with respect to the spaced ledges 59 and 60 so that rotation of disc 52 is not interfered with.
The operation is yas follows: A coin of any denomina- 3 tion from one cent to a quarter is deposited in the coin slot 30. It strikes the shelf 68 then moves laterally rearward (or to the left as viewed in Fig. 1) and strikes pins 70 and 71 and rolls onto the arm 40 of theupper ligure 32. The weight of the coin will cause the upper ligure to pivot downward or clockwise as seen in Fig.V 2 lowering the arm 40 until it strikes pin 76 to direct the coin to the pin 12 which directs it to ledgeSS of the intermediate figure 36. Pin 73 and spaced ledges 59 and 60 will prevent the coin from moving to the left. The weight of the coin on ledge 58 will rotate disc 52 and ligure 36 clockwise to drop the coin on the bell 67 which produces a ringing sound. The coin thenV rolls on the shelf 69 to engage the tail 42 of the lower ligure 34, being stopped from further travel leftward by pin 74. The weight of the coin will pivot the ligure 34 clockwise to that shown in Fig. Zand the coinwill drop through the slot 18 into the hollow base 10. The pivoting of the lower iigure will through the link 46 cause the upper figure to pivot simultaneously. Likewise the pivoting of the upper figure 32 will cause the lower figure to simultaneously pivot. Thus as a coin is passing through the upright chamber its entire travel is visible through the transparent front wall 22. As it actuates the figures they are caused to swing or pivot with the coin passing from one figure to the other until it is deposited in -the base. The intermediate figure 36 makes a complete revolution after it discharges the coin. This entire action is highly amusing and entertaining to the child and encourages the child to deposit coins. Due to the diterence in weight between coins of diierent denominations it was necessary to provide means to compensate for such diierences, otherwise the pivoted figures which would pivot properly with one denomination coin would pivot or-swing too rapidly with a heavier coin, thus losing the eiect of the pivoting action. By providing the link member. between the upper and loweriigures, an interrelatonship is established which adjustably compensates for differences in coin Weights and proper pivoting or swinging of the iigures is assured.. The pivoting of the figures has thus been slowed down to make it interesting to thel child. Y V
It will be understood that various changes and modifications may be` made without departing from the spirit andscope of the appended claims. It` will be further understood that while specific types of iigures are shown that any other types of iigures or characters may be used with equal facility. i
1. In a toy bank of the character described compris- Cil coin to actuate said figures to pivot in said chamber, said figures having a link member positioned therebetween so that actu-ation of one of said gures will simultaneously actuate the other of said gures, a third figure positioned between said first two mentioned figures but laterally otfset therebetween and having means between said pair of walls adapted to be engaged by a coin to rotate said third mentioned figure a complete revolution, said iirst mentioned figure adapted to pass the coin to said third mentioned figure and said third mentioned figure adapted to pass the coin to said second mentioned ligure prior to deposit in said base, said third mentioned figure having means to arrest its rotations after it passes the coin to said second mentioned ligure.
2. In a toy'bank of the character described comprising a base having a hollow chamber, an upright member having front and rear walls with the front wall thereof being transparent, said front and rear walls defining a chamber for the passage of a coin therebetween, a pair of toy figures arranged in substantially vertical alinement and each having means between said front and rear. walls adapted to be engagedby a coin to actuate said figures, a link member connecting said pair of toy figures so that when either one of said figures is actuated to pivot the opposite figure will correspondingly pivot, an intermediate figure pivotally mounted in said chamber, said intermediate iiguremounted laterally and intermediate of said pair of figures, said intermediate gure having means between said 'front and rear walls adapted to receive the coin yfrom the first of the pair of figures and to rotate a complete revolution and to direct said coin to the second of the pair of figures, said intermediate figure being weighted to arrest its rotation after it passes the coin to said `second of said pair of figures.
References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 411,108 Pierce Sept. 17, 1889 469,948 Reed Mar. l, 1892 1,303,211 Knaier May 6, 1919 1,616,753 Marx Feb. 8, 1927 2,390,442 Larsen Dec..4`, 1945