|Publication number||US2804872 A|
|Publication date||Sep 3, 1957|
|Filing date||Apr 6, 1954|
|Priority date||Apr 10, 1953|
|Publication number||US 2804872 A, US 2804872A, US-A-2804872, US2804872 A, US2804872A|
|Original Assignee||Erich Kraut|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (7), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
E. KRAUT LOOSELEAF BOOK Sept. 3, 1957 Filed April 6, 1954 FIG. 7
I a 1 I 1 I 4 1 1 u FIG-3 F/GE wuewm r ERIcH KRA u 7* LOOSELEAF nook Erich Kraut, Wuppertal-Elhcrfeld, Germany Application April 6, 1954, Serial No. 421,233 Claims priority, application Germany April 10, 1953 1 Claim. (Cl. 129-4) The present invention relates to looseleaf books, such as looseleaf notebooks.
With books of this type the looseleaf binder mechanism is mounted with considerable clearance within the confines of the book so that there is a substantial dead space about the looseleaf binder mechanism of such conventional constructions. As a result, these conventional books consume more shelf space than is absolutely necessary, particularly when one considers the fact that the stack of pages held by the looseleaf binder mechanism does not extend into this dead space.
One of the objects of the present invention is to overcome the above drawbacks by providing a looseleaf book which has absolutely no dead space located about the looseleaf binder.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a looseleaf book which while being capable of holding as many pages as a conventional looseleaf book at the same time has a lesser total thickness than such a conventional looseleaf book.
A further object of the present invention is to provide a means which enables one of the covers of the book to accommodate part of a looseleaf binder mechanism when the book is closed so that in this way the total thickness of the book is reduced to an absolute minimum.
An additional object of the present invention is to provide a means for releasably locking a book of the above type.
A still further object of the present invention is to provide a book of the above type which is capable of accomplishing all of the above objects and at the same time is capable of reinforcing the hooks of the looseleaf binder mechanism and limiting the extent to which the front and rear covers of the book approach each other.
With the above objects in view the present invention mainly consists of a looseleaf book having a first cover member and a back member turnably connected to each other. A looseleaf binder mechanism is fixed to one of these members and has a plurality of hook means for releasably holding looseleaf sheets in the book. A second cover member is turnably connected to the back member at the edge thereof distant from the first cover member and, in the closed position of the book Where the second cover member is substantially parallel to the first cover member, this second cover member has its inner face directed toward the first cover member and located nearer thereto than portions of the hook means which are located most distant from the first cover memher.
The novel features which are considered as characteristic for the invention are set forth in particular in the appended claim. The invention itself, however, both as to its construction and its method of operation, together with additional objects and advantage thereof, Will be best understood from the following description a of specific embodiments when read in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:
Fig. 1 is a partly sectional view taken along hne I-I of Fig. 3 in the direction of the arrows transversely through a book constructed in accordance with the present invention and diagrammatically illustrating the looseleaf mechanism of this book as well as showing in dotdash lines a part of a conventional looseleaf book for the purpose of comparison with the present invention;
Fig. 2 is an elevational end view of the book constructed in accordance with the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary view of the book as seen from the front cover thereof; and
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary sectional view taken along the lines IVIV of Fig. 3 in the direction of the arrows.
Referring now to the drawings, it will be seen that the book of the invention includes a back member 7 which has turnably connected to its opposite side edges a front cover 5 and a rear cover 6, the looseleaf binder mechanism being fixed to the inner face of the rear cover 6 adjacent the back member 7 and having a plurality of hook means 8 directed toward the front cover 5. Each of these hook means, as is well known, is in the form of a pair of members which assume the position shown in Fig. 1 when they are in their closed position and which may be moved apart from each other to receive looseleaf sheets. 1
As is apparent from the drawings, the front cover 5 is formed with a plurality of cutout portions 9 respectively corresponding in number to the number of hook means 8, and the plurality of hook means respectively extend into these cutouts when the book is closed, as illustrated in Fig. 1.
Referring to Fig. 1, the conventional location of the front cover 5 is shown at 5', the back member 7 being elongated as shown at 7, and there is thus provided in such a conventional construction a free space b between the hook means 8 and the inner face of cover 5'. With the present invention, not only is this free space b eliminated, but in addition the total width of the end book is reduced by the distance a shown in Fig. 1. Actual comparisons have shown that this represents a saving in width of about 12%, so that with the looseleaf books of the invention it is possible to place a greater number of books in a given space without lessening the number of pages held by the books. Furthermore, it will be noted that the location of the cover 5 about the end portions of the hook means 8 most distant from the cover 6 reinforces these hook means to prevent twisting thereof, and at the same time these hook means extend beyond the ends of the cutouts 9 to limit movement of the cover 5 toward the cover 6.
In accordance with the present invention each cutout 9 may be lined with a member 10 made of thin sheet metal or the like, and one or more of these members 10 may be provided with a projection 10a which snaps over the hook means 8 during closing of the book so as to releasably maintain the book in its closed position. Furthermore, it has been found that if the book is full the pressure of the pages which tends to open the book causes the projection 19a to exert on the hook means 8 a force which tends to maintain these hook means in their closed position so that in this way also the book of the invention is advantageous over conventional looseleaf books.
It should be understood that the invention is capable of constructions different from that shown in the drawings. For example, the cover 5 may be provided with bulged portions into which the hook means 8 respectively extend, or the cover 5 may be provided with a single elongated bulged portion into which the hook means 8 extend.
useful application in other types of looseleaf books diflering from the types describedabove.
While the inventionhas been illustrated anddescribed as embodied in means-for decreasing thickness at loose.- leaf books, it is not-intendedto bealirnitedtto the details shown, since various modifications and structural changes: may be made without departing in. any way firom; the spirit of the present invention.
Without further analysis, the foregoing will so fully reveal the gist of thelpresent invention that otherscan by applying current knowledge readily adapt it for various applications without omitting; features that, from. the standpoint of. prior art; fairly. constitute; essentialv char.- acterlstics of the generic or specific aspects of this invention and, therefore, such adaptations should and are intended to be comprehended within the. meaning and range of equivalence of the following claim.
What is claimed as: new and desired. to be secured. by Letters Patent is:
A loose-leaf binder comprising, in combination, a pair of substantially rigid cover members; a. substantially rigid back member flexibly interconnected with, said cover members, one of said cover members being formed adjacent said back member with a plurality of mutually spaced elongated cutout portions of a given length; linings formed from substantially rigid material and fixed to said one cover member, respectively surrounding said elongated cutout portions and having each substantially parallel elongated side faces; a looseleaf binder mechanism, fixed to the other of said cover members, being located adjacent said back member, and having a plu-l rality of U-shaped members for releasably holding looseleaf sheets in the binder, said plurality of U-shaped members being directed away from said other cover member toward said one cover member and respectively extending into, the, spaces between said side faces of said linings, when the binder is in closed position, and the legs of each U-shaped member being spaced from each other a distance greater than said given length of said elongated cutout portions so that said cutout portions limit the extent to which the arches of said U-shaped members respectively extend beyond the inner face of said one cover member and locate said cover members in said closed position thereof in substantially parallel relationshipto each other; and means for releasably locking said one cover member to said U-shaped members when said binder is closed, said releasable lock means consisting of a short rigid projection integrally formed with one of said side faces ofone of said linings and extending partly across the U-shaped member between the side faces of said one lining and engaging said arches of said U-shaped member, when the binder is brought to said closed position, for firmly but releasably holding the latter in saidclosed position so that said cover members are .securely held insaid closed position of said binder substantially parallel to each other regardless of the amount of looseleat sheetsinserted in said binder.
References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 398,073 Pardee Feb. 19, 1889 656,568 Noble Aug. 21, 1900 904,628 McGregor Nov. 24, 1902 940,345 Moore Nov. 16, 1909 1,390,016 Brumfield Sept. 6, 1921 2,614,566 McConnaghy Oct. 21, 1952 FOREIGN PATENTS 76,564 Switzerland Ian. 16, 1918 525,257 France May 31, 1921
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US398073 *||May 17, 1888||Feb 19, 1889||William h|
|US656568 *||Sep 30, 1899||Aug 21, 1900||Truman Noble||Binder for loose sheets.|
|US904628 *||Sep 17, 1907||Nov 24, 1908||Peter Macgregor||Combined temporary binder and arch-file.|
|US940345 *||May 21, 1909||Nov 16, 1909||George H Moore||Temporary binder.|
|US1390016 *||Oct 23, 1919||Sep 6, 1921||Frances D Brumfield||Loose-leaf binder|
|US2614566 *||Mar 13, 1950||Oct 21, 1952||Mcconnaughy Walter H||Leaf holder for desk calendars|
|CH76564A *||Title not available|
|FR525257A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4219951 *||Jan 30, 1978||Sep 2, 1980||Dipl. Ing. A. Berglein||File folder with fastening mechanism on the inside|
|US4405250 *||Aug 25, 1981||Sep 20, 1983||Wu Kuoeng F||Adjustable looseleaf binder|
|US4744689 *||Sep 18, 1985||May 17, 1988||Adam Sternberg||Binder with closure|
|US4750884 *||Aug 9, 1985||Jun 14, 1988||American Trading And Production Corporation||Binder backing for notebooks|
|US6234701 *||Sep 13, 1999||May 22, 2001||Avery Dennison Corporation||Molded plastic binder|
|US20080017538 *||Jul 23, 2007||Jan 24, 2008||Aquafresh Sociedad Anonima||Device for the structural closure and fastening of folders|
|US20080031680 *||Jun 5, 2007||Feb 7, 2008||International Truck Intellectual Property Company, Llc||Mobile office organizer|
|U.S. Classification||402/34, 402/75, 281/29, 402/68|