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Publication numberUS2805753 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 10, 1957
Filing dateJan 19, 1955
Priority dateJan 19, 1955
Publication numberUS 2805753 A, US 2805753A, US-A-2805753, US2805753 A, US2805753A
InventorsPalmer Robert E
Original AssigneeOswego Falls Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Container handling apparatus
US 2805753 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 10, 1957 R. E. PALMER 2,805,753

CONTAINER HANDLING APPARATUS Filed Jan. 1Q, 1955 s shew-sheet 1 BY www AHornexj Sept. 10, 1957 R. E. PALMER CONTAINER HANDLING APPARATUS 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Jan. 19, 1955 lzvx/ENTOR. ROBERT E. PALMER Sept. 10, 1957 R. E. PALMER CONTAINER HANDLING APPARATUS 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed Jan. 19, 1955 INI/ENTOR. ROBERT E. PALMER BY gbsmv-dfi www.,

CONTAINER HANDLING APPARATUS Robert E. Palmer, Rocky River, hio, assigner to Oswego Falls Corporation, Fulton, N. Y., a corporation of New York v This yinvention relates to apparatus for arranging containe'rs rectangular in crossV section advanced in a single file procession in pairs with selected side panels of the containers of each pair in confronting relation.

The invention has as an object acontainer arranging apparatus as referred to embodying a structure economical to build and which may be readily attached to conventic-nal container conveyors now in extensive use, the apparatus not requiring any modification in the conveyor structure, or the addition ofany other conveyor units.

The invention consists in the novel features and in the combinations and constructions hereinafter set forth and claimed.

ln describing this invention, reference is had to the accompanying drawings in which like characters designate corresponding parts in all the views.

Figure 1 is a top plan view of a structure embodying my'invention.

Figure 2 is a front side elevational view referring to Figure 1. Y

VFigure 3 is a view taken on line 3 3, Figure l.'

Figure 4 is an enlarged view of the upper left portion of Figure 3 showing the container fulcrum member in y retracted position.

Figure 5 is a fragmentary sectional view on line 5-5, Figure 1.

Figure 6 is a schematic wiring diagram of the electrical control circuit.

The containers, indicated in dotted outline A--F in Figure l, are rectangular in cross section and aread- Vvanced to the left, Figure 1, by a continuously moving conveyor. This conveyor consists of side members it), li, ot' channel formation arranged in spaced apart confronting relation. An endless conveyor chain is trained over a pulley or sprockets journalled at each end of the side members 10, l1, and is in the form of a series of at plates 12 which slide along the upper inwardly extending anges 13, 14, of the side members 1), 11. The plates l2 are provided with projections 15-pivota`lly joined together and engaging with the teeth of the actuating sprockets. This type of conveyor is standard and conventional, and is used very extensively in dairies for adv vancing processions of containers formed of both glass and from the center of the conveyor. There is mounted .on theplaterZl a container fulcrum niemberrmovable transversely inwardly above the conveyor plates l2 for engagement by the adjacent leading ice corner portions of the containers, and when so positioned, form fulcrums about which the containers are turned during their forward advancement by the conveyor.

The container fulcrum member consists of a stem portion 34 mounted in an aperture formed in a holder 35 mounted for pivotal movement on a pin 36 carried by a bracket 37. The bracket 37 is slotted to receive the holder 35, and the bracket is aixed to the plate 21 as by screws 38.

The apparatus is constructed to effect turning movement of the containers in pairs and therefore, a second container fulcrum member is provided and, las shown in the arrangement disclosed in the drawings, this second fulcrumgmember is mounted on the plate 2@ and has a stern portion i4 mounted in the holder 45 pivotally mounted in the bifurcated bracket 47 attached to the plate 20, as by screws 4S. The stem portions 34, 44, are adjustable `axially in the holders 375, 45, and are secured in adjusted position by set screws Sil, and the stems are provided with knurled head portions 51, 52. n K

The holders 35, are formed with outwardly extending bifurcated portions 54, to which are pivotally connected arms 55, adjusta-bly secured to the upper ends of rods 56, as by set screws 58. The lower ends of the rods 56 are fixedly secured to a transversely extending rod 60 aixed at its center to a plunger 61 of a solenoid mounted in a box 62 secured to the under side of the conveyor side members 10, 1l.

When the coil 62, see Figure 6, of the solenoid is energized, the plunger 61 is drawn upwardly, as shown in Figure 1, 2 and 3. This effects pivotal movement of the holders 35, 45, to move the container fulcrum members 51, 52, inwardly over the conveyor for engagement by the contiguous corner portions of the advancing containers, see Figures 1 and 3. When the coil 62 is de-energized, the plunger 61 and rods 56 dropdownwardly, movingthe fulcrum members 5l., 52, out of the path of the advancing containers.

In order that the fulcrum members may effect turning of the containers in pairs, the member 52 is spaced downstream from the member 51 a distance somewhat greater than the Width of a container. inasmuch as the members 51, 52, are positioned atropposite sides of the conveyor, the container C, comprising the first one of a pair, is caused to turn about the member 52 in a clockwise direction, while the container D, engaging themernber 51, is turned in a counter-clockwise direction, see Figure l.

In order to accommodate the diagonal dimension of the rectangular containers, during the turning movement, the intermediate portion 64 of the rail 3i), confronting the fulcrum member 51, is curved or bowed outwardly from the conveyor and likewise, the portion 65 of the rail 31, confronting the member 52, is bowed outwardly from the conveyor.

V,'l`he spacing of the fulcrum members 51, 52,' length- Wise 'of the conveyor, results in the cross rod 2@ extending diagonally of the conveyor, and the relay box 62 also extends in this manner and is provided at each end with a flange 66. These flanges are apertured to receive screws 67 which thread into bars 68 having their ends positioned on the lower flanges 69 of the side members lt), 1l. Like edges of the bars 63 are angled as at 7i) for guiding the lower run of the conveyor chain onto the upper surface of the bars over the box 62.

The conveyor chain 12 operates continuously, and as detector which operates to energize the solenoid coil 62 efecting inward movement of the members 51, 52, as

previously explained, for engagement by the' pair of containers C, D.

This detector may ,consist-of an Varm pivotally mounted at one end on a shouldered stud 81 fixed to a plate 82 secured to a laterally extending portion 83 of plate 20, as by screws 84. The free end of the arm has affixed thereto a vane 85 lextending inwardly over the plate 20 with its inner end 86 upositioned in thepath of the advancing containers. intermediate the ends of the arm 80 there is an adjusting screw 88` engaging an actuating membert89 of a switch 90, see Figure 6, mounted in a box 91 also carried by the plate 82. The arrangement is such as each container engages the inner end 86 of the vane 85, the arm 80 is moved about the pivot 81 in a clockwise direction, Figure l, to close the contacts of the switch 90.

Referring to Figure 6, the supply wires are Aindicated at 92, 93. A circuit from wire 93 passes through a manual shut-down switch 94, wire 95, relay coil 96, switch 90, wire 97,'to the other side 92 of the line. The relay is of the step type, the plunger 100 being in the form of a pawl engaging the teeth on a ratchet wheel 101 to effect step by `step rotation of a cam disk 102 provided with lobes for closing switch contacts 103, 104.*` The contact 103 is connected to `the wire 95 through wire 106, and the contact 104 is connected to the solenoid coil62 through wire 107, the opposite side of the coil being connected to the return 92 through wire 108.

The ratchet disk 101 is provided with twice the number of teeth than the lobes on the disk 102 whereby, on successive actuations of the relay, the contacts 103, 104, are successively closed and opened.

With this arrangement, when the first container of a pair engages the detector, the fulcrum members 51, 52, are moved inwardly to container engaging position, whereby both containers of the pair are turned simultaneously.

When the second container of the pair engages the detector, the relay 96 is `again energized, opening the contacts `103, 104, permitting the plunger 61 to drop and move both the fulcrum members 51, 52, upwardly and out of container engaging position, wherebythe second container of the pair will not be. turned further.

The containers are advanced with selected sides 11,0 of the containers facing one side of the conveyor as, for example, facing the guide rail.30. During the turning movement, the selected side 110 of the first container of each pair is moved to face rearwardly as `indicated by container A, `Figure l.` The `selected side 110 ofthe second container of the pair is moved to face forwardlyI or in confronting relation to the side 110 of the first con- `tainer of the pair as indicated by container B, `Figure l.

It will be observed that the apparatus functions automatically to simultaneously turn both containers of each pair about a vertical axis to bring the selected sides in confronting relation. The structure of the apparatus is such that it is readily mounted on the conventional conveyor, requiring no change in the conveyor structure,

the mounting consisting only of providing six tapped I holes in the top flanges 13, 14, for the screws 22.

What I claim is:

1. Apparatus for arranging containers rectangular in cross section advanced in a single file procession in pairs with selected side panels of the containers of each pair in confronting relation comprising a continuously operating conveyor for advancing a single file procession of containers `with selected side panels of the containers facing one side of the conveyor, a pair of container fulcrum members mounted in juxtaposition to the conveyor and being spaced apart in a direction lengthwise thereof, means operable to move said pair of container fulcrum members transversely of the conveyor into position for engagement respectively by a pair of advancing containers, said fulcrum members being cooperable with said `conveyor to effect turning of said engaged pair of containers about a verticaly axis to bring said selected side panels into confronting relation.

2. Apparatus for arranging containers rectangular in cross section advanced in a single file procession in pairs with selected side panels of the containers of each pair in confronting relation comprising a continuously mov ing conveyor operable to advance a single file procession of containers with selected side panels of the containers facing one side of the conveyor, a container fulcrum member mounted at each side of the conveyor, said members being spaced apart in a direction lengthwise of the conveyor and being movable transversely of the conveyor in position for engagement by containers being advanced `by said conveyor, means operable to simultaneously move said pair of fulcrum members transversely of the conveyor into position for engagement respectively by a pair of containers advancing in said procession, said container fulcrum members being cooperable with the conveyor to eiect turning of the containers in opposite directions about a vertical axis to bring said selected side panels in confronting relation.

3. Apparatus for arranging containers rectangular in cross section advanced in a single tile procession in pairs with selected `side panels of the containers of each pair in confronting relation comprising a continuously mov ing conveyor operable to advance a single tile procession of containers with selected side panels of the containers facing one side of the conveyor, a guide rail extending along each side of the conveyor, each of said rails having a portion bowed outwardly from the con veyor, the outwardly bowed portion of one rail being spaced lengthwise of the conveyor from the bowed portion of said other rail, a container fulcrum member mounted in confronting relation to the bowed portion of each rail at the side of the conveyor opposite thereto, said container fulcrum members being movable inwardly over the conveyor for engagement by `the adjacent corner portions of the advancing containers and forming a fulcrum about which the containers turn during their advancement, a container detector mounted intermediate said container fulcrum members, said detector being positioned in proximity to the down-stream one of said container fulcrum members and being spaced down-stream from said other container fulcrum member a distance greaterthan the width of a container, means actuated by engagement of the first container of each pair with said detector to simultaneously move both of said container fulcrum members inwardly over the conveyor and being operable upon engagement by the second container of each pair to move said members outwardly.

4. Apparatus for arranging containers rectangular in cross section advanced in a single le procession in pairs with selected side panels of the containers of each pair in confronting relation comprising a continuously moving conveyor operable to advance a single file procession of containers with selected side panels of the containers facing one side of the conveyor, a plate secured to each side of the conveyor, a container guide rail detachably secured to each of said plates, a container fulcrum member mounted on each plate for movement transversely of the conveyor into and out of container engaging position, said members being spaced apart in a direction lengthwise of the conveyor, the portion of each guide rail confronting said fulcrum members on the opposite side of the conveyor being bowed outwardly from the conveyor, a container detector mountedon the con veyor intermediate said fulcrum members, and means actuated by the engagement of the rst container of each pair with said detector vto simultaneously move both of said container fulcrum members inwardly over the conveyor and being operable upon engagement by the second container of each pair to move said members outwardly.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2990934 *Jul 21, 1958Jul 4, 1961Ex Cell O CorpMechanism for pairing containers having gabled top enclosed pouring spout
US3047123 *Feb 29, 1960Jul 31, 1962Mckay James GCarton rotating and conveying apparatus
US3063542 *Sep 26, 1957Nov 13, 1962Standard Conveyor CoApparatus for turning cartons or other load units
US3128868 *Aug 1, 1960Apr 14, 1964 Magnetic
US3332531 *Mar 15, 1965Jul 25, 1967Chaney Donald CPackage conveyor
US3502194 *May 27, 1968Mar 24, 1970Mead CorpConveyor system
US3726061 *May 18, 1971Apr 10, 1973Schlitz Brewing Co JTab slitting and flap folding apparatus
US3834516 *Jan 2, 1973Sep 10, 1974Phillips Petroleum CoApparatus for rotating articles on a moving conveyor
US3918575 *Sep 9, 1974Nov 11, 1975Columbia MachineArticle positioning apparatus
US3934717 *Mar 25, 1974Jan 27, 1976Nippon Electric Company LimitedFlat-article orienting apparatus for an automatic mail handling system or the like
US4476972 *Sep 9, 1981Oct 16, 1984Kliklok CorporationMethod and apparatus for turning filled cartons with positive assist
US4669602 *Jul 30, 1981Jun 2, 1987Ouellette Machinery Systems, Inc.Product turning device for conveyor
US4883162 *Sep 30, 1988Nov 28, 1989Mhe Company, Inc.Bag turning apparatus
US4941562 *May 5, 1988Jul 17, 1990Benz & Hilgers GmbhArrangement for transporting articles, in particular packages of rectangular box-shape
US5950842 *Feb 1, 1996Sep 14, 1999Natec, Reich, Summer Gmbh & Co. KgLine connector with 90 degree rotation mechanism
US6032782 *Mar 7, 1997Mar 7, 2000Sampson; Richard J.Assembly and method for turning articles
US7682121 *Mar 13, 2007Mar 23, 2010Parrish Jr Spurgeon LHay bale accumulator
US7931137 *Apr 28, 2009Apr 26, 2011Laitram, L.L.C.Case turner for a roller conveyor
US8517165 *May 2, 2011Aug 27, 2013Krones AgConveyor line for the transport of articles
US20110272244 *May 2, 2011Nov 10, 2011Krones AgConveyor line for the transport of articles
DE3715570A1 *May 9, 1987Dec 1, 1988Benz & Hilgers GmbhVorrichtung zum transport von gegenstaenden, insbesondere rechteckigen verpackungen
DE102005046637A1 *Sep 29, 2005Apr 5, 2007Zf Friedrichshafen AgDevice for accurate positioning of workpiece has orientation unit and guide rail and with point, which accurately positions workpiece by engagement into workpiece during transport and by moving workpiece by transport means
EP0065080A1 *Mar 5, 1982Nov 24, 1982Robert Bosch GmbhConveyor system provided with a conveyor floor for work-pieces and/or work-piece supports
WO1996026141A1 *Feb 1, 1996Aug 29, 1996Natec Reich Summer Gmbh Co KgProduction line-merging system with a 90 turning device
Classifications
U.S. Classification198/374, 198/416, 198/633
International ClassificationB65G47/244, B65G47/24
Cooperative ClassificationB65G47/244
European ClassificationB65G47/244