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Publication numberUS2806235 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 17, 1957
Filing dateJul 9, 1953
Priority dateJul 9, 1953
Publication numberUS 2806235 A, US 2806235A, US-A-2806235, US2806235 A, US2806235A
InventorsCarstairs Roy M, Oreste Yannello
Original AssigneeCarstairs Roy M, Oreste Yannello
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Vibratory hair brush
US 2806235 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 17, 1957 R. M. CARSTAIRS ET AL 2,806,235

VIBRATORY HAIR BRUSH Filed July 9, 1953 J H' R y M- cdrsfa/fj K a/esfe g0/7f7//o mvEwToR;

ATTORNEY United States Patent Oflice VIBRATORY HAIR BRUSH Roy M. Carstairs and Oreste Yannello, Brooklyn, N. Y. Application July 9, 1953, Serial No. 366,962

2 Claims. (Cl. 1522) It is an object of this invention to provide a vibratory hair brush having a shell and a bristle-bearing portion de'tachably secured thereto.

It is a further object of this invention to provide a brush as aforesaid in which the vibrating mechanism is secured to the shell.

The above and other objects will be made clear in the following detailed description taken in connection with the annexed drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a side elevation partly in section and partly broken away of the improved device;

Figure 2 is a top plan view;

Figure 3 is an end elevation partially in section on the line 33 of Figure 1 and partly broken away; and

Figure 4 is a top plan view of a military type brush utilizing the invention.

Stimulation of the scalp by means of vibration has long been recognized as beneficial in promoting circulation of blood in the scalp. Actually, much the same effect can be attained by prolonged brushing with the added advantage of the removal of dandruff and other foreign matter.

The present invention combines both actions, in that a singularly effective vibrator is secured immediately to the back of the bristle-bearing portion of a hair brush. Thus in the normal course of brushing 'ones hair, dandruff is both loosed and removed and the scalp is stimulated without resort to protracted brushing.

Referring now to Figure 1 we show a hair brush having a handle portion 12 and a bristle-bearing portion 14 to one side of which conventional tufts of bristles 16 are conventionally secured. The bristle bearing portion 14 is made of any suitable, preferably non-metallic substance such as glass or porcelain. The opposite side of the bristle-bearing portion 14 has an upstanding flange 18. If desired, and for heavy duty this could be made solid across the entire area of the bristle-bearing portion 14. A shell 20, preferably metal, fits the flange 18 and is secured thereto by cap screws 22. Obviously the shell 20 could be secured to the flange 18 by other means, as rivets, dimples or by the formation of a bayonet joint. The engagement of the shell 20 with the flange 18 secures the two units against lateral, mutual displacement and also predetermines the clearance between the vibrating armature members 38 and the upper surface of the backing member 14. The cap screws 22 or their equivalent are required to act only in shear and only to resist vertical separation of the shell 20 and the backing member 14.

A conventional appliance cord 24 enters the shell through a conventional bushing 26 and is connected to the poles of an electromagnet 28 through a conventional switch 30. Screws 32 pass through the shell 20 and engage tapped holes in flanges 34 of the electromagnet 28. A spring 36 has its free ends secured between the shell and the flanges 34 by the screws 32. This spring passes between a pair of armature members 38 to which the spring is secured by rivets 40, thus providing in effect 2,806,235 Patented Sept. 17, 1957 spring suspension at each end of the armature members 38 When the appliance cord 24 is plugged in and the switch 30 turned to operating position the armature 38 with each pulsation of the current will be drawn toward the electromagnet 28. The spring 36 is designed to have resonance at the intended frequency of the magnet 28, which normally will be sixty cycles per second. This resonance brings about a greater amplitude of movement of the armature 28 and therefore a more intense vibrational effect than ordinarily would be the case. However, the precise frequency in the case of alternating current is immaterial, and quite readily, by the addition of a make and break contact to provide a pulsating current, direct current can be used as the supply.

It is to be noted that the tufts 16 are divergent outwardly from the under surface of the bristle-bearing portion 14. The action of the vibrating armature 38 is normal to the plane of the bristle-bearing portion 14. The vibrator effect, therefore, is to spread and diverge the tufts of bristles 16, whereby to intensify dandruif-loosening and scalp-stimulating properties of the device by a lateral action of the bristles.

It is to be noted that the vibrational energy is imparted primarily and directly to the bristle-bearing portion 14 and only incidentally to the handle portion 12, thus making the device much more comfortable for the user.

Precisely what constitutes a benefit of brushing the hair as distinct from brushing the scalp is not exactly known, though the fact that such brushing action is beneficial is usually accepted. Demonstratively, the present invention (due to the vibrating action) will produce the same effect on the hair with fewer brushing strokes than is the case with a nonvibrating brush.

In Figure 4 there is illustrated a military type of brush in which the shell 20 constitutes the handle. The appliance cord 24 and a switch 30 are provided as in the figures discussed herein above. Brushes of the type shown in Figure 4 ordinarily will be used in pairs, in which case it may be convenient to supply in addition to switch 30, another switch 31the two switches being interconnected in parallel with one another on well known principles so that the vibrator may be started by throwing either switch, to use opposite brushes. This arrangement makes it immaterial whether either brush be used in the right or left hand.

While various constructional details have been illustrated and described, the invention is not to be limited to such details but only as set forth in the subjoined claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A vibratory brush comprising: a hollow shell having an open side and a top wall opposite said open side; an electromagnet secured to said top wall, said magnet having a plurality of poles, said poles being directed downwardly from said top wall; resilient means secured to said top wall; an armature suspended from said resilient means in a position below and normally spaced from the poles of said electromagnet; a backing member having an upper portion sized and shaped to fit the interior of said open side of said shell and to form a complete closure therefor, said backing member having a lower portion providing a bristle bearing face; bristles mounted in said face; means detachably securing said upper portion Within said open side of said shell and an electrical connection for energizing said electromagnet to cause vibration of said armature, said securing means acting in shear to prevent vertical separation of said shell and said backing member.

2. A vibratory brush as set forth in claim 1 in which the lower portion of the backing member projects laterally beyond the upper portion and coacts with the rim of the 7 A 3 shell to enforce a clearance between the upper portion and the armature in its lowermost position.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,818,281 3038' Aug. 11, 1931 1,867,896 Soss July 19, 1932 2,412,093 Minnenberg Dec. 3, 1946 4 Robey Aug. 10, 1948 McCready Mar. 22, 1949 McCready Feb. 6, 1951 FOREIGN PATENTS Switzerland Ian. 3, 1938 Italy Aug. 12, 1927 Great Britain Aug. 27, 1952

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1818281 *May 10, 1930Aug 11, 1931Mark SossVibrator fountain brush
US1867896 *Sep 2, 1931Jul 19, 1932Mark SossScrubbing brush
US2412093 *Oct 11, 1944Dec 3, 1946Mininberg Nathan DTherapeutic-oscillation applicator
US2446955 *May 28, 1945Aug 10, 1948Robey William GRotary toothbrush
US2465250 *Jan 26, 1945Mar 22, 1949Edwin H TompkinsTherapeutic device
US2540792 *Jan 20, 1947Feb 6, 1951Edwin H TompkinsSkin stimulating and massaging device
CH193464A * Title not available
GB678227A * Title not available
IT254608B * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3248580 *Jan 11, 1963Apr 26, 1966Smith Floyd ECoil excited vibrator assemblage
US4091805 *Mar 18, 1977May 30, 1978The Raymond Lee Organization, Inc.Vibrating back scratcher
US5511270 *Oct 26, 1994Apr 30, 1996Eliachar; EliahuHair brush
US5839451 *Dec 19, 1996Nov 24, 1998Braun AktiengesellschaftImplement for the treatment of hair
US6283930Oct 6, 1997Sep 4, 2001Headwaters Research & Development, Inc.Travel massage brush
US6821119Jul 12, 2002Nov 23, 2004Water Pik, Inc.Dual motor oral hygiene device
US6920659Jan 12, 2002Jul 26, 2005Water Pik, Inc.Toothbrush
US6955539Jan 10, 2003Oct 18, 2005Water Pik, Inc.Characterization of motion of dual motor oral hygiene device
US7198487Dec 31, 2003Apr 3, 2007Water Pik, Inc.Whitening tip for dental flossing device
US8060971 *Aug 11, 2008Nov 22, 2011Daniel CastelluccioMagnetic cosmetic application brush
US8342187Feb 17, 2009Jan 1, 2013Conopco, Inc.Vibrating device
CN102014690BFeb 17, 2009Jun 25, 2014荷兰联合利华有限公司振动设备
WO2009109461A1 *Feb 17, 2009Sep 11, 2009Unilever PlcVibrating device
Classifications
U.S. Classification15/22.2, 601/81, 310/29, 15/176.4, D04/100
International ClassificationA46B13/00, A46B13/02
Cooperative ClassificationA46B13/02
European ClassificationA46B13/02