US 2807118 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
G. REUGE MUSICAL PIECES Sept. 24, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet l Filed Dec. 8, 1953 40m@ @e065 i @zu Sept. 24,` 1957 G. REUGE 2,807,118
MUSICAL PIECES Filed Dec. 8, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 IW m Wmlll m m 4 /l @ilu m m 4 2, 1 1 -,fmmw.. 2, m 4 n w... .m E.. .W m a 2 f I ,1.
United States Pate-nt Op" MUSICAL PIECES Guido Reuge, Sainte-Croix, Switzerland Application December 8, 1953, Serial No. 396,907 s Claims. (Cl. 46-11s) The present invention concerns a music piece associated with a miniature gure mounted on a spindle capable of receiving an axial reciprocating movement. This music piece is characterized by the fact that the said spindle is freely mounted so as to be able to slide in a sleeve capable of pivoting about a horizontal axis in such a manner that the figure may be tilted from a standing positionI to a reclining position.
This music piece preferably comprises a platform which is coaxial with the said spindle carrying the figure and is mounted in such a manner that it follows the tilting movement of the figure, the feet of which rest upon the said platform when it is in the standing position.
The accompanying drawing illustrates, by way of example, two embodiments of the music piece which constitutes the object of the invention.
Fig. 1 shows a partially sectional elevation of the first embodiment.
Fig. 2 shows a partially sectional larger scale elevation Y of a detail.
Fig. 3 shows a plan of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 shows an elevation, similar to the one shown in Fig. 1, of the second embodiment.
Fig. 5 shows a larger scale view of a detail of this embodiment.
The same references are used in both embodiments to indicate the same organ.
The music piece shown in Figs. l to 3 is associated with a miniature figure 1 mounted on a spindle 2 capable of receiving a vertical axial reciprocating movement as well as a tilting movement, as will be described below. This spindle 2 is freelymounted in a sleeve 3 fixed to the end of a bent rod 4 having a horizontal portion 4 rotatably mounted in bearings 5 forming part of a supporting plate 6 screwed in 7 to the key-board of the movement of the music piece. Hooked to the other end of the rod 4 is a traction spring 8, the other end of which is hooked to a fixed part of the movement. This spring 8 tends to maintain the sleeve 3 in the vertical position. 9 indicates a lever stop, one end of which is controlled by the rod 4 and which can be tilted about a horizontal axis a-a so that its other end is displaced in such a manner that it is either in or out of the trajectory of the blade 10 of the speed governor. A spring 11 is arranged in such a manner that it maintains the lever 9 up against the rod 4 when the sleeve 3 is in the vertical position.
The spindle 2 carrying the figure 1 is actuated by a plate 12 fixed to a bent rod 13 which engages with a ratchet wheel 14 secured to the shaft 15 of the pin drum (which is not shown) cooperating with the blades of the key-board.
The miniature figure 1 comprises legs 16 which are loosely hung in 17 from the trunk 1' fixed to the spindle 2. The feet of the figure can come to rest on a supporting surface 18 provided with a slit 19 through which the spindle 2 passes.
The assembly consisting of the movement and the figure is mounted in a box or casket 20 fitted with a lid 21.
'2,807,118 j Patented Sept. V24, '1,957
The described embodiment functions in the following manner: t
In the position shown by full lines in Figs. 1 and 2 the free end of the lever 'stop 9 iscut of the trajectory of the blade 10 of the speed governor. The movement of the music piece is thusY in motionrand the plate 12 is moved up and down owing to the action of the teeth of the wheel 14 on the rod 13. The plate 12 transmits its movement to the spindle 2 which rests loosely upon it, andthe figure 1 'thus receives a vertical reciprocating movement. When it hits the supporting surface 18 one or other of the legs 16 exerts a force on the trunk 1 and thus produces a torque which causes the figure to pivot about its spindle 2 in one direction or the other.
When the lid 21 is closed, its bottom, which is preferably provided with a smooth surface 21', such as a mirror, comes into contact with the figure 1 which it tilts, as shown by dots and dashes in Fig. 1. The sleeve 3 is thus also tilted and the rod 4 oscillates about its horizontal axis and releases the lever 9, which, actuated by the spring 11, oscillates about the axis a--a in such a manner that its free end blocks the blade 10 of the governor (Fig. 2) thus causing the movement to stop. In the completely closed position of the lid 21, the figure 1 reclines with the spindle 2 practically in the horizontal position, and the movement is stopped by the lever 9 as described above.
The tilting of the figure, instead of being controlled by the closing of the lid, could for instance be effected by means of an independent handle.
In the embodiment illustrated in Fig. 4, only the miniature figure 1 and the box 20 with its lid 21 have been shown, without the movement of the music piece. The spindle 2 of the figure is free to slide in a sleeve 22 and its lower end rests on the plate 12. The sleeve 22 is held in a coil 23 which is eventually soldered, formed by a helically wound wire one end 23 of which extends horizontally in a bearing 24 forming part of the framework of the movement of the music piece. This horizontal end 23' constitutes the pivot of the sleeve 22. Instead of the coil 23, any other means of support could be provided for the sleeve 22.
A platform 25, formed by a circular disk, is fixed coaxially on the sleeve 22. In Fig. 4 this platform is shown in the horizontal position, i. e. closing a circular opening 26 formed in a covering plate 27 parallel to the bottom of the box 20 and masking the movement of the music piece (which is not shown). The platform 25 serves to support the feet of the figure 1 when the latter is in the standing position, and extends in the same plane as the plate 27. The opening 26 is surrounded by a decorative ring 28 which could also be omitted. The platform 25, instead of being circular, could of course be of any other shape and close a corresponding opening 26.
When the lid 21 of the box is closed, the figure 1 is tilted about the horizontal axis 23 in such a manner that the sleeve 22 and the platform 25 take up the position shown by dots and dashes in Fig. 5.
In both the described embodiments, the gure 1 can be removed with its spindle 2 from the sleeve 3, respectively 22 and eventually replaced by another.
What I claim is:
l. A music piece of the type having a box-like enclosure, a hinged cover and a music movement positioned in said enclosure, said box having a miniature figure having hanging feet movable to upright position when the cover is opened and movable vertically and rotatably when upright and when the movement is operated, and tiltable to reclining position inside the enclosure when the cover is closed, a spindle supporting said figure, a bearing serving as a reciprocating slide for said spindle, a pivotal mount for said bearing to permit said ligure to swing between vertical and reclining position, a platform positioned below said gure to strike the hanging feet of the figure when it is moved vertically downwardly and thus cause rotating movement of the figure, means to movethe figure into upright position whenV the vcover is opened and means to cause vertical reciprocating movement of the spindle when the ligure is upright;
2. The piece of claim 1, the platform being mounted upon said bearing and moving with said bearing. Y
3. The piece of claim 1, said cover when closed serving to tilt the ligure from vertical position into inclined position.
4. TheV piece of claim 1, said last-mentioned means consisting of a connection from the music movement to elevate and lower the spindle.
2,807,118 Y i ,s
5. The piece of claim 1, said bearing consisting of a sleeve having a pivotal mount on the side of the movement so that it may swing to upright position or to reclined position respectively when the cover is open or closed and carry the spindle and the ligure with it in such swinging movement.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,207,022 Green Dec. 5, 1916 FOREIGN PATENTS 280,210 Switzerland Jan. l5, 1952 292,834 Switzerland Aug. 31, 1953