US 2807901 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
B- GILOWITZ Oct. 1, 1957 PERFUMED ORNAMENT WITH CONTROLLED DISCHARGE OF AROMA Filed June. 3. 1954 2 Sheets-Sheet l FIG.2
INVENTOR BENJAMIN GILOWITZ ATTO E Oct. 1, 1957 B. GlLOWlTZ 2,307,991
PERFUMED ORNAMENT WITH CONTROLLED DISCHARGE OF AROMA Filed June 3, 1954 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 lialge' 5 42 "47." 42
INVENTOR BENJAMIN GILOWITZ TTO Y United States Patent Benjamin Giiowitz, Bronx, Y.-, assignor of one-half to Harry Litman,llironx, N. Y.
Application June 3, 1954, Serial No. 434,256
' 1 Claim. 01. 41-14 The invention relates to perfumed ornaments having means to control the discharge of the aroma or fragrance.
The invention contemplates a decorative article which will lend beauty to the home, such as, a vase holding artificial flowers, and a perfumery dispenser so associated with the article that it will be hardly noticeable and hence will not mar the attractive appearance of the ornament, and also so constructed that there will be no possibility of either the liquid perfume or its volatile emanation coming in contact with the flowers.
Most liquid perfumes contain alcohol and other ingredients which will discolor and damage artificial flowers, and one object of the invention is to provide a device of this character in which the artificial flowers will be entirely enclosed in a transparent portion of the ornament so that they will be protected from dust as well as discoloration by the perfumery.
Another object of the invention is to provide a device of this character in which the discharge of the aroma or fragrance of the perfume may be entirely stopped When .it is not desired or may be controlled to vary the amount of discharge. d
A'furtherobject is to provide an ornament of this character which is simple in construction so that it may be manufactured and marketed at a relatively small cost.
With the above and other objects and advantages in view, the invention'resides in the novel combinations and arrangements of parts and the novel'features of construction hereinafter described and claimed, and illustrated in the accompanying drawings which show the present preferred embodiment of the invention.
. In the. drawings:
. Fig."1 is a side view on a reduced scale of an ornament constructed in accordance with the invention;
Fig. 2 is a vertical section on a larger scale taken on the line 22 in Fig. l; v H I Fig; 3 is a detail section showing the upper portion of Fig. 2 with the wick member in a different position; and
Figs. 4, 5 and 6 are side views with parts broken away and in section of three modified forms of the invention showing different ways of mounting the perfumery holders and controlling the discharge of the aroma.
Referring more particularly to Figs. 1, 2 and 3 of the drawings the numeral 10 denotes a vase-like base for supporting a hollow transparent enclosure member 11 which contains artificial flowers 12 visible through the transparent wall of the member 11. The latter which will be termed a globe, is preferably made of plastic and in lower and upper semi-spherical sections 13 and 14'. After the flowers have been positioned in the globe-like enclosure 11, the edges of the sections may be sealed by a suitable joint as at 15. The upright body or base 10 may take various sizes and shapes, but as shown it is vase like in shape and is hollow with a reduced cylindrical neck 16 at its top. It may be made of metal or plastic material and has a flat bottom 17 so that the ornament may rest on' a table, mantle or other flat surface. The exterior, of the base may be decorated by ice 2 molded, engraved or applied ornamentation. The transparent globe or body 11 may be of any size relative to the base and is preferably removably mounted thereon by providing at the bottom of the lower section 13 a cylindrical-collar 18 which surrounds and frictionally engages-the neck 16'as seen in Fig. 2. The collar 18 surrounds an opening at the center of the section 13 and may be fastened to the latter by forming at its top a concave or partly semi-spherical attaching plate or flange 19 shaped to the'exterior of the section and fastened by rivets or the like 20. A plug 21 of cork or other material fills and is frictionally retained in the collar, and it has a reduced lower portion-22 which telescopes into the neck 16 in frictional engagement therewith. The means for holding the perfumery is mounted at the center of the upper section 14 of the globe, and is preferably in the form of a tubular receptacle or holder which extends downwardly into the globe and is surrounded by the flowers 12, although it may be in the form shown in Fig. 6 in which it is entirely outside of the globe. As shown in Fig. 2 the perfume holder 23 is in the form of a long cylindrical tube which extends axially through the globe and the plug 21 and down into the cavity 24 of the hollow base 10. The tube thus reenforces the globular enclosure and its connection with the vase body. The bottom of the tube may be closed by a; plug or a cap-like closure 25 of rubber or other suitable material. The upper end of the tube projects above the top of the globe, as shown at 26, and it is cemented or otherwise fixed in the opening in the top of the section 14. If desired the portion of the tube within the globe may be wrapped with a green yarn or' strip of fabric 27 sothat it will blend with the green leaves of the artificial'flowers and be less noticeable should the globe not 'be completely filled with the flowers. A liquid perfume is preferably used in the holder 23 and flie escape of the aroma or volatile emanation may be controlled byfa suitable closure 28. In the preferred form this closure 28fis in the form of a tapered plug removably positioned in the projecting end 26 of the tubular holder. The plug is preferably fixed to the top of a rod 29 on which is suitably fastened an absorbent material covering 30 to serve as a wick. This wick member is almost as long as the: tube 23 and may be pulled out i of the latter to any desired extent when the plug 28 is lifted. Thus the amount'of aroma discharged may be controlled. The, wick member 30 is freely slidable in the tube 23 and in order to hold it in any adjusted position a -setjscrew31 may be threaded through the projecting end 26 of the tube 'so that it engages the wick material, as shown in Fig. 3. When the screw is backed out, the plug 28 may be forced into the top of the tube to seal it and prevent the escape of the aroma.
In the modified form of the invention shown in Fig. 4, the structure is the same as that described above with the following exceptions. The tubular perfume holder 23 has a length somewhat less than the diameter of the globe 11 and on its projecting upper end are diametrically opposed curved arms 32 fastened by rivets 33 to the outer surface of the upper section of the globe. The projecting upper end of the perfume holder is in ternally screw threaded to receive a removable closure plug 28 The latter has a cylindrical bore 35 adapted to be closed by a small removable plug 36. When the plug 28 is removed liquid perfume may be poured into the tubular holder, and there will be a full discharge of the aroma when that plug is not on the tube. When a more restricted discharge of the aroma is desired, the plug 28 is left on the tube and only the smaller plug 36 is removed. The detachable connection between the globe 11 and the base 10 may be a screw threaded one by externally threading the reduced neck 16 on the base for engagement by internal threads in the collar 18" of the curved attaching plate 19 fastened to the bottom of the lower section of the globe.
In the modification-shown in Fig. 5, the perfume holder 23 is also a relatively short tube with a closed bottom. At its upper end is an enlarged portion 38 which is cemented or otherwise fastened in anopening in'the top of the'upper section of the globe'll The enlarged portion is internally screw threaded to adjustably receive a removable closure. member 28. .The latter is shown as a hollow metal plug-like cap having a cylindrical body'39extern'ally screw threaded to engage the threads in the enlargement 38 and a closed top 40 of greater diameter than the body 39 to provide an annular flange or shoulder 41 to engage the top of the enlargement 38 when the closure member 28 is screwed down to prevent any discharge of the aroma of the perfume. Formed in the body 39 near its top are transverse openings 42 which are uncovered when the closure is partially screwed out of the enlargement. In said position there will be a limited discharge of the aroma and if the maximum discharge is desired, the closure is removed. In this form there is also a detachable connection between the globe 11 and the base 10 by either screw threads or a friction fit. In Fig. 5 the base is shown as a hollow plastic member with at least its intermediate portion 44 transparent so that artificial flowers 45 may be placed therein to give, an added ornamental appearance.
In the form shown in Fig.6 the perfume holder 23 is in the form of a small cylindrical box having a curved flange or arms 46 on its bottom riveted on the top of the upper section of the globe 11. The top of the container or box 23is closed but formed with an annular series of holes 47 adapted to be brought into and out ofregisterwith a similar series of holes 48 formed in a flange cap or closure member 28 rotatable onthe cylindrical box. The two series of holes or openings may'be so shaped and arranged that as the member 28 is rotated a varying number of the holes in the two parts may be brought into alinement or registration, but in one position of-the cap the box will be closed to prevent the discharge of'the aroma. In thisform as well as in those shown inFigs. 4 and-5 wick or absorbent material may be placed in the perfume holders. 7
In Fig. 6 there is shown at the bottom of the globe a holder 49 to receive the stems of the artificial flowers 12. The holder 49 is somewhat funnel-shaped having a bowl-shaped top portion:to receive the stems and a small tapered bottom portion to"frictionally telescope into the top of an upright tube 50. This tube extends through an opening in the bottom of the globe and its lower portion is fixed in a plug 51 of cork or other material disposed in the neck 16 of the base 10. The neck 16 is externally threaded to receive the collar 18 on the attaching plate 19 riveted to the bottom of the globe.
It will be seen that the device is an attractive ornament in which the artificial flowers will be protected from duct as well as injury bythe perfume, and that the amount of aroma or fragrance emitted may be readily controlled.
From the foregoing, taken in connection with the accompanying drawing, it will be seen that novel and advantageous provision has been made for carrying out the objects of the invention, and while preferences have been disclosed, attention is invited to the possibility of making variations within the scope of the invention as claimed.
A per-fumed, artificial flower ornament comprising a vase with a hollow body having at its bottom an enlarged fiat base and at its top a reduced cylindrical neck, a hollow globe of transparentplastic having a diameter substantially greater thansaid body, a cylindrical plug fixed to thebottom of said globe and frictionally retained in said neck, said plug having a central bore in vertical alinement with an opening in the top of said globe, a liquid perfume containing tube fixed in said bore and said opening and extending above the top of the globe, said tube extending centrally through the globe and having a closed lower end disposed in said hollow body, artificial flowers 'in said transparent globe around said tube to conceal the same from view from the exterior of'theglobe, a plug removably arranged in the projecting upper end of the tube, a rod depending from said closure plug and surrounded by a covering of absorbent material, said covered rod being freely slidable in said tube to permit more or less of the. absorbent material to be exposed above the top of the tube when said plug is moved upwardly out of the latter, and a-set screw in the projecting upper end of the tube to hold the covered rod in an adjusted position when a portion of its covering is exposed.
References Cited inthe file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 293,639 Digna'm Feb. 19, 1884 355,982 Eggert Jan. 11, 1887 2,254,802 Gill Sept. 2, 1941 2,261,653 Lewis Nov. 4, 1941 2,418,952 Poillon Apr. 15, 1947 2,572,329 Foster Oct. 23, 1951 FOREIGN PATENTS 940,312 France May 18, I948