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Publication numberUS2808944 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 8, 1957
Filing dateOct 19, 1953
Priority dateOct 19, 1953
Publication numberUS 2808944 A, US 2808944A, US-A-2808944, US2808944 A, US2808944A
InventorsJones Robert T, Lois Nelson
Original AssigneeJones Robert T, Lois Nelson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Shelf construction
US 2808944 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

R. T. JONES ETAL 2,808,944

SHELF CONSTRUCTION Oct. 8, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed 001;. 19, 1953 06L 8, 1957 v JONES ET AL 2,808,944

SHELF CONSTRUCTION 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Oct. 19, 1953 .Zizzgazvform 01925 G? United States Pate SHELF CONSTRUCTlON Robert T. Jones, Oak Park, and Lois Nelson,

Chicago, Ill,

Thisinvention' relates to a shelf construction and is particularly concerned with individual shelf units that may be quickly and easily assembled into a rigid, selfsupporting structure.

Shelving of the type to which thepr'esent invention refers may be used either as apermanent installation in a store or shop for holding merchandise, tools,.dies, or supplies, or as a bookcase. Although the shelving is durable enough for permanent use, it may be readily disassembled for packing, shipping or storage without the use of tools, and may also.be assembled without tools.

In the preferred form of our invention each of the individual shelf units is interchangeable and may be used as a shelf or as an end panel. However, the end panels may be made of a different size than the shelves in order to provide greater flexibility in building a structure of any desired size with prefabricated units of uniform size. If desired, a top panel may be applied to the structure to provide a neater finished appearance, but the top panel is not required. Each shelf is interlocked at each corner with the end panels to provide a rigid structure in which each shelf is supported by the end panels.

The individual units may be made of sheet metal or of any suitable plastic and no extra reinforcement or bracing members are required. The notches that are required for interlocking each shelf with the end members are so positioned that they do not weaken any of the parts. These notches are substantially concealed when the shelf structure is assembled so that the completed structure has a neat, attractive appearance.

The structure by means of which the above and other advantages of the invention are attained will be described in detail in the following specification, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings illustrating a preferred illustrative embodiment, in which:

Fig. l is a perspective view of a shelf construction embodying our invention;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary perspective view of one of the units of the structure;

Fig. 3 is a perspective view looking at the top of one of the units in position to be used as a shelf unit when assembled with the end panels;

Fig. 4 is a perspective view looking at the inside of one of the units in position to be used as an end panel;

Fig. 5 is a perspective view looking at the outside of a unit in position to be used as an end panel;

Fig. 6 is a diagrammatic view illustrating the method of assembling a plurality of shelf units with a pair of end panels;

Fig. 7 is a fragmentary perspective view illustrating two of the units in position for interlocking;

Fig. 8 is a view, similar to Fig. 7, showing the panels partially engaged just before they are interlocked;

Fig. 9 is a view, similar to Fig. 7, showing the panels interlocked;

Fig. 10 is a cross sectional View, taken along the line 10--10 of Fig. 9;

2,808,944 Patented Oct. 8, 1957 2 Fig. 11 is a cross sectional view, taken along the line 11-11 of Fig. 9; and

Fig. 12 is a cross sectional view, taken along theline 12 -12 ofFig. 9.

In the drawings, the reference numeral 2 indicates one of the shelf units having a flat body portion 3 provided with end flanges 4 and side walls 5, all bent in the same direction at'right angles to body portion 3. The'ends of side walls 5 are each bent inwardly, at right angles to provide flanges 6 extending parallel to body portion 3. The outer edges of side walls 5 and flanges 6 are flush with the outer surface of flange 4, and the meeting edges form closed corner joints having a neat appearance and substantial structural strength. A slot 7, spaced from each end a distance equal. to the .distance between flange 6 and body portion 3, extends through flangeG and partially through side wall 5 alonga line parallel to flange 4. The portionof side wall 5 between the slot 7 and the adjacent end flange is offset inwardly towards the opposite flange 5, as indicated at 8, to provide an end portion of slightly reduced width. This offset is substantially equal to the thickness 'of the sheet metalor plastic of which the individual units are made, for a reason hereinafter disclosed.

i The unit described above would be fully satisfactory if it were to be-used only as ashelf unit, but must be notched to enable 'it to bej'used a's' an end panel. A plurality of notches 9 are provided in each flange 6 extending through the entire width of the flanges. The longitudinal spacing between notches 9 may be varied, as desired, but each notch on one flange must bealigned transversely with a notch in the flange 6 at the opposite longitudinal edge of body portion 3.- In the drawings three pairs of notches are shown, but it will be understood that the number as well as the spacing'may be varied. If the end panels are to be of a different size than the shelf units, the slots 7 may be omitted from end panels, and the notches 9 may be omitted from the shelf units. 7

The method of'assembling the shelf units and end panels will now be described. As shown in Fig. 7, one shelf unit is positioned to align its reduced offset portions 8 with a pair of notches 9 in a unit to be used as an end panel, and is then moved transversely until its adjacent end flange 4 abuts the inner surface of the body portion 3 of the end panel as shown in Fig. 8. In this position the slots 7 of the shelf unit are aligned with the edge of flange 6 defining the lower edge of notch 9 of the end panel. The shelf unit is then pressed downwardly to interlock its slots 7 with the edges of flange 6 of the end panel adjacent notches 9 to hold the two members firmly together, as shown in Figs. 9 and 10.

The othershelf units are then secured at one end to the same end panel. Then, as indicated in Fig. 6, the shelf units secured at one end to an end panel are positioned with their other ends aligned with notches 9 in another end panel. In this connection, unless the notches 9 are uniformly spaced from each end, care must be taken a pressing them individually to move the slots 7 over the edge of the flange 6 defining the adjacent notch 9. The shelf construction is then set up for use, as shown in Fig. 1. The shelf construction may be disassembled by re- 7 versing the procedure described above.

exposed adjacent their upper and lower edges. These slots may be covered by a top member (not shown), if desired. The notches 9 are substantially concealed in the set-up structure, as shown in Fig. l. It will be obvious that additional notches 9 may be provided in flangeso without weakeningthe shelf construction and without supporting a shelf unit in each set of notches. The extra notches will provide selectivity in the positioning of the {shelf so that the vertical spacing betweenadjacentjsheliunits maybe varied within reasonable limits. The onlylrestric tionis that the notches'9 must not be po'sitionedso closely toislots 7 that 'there.is, not suflicient room for proper interlocking of 'theshelf unit with theendpaneL Although we have described two embodiments ofvour invention in considerable detail, it will beunderstood said side walls, said flanges having a, plurality of pairs of notches, the reduced end portion of any one of said being inserted inrany one of said'pairs of notches of a second unitof said plurality. of interchangeable units,rand a painof slots. in each of said side walls and flangesadjacentsziid reduced end portions, the slots' of said one unit engaging one edge of said second unit, contiguous to one of said notches of said second unit to interlock said units together, said one unit and said second unit thereby constituting a shelf and end panel, respectively.

2. A unit for shelf construction comprising a flat body portion having end flanges and side walls each bent at right angles to said body portion in the same direction, said side walls being bent inwardly adjacent opposite ends to form end portions-of :reduced width, said side walls having slots adjacent each bendtdefining the, reduced end ReferencesCited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 868,310 1,951,202 Ohnstran'd Mar. 13, 1934 2,438,257 istevenson et-al '-Mar. 23, 1948 2 ,631,9133' Rosenberg Mar.'1 7, 1953 i :EOREIGN PATENTS 549,083 Grea'tsBritain 'Nov. 5,1942

= White et al. Oct. .15,

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US868310 *Jun 13, 1907Oct 15, 1907Gen Fireproofing CoMetallic case and like device.
US1951202 *Sep 18, 1931Mar 13, 1934Remington Rand IncCabinet
US2438257 *Jan 21, 1946Mar 23, 1948Grand Rapids Metal Cabinet ComKnockdown sheet metal cabinet
US2631913 *Mar 21, 1949Mar 17, 1953Universal Steel Equipment CorpErectible shelving
GB549083A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2984362 *Oct 29, 1958May 16, 1961Hamilton Cosco IncShelf construction
US2999570 *Jul 25, 1957Sep 12, 1961Edward A SeizInterlock
US3067882 *Apr 7, 1961Dec 11, 1962Tab Products CoSuspension framework
US3527359 *Apr 22, 1968Sep 8, 1970Amrak IncTray rack cabinet with removable guides
US3608989 *Sep 6, 1968Sep 28, 1971Wilhelm Weller MobelfabrikCabinet or cabinet panel, from prefabricated parts
US4288132 *Feb 19, 1980Sep 8, 1981Roper CorporationMetal cabinet for assembly by the user from knocked-down condition
US5265740 *Dec 23, 1991Nov 30, 1993The Winsford CorporationAdjustable storage apparatus for computer media
US5951131 *May 11, 1998Sep 14, 1999Stefan; AlexanderEnclosure assembly for the equipment of a gaming device or the like
US6135033 *Jun 8, 1999Oct 24, 2000Chesapeake CorporationTriangulated shelf display unit
US20100026148 *Mar 4, 2009Feb 4, 2010Inventec CorporationServer chassis
WO2000074527A1 *Jun 8, 2000Dec 14, 2000Chesapeake CorpTriangulated shelf display unit
Classifications
U.S. Classification108/107, 312/257.1
International ClassificationA47B47/00, A47B47/02
Cooperative ClassificationA47B47/025
European ClassificationA47B47/02R6