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Publication numberUS2809640 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 15, 1957
Filing dateJul 27, 1955
Priority dateJul 27, 1955
Publication numberUS 2809640 A, US 2809640A, US-A-2809640, US2809640 A, US2809640A
InventorsOldenkamp Henry A
Original AssigneeAmerican Mach & Foundry
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Cigarette mouthpiece machine
US 2809640 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 15, 1957 H. A. OLDENKAMP CIGARETTE MOUTHPIECE MACHINE Filed July 27. 1955 FIG.2

INVENTOR PENRY A. OLDENKAMP ATTORNEY CIGARETTE MOUTHPIECE MACHINE Henry A. Oldenkamp, Valhalla, N. Y., assignor to American Machine & Foundry Company, a corporation of New Jersey Appiication July 27, 1955, Serial No. 524,635

16 Claims. (Cl. 131-94) This invention relates to a machine for applying uniting bands to composite assemblies of mouthpiece cigarettes.

in an assembly type of cigarette making machine, the mouthpieces are attached to cut lengths of cigarette rod by means of uniting bands. In such machines, it has been found that difliculties are sometimes encountered and in effecting a transfer of the uniting band to the cigarette assembly and in attaching the uniting bands to the assembly. Sometimes the uniting band has a tendency to adhere to the uniting band conveyor while at other times, it has been difficult to set the uniting band conveyor at exactly the correct distance from the assembly drum so as to efiect a smooth, uniform application of the uniting band to the composite assembly. This critical adjustment is sometimes upset when there is a slight deviation in the diameter of the cut lengths of cigarettes or mouthpieces.

It is, therefore, an object of this invention to provide a device for consistently effecting a transfer of a uniting band from a conveyor to a composite cigarette assembly without deforming the components making up the assembly.

Another object of this invention is to provide a device for transferring and applying uniting bands to a composite assembly of cut lengths of cigarette rod and mouthpieces to effect a positive transfer of each uniting band to the assembly.

Another object of this invention is to provide a uniting band conveyor which will remove the leading end of the uniting band from the conveyor prior to its being brought into contact with the cigarette assembly.

A further object is to provide sponge rubber rollers for positively rotating an assembly in conjunction with a nest of cylindrical rollers supporting the cigarette assembly when the uniting band is being applied thereto.

A further object is to provide a sponge rubber roller for rolling the cigarette assembly having the uniting band applied thereto after leaving the uniting band applying station.

Other objects and features of the invention will appear as the description of the particular physical embodiment selected to illustrate the invention progresses. In the accompanying drawings, which form a part of this specification, like characters or reference have been applied to corresponding parts throughout the several views which make up the drawings.

Fig. 1 is a front elevation partly in section illustrating the cigarette assembly drum in conjunction with the uniting band transfer mechanism.

Pig. 2 is a sectional end elevation taken at the transfer station.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged detailed sectional frontal elevation showing the uniting band being applied to the assembly.

The present invention is particularly well suited for use with the general type of assembly cigarette machine shown in co-pending applicatiomSerial No. 509,293 of George Dearsley, filed May 18, 1955.

ice

In a machine of the general type referred to, apparatus is employed for feeding pairs of cut lengths of cigarette rod laterally on an assembly drum and for subdividing mouthpieces into suitable subdivisions which are inserted in between the cut lengths of cigarette rod carried on the drum. The components of each composite assembly are then brought into axial abutment with each other on the assembly drum. If desired, further reference may be made to Serial No. 509,293 for a more detailed disclosure of this type of machine.

The assembly drum 10, which may be similar to the construction of the assembly drum shown in application Serial Number 509,293, consists of one row of inner rollers 12 and a second row of outer rollers 14. The inner rollers are pivotally mounted at their ends in suitable flanges 16 and 18. One end 20 of the inner rollers 12 projects beyond the length of composite cigarette assembly 22. The outer roller is similarly rotatably supported at its ends in suitable flanges 24 and 26. One end 28 of the outer roller 14 projects beyond the opposite end of the composite assembly of cut cigarette lengths having axially aligned mouthpieces inserted there between.

When the rollers 12 and 14 approach the uniting band applying station, the ends 20 and 28 of the rollers come into contact with belts 30 and 32 which travel in the direction indicated by the arrow in Fig. l, and are trained over pulleys 34 and 36.

By engaging with the belts 30 and 32, the rollers 12 and 14 are rotated, which results in the composite assembly of cut lengths of cigarette rod and double length mouthpieces being rotated by the time they reach the uniting band applying station.

The composite assemblies are held in their respective nests of rollers 12 and 14 by means of suitable guides 38 and 40. The uniting band conveying drum 42, traveling in the direction indicated by the arrow in Fig. l, carries spaced out lengths of uniting band material B upwardly on its periphery in a manner similar to that disclosed in the co-pending application of George Dearsley, Serial Number 509,293. The structure of the uniting bands conveyor drum 42 may be similar to that disclosed in said co-pending application.

The present uniting band conveying drum has two grooves 44 and 46 formed along the periphery thereof in which the ends stripping wires 48 and 5t ride. These Wires may be made from spring steel. The opposite ends of the Wires 48 and 5t are mounted on a suitable stud 52 extending from a suitable bracket 54 attached to frame of the machine.

When the uniting band reaches its uppermost position, as shown in Fig. 3, it comes into contact with the wires 48 and 50 and slides upwardly thereon thus disengaging the uniting band from the uniting band conveyor 42. Since, the wires 48 and 59 contact the assembly, the uniting bands are brought directly to the assembly. The trailing end of the band is still on the drum at the time the trailing end is brought into contact with the assembly. In this way the uniting band material is maintained under full control at all times.

The uniting band B up to this point has been held on the periphery of the conveying drum 42 by the means of suction acting through suction holes 54 which are connected through a cut out portion 56 formed in the shoe 58 to a source of suction.

It will be noted in Fig. 3 that when the uniting band B comes into position where it is separated from the suction drum, the cut out position 56 comes to an end thereby cutting off any suction beyond this point. This facilitates the wires 48 and 50 stripping and deflecting the uniting band from the suction conveying drum into contact with the cigarette assembly as shown in Fig. 3.

.At the uniting band applying station, the ends of the assembly. This results in the-uniting band being applied,

about the rotating composite. cigarette assembly; The composite assembly, held in their respective nests of rollers 12 and 14, has the uniting bands applied thereabo'u't' as they are moved in the direction of the arrow in Fig. 1 over a suitable retaining guide 64 towards the sponge rubber rollers 66 which travels intime with the movement rollers 60 and 62 and efiects a smooth application of the uniting band to the composite assembly. The composite assembly is thenmoved over the'g uid'es 68 and from there the processing of the united composite assembly may be the same as that disclosed in the co-pending application Serial Number 509,293 mentioned above.

By providing an incline rise to the stripping wires 48 and 50 to effect'a stripipng of the uniting band from the uniting band conveying drum 42 a slight pressure may be exerted against the cigarette assembly when the uniting band is applied thereto. This avoids the necessity of a very fine adjustmentof the spacing between the conveying drum 42 and the nests of assembly rollers 12 and 14. .This has been found desirable because of slight variations which may be encountered in the diameter of the cigarette assembly does not interfere with the proper functioning of the band applying mechanism because in each case the band is brought into direct contact with the cigarette assembly thereby resulting in the correct application of the band to the assembly. The arrangement shown may be used with either a continuously or an intermittently operated assemblyvconveying drum.

The invention herein above described may be varied in construction within the scope of the claims, for the particular device selected to illustrate the invention is but one of many possible embodimens of the same. The invention, therefore, is not to be restricted to the precise:

details of the structure shown and described.

What is claimed is:

1. A device for applying uniting bands to composite assemblies of axially aligned cut lengths of cigarette rod and, mouthpiecescomprising, a uniting band applying station, a u'nitingtband conveying drum for bringing out lengths of prepasted uniting band material to said uniting band applying station, said uniting band conveying drum having a pair of grooves extending around the periphery thereof stationary springs having oneend of said springs riding in said grooves for disengaging the cut lengths of uniting bands from the uniting band drum and directing them into contact with the assembly of composite lengths of cigarette rod and mouthpieces and means for positively rotating said cut lengths of cigarette and mouthpiece to apply said uniting bands thereto.

2. A device for applying uniting bands to composite assemblies ofcut lengths of cigarette rodand mouthpiecescomprising, a uniting band applying station, an assembly conveying drum having nests of rollers for cradling composite assemblies of cut lengths ofcigarette rod and'mouthpieces therebetweenand moving themito said. uniting band applying station, a uniting band 011". veyor for moving spaced, prepasted, cut sections of unitdrum conveyor for laterally conveying composite asseme blies of cut lengths of cigarette rod and mouthpieces, a uniting band applying station, a uniting band conveyor positioned adjacent said assembly drum conveyor for carrying prepared, spaced, out lengths of uniting band material to the uniting band applying station, said uniting band conveyor having a plurality of grooves extending around the periphery thereof on'which said prepasted cut lengths of uniting band material are supported, wires having one end thereof engaging with said grooves and having a portion provided with a band for engaging with said composite assemblies as they are carried by said assembly drum to defiect cut uniting bands away from the uniting band drum into contact with said composite asformed in the periphery of said drum, means for holding,

prepasted, cut lengths of uniting band material on the periphery of said uniting band conveyor over the grooves formed therein, spring members having one end thereof riding in the grooves to deflect the uniting'bands carried on said uniting band drum away'from the uniting band drum into contact with a composite assembly, and means for positively rotating said composite assembly as said uniting band is brought into contact therewith.

5. Apparatus for applying uniting bands to composite assemblies ofcigarettes and mouthpieces as they are held in axial abutment with each other comprising, means for rotating said composite assemblies, composite assemblies of cigarettes, a conveyor for said composite assemblies, a uniting band conveyor traveling along a predetermined path of travel and having prepasted cut lengths of uniting band material supported on its surface, said conveyor having grooves formed around the periphery of the surface of said uniting band'conveyor, and springs having one end riding in said grooves and having a curved, yieldable portion extending away from said uniting band conveyor and in contact with a composite assembly of cigarettes for deflecting a uniting band away from the uniting band conveyor and pressing it into contact with a composite assembly that is being rotated to cause the ing band material to said station, said uniting band conveyor having, a groove formed around the periphery" thereof, and a spring'and having'one end thereof riding in said groove; and having an adjoining portion of said spring provided with abend so that this portion comes in contact-with the assemblies held in said nests to cause 3. A uniting band applying mechanism for applying unitingbands to-composite assemblies ot cut lengths of cigarette rod and mouthpieces comprising, an assembly uniting band material to be applied about the assembly to join the components of said assembly together.

6. Apparatus for applying uniting bands to composite assemblies of cigarette rod and mouthpieces to form' mouthpiece cigarettes comprising, rollers confining each of said composite assemblies on opposite sides, said rollers having one end thereof extending beyond one end of said composite assembly, a drivingibelt engaging with the extending end of said rollers to'impart rotary movement thereto, an inner roller positioned between each pair of side rollers for supporting another portion of said composite assembly, and having one end thereofextend beyond the opposite end of the composite assembly, means for driving the end of the inner roller which extends beyond the length of said composite assembly to'impart rotary movement to said inner roller, a uniting band conveyor spacedta distance from said composite assembly, said conveyor having grooves formed around the periphery of said uniting band' conveyor, and stationary springs having one end thereof extending into said stationary grooves and having'a portion oi the spring, provided with a bend and thereby arranged to extend away from the grooves and conveying drum so that it comes into the'path' of travel'of said composite assembly to thereby cause the leading end: of said uniting band to be slid alongsaid springs away from said uniting ban'd conveyor and into contact'withsaid composite assembly to a apply the uniting band about the composite assembly.

7. Apparatus for applying uniting bands to composite assemblies having the features provided for in claim 6 including sponge rubber rollers mounted adjacent said uniting band conveyor and traveling in a direction to impart positive rotary movement to the composite assembly in conjunction with the rollers confining said composite assemblies to rotate the same to apply the uniting band thereabout.

8. Apparatus for applying uniting bands to composite assemblies of cut lengths of cigarette rod and mouthpieces to form mouthpiece cigarettes comprising, an assembly drum, rotatable rollers mounted on said assembly drum for confining said composite assemblies around approximately 180 of their peripheries, a uniting band conveying drum spaced from the path of travel of the composite assemblies as they are carried by said assembly drum, means for supporting prepasted cut lengths of uniting band material on said uniting band conveying drum, means for rotating the rollers on said assembly drum to impart rotary movement to the composite assembly when it is opposite to the uniting band conveying drum, said uniting band conveying drum having a plurality of grooves extending around the periphery of said uniting band conveyor, and springs having one end thereof riding in said grooves to cause cut lengths of uniting band material to be deflected away from said uniting band conveying drum when they are brought into contact with said springs, said springs being of such configuration that they yieldably contact the composite assembly at that portion thereof which is not supported by said rollers when the composite assembly drum brings the composite assembly opposite to the uniting band conveyor, and said springs acting to deflect the leading end of the cut length of uniting band material into contact with the composite assembly and applied thereabout by the rollers on said assembly drum.

9. Apparatus having the features provided for in claim 8 including rollers adapted to rotate so that their peripheral surfaces travel in the same direction as the peripheral surface of said uniting band conveying drum and means engaging with the ends of the composite assembly to impart positive rotary movement thereto to facilitate the application of the uniting band thereabout.

19. Apparatus for applying uniting bands to a composite assembly of cigarettes comprising, an assembly drum, rollers mounted on said assembly drum for supporting composite assemblies of cigarette rod and mouthpieces, a uniting band conveyor for moving out lengths of prepasted uniting band material towards the assembly drum to apply the uniting band material to the composite assemblies, said uniting band conveyor having grooves formed around the periphery of said uniting band conveyor, means for holding out lengths of uniting band material over said grooves and on said uniting band conveying drum, Wires having one end thereof extending into said grooves and having an adjoining portion engaging with a composite assembly to direct a uniting band from the band conveying drum into contact with a composite assembly to join the cut length of rod to the mouthpiece by applying a uniting band thereabout and means for rotating said assembly to facilitate applying the uniting band thereto.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,189,886 Edwards Feb. 13, 1940 FOREIGN PATENTS 730,340 Great Britain May 18, 1955

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2189886 *Feb 1, 1937Feb 13, 1940Filter Tips LtdCigarette
GB730340A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2984245 *Jun 26, 1958May 16, 1961American Mach & FoundryCigarette making machine uniting band conveying drum
US3000382 *Sep 3, 1958Sep 19, 1961American Mach & FoundryManufacture of filter-tip cigarettes
US3016905 *Oct 7, 1955Jan 16, 1962Kurt Korber & CoMethod and apparatus for affixing the mouthpiece or tip on cigarettes
US3081778 *Jan 16, 1961Mar 19, 1963American Mach & FoundryMethod of making a cigarette having a composite filter plug
US3094128 *Oct 27, 1958Jun 18, 1963American Mach & FoundryMouthpiece cigarette making machine
US3099989 *Dec 14, 1960Aug 6, 1963Hauni Werke Koerber & Co KgMethod for supplying connector sheets to groups of filter plugs and cigarettes
US3148683 *Jun 7, 1962Sep 15, 1964Lorillard Co PApparatus for applying filter tips to cigarettes
US3245414 *Nov 21, 1961Apr 12, 1966Hauni Werke Koerber & Co KgMethod of manufacturing filter tip cigarettes and the like
US3348552 *Nov 9, 1964Oct 24, 1967American Mach & FoundryFilter tipping device
US3380459 *Oct 19, 1965Apr 30, 1968Alfred SchmermundDevices for attaching mouthpieces to elongated articles such as cigarettes or cigars
US3518999 *Jun 4, 1968Jul 7, 1970Brown & Williamson TobaccoMouthpiece tobacco articles
US3799041 *Dec 4, 1972Mar 26, 1974Liggett & Myers IncApparatus for obtaining rounded filter plugs for cigarettes
US4535790 *Mar 31, 1983Aug 20, 1985Philip Morris IncorporatedMethod and apparatus for aligning oval cigarette filters
US4596257 *Jun 29, 1984Jun 24, 1986Philip Morris IncorporatedMethod and apparatus for tipping smoking articles
US5024242 *Apr 27, 1989Jun 18, 1991Philip Morris IncorporatedMethods and apparatus for making multiple component smoking articles
US5191906 *Mar 23, 1992Mar 9, 1993Philip Morris IncorporatedProcess for making wrappers for smoking articles which modify the burn rate of the smoking article
US7296578Mar 4, 2004Nov 20, 2007R.J. Reynolds Tobacco CompanyEquipment and methods for manufacturing cigarettes
US7434585Nov 13, 2003Oct 14, 2008R. J. Reynolds Tobacco CompanyEquipment and methods for manufacturing cigarettes
Classifications
U.S. Classification131/94
International ClassificationA24C5/00, A24C5/47
Cooperative ClassificationA24C5/471
European ClassificationA24C5/47A