Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2809774 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 15, 1957
Filing dateNov 4, 1954
Priority dateNov 4, 1954
Publication numberUS 2809774 A, US 2809774A, US-A-2809774, US2809774 A, US2809774A
InventorsJoseph Kaye, Reswick James B
Original AssigneeAlf K Berle
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pressure-feed device
US 2809774 A
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 15, 1957 J. KAYE El AL PRESSUREFEED DEVICE.

Filed Nov. 4, 1954 VEIVTORS 11v JOSEPH KAYE JAMES B. RESWICK ATTORNEYS v United States PRESSURE-FEED DEVICE Joseph Kaye, Brookline, and James B. Reswick, Wellesley, Mass, assignors of twenty-five percent to Ali K. Eerie, Dedham, Mass.

Application November 4, 1954, Serial No. 466,876

7 Claims. (Cl. 222-263) The present invention relates to pressure-feed devices and more particularly to devices for propelling or dispensing a material by means of an enclosed source of gas or vapor under pressure.

An example of a device of this character is the familiar dispensing container adapted to dispense shaving cream, paint or other material when a valve is manually opened. The propelling source comprises a gas or vapor contained under pressure within the dispenser and usually mixed with the material to be dispensed.

This usual form of dispenser has many disadvantages, particularly in the possibility of loss of pressure fluid through the valve with consequent wastage of the contents. Furthermore this type of container has been found not to work satisfactorily with thick or viscous materials, of which toothpaste is an example, since the high pressures necessary for expulsion of the paste result in diffusion of the gas through the paste or channeling of the gas around the paste with consequent loss of pressure and wastage of the contents.

The present invention has for its object the construction of a pressure-operated propelling or dispensing apparatus in which materials of substantially any viscosity can be handled and without loss of pressure or appreciable wastage of contents.

With this object in view the present invention comprises as its principal feature the combination of a container having a semi-flexible piston with the material to be dispensed on one side and the pressure-source material on the other, in combination with a spring acting on the piston in such a manner that the material to be dispensed is maintained under an excess pressure over the pressure-source material. The construction of the device will presently be described in detail.

The accompanying drawing is a sectional elevation of a device embodying the principles of the present invention.

The illustrated embodiment of the invention comprises a dispensing container constructed for the dispensing of a thick viscous material such as, for example, toothpaste, although it may be applied to other materials and to other types of apparatus. As shown in the drawing, the device comprises a cylindrical can 2 of more or less conventional form having a cap 4 with a manually operable dispensing valve 6 of any suitable type. For purposes of completeness the valve 6 is described as a tube mounted in a rubber eyelet or grommet 8 in the cap 4 and having a central passage 10 communicating with a number of radial grooves 12 formed in the upper side of a head portion 14 of the valve. A helical spring 15 holds the valve outwardly. Material contained within the can under pressure will be dispensed through the passages 12 and 10 whenever the tube is pushed inwardly or rocked to one side.

According to the present invention the can 2 is provided with a piston 16 of semi-flexible material, such as polyethylene. The piston has a central portion 18 with a depression 20 which is of a size to surround the head ice 14 of the tube 10 as the contents of the can are exhausted. The underside of the piston is provided with a circular groove 22 to accommodate the upper end of a compression spring as will hereinafter be described. The piston is provided with a downwardly extending side wall 24 which terminates in an upwardly extending lip 26 adapted to fit smoothly within the can. The lip 26 is thin and flexible at its upper end and therefore presents toward the upper part of the can an annular hollow space 28 which, as will presently be described, serves as a means for tightly sealing the lip 26 against the side wall of the can.

The bottom of the can is closed by a bottom head 30 which is sealed into the can by a conventional sealing lip 32. A filling grommet 34 of flexible rubberlike material is provided at the center of the head 30, to permit introduction of the pressure-source material.

A coiled compression spring 36, of general helical form but tapering upwardly, bears at its lower end against the head 30 and at its upper end is received within the annular groove 22 heretofore described.

The can is filled with the material to be dispensed, say toothpaste. The filling operation may be conveniently accomplished in a completely assembled can by forcing the paste in through the valve 6; a needle may be inserted in the grommet to relieve the air under the piston. Alternatively the can may be filled through the bottom before the cap 4 and bottom head 30 are applied; then the entire assembly is completed and sealed. Whatever method of filling the paste is used, the pressure material is then inserted through the filling grommet 34 by means of a filling needle. The material comprises Freon preferably, which has a high vapor pressure at room temperature conditions. If necessary, the Freon may be chilled; in any event it is sufiicient to introduce it under a pressure greater than its vapor pressure at the filling temperature. After filling, a quantity of the pressure material exists in liquid form in the bottom of the can and its vapor overlies the liquid. The quantity of pressuresource material is such that some liquid will remain in the can at normal temperatures when the can is completely empty of the paste, thus insuring that a substantially constant vapor pressure is available throughout the useful life of the device.

The drawing shows the position of the piston 16 at a time when a part of the contents has been dispensed. The piston may be considered to divide the can into an upper and a lower chamber, the former for the contents to be dispensed and the latter for the pressure-source material. If it were not for the spring 36, the pressure in the upper chamber would be the same as that in the lower chamber, namely, the vapor pressure of the Freon. Under such conditions the piston would be in balance and there would be a tendency for Freon to leak past the lip 26 into the upper chamber. This leakage would tend to occur Whenever the valve 6 was operated since the fric tion of the piston against the wall of the can would inhibit its movement and the relief of pressure at the top due to the opening of the valve would cause the Freon vapor to find a path around the lip 26. However, because of the presence of the spring 36, the hydrostatic pressure on the top of the piston is greater than the vapor pressure on the bottom. This is due to the fact that the total force exerted on the bottom is the sum of the spring force and the force due to the pressure of the Freon vapor. The, only force acting on the upper face of the piston is that due to the hydrostatic pressure of the paste. Since the total forces on top and bottom must be equal for equilibrium, this means that the hydrostatic pressure on the top is necessarily greater than the vapor pressure on the bottom. Hence there is no possibility for the vapor to flow upwardly around the piston lip. Any tendency for flow between chambers is' in the opposite direction. However, when a viscous material, such as toothpaste, is contained in the upper chamber its flow is resisted by the viscosity of the material itself. Furthermore, the sealing Space 28'which7is filled with the contents under pressure causes expansion of the lip 26 into tight contact with the walls of the can and prevents any downflow; and this action occurs even in the case of relatively non-viscous materials in the upper-chamber of the can.

The spring is of such strength that it is capable of applying a definite force to the piston even when the piston is at the upper limit of its movement. The condition by which the excess of pressure is exerted on the piston in a downward direction exists throughout the entire useful life of the container. When the valve 6 is openedithe. contents are dispensed by reason of the pressure differential between the upper chamber and the atmosphere, and the piston travels upwardly. Under conditions of piston movement, the forces acting on the piston are not, strictly speaking, in equilibrium, since the total force acting on the bottom of the piston must exceed the force acting on the top by an amount necessary to overcome friction. between the piston and the container, and also by an amount necessary to accelerate the piston (which latter, however, may usually be considered negligible, because of the slow rate of motion). In any event, the spring will be sufficiently strong to insure that the excess of hydrostatic pressure is always in a downward direction, whether under static or dynamic conditions.

It will be understood that the descriptive designations upper and lower, and similar terms used herein, refer to the drawing, and not to the orientation of the dispenser itself, since the device may be used in any position, and the pressure conditions are independent of position.

Although the invention has been described as adapted for the dispensing of materials from a container for domestic use, as, for example, for toothpaste and similar materials, it may be understood that it is equally applicable to apparatus for propelling and dispensing liquids and pastes of any character regardless of the shape or size of the container or the viscosity characteristics of the material being propelled.

Having thus described the invention, we claim:

1. 'A pressure feed dispensingdevice comprising a container having a cylindrical portion, a piston received in thecylindrical portion of the container to .divide said portion into 9. contents chamber and a pressure chamber, a valve for dispensing of material from the contents chamber, the pressure chamber being sealed against the atmosphere and containing a pressure-source material permanently producing in the pressure chamber a super-' atmospheriepressure by presence of vaportherein, the pressure-source material acting at all times to apply to the piston a force in a direction toward the valve, and resilient means in one of the chambers acting on the piston to urge it toward the valve, whereby the hydro- 7 static pressure of the material in the contents chamber is greater than the pressure of the vapor in the pressure chamber.

2. A dispensing container as defined in claim 1 in which the piston is formed with a flexible sealing lip against the container and an annular hollow space facing into the contents chamber to seal the lip against the container.

3, A pressure feed dispensing device comprising a con tainer having a cylindrical portion, a piston received in the cylindrical portion of the container to divide said portion into a contents chamber and a pressure chamber, a valve for dispensing of material from the contents chamber, the pressure chamber being sealed against the atmosphere and containing a supply of liquid permanently producing a superatmospheric vapor pressure which acts at all times to apply to the piston a force in a direction toward the valve, and resilient means in one of the chambers acting on the piston to urge it toward the valve, whereby the hydrostatic pressure of the material in the contents chamber is greater than the vapor pressure in the pressure chamber.

4. A pressure feed dispensing device comprising a container having a cylindrical portion, a piston received in the cylindrical portion of the container to divide said portion into a contents chamber and a pressure chamber, a valve for dispensing of material from the contents chamber, the pressure chamber being sealed against the atmosphere and containing a pressure-source material permanently producing in the pressure chamber a superatmospheric pressure by presence of vapor therein, the

pressure source material acting at all times to apply to the piston a force in a direction toward the valve, and a spring in the pressure chamber under compression at all times to apply to the piston 21 force in a direction toward the valve, whereby the hydrostatic pressure of the material in the contents chamber is greater than the pressure of the vapor in the pressure chamber.

5. A dispensing container as defined in claim 4 in which the piston is formed with a flexible sealing hp against the container and an annular hollow space facing into the contents chamber to seal the lip against the container.

6. A pressure feed dispensing device comprising a container having a cylindrical portion, a piston received in the cylindricalportion of the container .to divide said portion into a. contents chamber and a pressure chamber, a valve for dispensing of material from the contents chamber, the pressure chamber being sealed against the atmosphere and containing a supply of liquid permanently producing a superatmospheric vapor pressure which acts at all times to apply to the piston a force in a direction toward the valve, and a spring in the pressure chamber under compression at all times to apply to the piston a force in a direction toward the valve, whereby the hydrostatic pressure of the material in the contents chamber is greater than the vapor pressure in the pressure chamber.

7. A dispensing container as defined in claim 6 in which the piston is formed with a flexible sealing lip against the container and an annular hollow space facing into the contents chamber to seal the lip against the container.

References Cited in the file of this patent V UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,040,476

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1040476 *Jun 1, 1912Oct 8, 1912William H WehrenbergOil or grease gun.
US1407657 *Feb 21, 1922 johansun
US1584863 *Jan 28, 1924May 18, 1926Dry Ice CorpGrease gun
US1926399 *Jul 18, 1932Sep 12, 1933Aro Equipment CorpLubricant reservoir and follower construction
US2585286 *May 2, 1949Feb 12, 1952Margaret L TubbsResilient valve in rigid wall portions of containers
US2592613 *Jun 7, 1947Apr 15, 1952Snyder Oil Tool CorpSelf-compensating accumulator
US2615597 *Sep 27, 1948Oct 28, 1952Reddi Wip IncDispensing valve for liquid and gas containers
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3022923 *Mar 21, 1958Feb 27, 1962American Can CoDispensing container for viscous products
US3044413 *Sep 21, 1959Jul 17, 1962Drackett CoPump pistons
US3099370 *Dec 24, 1958Jul 30, 1963American Can CoDispensing container for viscous products
US3112846 *Dec 21, 1959Dec 3, 1963American Can CoAerosol can package
US3117699 *Apr 14, 1961Jan 14, 1964Colgate Palmolive CoPressure dispenser with propellant developed in situ
US3179309 *Nov 28, 1960Apr 20, 1965Procter & GambleTape valve for pressurized containers
US3189231 *Jan 16, 1963Jun 15, 1965Fmc CorpAerosol dispenser with sponge follower and method of making same
US3201003 *Jan 27, 1964Aug 17, 1965Metzler Charles LDispensing container
US3224158 *Feb 5, 1962Dec 21, 1965Procter & GambleMethod for packaging pressure feed devices
US3240391 *Jul 17, 1962Mar 15, 1966Garton Merlin ESpray container
US3297207 *Apr 28, 1964Jan 10, 1967Gene BallinCollapsible tubes with follower and the method of filling thereof
US3337091 *Feb 11, 1966Aug 22, 1967Continental Can CoDispensing container and charging valve therefor
US3365105 *Jan 7, 1966Jan 23, 1968Continental Can CoDispensing container and charging valve therefor
US3377003 *Jan 4, 1967Apr 9, 1968Sonoco Products CoDispensing container
US3421664 *May 9, 1967Jan 14, 1969Gk Ind IncPressurized dispensing container and method of filling same
US3915346 *Dec 28, 1973Oct 28, 1975Sale Tilney AgAdhesive block
US4132332 *Apr 25, 1977Jan 2, 1979Victor WassilieffContainers for pressurized fluids, in particular for dispensing aerosols
US4508244 *Nov 5, 1982Apr 2, 1985Polypag A.G.Pressure can for application of mounting foams, in particular, single-component polyurethane foams
US4623330 *Feb 16, 1983Nov 18, 1986Laby Ralph HGas diffusion-limited controlled release devices
US4645098 *Feb 15, 1985Feb 24, 1987Hilti AktiengesellschaftPress-out piston for dispensing substance from a container
US4877157 *Feb 23, 1989Oct 31, 1989Stacos Di Saulle Lorenzo E Pontarollo Luciana S.N.C.Dispenser for fluid products
US5088630 *Oct 22, 1990Feb 18, 1992Dow Corning S.A.Sealant cartridge with resilient bellows
US5139178 *Apr 19, 1990Aug 18, 1992Dow Corning S.A.Sealant cartridge under pressure during storage
US5746357 *Apr 22, 1996May 5, 1998Essex Specialty Products, Inc.Plunger and apparatus useful in extruding or dispensing viscous materials
US8418996Aug 22, 2008Apr 16, 2013Hans Jurgen WernerSolid material valve
DE1218480B *Feb 4, 1963Jun 8, 1966Procter & GambleVerfahren zum Fuellen und Verschliessen eines unter Druck stehenden Behaelters
DE1575062B1 *May 9, 1967Dec 7, 1972Sterigard CorpDruckbehaelter zur Aufnahme eines Wirkstoffes und eines Treibmittels
DE3733522A1 *Oct 3, 1987Jul 13, 1989Neumann Wolfgang NPropellant gas-free spray can with sealed gaseous energy accumulator which replaces the propellant gases which are conventionally used and escape into the environment
DE3742733A1 *Dec 17, 1987Jun 29, 1989Hansjoachim Dr Med WitzelSpray can
EP2028131A2 *Aug 22, 2008Feb 25, 2009Werner, Hans JürgenSolid matter valve
WO1989005773A1 *Dec 22, 1988Jun 29, 1989Abplanalp Robert HImproved valved plastic pressure container
WO2011153914A1 *May 31, 2011Dec 15, 2011Print-Rite Unicorn Image Products Co., Ltd. Of ZhuhaiInk filling device
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/263, 222/387, 222/389
International ClassificationB65D83/14, A47K5/00, A47K5/12
Cooperative ClassificationA47K5/1201, B65D83/64
European ClassificationB65D83/64, A47K5/12B