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Publication numberUS2811244 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 29, 1957
Filing dateOct 27, 1953
Priority dateOct 27, 1953
Publication numberUS 2811244 A, US 2811244A, US-A-2811244, US2811244 A, US2811244A
InventorsMaccaffray Jr Rex S
Original AssigneeMasland C H & Sons
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Needling pile fabric
US 2811244 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 29, 1957 R. s. MaccAFFRAY, JR V 2,811,244

NEEDLING PILE FABRIC Filed Oct. 27, 1953 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 noooooooooowoooooooeoooobooo ,w


V ocf. 29, 1957 NEEDLING PILE FABRIC 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Oct. 27, 1953 INVENTOR /e/v 6. Maca/fray, fr


United States Patent NEEDLmG PILE FABRIC Rex S. MacCaltray, Jr., Boiling Springs, Pa., assignor to C. H. Masland & Sons, Carlisle, Pa., a corporation of Pennsylvania f The present invention relates to feeding of pile yarn, particularly in connection with needling of pileV fabric.

A purpose of the invention is to simplify the differential feeding of pile yarn ends to a needling device or the like by means which will provide a pattern repeat.

A further purpose is to feed pile yarn ends around the periphery of a roll, and to dispose a portion of the roll periphery on a larger radius than other portions, the portions of larger radius being distributed at intervals lengthwise and circumferentially as desired.

A further purpose is to control the tension of runs of stitches by feeding yarn ends at different circumferential speeds on a feeding roll.

Further purposes appear in the specification and in the claims.

In the drawings I have chosen to illustrate one only of the numerous embodiments in which my invention may appear, selecting the form shown from the standpoints of convenience in illustration, satisfactory operation and clear demonstration of the principles involved.

Figure 1 is a fragmentary diagrammatic perspective of a needling machine to which the invention has been applied.

Figure 2 is a fragmentary diagrammatic side elevation of a needling machine embodying the invention.

Figure 3 is a fragmentary front elevation of the feed mechanism of the invention.

Figure 4 is a longitudinal section of a pile fabric in accordance with the invention.

Figure 5 is a fragmentary diagrammatic, face view of a needled pile fabric produced by the invention.

Describing in illustration but not in limitation and referring to the drawings:

In the prior art, efforts have been made to increase production of pile fabrics such as carpets, rugs and door mats by needling such fabrics, using a gang of needles each carrying an individual pile yarn end, and advancing and retracting as a group to form a transverse row of pile projections every time the needles enter the backing. This process is called needling, punching or stitching. While this method lends itself to high production rates, it has been limited by the fact that the pile has been almost entirely of a single color, it has not been possible to produce color patterns of substantial diversity, and even texturing has been very limited.

By the present invention, the production of color patterns is facilitated, and texturing is greatly simplified.

The invention lends itself to the production of high and low pile in a succession of runs, so that any desired pile yarn end can be made low or high. The invention also in one aspect permits the formation of color contrasting patterns by using alternate pile yarn ends of different colors, and raising all of the pile yarn ends of color A in a certain pattern area to maximum height, while forming low pile of pile yarn ends of color B so that they are masked.

In accordance with the invention the pile yarn ends are all carried around the periphery of the feed roll, but dif- Ice ferent portions of theper'iphery are on different radii, so that they advance different ends at dilferent speeds during different parts of the pattern repeat.

In accordance with the invention, pile yarn ends are withdrawn from a suitable source, such as creel 20, to a feed mechanism 21 and from the feed mechanism the yarn ends are carried over a feed roll 22, and guides 23 and 24 to eyes near the points of needles 25 formed in a row or gang.` The needles extend fully across the machine, and are supported on a needle bar 26 and reciprocated by a needle advancing and retracting mechanism 27 as well known. The needles move forward as a unit to form a series of stitches, allabreast, through a backing 28 suitably of burlap or osnabu'rg, which is progressed from a rollv 30 over feed mechanism 31 and a support 32 to take-up mechanism 33.

In one embodiment of the invention, alternate pile yarn ends 34 and 3S will be of different colors, and in a particular area where the color of pile yarn ends 34 is to be seen, pile yarn ends 34 will form high loops 36. In a pattern area where the color of pile yarn ends 35 is to be seen, pile yarn ends 35 will form high loops 36 and pile yarn ends 34 will form low loops 37. In Figure 5 the high loops are indicated by dashes and the low loops are indicated by dots, thus implying that high loops mask the low loops.

The invention is also applicable where all of the yarn ends are of the same color, in which case the invention may be used to produce texturing effects by making all of the loops in a particular area low or high, as the case may be.

The invention is designed to feed the yarn selectively according to the pattern by a very simple mechanism. Feed roll 38 Vis driven in step with the needling machine by pulleys 40 and 41 and belt 42 to advance the yarn from guide roll 43 to guide roll 44. Feed roll 38 ex-v tends the full width of the machine and all of the pile yarn ends desirably pass over it.

Some portions of the feed roll are of relatively smaller periphery, as shown at 45, and when pile yarn ends are in contact with this reduced periphery, they advance at lower rates. At intervals around the roll, spaced both longitudinally and circumferentially as required by the pattern, bulges or cam portions 46 are provided of larger diameter and having preferably gradual forward and rearward merging surfaces 47 which join the normal diameter area 45. The bulge portions will desirably be separate attachments secured to the roll in any desired position.

Thus in operation it will be seen that a pile yarn end which is being fed entirely by the reduced circumference 45 of the feed roll will be advancing relatively slowly. One which is fed by the increased circumference 48 on the bulges will advance rather rapidly and one fed partly by one circumference and partly by another circumference will advance at an intermediate rate. The rapidly advancing pile yarn end will be relatively slack andthe more slowly advancing pile yarn end will be relatively taut. When the needle moves forward it will form a high pile projection in every case, but if the yarn is taut it will tend to rob yarn from the last previous stitch forming a lower pile projection on that previous stitch. It will also have high spring-back, so that if the yarn is taut the new loop will tend to reduce slightly in size when the looper or hook as well known releases, thus tending to make the particular pile projection lower. If, on the other hand, the yarn is not taut it will form a high loop and the high loop will remain.

In accordance with the invention the texturingvwill occur in runs of sequences of stitches, since several stitches occur while the yarn is travelling over one of the bulges 46.

The invention presents a very desirable solution of the problem because the feed can be operated at very high Speed, ih us permitting very rapid operation of the ,needling machine.

In view of my invention and disclosure variations and modifications to meet individual .whim or particular need .will doubtless'become evident to others skilled inthe art, to obtain all or part .of'the benets Vinvention without copying the yprocess :and apparatus shown, .and I, therefore, claim all rsuch insofar las they fall within the reasonablespirit and scope of my claims.

Having thus described my invention what I claim as Ynew Yand desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. YIn a yarn 'feed operating -.on .a plurality of yarn ends fed side by side :for a needling :machine orrthe like, a Y

`tion with means vfor feeding yam ends against 4the circumference o f the roll each in contact with the roll at the position of one of the bulges.

2. A yarn feed of claim 1, in which the means for feeding yarn ends brings the ends into feeding engagement with the roll at the smaller diameter and also at the bulges.

References Cited inthe file of Lthis patent UNITED fSIa'r-Es EPATErsrrs 386,623 Boyd July 24, 1888 876,562 Kleutgen Ian. 14, 1908 1,831,485 Dykeman 2. 'Nov. 1-0, V1931 1,863,049 Hermann .Tune 14, 1932 1,909,531 Gladish May 16, 1933 1,947,958 Welch et al Feb. 20, 1934 2,128,184 Jewett Aug. 23, 1938

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US386623 *Jul 24, 1888 Feed rollers fob making fancy tarns
US876562 *Aug 19, 1905Jan 14, 1908Franz KleutgenMachinery for embroidering a fabric with pile-threads in patterns.
US1831485 *Nov 30, 1928Nov 10, 1931Union Special Machine CoRug tufting machine
US1863049 *Dec 16, 1929Jun 14, 1932Jacob HermannMachine for making pile fabrics
US1909531 *Jan 21, 1930May 16, 1933Valway Rug Mills IncTufting machine
US1947958 *Apr 10, 1931Feb 20, 1934Celanese CorpKnitting machine
US2128184 *Jan 22, 1936Aug 23, 1938Jr John H JewettFeed for spinning machines
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2873705 *Feb 25, 1955Feb 17, 1959Cobble Jr James ATufting machines
US2912945 *Oct 18, 1956Nov 17, 1959Lees & Sons Co JamesHigh and low pattern attachment for tufted pile fabrics
US3006296 *Apr 2, 1957Oct 31, 1961Magee Carpet CompanyYarn feed and control mechanism
US3019748 *Sep 19, 1957Feb 6, 1962Singer Cobble IncApparatus for simultaneously forming rows of cut pile stitching and rows of loop pile stitching
US3035404 *Feb 21, 1958May 22, 1962Hayeshaw LtdProcess for making yarn of varying colour character
US3103903 *Jan 25, 1960Sep 17, 1963Lees & Sons Co JamesTufting machine yarn feeding means
US3835797 *Nov 11, 1971Sep 17, 1974Franks APattern control for tufting machines
US5383415 *Dec 21, 1992Jan 24, 1995Burlington Industries, Inc.Textured surface effect fabric and methods of manufacture
US7717051Aug 22, 2005May 18, 2010Card-Monroe Corp.System and method for control of the backing feed for a tufting machine
US8141506Sep 21, 2009Mar 27, 2012Card-Monroe Corp.System and method for control of the backing feed for a tufting machine
U.S. Classification226/109, 226/114, 112/80.73, 57/91
International ClassificationD05C15/00
Cooperative ClassificationD05C15/00
European ClassificationD05C15/00