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Publication numberUS2812713 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 12, 1957
Filing dateMay 24, 1955
Priority dateMay 24, 1955
Publication numberUS 2812713 A, US 2812713A, US-A-2812713, US2812713 A, US2812713A
InventorsFitzsimmons Archie L
Original AssigneeFitzsimmons Archie L
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Low velocity practice cartridge for firearms
US 2812713 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 12, 957 A, L. FITZSIMMONS 2,12,713

LOW VELOCITY PRACTICE CARTRIDGE FOR FIREARMS Filed May 24, 1955 3a 2 z z [W F- --r;:* I A T 58 r "48 40 f 1, g m 2f: 22 Z4 Z6 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\W W ii 346 /g H I V 53 E 9' a 22 INVENTOR. 426/775 L. F/TZS/MMO/VS,

IQTTOENE VS.

LOW VELQCITY PRACTICE CARTRIDGE FOR FIREARMS Archie L. Fitzsimmons, Conchas Dam, N. Mex.

Application May 24, 1955, Serial No. 510,611

7 Claims. (Cl. 102-41) The present invention relates to an improved target practice cartridge for use in conventional firearms, and having the length, cross sectional size, configurations, external markings and shape of a conventional cartridge ordinarily used therein, and enabling loading and'ejection of the practice cartridge in the manner of a conventional cartridge, and the firing from the barrel of a firearm of a pellet of any desired shape, at low velocity.

The invention has utility in enabling practice in the use of a conventional firearm, by close duplication of normal firing conditions, so that no changes in sight picture, trigger pull, weight of the firearm, a normal hold are involved, so that a user can practice firing in places where use of the firearm with conventional, high velocity carfridges is not feasible or safe.

The main object of the present invention is to provide target practice cartridges of the character indicated above, which are adapted for target practice at reduced ranges, either in or out of doors, which reduce objectionable noise and expense, and which provide for normal firearm practice.

Another object of the invention is to provide a practice cartridge of this kind which is practical and efficient in use, and which can be made in serviceable forms at relatively low cost.

Other objects will appear from the following description, and from the annexed drawing, in which like reference characters designate like parts throughout the several views and wherein:

Figure 1 is a side elevational view of a practice cartridge according to the invention;

Figure 2 is a longimdinal sectional view on line 2-2 of Figure 1;

Figure 3 is an enlarged transverse section on line 3-3 of Figure 2; and

Figure 4 is a transverse section, on the same scale as Figure 3, on line 4-4 of Figure 2.

The illustrated cartridge comprises an elongated pellet tube 16 having an axial bore having an open forward end 19 through which a pellet P is discharged toward a target. The tube 16, for a substantial part of its length, has a gently forwardly tapered outer surface 20 merging at its forward end into a more sharply tapered, relatively short portion 22 which merges at its forward end into a smaller diameter portion 24, also short in length and of uniform outside diameter. Portion 24 terminates in a reduced cylindrical portion 26, defining with the portion 24 an annual shoulder 28, these portions being arranged to fit corresponding portions of the cartridge chamber of a firearm.

The tube 16 terminates at its larger rear end in a short reduced diameter cylindrical rear portion 30, which with the portion 30 defines an annular shoulder 32.

At its rear end the tube 16 is closed by an end wall 34. Formed in the end wall 34 and communicating with the bore 18 is an annular series of forwardly converging ports 36 spaced ninety degrees apart.

Removably engaged on the rear end portion 39 of the 2,812,713 Patented Nov. 12, 1957 tube 16 is a relatively short tubular head 12 which has a cylindrical forwardly tapered outer surface 37 matching. the taper of the outer surface 20 of the tube 16. At the larger rear end of the head 12 is an integrally formed cylindrical, relatively short portion 40 of increased diameter, formed intermediate its ends with a circumferential extractor groove 42 to enable ejection of the cartridge 11) from a firearm after firing thereof.

The external configuration, cross sectional size, and/or combined length of the head 12 and tube 16 are such as to closely simulate the corresponding characteristics of a conventional cartridge, so that the practice cartridge 10 can be loaded in and ejected from a firearm in the manner of a conventional cartridge. This is a characteristic of importance, in view of the fact that the practice obtained through use of the cartridge is designed to produce increased facility on the part of the user in the handling of the firearm.

The bore 38 of the head 12 has open forward and rear ends 39 and 41, respectively, and the forward end 3? has a counterbore 43, larger in diameter than the bore 38 and of substantially the same diameter as and receiving the reduced rear end portion 30 of the tube 16. The counterbore 43 defines with the forward end of the head 12 an annular shoulder 45. The head 12 is detachably secured on the tube portion 30, and a bayonet slot 44 in its forward end 39 receiving a pin 46 projecting radially outwardly from the portion 30 of the tube 16. An annular resilient sealing gasket 48 to reduce the amount of escaping gases to a minimum, is engaged on the portion 30 and compressed between the tube shoulder 32 and the forward end 39 of the head 12.

A solid cylindrical firing pin 14, shorter than the head 12, is slidably engaged in the bore 33 of the head and has intermediate its ends a notch 52 (Figure 3) through which extends a cross pin 54 driven into a transverse bore 47 formed in the head 12. Sliding movement of the firing pin 14 in opposite directions is limited by engagement of the cross pin 54 with opposite ends of the notch 52. The firing pin is thus permanently assembly with the head 12, for limited axial sliding movement in opposite directions within the head.

In its rear end 50 the firing pin 14 has an axial recess 56, in which is engaged an insert 58 of a material softer than the firing pin of a firearm, so that the firing pin of the arm will not be damaged. The insert 58 can be formed of fiber, while the firing pin 14 can be of mild steel or the like.

To load the cartridge 10 for firing, the head 12 is removed from the tube 16 and a percussion cap 643, of the type used in childrens toy pistols, is positioned in the counterbore 4-3 against the shoulder 45. Alternately, a conventional cartridge primer, or a bit of detonating compound in any shape, can be used instead of the cap 613. The head 12 is then secured on the tube 16. With a pellet P positioned in the bore 18 at the rear end thereof, the cartridge is loaded in the firearm in the normal manner. On firing of the firearm, the firing pin thereof, not shown, will strike the firing pin 14 and drive the firing pin 14 forwardly in the head 12 and detonate the cap 60. The gases from the explosion of the percussion cap 6! pass through the ports 36 behind the pellet P and expel the pellet, at relatively low velocity, from the forward end 19 of the tube bore 18. After firing, the cartridge can be ejected from the arm in the normal manner, reloaded, and used again.

The pellet can take any desired form, and as shown can be a smooth slug, or alternatively, a round ball, a dart, or rifled slug. Further, the bore 18 of the tube 16 can also be rifled if desired.

The provision of the gasket 48, it should be noted, provides a gas seal and also provides sufficient cushion to assure that the cartridge will be accurately centered in the cartridge chamber of the firearm, regardless of minor variations in the inside dimensions of different firing chambers.

The illustrated cartridge is for use in a rifle. However, changes can be made in the outer shape of the cartridge to adapt it for use in any firearm using conventional cartridges.

Further, the disposition of the apertures 36 as shown leaves an area of solid metal at the center of the end wall 34, serving as an anvil to insure that the propellant cap 60 will be crushed between the firing pin and the solid center section of said end wall.

It is believed apparent that the invention is not necessarily confined to the specific use or uses thereof described above, since it may be utilized for any purpose to which it may be suited. Nor is the invention to be necessarily limited to the specific construction illustrated and described, since such construction is only intended to be illustrative of the principles, it being considered that the invention comprehends any minor change in construction that may be permitted within the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. In a target practice cartridge, an elongated pellet tube having forward and rear ends, said tube having an outer surface formed to fit the cartridge chamber of a conventional firearm, said tube having an axial bore opening through said forward end, an end wall closing the rear end of the tube, gas ports extending through said end wall and communicating with said bore, said tube having a reduced diameter rear end portion extending to said rear end and defining an annular tube shoulder spaced forwardly from said rear end, a tubular head having forward and rear ends, and an axial bore opening through the head ends, the bore of the head being smaller in diameter than said rear end portion of the tube, a counterbore in the forward end of the head slidably and rotatably receiving the rear end portion of the tube, said counterbore defining with the head bore a head shoulder spaced rearwardly from the forward end of the head, a percussion cap in said counterbore between the head shoulder and the end wall at the rear end of the pellet tube, a firing pin slidably engaged in the bore of the head and having forward and rear ends, the forward end of the firing pin being engageable with said percussion cap so as to detonate the cap between the forward end of the firing pin and the end wall of the pellet tube, and a pellet positioned in the pellet tube bore 1 in the bore of the head and having forward and rear ends,

at said end wall.

2. In a target practice cartridge, an elongated pellet tube having forward and rear ends, said tube having an outer surface formed to fit the cartridge chamber of a conventional firearm, said tube having an axial bore opening through said forward end, an end wall closing the rear end of the tube, gas ports extending through said end wall and communicating with said bore, said tube having a reduced diameter rear end portion extending to said rear end and defining an annular tube shoulder spaced forwardly from said rear end, a tubular head having forward and rear ends, and an axial bore opening through the head ends, the bore of the head being smaller in diameter than said rear end portion of the tube, a counterbore in the forward end of the head slidably and rotatably receiving the rear end portion of the tube, said counterbore defining with the head bore a head shoulder spaced rearwardly from the forward end of the head, a percussion cap in said counterbore between the head shoulder and the end wall at the rear end of the pellet tube, a firing pin slidably engaged in the bore of the head and having forward and rear ends, the forward end of the firing pin being engageable with said percussion cap so as to detonate the cap between the'forward end of the firing pin and the end wall of the pellet tube, and a pellet positioned in the pellet tube bore at said end wall, and releasable means securing the head on the reduced rear end portion of the pellet tube.

3. 'In a target practice cartridge, an elongated pellet tube having forward and rear ends, said tube having an outer surface formed to fit the cartridge chamber of a conventional firearm, said tube having an axial bore opening through said forward end, an end wall closing the rear end of the tube, gas ports extending through said end wall and communicating with said bore, said tube having a reduced diameter rear end portion extending to said rear end and defining an annular tube shoulder spaced forwardly from said rear end, a tubular head having forward and rear ends, and an axial bore opening through the head ends, the bore of the head being small-er in diameter than said rear end portion of the tube, a counterbore in the forward end of the head slidably and rotatably receiving the rear end portion of the tube, said counterbore defining with the head bore a head shoulder spaced rearwardly from the forward end of the head, a percussion cap in said counterbore between the head shoulder and the end wall at the rear end of the pellet tube, a firing pin slidably engaged in the bore of the head and having forward and rear ends, the forward end of the firing pin being engageable with said percussion cap so as to detonate the cap between the forward end of the firing pin and the end wall of the pellet tube, and a pellet positioned in the pellet tube bore at said end wall, and releasable means securing the head on the reduced rear end portion of the pellet tube, comprising a radial pin on said rear end portion and a bayonet slot in the forward end of the head engaged with said pin.

4. In a target practice cartridge, an elongated pellet tube having forward and rear ends, said tube having an outer surface formed to fit the cartridge chamber of a conventional firearm, said tube having an axial bore opening through said forward end, an end wall closing the rear end of the tube, gas ports extending through said end wall and communicating With said bore, said tube having a reduced diameter rear end portion extending to said rear end and defining an annular tube shoulder spaced forwardly from said rear end, a tubular head having forward and rear ends, and an axial bore opening through the head ends, the bore of the head being smaller in diameter than said rear end portion of the tube, a counterbore in the forward end of the head slidably and rotatably receiving the rear end portion of the tube, said counterbore defining with the head bore a head shoulder spaced rearwardly from the forward end of the head, a percussion cap in said counterbore between the head shoulder and the end wall at the rear end of the pellet tube, a firing pin slidably engaged the forward end of the firing pin being engageable with said percussion cap so as to detonate the cap between the forward end of the firing pin and the end wall of the pellet a tube, and a pellet positioned in the pellet tube bore at said end wall, a cross pin inthe head bore and a notch in the ring pin receiving the cross pin, said notch being'wider than the cross pin and having ends engageable with the cross pin to limit endwise movement of the firing pin in I the head in opposite directions.

5. In a target practice cartridge, an elongated pellet. tube having forward and rear ends, said tube having an outer surface formed to fit the cartridge chamber of a conventional firearm, said tube having an axial bore opening through said forward end, an end wall closing the rear end of the tube, gas ports extending through said end wall and communicating with said bore, said tube having a reduced diameter rear end portion extending to said rear end and defining an annular tube shoulder spaced forwardly from said rear end, a tubular head having forward and rear ends, and an axial bore opening through the head ends, the bore of the head being smaller in diameter than said rear end portion of the tube, a counterbore in the forward end of the head slidably and'rotatably receiving the rear end portion of the tube, said counterbore defining with the head bore a head shoulder spaced real-wardly from the forward end of the head, a percussion cap in said counterbore between the head shoulder and the end wall at the rear end of the pellet tube, a firing pin slidably engaged in the bore of the head and having forward and rear ends, the forward end of the firing pin being engageable with said percussion cap so as to detonate the cap between the forward end of the firing pin and the end wall of the pellet tube, and a pellet positioned in the pellet tube bore at said end wall, and an annular enlargement on the head at the rear end thereof having therein an ejector groove.

6. In a target practice cartridge, an elongated. pellet tube having forward and rear ends, said tube having an outer surface formed to fit the cartridge chamber of a conventional firearm, said tube having an axial bore opening through said forward end, an end wall closing the rear end of the tube, gas ports extending through said end wall and communicating with said bore, said tube having a reduced diameter rear end portion extending to said rear end and defining an annular tube shoulder spaced forwardly from said rear end, a tubular head having forward and rear ends, and an axial bore opening through the head ends, the bore of the head being smaller in diameter than said rear end portion of the tube, a counterbore in the forward end of the head slidably and rotatably receiving the rear end portion of the tube, said counterbore defining with the head bore a head shoulder spaced rearwardly from the forward end of the head, a percussion cap in said counterbore between the head shoulder and the end wall at the rear end of the pellet tube, a firing pin slidably engaged in the bore of the head and having forward and rear ends, the forward end of the firing pin being engageable with said percussion cap so as to detonate the cap between the forward end of the firing pin and the end wall of the pellet tube, and a pellet positioned in the pellet tube bore at said end wall, said head being similar in diameter to said pellet tube.

7. In a target practice cartridge, an elongated pellet tube having forward and rear ends, said tube having an outer surface formed to fit the cartridge chamber of a conventional firearm, said tube having an axial bore opening through said forward end, an end wall closing the rear end of the tube, gas ports extending through said end wall and communicating with said bore, said tube having a reduced diameter rear end portion extending to said rear end and defining an annular tube shoulder spaced forwardly from said rear end, a tubular head having forward and rear ends, and an axial bore opening through the head ends, the bore of the head being smaller in 7 diameter than said rear end portion of the tube, a counterbore in the forward end of the head slidably and rotatably receiving the rear end portion of the tube, said counterbore defining with the head bore a head shoulder spaced rearwardly from the forward end of the head, a percussion cap in said counterbore between the head shoulder and the end wall at the rear end of the pellet tube, a firing pin slidably engaged in the bore of the head and having forward and rear ends, the forward end of the firing pin being engageable with said percussion cap so as to detonate the cap between the forward end of the firing pin and the end wall of the pellet tube, and a pellet positioned in the pellet tube bore at said end wall, and-a gasket on the reduced end portion between the tube shoulder and the forward end of the head.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,538,561 Koller May 19, 1925 2,655,755 Nichols Oct. 20, 1953 FOREIGN PATENTS 4,145 Great Britain of 1895 180,445 Switzerland May 16, 1936

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1538561 *Oct 31, 1923May 19, 1925Josef KollerPractice cartridge
US2655755 *Mar 31, 1950Oct 20, 1953Nichols Talley WToy cap pistol and cartridge
CH180445A * Title not available
GB189504145A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3050894 *Mar 18, 1960Aug 28, 1962Ivy Jessie TRotatably adjustable firing pin for center or rim fire cartridges
US3087429 *Feb 10, 1961Apr 30, 1963Nichols Talley WReloadable live ammunition for toy guns
US3437040 *Feb 23, 1967Apr 8, 1969Koehler Gordon TCartridge adapters for high-powered firearms
US5359937 *Mar 22, 1991Nov 1, 1994Snc Industrial Technologies Inc./Les Technologies Industrielles Snc Inc.Reduced energy cartridge
US5677505 *Jan 11, 1996Oct 14, 1997Dittrich; William A.Reduced energy cartridge
Classifications
U.S. Classification102/446
International ClassificationF42B8/00, F42B8/10
Cooperative ClassificationF42B8/10
European ClassificationF42B8/10