|Publication number||US2812821 A|
|Publication date||Nov 12, 1957|
|Filing date||Dec 2, 1954|
|Priority date||Dec 2, 1954|
|Publication number||US 2812821 A, US 2812821A, US-A-2812821, US2812821 A, US2812821A|
|Inventors||Nelson Wayne F|
|Original Assignee||Larkin Packer Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (16), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. l2, 1957 w, F, NELSON 2,812,821
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United States Patent() 2,812,821 FILL-UP AND CEMENTNG DEVICES Wayne F. Nelson, St. Louis, Mo., assignor to Larkin Packer Company, Houston, Tex., a corporation of Missouri Application December 2, 1954, Serial No.7472,613 8 Claims. (Cl. 166-224) This invention relates to new and useful improvements in fill-up and cementing devices.
In the usual procedure for cementing a well such as an oil well, a cementing valve or shoe is disposed on the lower end lof a casing or pipe for lowering the valve or shoe to a predetermined point in the well bore. During the lowering of the valve or shoe, the casing tends -to lloat in the drilling mud or uid in the well bore and to overcome such tendency and also to prevent the collapse of the casing due to external fluid pressure, it has generally been the practice to periodically halt the lowering movement of the casing to partially lill the casing with fluid admitted at the upper end of the casing near the well Such procedure is obviously slow and expensive. One type of apparatus for automatically admitting well fluid into the casing or well pipe as it is lowered into the well bore is disclosed in my co-pending United States patent application, Serial Na. 357,531, led May 26, 1953. l
It is an object of this invention to provide a till-up and cementing device which is an improvement over the till-up and cementing device disclosed in the aforesaid co-pending patent application.
An important object of this invention is to provide a new and improved till-up and cementing device which will initially function as a pressure actuating valve for automatically admitting suflicient well fluid into the casing or well pipe with which the device lis connected to control t-he level to which the fluid will rise within said casing or well pipe but upon subsequent manipulation will act as a normal backcheck valve.
Another object of this invention is to provide a iill- `up and cementing device which is adapted to open `and close in accordance with a predetermined fluid pressure differential acting on the device during the lowering of the device into a well bore, such device having therewith 4means for closingoff fluid flow through the device to prevent a blow-out of the well.
A further object of this invention is to provide a llup and cement device having therewith a circulating valve which is used to circulate foreign material out of the casing to which the device is attached.
A still further object of this invention is to provide a new and improved fill-up and cementing device which is adapted to automatically maintain a predetermined desired fluid level in the casing or well pipe to which the device is attached, such device having means resiliently urging the device to a closed position when the predetermined level in the casing or well pipe has been reached.
The construction designed to carry out the invention will be hereinafter described, together with other features thereof.
The invention will be more readily understood from a reading of the following specification and by reference to the accompanying drawings forming a part thereof, wherein an example of the invention is shown, and wherein:
Figure 1 is a sectional view illustratingthe device of "i rice this invention in its normal position for closing fluid ow into the well casing.
Figure 2 is a partial sectional view illustrating the de-v vice of Figure l when such device is open for permitting fluid ow into the casing.
Figure 3 is a View similar to Figure 2, but illustrating the device of this invention after the tlapper valve has been disconnected from the valve body so that the valve acts as a normal backcheck valve.
Figure 4 is a View, partly in elevation and partly in section, illustrating the device of Figure 1 in a position for preventing a blow-out of the well during the lowering of the casing into the well bore.
Figure 5 is a view of the closure flap of Figure 1 as viewed from below. Y
`Figure 6 is a sectional view illustrating the valve assembly of the circulating valve shown in Figure 1.
Figure 7 is a sectional view illustrating a modified form of the device of Figure 1.
In the drawings, the letter A designates generally the fill-up and cementing device of this invention which is mounted in a collar 10 connected to the lower end of a string of casing or pipe P which extends to the surface of the well bore in which the device A is lowered for cementing purposes. The device A is preferably fixed in the collar 10 by a concrete liner 11 which is formed in the shape of a cylinder and is interposed between the collar 10 and the valve device A. As will be explained, the valve device A is adapted to open to permit fluid to ow into the casing or pipe P during the lowering of the device A into the well bore to its desired position for injecting cement into the well. The device A automatically closes when the uid level in the casing or pipe P reaches a predetermined level with respect to the fluid level in the annulus between the pipe P and the well bore (not shown). Thus, during the lowering of the device A into the well bore, there is an automatic filling of the casing or pipe P with well iluid so as to maintain the iuid in the casing or pipe P at a predetermined level without the necessity for halting the lowering operation to fill the casing or pipe P with fluid. Therefore, it will be evident that this device enhances the speed of lowering 4the pipe or casing.
The till-up and cement device A illustrated in Figures 1-6, has a cylindrical valve body 12 which is retained in the collar 10 by the concrete liner 11. The body 12 has a plurality of external circumferential ribsor projections 12a which serve to securely anchor the body 12 in the concrete line 11. Similarly, the collar 10 has a plurality of inner circumferential ribs or projections 10a which extend into the concrete liner 11 for securely anchoring the liner 11 to the collar 10. It will be appreciated that the body 12 could be secured to the collar 10 by threads or other equivalent securing means instead of the'concrete liner 11, if desired. i
The annular body 12 includes an annular cap 14 which is positioned on the upper end of the body 12 and is provided with a bore 14a which is: of a reduced size as compared to the bore 12e of the body 12. However, the bore 14a isof the same, or substantially the same, diameter as the bore 11a of the concrete liner 11 disposed above such cap 14. Of cour-se, such bores 11a and 14a canbe Varied if desired so that they are not of the same diameter. i
A floating valve sleeve or annular piston 16 is disposed within the bore 12C of the valve body 12 and such sleeve or piston is adapted to move longitudinally within the valve body 12. Seal rings 17 and 18, formed of rubber or a similar elastic material, are disposed around the periphery of the sleeve 16 for engagement with the Wall `of the bore 12e toprovidea1sea1ing engagement with the inner bore 12C during the relative longitudinal movement of the sleeve or piston 16 with respect to the body 12.
On the upper end of the annular piston 16, there is positioned a plurality of 'arcuate stop` segments 20 which are substantially triangular in cross-section so as to present a knife edge 20a for abutment with the radial lateral surface 14b of the upper cap 14. The stop segments 20 are spaced from each other so as to leave fluid flow passages 2Gb therebetween to permit the fluid pressure within the casing or pipe P to act upon the entire upper end of the seat or piston 16 when the stop segments 2i) are in contact with the surface 14b. Springs 21 are positioned in suitable recesses in the 'upper end of the piston 16 and the cap 14 sjo as to exert a predetermined amount of pressure downwardly on the piston 16 to assist in controlling the opening and closing thereof under normal circumstances, as will be explained.
The peripheral surface at the upper end of the piston .16 is of an enlarged diameter so as to form the external radial shoulder 16a which is adapted to abut an inwardly directed annular shoulder 12b on the internal surface of the bore 12C yof the body 12 to limit the downward movement 'of the piston 16 during the use of the device as the normal back check valve, as will be explained hereinafter. A ilapper closure or disc is mounted on the lower end of the annular piston 16 for opening and closing fluid flow through Vthe b ore v16 b of the sleeve 16 by a seating of the closure or disc 25 in contact with the seating surface 16a` 'on the lower internal edge of the piston la. The piston 16 has a downwardly extending lug 26 `formed therewith to which a trunnion 27 extending from the closure 25 is adapted to be connected by a pivot pin 2d which extends through the lug 26 and the trunnion 27. In some instances, it may be desirable to position a torsion spring 30 around the pivot pin 2S with one end of the spring 30 being connected with the lug 26, while the other end thereof is connected with the trunnion 27, so as to normally urge the closure 25 to its closed position (Figure l). It will be evident, from the following description, that the spring 30 is not essential to the operation of the device, but merely assists in closing the closure 25 when the valve functions as a normal backcheck valve.
The closure 25 has depending therefrom a pivot lug 32 which is pivotally connected to a link or linkage 33 by a pivot pin 31 which extends through one end of the link 33 and through the lug 32. In the forms of the invention shown in Figures 1 6, the link 33 is formed with an outer housing 34 and an inner stem 35 which extends into the housing 34 and is longitudinally movable relative thereto. The stern 35 is maintained in its telescoped or retracted position relative to the housing 34 with the annular shoulder 35a in engagement with the lower end 34a of the housing 34 by means of a spring 36 which acts upwardly on a retaining ring 3Sb of the stem 35 to urge the stem 35 upwardly or inwardly relative to the housing 34. The lower end of the coil spring 36 rests upon an internal shoulder 34b of the housing 34.
The link 33 has the lower end thereof connected to a downwardly depending extension 38 on the lower end of ythe body 12 by a shear pivot pin 40 which extends through the lower end of the stem 35 and through the extension 38. Such shear pin 40 is of sufficient strength to shear or sever at a predetermined pressure applied to the annular piston 16 from above, as will be explained hereinafter.
The closure 25 has a circulating valve C therewith for controlling fluid flow or circulation out of the casing for washing from the casing foreign material such as sand that may be picked up while running the casing into the well bore. Such circulating valve C includes a plurality of guide rods 42, each of which extends through a guide opening 25a in the closure 25. The lower ends of the valve rods 42 are connected to an annular valve element 43 (Figures 1 and 6) and the upper ends of the rods 42 arevconnected-to a perforated disc 45 having one or more 7 openings 45b therethrough. A spring 46 surrounds each rod 42 and acts to normally urge the disc 45 upwardly to maintain the annular valve element 43 in a seated or closed position with respect to fluid passages 25b (Figure 5) so as to prevent fluid flow or circulation upwardly through the passages 25b and the openings 25a. When the fluid pressure above the disc 45 reaches a predetermined amount, it urges same downwardly against the upward urging action of the springs 46 so as to move the valve element 43 downwardly to open the flow or circulation of fluid downwardly through passages 25b (Figure 5) in the closure 25. The rods 42 are of such length that flow of the fluid downwardly through the passages 25b continues until the valve surfaces 45a on the lower side of the disc 45 adjacent each rod 42 contacts the upper wall surface of the passages 25b to close the fluid flow downwardly through the passages 25b and the openings 25a. Thus, the valve element 43 is normally in an upper position to close fluid flow upwardly through the openings 25a and the passages 25b in the closure 25, but upon the the application of a predetermined pressure from the casing or pipe P to the upper surface of the disc 45, the element 43 is moved downwardly to open the fluid flow or circulation downwardly through the passages 25b and the openings 25a. When the fluid pressure in the casing reaches a predetermined amount which is substantially greater than that required for initially opening the element 43, then the disc 45 is moved downwardly so as to move the valve surface 45a thereof into closing position to thereafter prevent fluid flow downwardly through the passages 25b and the openings 25a.
In the operation or use of the fill-up and cementing device A of Figures l-6, such device is lowered into a well bore by the lowering of the well pipe P. Ordinarily, the well pipe P will be a well casing which has sections of the casing added thereto during the lowering into the well bore. Since the well bore normally will have drilling mud or fluid therein which will tend to float the well pipe P, it is important that the pipe P be filled, or partially filled, with the fluid so that the lowering of the pipe P into the well bore is not retarded or prevented and also so that the exterior fluid pressure does not collapse the pipe. By means of the fill-up or cementing device A of this invention, fluid in the well bore is automatically admitted into the interior of the well pipe P so as to main tain a predetermined fluid level within the well pipe relative to the fluid level in the annulus between the well pipe and the wall of the well bore into which the pipeis lowered.
As the well pipe P and the device A connected therewith are lowered in to the well bore, the pressure of the well fluid acts upon the lower end of the sleeve or piston 16 to move same upwardly within and relative to the body 12. Such upward movement of the piston 16 effects a pivotal movement of the closure 25 from its closed position (Figure l) to its open position (Figure 2). The pivotal swinging of the closure 25 is caused by reason of the pivotal connection of the closure 25 to the lower end of the piston 16 and its pivoted linkage connection through the link 33 to the lower extension 38 of the body 12. It should be noted that during the normal opening and closing of the closure 25, the spring 36 maintains the surfaces 34a and 35a in contact with each other so that the link 33 acts in the same manner as a solid member would act during normal operation. Also, the valve element 43 is maintained in its upper closed position under the normal opening and closing of the closure 25.
In the form Vof the invention shown in Figures 1-6, the amount of pressure which is necessary to cause a longitudinal movement of the piston 16 relative to the annular body 12 depends in part upon the relative annular lateral end areas at the upper and lower ends of the piston 16. The upper end of the piston 16 is enlarged and therefore the upper lateral end surface lof the piston is of a slightly larger area than the lateral end surface at the lower end thereof, whereby a slightly lower pressure within the well pipe or casing P will effect the downward movement of the sleeve 16 as compared with the fluid pressure externally of the casing P. Also the difference in the lateral end areas of the sleeve 16 reduces somewhat the amount of pressure within the casing that is required to shear the shear pin 40 relative to the pressure externally of the casing P, which of course tends to minimize the possibility of bursting the casing P due to excessive internal pressure required during the shearing operation. i
However, the difference in the areas at the ends of the piston 16 is very small and for all practical purposes, the well fluid pressure within the casing P is substantially the same as the well fluid pressure externally thereof when the closure 25 is moved to its closed position. Thus, if the springs 21 were not employed, the fluid pressure within and externally of the casing or pipe P would be maintained substantially equal during the lowering of the device A and the casing P into the well bore. However, the springs 21 assist the fluid pressure within the casing P in returning the sleeve 16 to its lower position for closing the valve 25 so that a faster closing action of the closure 25 is effected when the pressure internally of the casing is substantially the same as the pressure externally thereof. It will be evident that the springs 21 may be of different strengths and if made sufficiently strong, they can actually cause the sleeve 16 to move downwardly to close the valve closure 25 when the pressure in the casing is somewhat less than the pressure externally of the casing so that a constant differential in the fluid levels is maintained regardless of the depth to which the device A is lowered. For example, the springs 21 may effect a closing of the closure 25 when the liuid level exteriorly of the pipe P is about 100 feet above the fiuid level inside of the pipe P.
As previously mentioned, the circulating valve C which is mounted in the closure 25 -is normally inactive, but when it is desired to circulate fluid downwardly through the closure 25 while such member 25 4is closed with respect to the piston seating surface 16C, fluid pressure is built up within the casing or pipe P from the surface of the well to a predetermined pressure at which the disc 45 is moved downwardly to unseat the valve element 43, whereby fluid is circulated downwardly through the passages 25b to remove any foreign material that may be present in the casing as a result of the running in of the casing into the well bore. Forexample, normal circulating pressure could be between about 250 and 300 pounds per square inch, during which time both the Valve element 43`and the valve surfaces 45a are unseated and when the pressure acting on the disc 45 and the upper lateral end area of piston 16 from the fluid in the casing exceeds the 300 pounds per square inch, the disc 45 would be moved downwardly to seat the surface 45a to thereby stop fluid circulation from the casing P, whereby the fluid pressure then acts on the dise 45 to urge the link 33 downwardly to shear the shear pin 40. When the shear pin 40 is severed, the closure 25 then acts as a normal backpressure or backcheck valve. The spring 30 would assist in retaining the closure 25 in a seated position incontact with the seating surface 16e after the shear pin 40 is severed, but upon the application of a cement under pressure from the casing, the closure 25 could, of course, be opened for injecting the cement below the device A.
While the shear pin 40 is still connected and the link 33 therefor still has connection with the closure 25, the special linkage 33 illustrated in Figures 1-4, serves as a blow-out preventer. Thus, normally as the pressure in the` annulus around the well casing or pipe P increases with respect to the fluid pressure interiorly of the casing P, `the piston 16 is forced upwardly to open the area between the piston and the closure 25 so that the fluid flow of the well fluid is into the inside of the casing P. With such a construction, it will be evident that there is, at all times, therefore, a danger of a blow-out pressure blowing through the open valve. With the link arrangement 33 shown in Figures 1 4, if the pressure outside of the casing or pipe P reaches a predetermined amount, equivalent to blow-out pressures, then the high velocity and pressure surge of the fluid would force the closure 25 upwardly against the action of the spring 36. In other words, the housing 34 would be forced upwardly relative to the inner stem 35 to compress the coil spring 36 and to permit the closure 25 to seat against and in contact with the seating surface 16e of the piston 16 when the piston 16 is in its completely raised or upper position (Figure 4). It will thus be evident that even though the link 33 is connected by the pivot pin 40 to the extension 38 of the body 12, the valve is entirely closed and the blow-out pressure is confinedbelow the device A in the well bore. Thus, danger of a blow-out is prevented.
In Figure 7, a modification of the valve device A is illustrated and such modification is indicated by the letter A. The device A has a modified annular piston 116, as compared to the piston 16 of the device A in that the upper and lower annular ends of the piston 116 are of equal area and only the coil springs 121 are utilized in moving the piston 116 to a closed position. Therefore, a predetermined fiuid level in the casing or pipe P is maintained by the action of the springs 121 only rather than the differential in areas of the ends of the piston 116. Thus, when the pressure of the fluid externally of the casing or pipe P reaches a predetermined value suffieiently to overcome the urging force of the springs 121, the sleeve 116 is moved upwardly to pivot the closure 125 for opening same to admit liuid into the casing or pipe P. After a predetermined amount of fluid is within the casing or pipe P, the pressure thereof acts on the upper end of the piston 116, together with the springs 121 so as to again move the piston 116 downwardly to close the closure 125.
The closure 125 is modified in the device A as cornpared to the closure 25 of the device A in that the circulating valve C is eliminated in the closure 125. However, in the normal opening and closing, the closure 125 functions in the same manner as the closure 25 so that it would pivot about the pivot pin 28, the shear pin 40 and the pivot pin 31 as it moves from open to the closed position, and vice versa.
The link 133 in the device A is modified as compared to the link 33 of the device A in that the mechanism for preventing a blow-out has been eliminated from the link 133. The remainder of the parts of the device A of Figure 5 are identical with those in the device A of Figures 1-4 and have like numerals.
The operation of the device A is substantially identical with the device A, except that the circulating valve C is not employed and the blow-out preventer mechanism associated with the link 33 is eliminated. However, the elimination of both of such mechanisms from the device A does not change the normal opening and closing of the valve device A as compared to the device A. However, the closing and opening of the closure 125 by the movement of the annular piston 116 is through the action of the springs 121 and not by reason of any difference in the lateral end areas of the piston 116.
When the casing or pipe P has reached its lower limit and it is desired to pump cement into the well bore for cementing the casing or pipe therein, the cement under fluid pressure is forced downwardly to urge the annular piston and the closure 125 and the link 133 downwardly together to shear the shear pin 40, whereby the annular piston 116 moves downwardly until the lower end 11651 thereof contacts the lower internal annular shoulder 112e of the body 112. The closure 125 is then free to swing and act as a normal backpressure valve and if the torsion spring 30 is employed, it normally maintains the closure 125 in the seated or closed position, even though the shear pin 40 has been severed. It is believed evident that the linkage 33 could be substituted for the linkage 133 in the device A so that the blow-out preventer mechanism of the linkage 33 could be utilized with the device A.
Also, the circulating valve C could be incorporated with the device A', rather than the closure 125 illustrated in Figure 7. It should also be pointed out that the springs 2l can be eliminated from the modilication of Figures 1 4, since the differential in the lateral end areas of the piston 1d permits a closing of same prior to the fluid level in the casing reaching the same level as the fluid outside the casing. rthus, the overow of the fluid in the casing or pipe is prevented with the dilerential area device of Figure l, even if the springs 2l are not employed. However, with the piston llo of the device A', wherein the lateral end areas are the same, the springs 121 would, of course, have to be utilized to assure that the sleeve 116 closes prior to the overflow of the fluid at the top of the casing being lowered into the well.
The foregoing disclosure and description of the invention is illustrative and explanatory thereof and various changes in the size, shape and materials, as well as in the details of the illustrated construction, may be made within the scope of the appended claims without departing from the spirit of the invention.
What is claimed is:
l. ln an improved till-up and cement device adapted to be mounted on a well pipe for lowering into a well bore including, an annular body, an annular piston disposed in said body for longitudinal movement relative thereto, and a closure flap pivotally connected to said piston and adapted to normally close the bore through the piston, an extensible linkage connecting said ap to said annular body at a point below the pivotal connection between the hap and piston, said liap being moved to a closed position with respect to said piston by an extension of said linkage when the pressure acting on said flap reaches a predetermined amount.
2. ln a device for automatically opening and closing fluid ow between the interior of a well pipe and the exterior thereof during the lowering of the well pipe into a well bore for maintaining a predetermined fluid level in the well pipe relative to the fluid level exteriorly thereof, a hollow body, a hollow piston disposed in said body for longitudinal movement relative thereto, a closure llap pivotally connected to said piston at its lower end and adapted to normally close the bore through said piston, means connecting the closure ilap to the hollow body at a point below the pivotal connection of the ilap to the piston whereby the flap is swung to an open position upon an upward movement of the piston, said hollow piston having equal areas at each end thereof, and a resilient means positioned in recesses in the upper end of said piston for controlling the opening and closing ofthe device.
3. A well device adapted to be connected in a well pipe andincluding, a hollow body having means .for connecting it in said well pipe, a pressure-actuated element slidable within the hollow body and having a passage extending completely therethrough, a closure member coacting with the lower end of the passage of the pressureactuated clement and movable with respect thereto to open and close said passage, releasable means for securing the closure member to the body in a position to be "ced by the pressure-actuated element, means conpressure-actuated element to the closure whereby .a movement of the pressure-actuated element upwardly within the body will effect a disengagement of tie closure member from the pressure-actuated.element to open the passage therethrough, and spring means forming part of the releasable connecting means'for permitting an independent movement of the closure member relative to the pressure-actuatedelement whenA the closure member is disengaged from the pressure-actuated element,
such independent movement being eiected by the pressure exteriorly of the pipe acting upon the closure member at yany time that said pressure exceeds a predetermined point, whereby a blow-out through the well pipe due to excessive pressure is prevented.
'4. A well device adapted to be connected in a well pipe and including, a hollow body having'means for connecting it in said well pipe, a pressure-actuated element slidable within the hollow body and having a passage extending completely therethrough, a closure member coacting with the lower end of the passage of the pressureactuated-element and movable with respect thereto to open and close said passage, releasab'le means for securing the closure member to the body in a position to be engaged by the pressure-actuated element, means connecting the pressure-actuated element to the closure member whereby a movement of the pressure-actuated element upwardly within the hollow body will eilect a disengagement of the closure member from the pressure-actuated element to open the passage therethrough, said closure member having an opening therethrough, and pressureactuated valve means associated with said opening for controlling tlow therethrough,` and means connected with said pressure-actuated valve means and responsive to pressure within the pipe, whereby the application of a predetermined pressure through the well pipe against said means will allow limite-d circulation downwardly through the well pipe and opening even though the closure member is engaging the pressure-actuated element and is in a closed position with respect thereto.
5. A well device'adapted to be connected in a well pipe and including, a hollow body having means for connecting itin said well pipe, a pressure-actuated element slidable within the hollow body and having a passage extending completely therethrough, a closure member coacting with the lower end of the passage ofthe pressureactuated element and movable with respect thereto to open and close said passage, releasable means for securing the closure member to the Vbody in a position to be engaged by the pressure-actuated element, means connecting the pressure-actuated elementto the closure member whereby a movement of the pressure-actuated element upwardly within the body will effect 'a disengagement of the closure member from the pressure-actuated element to open the passage therethrough, the releasable connection between the closure member and the hollow body comprising an extensible 'link having its upper portion pivote-d to the closure member and its lower portion pivoted to the hollow body, said extensible link including two members having a spring of predetermined strength maintaining the members in telescoped position, the link being moved to extend against the spring pressure whenever the pressure from exteriorly of the well pipe acting upon the closure member exceeds a predetermined a-mount so that said closure member'may be moved independently of the pressure-actuated element to a closed position.
6. A well device as set forth in claim 5, wherein the pressure-actuated element has a lirst surface exposed to the pressure in the well pipeand a second surface exposed to the pressure exteriorly of the well pipe, said surfaces being substantially equal, and spring means acting upon the pressure-actuated element to urge the latter in a direction toward the closure member.
7. A well device including, a well pipe adapted to be disposed in a well bore, a hollow housing connected in said well pipe, apiston-like element slidable longitudinally within the hollow housing and having a central passage extending therethrough, a closure member forming a valve member adapted to seat on the lower end of said piston-like element, said closure member shutting oftlow through the passagel when in a seated position and permitting llow when in an unseated position, means for supporting the closure member within the hollow housing, a connection between the piston-like element and the closure member which will guide the closure member upon movement of the piston-like element in -one direction and which will guide the closure member upon movement in an opposite direction, a connection between the closure member and the hollow housing for seating and unseating said closure member upon movement of the piston-like element in opposite directions, said pistonlike element having one side exposed to pressure in the well pipe and its opposite side exposed to pressure exteriorly of the pipe whereby said element is moved by the differential in such pressures, said connection between the closure member and the hollow housing being releasable whereupon said closure member is actuatable by a predetermined pressure in the well bore exteriorly of the pipe which acts upon the closure member whereby a blowout through the well pipe is prevented.
8. A well device as set forth in claim 7, together with a downwardly opening circulating va'lve mounted in the closure member and movable to an open position by the application of pressure from interiorly of the well pipe, whereby a limited downward circulation may be carried out with the closure member in its seated position.
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|U.S. Classification||166/325, 137/508, 137/68.17|
|International Classification||E21B21/00, E21B21/10, E21B34/00|
|Cooperative Classification||E21B2034/005, E21B21/10|